Quiz 7: The Gilded Age

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 2466

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Quiz 7: The Gilded Age

This quiz covers NEW information. To answer the questions, you may use a search engine to answer the questions, or you may borrow a US history textbook from me. The page numbers provided for each question refer to the American Journey textbook. As always, the quizzes are pass/fail, and you must receive a score of at least 80% to get credit. You may take the quiz as many times as you want.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    One problem in the Gilded Age was government corruption.  Officials in the government could be bribed, and politicians gave their friends jobs rather than qualified candidates. How did the Pendleton Civil Service Act try to limit this corruption?  (pg. 182)
    • A. 

      It declared that a government worker should be fired anyone accused of corruption.

    • B. 

      Applicants for jobs had to take a civil service exam to prove they were qualified.

    • C. 

      The President was only allowed to appoint 10% of federal jobs.

  • 2. 
    The Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1882 was signed into law by which President?
    • A. 

      Chester A. Arthur

    • B. 

      Grover Cleveland

    • C. 

      Benjamin Harrison

    • D. 

      William McKinley

  • 3. 
    Why did Charles Guiteau assassinate President James Garfield on July 2, 1881? (pg. 182)
    • A. 

      He was a southerner upset about the Civil War

    • B. 

      He believed that President Garfield had a silly name not befitting a President.

    • C. 

      He was upset about not being appointed for a job in the federal government in return for his political support.

  • 4. 
    How did the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 limit the power of big businesses? p. 185
    • A. 

      It created a corporate income tax.

    • B. 

      It prevented companies from operating in multiple states.

    • C. 

      The law broke up monopolies into smaller companies order to make businesses more competitive.

    • D. 

      The Sherman Anti-Trust Act increased the power of big businesses by shutting down labor unions.

  • 5. 
    Which Robber Baron controlled a large percentage of the steel industry in the United States?   Hint:  He immigrated from Scotland as a child after his father lost his job as a weaver.
  • 6. 
    Labor unions help workers unite so that they are not competing against each other for lower wages.  But farmers can do the same thing.  What were the farmers unions of the late 1800s named? (Hint:  search the name of the answers)
    • A. 

      The Farmers Union

    • B. 

      The Grange Movement

    • C. 

      The United Farmers Association

  • 7. 
    The Populist Party was a short-lived political party in the 1890s made up of farmers, miners, ranchers, and small town businessmen.  They were tired of the old politics and hoped to reform the government to make it more fair for average citizens.  What were some of the changes they wanted to see?  Check all that apply.  
    • A. 

      Unlimited coinage of silver to cause deflation and make loans cheaper for farmers.

    • B. 

      An income tax.

    • C. 

      Government takeover of the railroads to benefit everyone.

    • D. 

      The election of US Senators rather than having them appointed by state legislatures.

  • 8. 
    Who ran as both a Populist Party candidate and a Democratic Party candidate in 1896?  He also ran as the Democratic Party candidate in 1900, 1904, and 1908, losing all four elections.
    • A. 

      William McKinley

    • B. 

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • C. 

      William Jennings Bryan

    • D. 

      Jacob Coxey

  • 9. 
    What fears does the following cartoon express about John D. Rockefeller? Title: "What a Funny Little Government!"
    • A. 

      That Rockefeller was pumping oil out of Washington DC. How could he?!?!

    • B. 

      That John D. Rockefeller had become more powerful than the elected government.

    • C. 

      That John D. Rockefeller had damaged the environment in an oil spill.

  • 10. 
    What fear does the following cartoon express about John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil company?
    • A. 

      That the Standard Oil Company was helping employees earn high wages.

    • B. 

      That the Standard Oil Company was mutated from toxic sludge like the Ninja Turtles.

    • C. 

      The Standard Oil Company was strangling the United States government and economy and had grown too large.

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