Bentley Ch. 30 Americas And Independence

14 Questions | Total Attempts: 924

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Bentley Ch. 30 Americas And Independence

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The term MANIFEST DESTINY was used to describe
    • A. 

      The inevitability of American independence from Britain

    • B. 

      The superiority of the U.S. Constitution

    • C. 

      The inevitability of American dominion over all of North America

    • D. 

      The superiority of the North to the South during the Civil War

  • 2. 
    The constitutional issue at the center of the American Civil War was
    • A. 

      The balance of power between the president and the Congress

    • B. 

      The balance of power between the state governments and the federal government

    • C. 

      Conflicting claims between the individual and society

    • D. 

      The rights of immigrant labor versus the rights of slave labor

  • 3. 
    British Canada ganed a large French population as a result of 
    • A. 

      France's loss of its Canadian colonies in the Seven Years' War

    • B. 

      The flight of Canada of French Protestants in the eighteenth century

    • C. 

      French citizens fleeing the Napoleonic wars

    • D. 

      French fur traders being driven out of the United States

  • 4. 
    In Latin America, the road to a stable state was hindered by 
    • A. 

      An elite conspiracy against lower classes

    • B. 

      The ignorance and apathy of the lower classes

    • C. 

      Sharp divisions among the creole classes

    • D. 

      The caudillos' reign of terror

  • 5. 
    The Mexican Revolution was fundamentally a conflict between 
    • A. 

      Conservative landowners and landless peasants

    • B. 

      Mexican business interests and foreign investors

    • C. 

      Supporters of Emiliano Zapata and supporters of Pancho Villa

    • D. 

      Supporters of the Catholic church and anti-cleric revolutionaries

  • 6. 
    Economic development in Latin America was limited because 
    • A. 

      The market for manufactured goods was too small

    • B. 

      Most goods were manufactured on self-sufficient haciendas

    • C. 

      State control discouraged foreign investment

    • D. 

      There were insufficient natural resources in Latin America

  • 7. 
    During the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz, Mexico achieved all of the following EXCEPT   
    • A. 

      Industrial expansion

    • B. 

      Paved streets and electric lights in Mexico City

    • C. 

      Improved public health and education

    • D. 

      Significant foreign investment in the Mexican economy

  • 8. 
    The Trail of Tears in 1838-1839 and the Battle of Wounded Knee in 1890 are significant because they
    • A. 

      Demonstrate the technological superiority of United States troops over the indigenous peoples of North America

    • B. 

      Typify the harsh treatment of native peoples at the hands of the U.S. government

    • C. 

      Exemplify the determination of the American government to bring unity to North America and undermine any attempts at secession

    • D. 

      Added large portions of land to the U.S. which had been controlled by foreign powers

  • 9. 
    Which of the following events shifted the population ratio in Canada from predominately French to predominately British-speaking residents? 
    • A. 

      The British victory in the Seven Years' War

    • B. 

      The American Revolutionary War

    • C. 

      The British victory in the War of 1812

    • D. 

      The American Civil War

  • 10. 
    What was the universal goal of the Latin American reform movements of the 19th century?
    • A. 

      Universal manhood suffrage

    • B. 

      Reduce the power of the Roman Catholic church

    • C. 

      Undermine the power of the caudillos

    • D. 

      Land distribution reform

  • 11. 
    What 19th century construction projects provided the greatest boom to economic unification in both the U.S. and Canada? 
    • A. 

      The building of massive dams and hydroelectric projects

    • B. 

      The building of telephone and telegraph systems

    • C. 

      The building of transcontinental railroads

    • D. 

      The building of highways and bridges

  • 12. 
    Asian migrants to Latin America in the mid-19th century were most likely to work
    • A. 

      In the textile industries

    • B. 

      In the railroad industries

    • C. 

      On a tobacco or pineapple plantation

    • D. 

      On a sugar or cotton plantation

  • 13. 
    Which of the following pairs of political leaders used terror in their respective nations as a nation- building strategy?   
    • A. 

      Juan Manuel de Rosas and Maximillian Robespierre

    • B. 

      Benito Juarez and Niccolo Machiavelli

    • C. 

      Pancho Villa and Abraham Lincoln

    • D. 

      Archduke Maximillian and Napoleon Bonaparte

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is NOT a parallel which exists between Canadian economic expansion in the 19th century and economic expansion in the U.S. in the same era? 
    • A. 

      Both were willing to sacrifice indigenous peoples and their cultures for the benefits of economic expansion

    • B. 

      Both benefitted from initial British industrial investments to stimulate early economic growth

    • C. 

      Both used government economic policy to encourage national stability and discourage separatist movements

    • D. 

      Both relied on migrants to provide the cheap labor necessary for rapid industrialization

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