Biology Exam 4 Practice Quiz

72 Questions | Total Attempts: 69

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Biology Exam Quizzes & Trivia

To help prepare for final biology 103 exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    High-flying birs are able to obtain enough oxygen even when the air is very thin because
    • A. 

      Their heart can increase or decrease in size as altitude changes

    • B. 

      They are able to store oxygen chambers within muscle cells

    • C. 

      They have reduce amounts of hemoglobin in their blood

    • D. 

      They have more efficient lunds than other vertebrates

    • E. 

      Their mitochondria are more efficient than those of other vertebrates

  • 2. 
    High-flying birs are able to obtain enough oxygen even when the air is very thin because
    • A. 

      Their heart can increase or decrease in size as altitude changes

    • B. 

      They are able to store oxygen chambers within muscle cells

    • C. 

      They have reduce amounts of hemoglobin in their blood

    • D. 

      They have more efficient lunds than other vertebrates

    • E. 

      Their mitochondria are more efficient than those of other vertebrates

  • 3. 
    If you were to move from around sea level to a much higher altitude, your body would respond with
    • A. 

      An increase in energy production

    • B. 

      A decrease in the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen

    • C. 

      An increase in the number of red blood cells

    • D. 

      Profuse sweating

    • E. 

      A decrease in the diameter and number of capillaries close to your body's surface

  • 4. 
    If you were to move from around sea level to a much higher altitude, your body would respond with
    • A. 

      An increase in energy production

    • B. 

      A decrease in the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen

    • C. 

      An increase in the number of red blood cells

    • D. 

      Profuse sweating

    • E. 

      A decrease in the diameter and number of capillaries close to your body's surface

  • 5. 
    The reason animals need continuous supply of oxygen is to
    • A. 

      Obtain energy from their food

    • B. 

      Make carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Dispose of carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Carry out glycolysis

    • E. 

      Synthesize protein

  • 6. 
    The reason animals need continuous supply of oxygen is to
    • A. 

      Obtain energy from their food

    • B. 

      Make carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Dispose of carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Carry out glycolysis

    • E. 

      Synthesize protein

  • 7. 
    A waste product of repsiration is
    • A. 

      Electrons

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • D. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • E. 

      Glucose

  • 8. 
    A waste product of repsiration is
    • A. 

      Electrons

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • D. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • E. 

      Glucose

  • 9. 
    When you exhale, you
    • A. 

      Remove CO2 from the body

    • B. 

      Exchange CO2 for O2

    • C. 

      Take up oxygen and release carbon dioxide to the blood

    • D. 

      Take up carbon dioxide and release oxygen

    • E. 

      Release oxygen and carbon dioxide

  • 10. 
    When you exhale, you
    • A. 

      Remove CO2 from the body

    • B. 

      Exchange CO2 for O2

    • C. 

      Take up oxygen and release carbon dioxide to the blood

    • D. 

      Take up carbon dioxide and release oxygen

    • E. 

      Release oxygen and carbon dioxide

  • 11. 
    The body structure where gas exchange occurs is called the
    • A. 

      Capillary surface

    • B. 

      Respiratory surface

    • C. 

      Integumentary surface

    • D. 

      Capillary network

    • E. 

      Exchange network

  • 12. 
    The body structure where gas exchange occurs is called the
    • A. 

      Capillary surface

    • B. 

      Respiratory surface

    • C. 

      Integumentary surface

    • D. 

      Capillary network

    • E. 

      Exchange network

  • 13. 
    Animals that effectively use their body surface for gas exchange must
    • A. 

      Be aquatic and nearly spherical

    • B. 

      Be terrestrial

    • C. 

      Have a high ratio of body surface area to volume

    • D. 

      Have a low ratio of body surface area to volume

    • E. 

      Have a special kind of hemoglobin

  • 14. 
    Animals that effectively use their body surface for gas exchange must
    • A. 

      Be aquatic and nearly spherical

    • B. 

      Be terrestrial

    • C. 

