# Biology Test One-scientific Method And Metric System

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Questions: 27 | Attempts: 598  Settings  This is a quiz on my first test in Biology. It is on the metric system and the scientific method.

• 1.

### Why is a control variable important?

• A.

It is the only variable that you can change

• B.

It is the outcome of the experiment

• C.

It ensures the results of the experiment are due to the independent variable

• D.

It ensures the results are due to the dependent variable

C. It ensures the results of the experiment are due to the independent variable
Explanation
A control variable is important because it helps to ensure that the results of an experiment are due to the independent variable being tested. By keeping all other variables constant except for the independent variable, the control variable allows researchers to isolate the effects of the independent variable and determine its true impact on the outcome. This helps to eliminate any confounding factors or alternative explanations for the results, making the experiment more reliable and valid.

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• 2.

### How do researchers design experiments?

test only on variable at time. have all other variables the same for the control and experimental groups.
Explanation
Researchers design experiments by testing only one variable at a time and ensuring that all other variables are kept the same for both the control and experimental groups. This is important in order to isolate the effects of the specific variable being tested and to minimize any potential confounding factors that could influence the results. By controlling all other variables, researchers can more accurately determine the impact of the variable under investigation and draw reliable conclusions from the experiment.

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• 3.

• 4.

### What is an example of an control variable?

• A.

Amount of water

• B.

Calcium

• C.

Plant growth

A. Amount of water
Explanation
A control variable is a factor that is kept constant or unchanged in an experiment, in order to accurately measure the effect of other variables. In this case, the amount of water is an example of a control variable because it can be controlled and kept constant throughout the experiment, allowing researchers to focus on the effect of other variables (such as calcium or plant growth) on the outcome.

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• 5.

• 6.

### Standard unit of mass?

• A.

Liter

• B.

Volume

• C.

Gram

• D.

Kilo

C. Gram
Explanation
The gram is the standard unit of mass. It is commonly used to measure the weight or mass of objects. Other options like liter and kilo are units of volume and kilogram respectively, not mass. Therefore, the correct answer is gram.

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• 7.

### What is the dependent variable?

• A.

Sun light

• B.

The observed outcome

• C.

Plant growth

• D.

Water

B. The observed outcome
Explanation
The dependent variable in this context refers to the variable that is being measured or observed as a result of the experiment or study. In this case, the dependent variable is the observed outcome, which could be any measurable result that is being studied or analyzed. The other options, such as sunlight, plant growth, and water, are not necessarily dependent variables in this scenario as they are either external factors or potential independent variables that could be influencing the observed outcome.

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• 8.

### Prefix of deci?

• A.

10/1

• B.

10/8

• C.

10/4

• D.

10/9

A. 10/1
Explanation
The prefix "deci-" refers to one-tenth, so the correct answer is 10/1. This is because when we divide 10 by 1, we get 10, which represents one-tenth of the original value. The other options do not match the definition of the prefix "deci-" and are therefore incorrect.

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• 9.

### Standard unit of volume?

• A.

Mass

• B.

Gram

• C.

Liter

• D.

Centi

C. Liter
Explanation
The standard unit of volume is the liter. It is commonly used to measure the capacity or volume of liquids or gases. The liter is a metric unit of volume and is equal to 1000 milliliters or 1 cubic decimeter. It is widely used in scientific and everyday measurements, such as measuring the volume of a container or the amount of liquid in a bottle.

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• 10.

### What is the standard unit of length?

• A.

Mass

• B.

Liter

• C.

Volume

• D.

Meter

D. Meter
Explanation
The standard unit of length is the meter. It is a fundamental unit of measurement in the International System of Units (SI) and is used to measure distances, sizes, and dimensions. The meter is defined as the distance that light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second. It is widely used in scientific, industrial, and everyday applications for measuring lengths and distances accurately.

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• 11.

### The metric system is based on what?

• A.

15

• B.

20

• C.

10

• D.

100

C. 10
Explanation
The metric system is based on the number 10. It uses a decimal system where units are based on powers of 10. This makes conversions between different units of measurement easier as you simply move the decimal point to the left or right. For example, there are 100 centimeters in a meter and 1000 meters in a kilometer. This system is widely used around the world and is considered to be more logical and easier to use compared to other systems based on different numbers.

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• 12.

### Experimental group is what?

• A.

The factor that changes

• B.

Objects exposed to the variable under investigation

• C.

The observed outcome

• D.

The dependent variable

B. Objects exposed to the variable under investigation
Explanation
The experimental group refers to the objects or subjects that are exposed to the variable under investigation in an experiment. This group is the one that receives the treatment or manipulation being studied, while the control group does not. By comparing the outcomes or responses of the experimental group to the control group, researchers can determine the effect of the variable being investigated.

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• 13.

### What is the control group?

• A.

Used as a standard for comparison against one or more groups

• B.

The factor that changes

• C.

