Bio1332 Biochemistry - Lecture Eleven - Intermolecular Forces And Solubility

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| By Elly Crook
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Elly Crook
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Bio1332 Biochemistry - Lecture Eleven - Intermolecular Forces And Solubility - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Name the three main types of intermolecular forces.

  • 2. 

    Name a biological role of hydrogen bonding.This will not go towards your final mark, but you may check your answer with the feedback section once you've submitted it.

  • 3. 

    Does interaction between molecules with permanent dipoles enable compounds to dissolve?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The interaction between molecules with permanent dipoles, such as polar molecules, enables compounds to dissolve. This is because the positive end of one molecule is attracted to the negative end of another molecule, creating an electrostatic attraction. This interaction allows the molecules to mix and disperse evenly throughout a solvent, resulting in the dissolution of the compound.

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  • 4. 

    How would you describe the induced dipoles in a Van der Waals interaction?

    • A.

      Small, temporary

    • B.

      Small, permanent

    • C.

      Large, temporary

    • D.

      Large, permanent

    Correct Answer
    A. Small, temporary
    Explanation
    In a Van der Waals interaction, the induced dipoles are small and temporary. This means that they are not permanent and only exist for a short period of time. These induced dipoles occur due to temporary fluctuations in electron distribution within molecules, creating temporary positive and negative charges. These temporary dipoles then induce dipoles in neighboring molecules, resulting in attractive forces between the molecules. However, once the external influence causing the temporary dipoles is removed, the molecules return to their original state with no permanent dipole moment.

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  • 5. 

    Please complete the following sentence:Van der Waals interactions are vital in maintaining the ___________ of cells. 

    Correct Answer
    Lipid bilayer
    Cell membrane
    Explanation
    Van der Waals interactions are vital in maintaining the structure and stability of cells. These interactions occur between the lipid molecules that make up the lipid bilayer, which is the main component of the cell membrane. The hydrophobic tails of the lipid molecules interact through van der Waals forces, allowing the formation of a stable and flexible membrane. This membrane acts as a barrier, regulating the transport of molecules in and out of the cell, and maintaining the integrity and shape of the cell.

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  • 6. 

    Solvation involves two compounds ________ together.

    • A.

      Mixing

    • B.

      Reacting

    • C.

      Binding

    Correct Answer
    A. Mixing
    Explanation
    Solvation involves two compounds mixing together. This process occurs when a solute is dissolved in a solvent, resulting in the solute particles becoming dispersed and surrounded by the solvent particles. The solute and solvent interact with each other, forming a solution. Solvation is a physical process and does not involve a chemical reaction or binding between the compounds. Therefore, the correct answer is "Mixing."

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  • 7. 

    For two substances to fully mix together (for something to dissolve), the sum of the intermolecular attractions between molecules after mixing must be _______________ the sum of the intermolecular attractions between the molecules before mixing.

    • A.

      More than or equal to

    • B.

      Less than or equal to

    • C.

      Equal to

    • D.

      More than

    • E.

      Less than

    Correct Answer
    A. More than or equal to
    Explanation
    When two substances mix together, the intermolecular attractions between the molecules play a crucial role in determining whether they will dissolve or not. For complete dissolution to occur, the sum of the intermolecular attractions between the molecules after mixing must be more than or equal to the sum of the intermolecular attractions between the molecules before mixing. This means that the combined attractive forces between the molecules in the mixture should be at least as strong as the attractive forces between the molecules in their separate states.

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  • 8. 

    Compounds which show extensive hydrogen bonding will not dissolve in water. True or False?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Compounds that show extensive hydrogen bonding tend to dissolve well in water. This is because water molecules are highly polar and can form hydrogen bonds with other polar molecules. These hydrogen bonds help to stabilize and solvate the compound, allowing it to dissolve in water. Therefore, the statement "Compounds which show extensive hydrogen bonding will not dissolve in water" is false.

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  • Aug 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 23, 2015
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    Elly Crook
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