      Have a high ratio of body surface area to volume

    • D. 

      Have a low ratio of body surface area to volume

    • E. 

      Have a special kind of hemoglobin

  • 15. 
    Which of the following organisms has a repiratory system that does not require a circulatory system?
    • A. 

      Carp

    • B. 

      Mouse

    • C. 

      Grasshopper

    • D. 

      Earthworm

    • E. 

      Crayfish

  • 16. 
    Which of the following organisms has a repiratory system that does not require a circulatory system?
    • A. 

      Carp

    • B. 

      Mouse

    • C. 

      Grasshopper

    • D. 

      Earthworm

    • E. 

      Crayfish

  • 17. 
    The organization of blood and water flow in a fish's gills increases the fish's ability to
    • A. 

      Regulate fluid excretion from the body

    • B. 

      Extract oxygen from the water

    • C. 

      Detect toxic materials in the water

    • D. 

      Extract carbon dioxide from the water

    • E. 

      Transport blood throughout the fish's body

  • 18. 
    The organization of blood and water flow in a fish's gills increases the fish's ability to
    • A. 

      Regulate fluid excretion from the body

    • B. 

      Extract oxygen from the water

    • C. 

      Detect toxic materials in the water

    • D. 

      Extract carbon dioxide from the water

    • E. 

      Transport blood throughout the fish's body

  • 19. 
    Which of the following statements about fish gills is true?
    • A. 

      Because of the efficiency, they only need a small surface area

    • B. 

      They have a surface area that is much greater than the body surface

    • C. 

      They have a poor blood supply

    • D. 

      Like lungs, they have an exhale/inhale function

    • E. 

      They aid in reproduction

  • 20. 
    Which of the following statements about fish gills is true?
    • A. 

      Because of the efficiency, they only need a small surface area

    • B. 

      They have a surface area that is much greater than the body surface

    • C. 

      They have a poor blood supply

    • D. 

      Like lungs, they have an exhale/inhale function

    • E. 

      They aid in reproduction

  • 21. 
    The chief advantage of gas exchange in water is that
    • A. 

      Less energy is required to ventilate gills as compared to lungs

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide is easier to eliminate in water than in air

    • C. 

      No energy is used to keep the exchange surface wet

    • D. 

      Water can contain more oxygen than air

    • E. 

      Contact between the respiratory surface and the gas-containing medium is more effiecient in water than in air

  • 22. 
    The chief advantage of gas exchange in water is that
    • A. 

      Less energy is required to ventilate gills as compared to lungs

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide is easier to eliminate in water than in air

    • C. 

      No energy is used to keep the exchange surface wet

    • D. 

      Water can contain more oxygen than air

    • E. 

      Contact between the respiratory surface and the gas-containing medium is more effiecient in water than in air

  • 23. 
    Gills are unsuitable for animals living on land because
    • A. 

      Gills require high blood pressure

    • B. 

      The large surface area of gills would allow dehydration on the animal

    • C. 

      Air cannot diffuse across the gill surface

    • D. 

      There is no way to get air into the gills

    • E. 

      Gills do not function well in animals that have a diaphragm

  • 24. 
    In the countercurrent exchange system of fish gills,
    • A. 

      Water flow over the gills reverse direction with every inhalation

    • B. 

      Blood and water flow in opposite directions

    • C. 

      Blood and water flow in the same direction

    • D. 

      Blood flow in the gills reverses direction with every heartbeat

    • E. 

      Blood and water are separated by a thick polysaccharide barrier

  • 25. 
    Which of the following statements regarding breathing and circulation is false?
    • A. 

      Air-breathing animals lose water by evaporation

    • B. 

      The circulatory system of insects is not involved in transporting oxygen

    • C. 

      The tracheal system of insects consists of a series of branching air tubes that extend from the surface to deep inside th body

    • D. 

      A terrestial animal spends much more energy than an aquatic animal ventilating its respiratory surface

    • E. 

      Insects lose very little water by using a tracheal system to breathe

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