Reconstruction And Civil Rights 2015 Review

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Michelle BYRD
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Reconstruction And Civil Rights 2015 Review - Quiz


What do you know about this time period in US History?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Black Codes...

    • A.

      Asked the Southern states to employ all African Americans

    • B.

      Asked the Southern states to give an education to all people living in their home state

    • C.

      Treated African Americans as second class citizens and placed restrictions on daily life

    • D.

      African Americans were given permission to move to the North to find jobs

    Correct Answer
    C. Treated African Americans as second class citizens and placed restrictions on daily life
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "treated African Americans as second class citizens and placed restrictions on daily life." The Black Codes were a series of laws enacted in the Southern states after the Civil War to control and restrict the rights and freedoms of African Americans. These laws aimed to maintain white supremacy and enforce racial segregation. The Black Codes imposed restrictions on African Americans' ability to vote, own property, work certain jobs, and move freely. They effectively treated African Americans as second-class citizens, denying them equal rights and opportunities.

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  • 2. 

    How did the 13th Amendment change  the US Constitution?

    • A.

      Ended the Civil War

    • B.

      Ended slavery

    • C.

      Ended the spread of the Republican party

    • D.

      Ended the movement of Northerners into the Southern states

    Correct Answer
    B. Ended slavery
    Explanation
    The 13th Amendment to the US Constitution brought about a significant change by ending slavery in the United States. This amendment abolished involuntary servitude and ensured that no person could be held as a slave. It marked a crucial milestone in American history by officially putting an end to the institution of slavery, which had been a contentious issue leading up to the Civil War. The 13th Amendment played a pivotal role in advancing civil rights and promoting equality for all individuals in the United States.

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  • 3. 

    The main concept behind the Jim Crow Laws...

    • A.

      Separate but equal facilities for African Americans and whites

    • B.

      Same facilities provided for African Americans and whites

    • C.

      All were equal under the law

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Separate but equal facilities for African Americans and whites
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "separate but equal facilities for African Americans and whites." The Jim Crow Laws were a series of state and local laws enacted in the United States between the 1870s and 1960s. These laws enforced racial segregation and discrimination, particularly in the Southern states. The concept behind these laws was to legally enforce the separation of African Americans and whites in public facilities such as schools, transportation, and public spaces. Although these facilities were supposed to be "equal," they were often vastly inferior for African Americans, perpetuating racial inequality and discrimination.

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  • 4. 

    The best working definition of Reconstruction would be...

    • A.

      Reorganizing

    • B.

      Refusing

    • C.

      Reuniting

    • D.

      Rebuilding

    Correct Answer
    D. Rebuilding
    Explanation
    Reconstruction refers to the process of rebuilding and restoring something that has been damaged or destroyed. In the context of history, Reconstruction specifically refers to the period following the American Civil War when the United States government aimed to rebuild the Southern states and reintegrate them into the Union. This involved various political, social, and economic reforms to address the aftermath of slavery and the war. Therefore, "rebuilding" is the most accurate and fitting definition for Reconstruction.

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  • 5. 

    From whom did Martin Luther King Jr. get the idea of non violent resistance?

    • A.

      Rosa Parks

    • B.

      Winston Churchill

    • C.

      President Kennedy

    • D.

      Gandhi

    Correct Answer
    D. Gandhi
    Explanation
    Martin Luther King Jr. got the idea of nonviolent resistance from Gandhi. Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolence and civil disobedience greatly influenced King's approach to the civil rights movement in the United States. King admired Gandhi's successful use of nonviolent protest in India's struggle for independence from British rule and saw it as a powerful tool to challenge racial segregation and discrimination in America. King believed in the power of love, peace, and nonviolence as a means to bring about social change and equality. He applied Gandhi's principles in organizing peaceful protests, marches, and boycotts during the civil rights movement.

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  • 6. 

    What event began the Civil Rights Movement?

    • A.

      Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955

    • B.

      Brown v. Board of Education ruling by Supreme Court which began integration of US schools

    • C.

      Jim Crow laws passed in the South

    • D.

      Freedom Summer

    Correct Answer
    B. Brown v. Board of Education ruling by Supreme Court which began integration of US schools
    Explanation
    The Brown v. Board of Education ruling by the Supreme Court in 1954 declared that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. This landmark decision marked the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement as it challenged the Jim Crow laws that enforced racial segregation and paved the way for the integration of schools in the United States. The ruling played a significant role in inspiring activists and organizations to fight for equal rights and sparked a series of protests, demonstrations, and legal battles that defined the Civil Rights Movement.

