Black Civil Rights Focus Question Two (Continued)

31 Questions | Total Attempts: 39

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Black Civil Rights Focus Question Two (Continued)

Focus Question two - Black Civil Rights - How did blacks attempt to bring about change?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In which state is Birmingham?
    • A. 

      Mississippi

    • B. 

      Alabama

    • C. 

      Texas

  • 2. 
    Why was Birmingham often known as "Bombingham"?
    • A. 

      A key bomb making factory was sighted in Birmingham

    • B. 

      A history of violence against Blacks in Birmingham including bomb attacks

    • C. 

      It was convenient as it was near Martin Luther King's home

  • 3. 
    How had the state authorities in Birmingham responded to Federal rulings demanding desegregation of parks, buses and libraries?
    • A. 

      They had desegregated facilities in accordance with the law

    • B. 

      They had closed parks, libraries and bus lines rather than abide by the law

  • 4. 
    What was the key aim of the protestors in Birmingham?
    • A. 

      To increase pressure on federal government to produce laws which would continue segregation in the South

    • B. 

      To increase pressure on federal government to produce laws which woul desegregate in the South

  • 5. 
    What was involved in Phase One of the Birmingham campaign devised by Martin Luther King?
    • A. 

      A series of demonstration marches and speeches to raise awareness of oppressed status of Blacks in America

    • B. 

      A plan to fill up the jails with black school children

    • C. 

      To provoke Police Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor

  • 6. 
    What was the Birmingham Manifesto?
    • A. 

      A letter written by Martin Luther King in jail

    • B. 

      A series of demands made by Martin Luther King calling for desegregation and threatening non-violent action

    • C. 

      The secret plans for attack on the protestors by White supremacists

  • 7. 
    What was the reaction of police commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor to the demonstrators?
    • A. 

      He arrested "'em all"

    • B. 

      He let the marchers go about their protest peacefully

  • 8. 
    On Good Friday, 11th April 1963, how did MLK respond to a court injunctions forbidding them from marching?
    • A. 

      MLK decided it was too dangerous to march

    • B. 

      MLK led a spontaneous march with 50 supporters towards Alabama state courts where they knelt in prayer

  • 9. 
    What was the reaction of Eugene "Bull" Connor to the demonstration?
    • A. 

      He arrested MLK and placed him in solitary confinement

    • B. 

      He arrested MLK but allowed him to go free the next day

  • 10. 
    What did MLK famously do whilst he was in jail?
    • A. 

      Staged a miraculous escape by climbing over the prison wall

    • B. 

      Wrote a letter on scraps of paper which were smuggled out of jail and published in American newspapers

    • C. 

      Was visited by JFK in jail

  • 11. 
    What did Martin Luther King and the Reverend Abernathy find when they were released from jail?
    • A. 

      The campaign had almost died out

    • B. 

      That campaign had descended into widespread riots

  • 12. 
    Why were many blacks in the Birminghm community hesitant about becoming involved in another round of demonstrations?
    • A. 

      They were gettin bored with Martin Luther King

    • B. 

      They feared imprisonment

    • C. 

      Martin Luther King was no longer trusted by people in Birmingham

  • 13. 
    What new tactic did MLK decide upon as part of Phase Two of the Birmingham campaign?
    • A. 

      Involving previously convicted prisoners

    • B. 

      Involving high school students

    • C. 

      Getting celebrities to appear in TV adverts promoting the campaign

  • 14. 
    What was the reaction of police commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor to the marching school children?
    • A. 

      He commanded his troopers to use water cannon and dogs and supervised their actions personally from his own white tank

    • B. 

      He did nothing

    • C. 

      He fired on the school children

  • 15. 
    Following widespread media coverage, continued demonstrations and imprisonment of school children what was the result of the campaign?
    • A. 

      Completely unsuccessful. No changes were made in Birmingham and was viewed as being a disaster in the civil rights campaign

    • B. 

      Moderately successful - after 5 years the authorities agreed to desegregate facilities

    • C. 

      Very successful - many public facilities desegregated, whole commuunity had been involved in campaign, elevated Matin Luther King to forefront of Civil Rights movement and increased pressure on Kennedy administration to alter the law to forbid segregation.

  • 16. 
    What does the "C" stand for in "Project C"?
    • A. 

      Containment

    • B. 

      Commitment

    • C. 

      Confrontation

  • 17. 
    Which description most accurately describes why Martin Luther King chose "Project C" as the plan for the Birmingham campaign?
    • A. 

      He wished to confront racism, prejudice and segregtation in the South directly by means of demonstrations, sit in's. marches and speeches.

    • B. 

      He had ababdoned peaceful means as a method of protest

    • C. 

      He wanted to take the Black Civil Rights movement in a new Black Supremacist direction

  • 18. 
    Who was Medgar Evers?
    • A. 

      A key member of the SCLC

    • B. 

      A white NAACP member who was killed by white supremacists outside his home

    • C. 

      A black NAACP activist who was murdered outside his home by white supremacists

  • 19. 
    What was the reaction of the black community to the death of Medgar Evers?
    • A. 

      Widespread rioting across America

    • B. 

      No reaction from blacks

    • C. 

      A riot broke out after the funeral in which police used tear gas and dogs on protestors

  • 20. 
    What happend in Birmingham 15th September 1963?
    • A. 

      Black shops were attacked by Ku Klux Klan members

    • B. 

      Four black school children were murdered in a white supremacist bomb attack on a chu

    • C. 

      Eight black school children were murdered in a white supremacist bomb attack on a chu

  • 21. 
    What was the name often given by the reaction of white supremacists to the Birmingham campaigns?
    • A. 

      White frontage

    • B. 

      White backlash

    • C. 

      White revenge

  • 22. 
    In which year did the March on Washington take place?
    • A. 

      1962

    • B. 

      1963

    • C. 

      1964

    • D. 

      1965

    • E. 

      1966

  • 23. 
    Why was Washington DC chosen?
    • A. 

      It was a southern city which had been a consistent perpetrator of racism and segregation

    • B. 

      It is the capital of America and Martin Luther King and the SCLC wanted to apply maximum pressure on the President to introduce changes to the law forbidding segregation.

    • C. 

      It was conveniently close to the headquarters of SCLC

  • 24. 
    What was the principal aim of the March?
    • A. 

      To destroy public faith in the Kennedy administration

    • B. 

      To present a list of needs of blacks and to support a recent Civil Rights Bill introduced by President John F. Kennedy

    • C. 

      To celebrate the recent victories in the Civil Rights movement

  • 25. 
    Tick the groups that were involved in the March on Washington?
    • A. 

      SCLC

    • B. 

      NAACP

    • C. 

      CORE

    • D. 

      SNCC

    • E. 

      Black Panthers

    • F. 

      White Citizens Council

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