Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary Quiz

21 Questions | Total Attempts: 74

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Biology Quizzes & Trivia

Mrs. Shetrom's Chapter 8 Vocabulary Quiz for Visualizing Biology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The transfer of genetic material from one organism to another is
    • A. 

      Transformation

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 2. 
    A "jumping gene", a gene with the ability to move from one location to another in a chromosome is
    • A. 

      Transposon

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 3. 
    A single stranded nucleic acid containing the bases A, G, C, and U is
    • A. 

      Ribonucleic acid

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 4. 
    The first stage of gene expression in which an RNA copy of DNA is made is
    • A. 

      Transcription

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 5. 
    An environmental agent that can alter the structure of DNA is
    • A. 

      Mutagen

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 6. 
    Three nucleotide sequence in mRNA specifying a particular amino acid is
    • A. 

      Codon

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 7. 
    Three nucleotide sequence of a tRNA molecule is
    • A. 

      Anticodon

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 8. 
    Spiral of two strands as in DNA structure is
    • A. 

      Double helix

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 9. 
    The correspondence between nucleotide triplets in DNA and the amino acids in proteins is
    • A. 

      Genetic code

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 10. 
    The molecule that binds to the repressor protein, thereby allowing DNA to be transcribed is
    • A. 

      Inducer

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 11. 
    Noncoding portions of the DNA are
    • A. 

      Intron

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 12. 
    The second stage of gene expression in which three kinds of RNA work together to assemble amino acids into a protein molecule is
    • A. 

      Translation

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 13. 
    A subunit of DNA or RNA consisting of three parts: a sugar, a phosphate, and a base, is
    • A. 

      Nucleotide

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 14. 
    Protein that blocks transcription by preventing RNA polymerasefrom moving along the gene is
    • A. 

      Repressor protein

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 15. 
    This os one of the two smaller nucleotide bases, ex. cytosine or thymine.
    • A. 

      Pyrimidine

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 16. 
    This is one of the two larger nucleotide bases, ex. adenine or guanine.
    • A. 

      Purine

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 17. 
    The use of genetic information in DNA to make proteins is
    • A. 

      Gene expression

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 18. 
    The portions of DNA that code for protein are
    • A. 

      Exon

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 19. 
    Write the complementary DNA strand for this DNA strand: A T C G A A C G C T T A IMPORTANT: Be sure to put a space between each pair of letters.) (HINT: It may be helpful to write this strand on a piece of paper and then write the complementary strand underneath it.)
    • A. 

      T A G C T T G C G A A T

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 20. 
    Write the mRNA sequence that would be coded for by the DNA sequence from the previous question A T C G A A C G C T T A IMPORTANT: Be sure to put a space between each pair of letters.) (HINT: It may be helpful to write this strand on a piece of paper and then write the complementary strand underneath it.)
    • A. 

      U A G C U U G C G A A U

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow

  • 21. 
    The purpose of translation is to put amino acids in a chain to make a
    • A. 

      Protein

    • B. 

      Wheelbarrow