Bergen Asta- Online Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Raman Sinha
R
Raman Sinha
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 272
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 132

SettingsSettingsSettings
Bergen Asta- Online Quiz - Quiz

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the mode of Action of Ondansetron?

    • A.

      Non Selective 5 HT3 receptor antagonist

    • B.

      Selective 5 HT3 receptor antagonist

    • C.

      Non Selective dopamine receptor antagonist

    • D.

      Both a & c

    Correct Answer
    B. Selective 5 HT3 receptor antagonist
    Explanation
    Ondansetron is a selective 5 HT3 receptor antagonist. This means that it specifically targets and blocks the 5 HT3 receptors, which are serotonin receptors found in the central and peripheral nervous systems. By blocking these receptors, ondansetron helps to prevent nausea and vomiting, particularly those caused by chemotherapy or surgery. It does not have any significant effect on dopamine receptors, making option c incorrect. Option a, non-selective 5 HT3 receptor antagonist, is also incorrect as ondansetron specifically targets the 5 HT3 receptors. Therefore, the correct answer is option b, selective 5 HT3 receptor antagonist.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Which is not the USP of Ondem? Pls select

    • A.

      Less lipophilic in nature

    • B.

      Strong peripheral action

    • C.

      No drowsiness & sedation

    • D.

      Helps to produce EPS

    Correct Answer
    D. Helps to produce EPS
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Helps to produce EPS." EPS stands for extrapyramidal symptoms, which are movement disorders that can be caused by certain medications. Ondem is a medication used to treat nausea and vomiting, and it is not expected to cause EPS. Therefore, "Helps to produce EPS" is not a unique selling point (USP) of Ondem.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    What is dose of Ondansetron in paediatric patients?

    • A.

      0.25mg/kg/dose

    • B.

      0.25mcg/kg/twice daily

    • C.

      0.15mg/kg/dose

    • D.

      0.15mg/kg/twice daily

    Correct Answer
    C. 0.15mg/kg/dose
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 0.15mg/kg/dose. This means that the recommended dose of Ondansetron for paediatric patients is 0.15 milligrams per kilogram of body weight per dose. This dosage is commonly used to prevent nausea and vomiting in children.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Pls mention the disintegrating agent which makes Ondem “ instant mouth dissolving tablets”?

    • A.

      Menthol

    • B.

      Methylcobalamin

    • C.

      Mannitol

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Mannitol
    Explanation
    Mannitol is the disintegrating agent that makes Ondem tablets instant mouth dissolving tablets. Mannitol is a sugar alcohol that has the ability to rapidly dissolve when it comes into contact with saliva. This property allows the tablet to disintegrate quickly in the mouth, making it easier to swallow without the need for water.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    What is mode of Vitamin K2-7 in Gemcal DS?

    • A.

      Carboxylates Osteocalcin, puts calcium in bones

    • B.

      Carboxylates MATRIX GLA protein which prevents calcification in blood vessels

    • C.

      Both a & c

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Both a & c
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Both a & c." Vitamin K2-7 in Gemcal DS functions by carboxylating osteocalcin, which helps in putting calcium in bones. It also carboxylates MATRIX GLA protein, which prevents calcification in blood vessels. Therefore, both options a and c are correct.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    In Gemcal DS, 500mg of elemental calcium provides ………………….?

    • A.

      Faster callus formation and bone healing

    • B.

      Improving muscle strength & gait

    • C.

      Myocyte proliferation & differentiation

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." Gemcal DS, which contains 500mg of elemental calcium, provides all of the mentioned benefits, including faster callus formation and bone healing, improving muscle strength and gait, and promoting myocyte proliferation and differentiation.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    What is normal calcium concentration of calcium in blood?

    • A.

      15-16 mg/100 ml of blood

    • B.

      9-11 mg/100 ml of blood

    • C.

      19-21 mg/100 ml of blood

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. 9-11 mg/100 ml of blood
    Explanation
    The normal calcium concentration in blood is 9-11 mg/100 ml. This range is considered optimal for maintaining various physiological functions in the body. Calcium plays a crucial role in bone health, muscle contraction, nerve transmission, and blood clotting. Deviations from this range can indicate certain medical conditions such as hypercalcemia (high calcium levels) or hypocalcemia (low calcium levels). Therefore, it is important to maintain the appropriate calcium concentration in the blood to ensure proper bodily functions.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Name the technology which is used in Oxum spray?

    • A.

      GRT ( Gastro retentive technology)

    • B.

      ECA ( Electro chemical Activation )

    • C.

      Sonification technology

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. ECA ( Electro chemical Activation )
    Explanation
    ECA (Electro chemical Activation) is the technology used in Oxum spray. This technology involves the use of electrical currents to activate and enhance the properties of water, making it more effective for various applications. It is commonly used in agriculture, water treatment, and disinfection processes.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    What is role of Risedronate in Gemcal kit ?

    • A.

      Increases osteoblastic activity

    • B.

      Decreases osteoclastic activity

    • C.

      Both a & c

    • D.

      None of the these

    Correct Answer
    B. Decreases osteoclastic activity
    Explanation
    Risedronate is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs called bisphosphonates. It is commonly used in the treatment of osteoporosis. The main mechanism of action of risedronate is to decrease osteoclastic activity. Osteoclasts are cells responsible for the breakdown of bone tissue, and by inhibiting their activity, risedronate helps to slow down bone loss and increase bone density. Therefore, the correct answer is that risedronate decreases osteoclastic activity.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    What is the mode of action of Pregabalin?

    • A.

      Repairs the myelin sheath

    • B.

      Binds to alpha2 delta, reduces the calcium influx through VGCC

    • C.

