Biology Chapter 10 Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 519
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 519

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Biology Quizzes & Trivia

Biology Pd 8


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What base pairs with adenine?

    • A.

      Guanine

    • B.

      Thymine

    • C.

      Cytosine

    • D.

      Adenine

    Correct Answer
    B. Thymine
    Explanation
    Adenine forms a base pair with thymine in DNA. This is because adenine and thymine have complementary structures that allow them to bond together through hydrogen bonding. Adenine has a double ring structure, while thymine has a single ring structure with a methyl group attached. These structures fit together perfectly, allowing for stable base pairing. In DNA replication and transcription, adenine always pairs with thymine, ensuring the accurate copying and transmission of genetic information.

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  • 2. 

    What happens during DNA replication?

    • A.

      The DNA molecule seperates into 6 strands

    • B.

      The DNA molecule stays exactly the same

    • C.

      The DNA molecule sperates into two strands

    • D.

      The chromosome divides into DNA and RNA

    Correct Answer
    C. The DNA molecule sperates into two strands
    Explanation
    During DNA replication, the DNA molecule separates into two strands. This process is known as DNA unwinding, where the double helix structure of DNA is unwound and the hydrogen bonds between the nitrogenous bases are broken. This separation allows each strand to serve as a template for the synthesis of a new complementary strand. As a result, two identical copies of the original DNA molecule are formed, each consisting of one original strand and one newly synthesized strand.

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  • 3. 

    What are mutations?

    • A.

      Normal cells

    • B.

      Changes in a protein

    • C.

      Operons

    • D.

      Changes in the genetic material of a cell

    Correct Answer
    D. Changes in the genetic material of a cell
    Explanation
    Mutations refer to changes in the genetic material of a cell. These changes can occur in the DNA sequence, which can lead to alterations in the structure and function of proteins. Mutations can be caused by various factors such as exposure to radiation, chemicals, or errors in DNA replication. They can have different effects on an organism, ranging from no noticeable impact to causing genetic disorders or even cancer. Therefore, mutations play a crucial role in driving genetic diversity and evolution.

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  • 4. 

    In RNA, _______________is the nucleotide that is always paired with uracil.

    Correct Answer
    adenine
    Explanation
    In RNA, adenine is the nucleotide that is always paired with uracil. Adenine forms a complementary base pair with uracil through hydrogen bonding. This pairing is essential for the formation of RNA's double-stranded structures and plays a crucial role in the functioning of RNA molecules in various biological processes.

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  • 5. 

    What happens in transcription?

    • A.

      RNA polymerase splits the two halves of a strand of DNA

    • B.

      MRNA delivers messages to the DNA

    • C.

      RNA splits the four parts of a strand of DNA

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. RNA polymerase splits the two halves of a strand of DNA
    Explanation
    In transcription, RNA polymerase is responsible for splitting the two halves of a strand of DNA. This process involves the enzyme binding to a specific region of the DNA called the promoter, unwinding the DNA double helix, and synthesizing a complementary RNA molecule using one strand of the DNA as a template. This newly synthesized RNA molecule, known as messenger RNA (mRNA), carries the genetic information from the DNA to the ribosomes where it serves as a template for protein synthesis. Therefore, the correct answer is RNA polymerase splits the two halves of a strand of DNA.

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  • 6. 

    Use the circle diagram thing.  How may different mRNA codes correpond to leucine?

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      8

    • C.

      2

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    D. 6
    Explanation
    In the circle diagram, each codon (a sequence of three nucleotides) corresponds to an amino acid. Leucine is coded by the codons CUU, CUC, CUA, CUG, UUA, and UUG. Therefore, there are 6 different mRNA codes that correspond to leucine.

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  • 7. 

    What is the process in which cells use information from mRNA to make proteins?

    • A.

      Transformation

    • B.

      Transcription

    • C.

      Translation

    • D.

      Replication

    Correct Answer
    C. Translation
    Explanation
    Translation is the process in which cells use information from mRNA to make proteins. During translation, the ribosomes in the cell read the mRNA sequence and use it as a template to assemble a chain of amino acids, which then folds into a functional protein. This process is essential for the synthesis of proteins, which are the building blocks of cells and perform various functions in the body.

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  • 8. 

    What is the process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene or genes from another strand?

    • A.

      Replication

    • B.

      Transformation

    • C.

      Intron

    • D.

      Translation

    Correct Answer
    B. Transformation
    Explanation
    Transformation is the process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene or genes from another strand. During transformation, the bacterial cell takes up free DNA from the environment and incorporates it into its own genome. This can result in the acquisition of new genetic traits or the alteration of existing ones. Replication refers to the process of DNA duplication, intron is a non-coding region within a gene, and translation is the synthesis of proteins from mRNA.

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  • 9. 

    What is an operon?

    • A.

      A group of anticodons

    • B.

      A group of genes that do not work together

    • C.

      A group of chromatin

    • D.

      A group of genes that work together

    Correct Answer
    D. A group of genes that work together
    Explanation
    An operon is a group of genes that work together. It is a functional unit of DNA that includes a promoter, operator, and one or more structural genes. The genes in an operon are transcribed together into a single mRNA molecule and are involved in the same metabolic pathway or have related functions. This arrangement allows for coordinated gene expression and regulation, as the genes are controlled by the same regulatory elements.

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  • 10. 

    What is a codon?

    • A.

      Three mutations that work in replication

    • B.

      Three nonconsecutive nucleotides on an mRNA molecule that specify an amino acid

    • C.

      Three consecutive nucleotides on an mRNA molecule that specify an amino acid

    • D.

      Three bases on a tRNA molecule that complement an mRNA codon

    Correct Answer
    C. Three consecutive nucleotides on an mRNA molecule that specify an amino acid
    Explanation
    A codon is a sequence of three consecutive nucleotides on an mRNA molecule that specifies a particular amino acid. It acts as the genetic code that determines the sequence of amino acids in a protein during translation. Each codon corresponds to a specific amino acid or a stop signal, allowing the correct amino acids to be added to the growing protein chain. The given answer accurately describes the definition of a codon and its role in protein synthesis.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 30, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Dogsarecool
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