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  • 7. 

    How did the Greensboro 4 impact the Civil Rights Movement?

    • A.

      Sit ins were eventually staged throughout the South helping to break up the Jim Crow Laws

    • B.

      Brought national attention to discrimination in the South

    • C.

      After discrimination was broken up, the African Americans had the ability to have equal purchasing power in the state/national econmoy

    • D.

      All of the Above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the Above
    Explanation
    The Greensboro 4, by staging sit-ins throughout the South, played a significant role in breaking up the Jim Crow Laws. Their actions not only brought national attention to discrimination in the South but also paved the way for other sit-ins to occur. As a result, discrimination was eventually broken up, giving African Americans the ability to have equal purchasing power in the state and national economy. Therefore, all of the given options are correct in explaining how the Greensboro 4 impacted the Civil Rights Movement.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is an example of segregation?

    • A.

      Refusing to ride on city bus

    • B.

      Forcing African Americans to attend different schools other than whites

    • C.

      Taking lands from Native Americans

    • D.

      Leading a rally for African American voters

    Correct Answer
    B. Forcing African Americans to attend different schools other than whites
    Explanation
    Forcing African Americans to attend different schools other than whites is an example of segregation. Segregation refers to the separation or isolation of certain groups based on their race, ethnicity, or other characteristics. In this case, the practice of forcing African Americans to attend separate schools was a form of racial segregation that was prevalent in the United States during the era of racial discrimination and Jim Crow laws. This policy denied African American students the same educational opportunities and resources as their white counterparts, perpetuating inequality and systemic racism.

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  • 9. 

    Rosa Parks protested the law that...

    • A.

      Prevented African Americans from riding the same buses

    • B.

      Prevented African Americans from riding city buses

    • C.

      Refused African Americans the right to attend school with white students

    • D.

      Required African Americans and whites to sit in separate sections of city buses

    Correct Answer
    D. Required African Americans and whites to sit in separate sections of city buses
    Explanation
    Rosa Parks protested the law that required African Americans and whites to sit in separate sections of city buses. This law enforced racial segregation and discrimination on public transportation, treating African Americans as second-class citizens. Rosa Parks' refusal to give up her seat to a white passenger on a segregated bus sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott and became a significant moment in the Civil Rights Movement. Her act of defiance and the subsequent boycott led to the eventual desegregation of buses in Montgomery, Alabama.

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  • 10. 

    What was the main concept of the ruling of Plessy v. Fergsuon in 1896?

    • A.

      Separate but equal

    • B.

      Equality for all

    • C.

      Equality in education

    • D.

      Freedom for all

    Correct Answer
    A. Separate but equal
    Explanation
    The main concept of the ruling of Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896 was "separate but equal." This ruling established the legal precedent that racial segregation was constitutional as long as the separate facilities provided to different races were deemed equal in quality. This decision had significant implications for the civil rights movement and perpetuated racial discrimination and inequality for many years.

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  • 11. 

    Poll taxes and literacy tests...

    • A.

      Kept many African Americans from voting

    • B.

      Encouraged civil rights leaders

    • C.

      Helped women to get the right to vote

    • D.

      Were approved by the Supreme Court

    Correct Answer
    A. Kept many African Americans from voting
    Explanation
    Poll taxes and literacy tests were used as discriminatory tactics to prevent African Americans from exercising their right to vote. These measures were implemented in many Southern states during the Jim Crow era as a means of suppressing the African American vote. By imposing financial burdens and educational requirements, these policies disproportionately targeted African Americans who were often unable to meet these criteria due to systemic barriers such as poverty and limited access to education. As a result, these measures effectively disenfranchised many African Americans and undermined their political power and representation.

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  • 12. 

    Martin Luther King Jr. gained national attention during what key event?

    • A.

      March on Washington

    • B.

      Montgomery Bus Boycott

    • C.

      Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case

    • D.

      Greensboro Sit in

    Correct Answer
    B. Montgomery Bus Boycott
    Explanation
    Martin Luther King Jr. gained national attention during the Montgomery Bus Boycott. This event was a pivotal moment in the civil rights movement, as it was a year-long protest against racial segregation on the public transit system in Montgomery, Alabama. King emerged as a prominent leader during this boycott, organizing peaceful protests and advocating for equal rights for African Americans. His leadership and the success of the boycott brought national attention to the civil rights movement and propelled King to become a prominent figure in the fight for racial equality.

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  • 13. 

    Freedom Summer was an effort to...

    • A.

      Invite women into the workforce and find jobs

    • B.