The variable

A. Used as a standard for comparison against one or more groups
Explanation
The control group is used as a standard for comparison against one or more groups. In an experiment, the control group is not exposed to the independent variable being tested, allowing researchers to compare the effects of the independent variable on the other groups. By having a control group, researchers can determine if any observed changes or effects are due to the independent variable or other factors. It provides a baseline for comparison and helps to establish cause and effect relationships.

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• 14.

### What is a variable?

• A.

A condition that cant change

• B.

A condition that can change

• C.

The control group

B. A condition that can change
Explanation
A variable is a condition that can change. In the context of programming or mathematics, a variable is a symbol or name that represents a value that can be altered or assigned. Variables allow for flexibility and dynamic behavior in a program or equation, as their values can be modified during execution or calculation. This enables the manipulation and analysis of different data values within a system.

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• 15.

### Prefix of centi?

• A.

10/5

• B.

10/2

• C.

10/9

• D.

10/1

B. 10/2
Explanation
The prefix "centi" represents a factor of 1/100 or 0.01. To find the answer, we divide 10 by 2, which equals 5. This means that the prefix "centi" represents a value of 0.01, and 10 divided by 2 gives us a result of 5.

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• 16.

### Prefix of milli?

• A.

10/3

• B.

10/5

• C.

10/1

• D.

10/7

A. 10/3
Explanation
The prefix "milli" represents one thousandth of a unit. In this case, the prefix "milli" is referring to millimeters, which is one thousandth of a meter. Therefore, the correct answer is 10/3, as it represents 10 millimeters divided by 3, which equals approximately 3.33 millimeters.

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• 17.

### Prefix of micro?

• A.

10/8

• B.

10/3

• C.

10/6

• D.

10/5

C. 10/6
Explanation
The correct answer is 10/6 because a prefix in networking is a sequence of bits that specify the network address. In this case, the prefix "10/6" means that the first 6 bits of the IP address are fixed and represent the network address, while the remaining bits can vary and represent the host address. Therefore, "10/6" is the correct prefix for the given question.

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• 18.

### Prefix of nano?

• A.

10/2

• B.

10/5

• C.

10/9

• D.

10/7

C. 10/9
Explanation
The prefix "nano-" represents a factor of 10^-9. Therefore, the correct answer is 10/9, as it represents the prefix "nano-" by dividing 10 by 10^9.

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• 19.

• 20.

### What is the dependent variable?

• A.

The factors that do not change

• B.

The observed outcome

• C.

The expected results

• D.

The factors that change

B. The observed outcome
Explanation
The dependent variable refers to the observed outcome in an experiment or study. It is the variable that is being measured or observed to determine the effect of the independent variable. In other words, it is the variable that is expected to change as a result of manipulating the independent variable. Therefore, the correct answer is "the observed outcome."

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• 21.

### How do you test a hypothesis?

• A.

Make systematic observations, build models, conduct experiments

• B.

Make a chart, essay or write a book

• C.

Research

A. Make systematic observations, build models, conduct experiments
Explanation
To test a hypothesis, one needs to make systematic observations, build models, and conduct experiments. Systematic observations involve carefully gathering data and information related to the hypothesis. Building models helps to create a theoretical framework or representation of the hypothesis, allowing for further analysis. Finally, conducting experiments involves setting up controlled conditions to test the hypothesis and gather empirical evidence. These steps are crucial in the scientific method to ensure the validity and reliability of the hypothesis being tested.

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• 22.

• 23.

### What is a hypothesis?

• A.

A test question

• B.

A fact

• C.

A testable explanation of the observations

C. A testable explanation of the observations
Explanation
A hypothesis is a testable explanation of the observations. It is a proposed explanation or prediction that can be tested through experiments or further observations. Unlike a fact, which is a statement based on evidence, a hypothesis is a tentative explanation that can be supported or refuted by evidence. It is an essential component of the scientific method, as it helps researchers formulate research questions and design experiments to test their proposed explanations.

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• 24.

• 25.

### What is science?

• A.

Anything that u can study

• B.

The systematic observation of natural events

B. The systematic observation of natural events
Explanation
The answer "the systematic observation of natural events" accurately defines science. Science involves the methodical observation and study of natural phenomena to understand the principles and laws that govern them. It focuses on empirical evidence, experimentation, and the formulation of theories and hypotheses based on observations. This definition highlights the systematic approach and the emphasis on studying natural events, distinguishing science from other forms of knowledge acquisition.

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• 26.

### Independent variable

• A.

Can be manipulated or changed

• B.

The outcome

• C.

Can not be changed

A. Can be manipulated or changed
Explanation
The term "independent variable" refers to the variable that is intentionally manipulated or changed by the researcher in an experiment. This manipulation is done in order to observe its effect on the outcome or dependent variable. The independent variable is under the control of the researcher and can be altered or adjusted to test different hypotheses or conditions. On the other hand, the outcome or dependent variable is the variable that is being measured or observed and is not directly influenced or changed by the researcher.

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• 27.

### List three examples of a basic unit of measure:kiloliter= 1000kLkilogram=1000kGdecigram= .1dh

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