      Reduces the homocysteine level

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Binds to alpha2 delta, reduces the calcium influx through VGCC
    Explanation
    Pregabalin's mode of action is by binding to alpha2 delta and reducing the calcium influx through VGCC (Voltage-Gated Calcium Channels). This mechanism helps to decrease the release of certain neurotransmitters, thus reducing the excitability of nerve cells and providing pain relief. It does not repair the myelin sheath or reduce the homocysteine level.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    What are drawbacks of Doxylamine Vs Ondem?

    • A.

      Doxylamine has slow in action

    • B.

      Doxylamine is non selective & acts on histamine

    • C.

      Doxylamine is associated with drowsiness & sedation

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Doxylamine has several drawbacks compared to Ondem. Firstly, it has a slow action, meaning it may take longer to produce the desired effects. Secondly, Doxylamine is non-selective and acts on histamine, which may lead to unwanted side effects or interactions with other medications. Lastly, Doxylamine is associated with drowsiness and sedation, which can be inconvenient or even dangerous in certain situations. Therefore, all of the given statements are correct and highlight the drawbacks of Doxylamine compared to Ondem.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    What does Teratogenicity means?

    • A.

      Ability of a drug to produce birth defect when taken by a pregnant woman

    • B.

      Ability of a drug to produce a toxic effect on hearing when taken by a pregnant woman

    • C.

      Ability of a drug to produce a toxic effect on liver when taken by a pregnant woman

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Ability of a drug to produce birth defect when taken by a pregnant woman
    Explanation
    Teratogenicity refers to the ability of a drug to cause birth defects when taken by a pregnant woman. This means that if a pregnant woman consumes a drug with teratogenic effects, it can lead to abnormalities or malformations in the developing fetus. It is important for pregnant women to be cautious about the medications they take to avoid any potential harm to the baby. The other options, such as toxic effects on hearing or liver, do not accurately define teratogenicity.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    New Oxum spray contains

    • A.

      Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) 0.008% and Oxidised water (99.97%) per 100 ml

    • B.

      Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) 0.006% and Oxidised water (89.97%) per 100 ml

    • C.

      Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) 0.006% and Oxidised water (99.97%) per 100 ml

    • D.

      Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) 0.016% and Oxidised water (99.97%) per 200 ml

    Correct Answer
    C. Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) 0.006% and Oxidised water (99.97%) per 100 ml
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) 0.006% and Oxidised water (99.97%) per 100 ml". This is because the question asks for the composition of New Oxum spray per 100 ml. This option provides the specified concentration of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) and oxidized water (99.97%) per 100 ml. The other options either have different concentrations or different quantities (per 200 ml instead of per 100 ml).

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Whats the RDA (recommended dietary allowance) of Calcium for Pregnant & Lactating Woman?

    • A.

      800 – 1000 mg/day

    • B.

      1000 – 1200 mg/day

    • C.

      1200 – 1500 mg/day

    • D.

      1500 – 1800 mg/day

    Correct Answer
    C. 1200 – 1500 mg/day
    Explanation
    During pregnancy and lactation, a woman's calcium requirements increase to support the development of the baby's bones and teeth. The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of calcium for pregnant and lactating women is 1200-1500 mg per day. This range ensures that both the mother and the baby receive adequate calcium for healthy bone growth and maintenance. Consuming enough calcium-rich foods or taking calcium supplements can help meet these increased requirements during this important stage of life.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Angiogenesis means?

    • A.

      Increase in Angina

    • B.

      Generation of Angina

    • C.

      Formation on new capillaries

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Formation on new capillaries
    Explanation
    Angiogenesis refers to the process of forming new capillaries. It is a natural process that occurs in the body to support the growth and development of tissues. Angiogenesis is essential for wound healing, tissue repair, and the formation of new blood vessels in diseases such as cancer. It does not involve an increase in angina or the generation of angina, making the correct answer "Formation of new capillaries."

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Oxum is safe to use in humans as it is

    • A.

      Non cytotoxic, non-Hepatotoxic and non-Nephrotoxic

    • B.

      Non irritating

    • C.

      Not contraindicated in pregnancy or in children

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that Oxum is safe to use in humans because it is non cytotoxic, non-Hepatotoxic, non-Nephrotoxic, non-irritating, and not contraindicated in pregnancy or in children.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Oxum offers spectrum of action against

    • A.

      Bacteria

    • B.

      Virus

    • C.

      Fungi

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because Oxum offers a spectrum of action against bacteria, viruses, and fungi. This means that Oxum is effective in combating all three types of microorganisms, making it a versatile solution for various infections caused by these pathogens.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    ______________ is a natural part of oxidative burst during phagocytosis?

    • A.

      HOCl

    • B.

      NaOCl

    • C.

      Oxidised water

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. HOCl
    Explanation
    During phagocytosis, immune cells produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a part of the oxidative burst to kill pathogens. HOCl, which stands for hypochlorous acid, is one of the main ROS produced during this process. It is a powerful oxidizing agent that can destroy bacteria and other pathogens. Therefore, HOCl is a natural part of the oxidative burst during phagocytosis. NaOCl, also known as bleach, is derived from HOCl and is also involved in the oxidative burst. Oxidized water is not a specific component of the oxidative burst, and therefore, the correct answer is HOCl.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    NaOCl acts as catalyst for

    • A.

      Phagocytosis

    • B.

      Angiogenesis

    • C.

      Haemostasis

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Angiogenesis
    Explanation
    NaOCl, also known as sodium hypochlorite, is a chemical compound commonly used as a disinfectant and bleaching agent. It is not known to directly act as a catalyst for phagocytosis or haemostasis. However, studies have shown that NaOCl can promote angiogenesis, which is the formation of new blood vessels. This is likely due to its ability to induce the release of growth factors and stimulate endothelial cell proliferation. Therefore, the correct answer is angiogenesis.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.