      Help Native Americans find work and better careers

    • C.

      Help African American voters in Southern states

    • D.

      Minorities in NC

    Correct Answer
    C. Help African American voters in Southern states
    Explanation
    Freedom Summer was a historic civil rights campaign that took place in 1964. Its main objective was to help African American voters in Southern states exercise their right to vote. During this campaign, volunteers from various backgrounds, including college students and civil rights activists, traveled to Mississippi to register African American voters, establish Freedom Schools to provide education to black children, and set up community centers. The campaign aimed to challenge the systematic racial discrimination and voter suppression prevalent in the South at that time.

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  • 14. 

    Marches, sit-ins, and boycotts are examples of...

    • A.

      Civil rights

    • B.

      Massive resistance

    • C.

      Nonviolent forms of protest

    • D.

      Freedom events

    Correct Answer
    C. Nonviolent forms of protest
    Explanation
    Marches, sit-ins, and boycotts are all examples of nonviolent forms of protest. These actions involve peaceful demonstrations and acts of resistance aimed at bringing attention to social or political issues. Nonviolent forms of protest have been used throughout history as a means of advocating for civil rights and social change without resorting to violence. These methods allow individuals and communities to peacefully express their grievances and demand justice, often leading to significant societal transformations.

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  • 15. 

    The event known as the "Little Rock Nine" - African American students were admitted to Central High School in Arkansas after...

    • A.

      The nine students held a sit in at the high school

    • B.

      Parents protested and took case to the local school board

    • C.

      President Eisenhower sent in National Guard troops in order to provide safe passage for students into the school

    • D.

      MLK protested the actions of the school

    Correct Answer
    C. President Eisenhower sent in National Guard troops in order to provide safe passage for students into the school
    Explanation
    President Eisenhower sent in National Guard troops in order to provide safe passage for students into the school. This action was taken in response to the violent opposition and resistance faced by the African American students, known as the "Little Rock Nine," when they were admitted to Central High School in Arkansas. The presence of the National Guard was intended to ensure the safety and protection of the students, allowing them to attend school without fear of harm or harassment. This decision by President Eisenhower demonstrated his commitment to upholding the rights of African American students and enforcing desegregation laws.

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  • 16. 

    What was the main purpose of the March on Washington?

    • A.

      Protest for better jobs and rights

    • B.

      Protest for better education for all

    • C.

      Meeting of all the leaders of the movement and he gave a speech there

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Protest for better jobs and rights
    Explanation
    The main purpose of the March on Washington was to protest for better jobs and rights. This event, which took place on August 28, 1963, was organized by civil rights leaders to advocate for economic equality and an end to racial discrimination. It culminated in Martin Luther King Jr.'s iconic "I Have a Dream" speech, which called for an end to racial segregation and injustice. The march aimed to bring attention to the issues faced by African Americans and push for legislative changes that would improve their socioeconomic conditions and civil rights.

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  • 17. 

    The Civil Rights Act of 1964...

    • A.

      Organized voter drives to bring out the African American vote

    • B.

      Made segregation illegal in the US and forbid unequal treatment

    • C.

      Created a form of nonviolent resistance for the Greensboro sit in

    • D.

      Organized the Freedom Riders

    Correct Answer
    B. Made segregation illegal in the US and forbid unequal treatment
    Explanation
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made segregation illegal in the US and forbid unequal treatment. This landmark legislation was a major step towards ending racial discrimination and ensuring equal rights for all citizens. It prohibited discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in public accommodations, employment, and federally funded programs. The Act also established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to enforce these provisions. This legislation was a significant achievement in the civil rights movement and played a crucial role in promoting equality and justice in the United States.

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  • 18. 

    What did some Americans conclude about race relations after the violence in Selma Alabama in 1965?

    • A.

      They were horrified at the violence that was being broadcast on national tv and realized that something needed to be done

    • B.

      They were aware of the violence and were still undecided what to do about civil rights

    • C.

      The protest had been a peaceful protest--- the attack on the protest group as they marched was violent and most were shocked by this event

    • D.

      Both and A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both and A and C
    Explanation
    After witnessing the violence in Selma Alabama in 1965, some Americans concluded that they were horrified by the broadcasted violence and realized that immediate action was necessary. Additionally, they were aware that the protest had been peaceful, but the violent attack on the protesters during their march shocked them. Therefore, the correct answer is that some Americans concluded both A and C, as they were horrified by the violence and also shocked by the attack on the peaceful protest.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 05, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 14, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Michelle BYRD
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