Becoming An Ethical Professional

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 849

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Becoming An Ethical Professional

What do you understand by ethics? The study of principles relating to right or wrong conduct is what defines ethics and most companies demand that employees live by a code of ethics. Becoming an ethical professional requires a clear understanding of morality and good conduct. Take up this challenge to understand further.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which part of the brain is associated with feelings of empathy
    • A. 

      Frontal lobes

    • B. 

      Inferior parietal lobe

    • C. 

      Left hemisphere

    • D. 

      Right hemisphere

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is not a characteristic of frontal lobe damage
    • A. 

      Difficulty in logical reasoning

    • B. 

      Impulsivity

    • C. 

      Tendency toway apathy

    • D. 

      Loss of motor function

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is a type of test that measures an individual's ability to recongize and/or agree with moral terms?
    • A. 

      Memory tests

    • B. 

      Spatial skill tests

    • C. 

      Recongnition tests

    • D. 

      Intelligence tests

  • 4. 
    Studies found evidence of sex difference in all except
    • A. 

      Anitsocial behavior

    • B. 

      Deliquency

    • C. 

      Conduct disorders

    • D. 

      Intelligence

  • 5. 
    Shermer believes that morality is a product of
    • A. 

      Learning

    • B. 

      Reasoning

    • C. 

      Evolution

    • D. 

      Negative reinforcement

  • 6. 
    According to learning theorists
    • A. 

      Behavior arises from moral beliefs

    • B. 

      Moral behavior arisies through reason

    • C. 

      Moral beliefs arise from a habit of moral behavior that is the product of reinforcement

    • D. 

      Negative reinforcement is the most effective way to teach moral belief

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is not associated with learning theory
    • A. 

      Moral reasoning

    • B. 

      Cognitive dissonance

    • C. 

      Reinforcement

    • D. 

      Modeling

  • 8. 
    Ethical leaders should foster personal relationships with their subordinates in order to facilitate
    • A. 

      Caring

    • B. 

      Modeling

    • C. 

      Knowledge of weakness

    • D. 

      Friendship

  • 9. 
    The discomfort that results when behavior is not consistent with beliefs is called
    • A. 

      Cognitive dissension

    • B. 

      Value discord

    • C. 

      Cognitive dissonance

    • D. 

      Norm disagreement

  • 10. 
    Proponents of learning theory are best described by what term
    • A. 

      Deontological

    • B. 

      Teleological

    • C. 

      Relativist

    • D. 

      Absolutist

  • 11. 
    Social learning theory was developed by
    • A. 

      Albert bandura

    • B. 

      Jean piaget

    • C. 

      Erik erikson

    • D. 

      B.F. skinner

  • 12. 
    (blank) can be defined as the individuals feelings of competence, and this sense is developed by comparing the self to others
    • A. 

      Cognitive dissonance

    • B. 

      Self-efficacy

    • C. 

      Euphamistic morality

    • D. 

      Self-adequacy

  • 13. 
    Sanitizing language, such as "wasting" or "whacking" instead of killing is an example of
    • A. 

      Behavioral classification

    • B. 

      Metaphorical cataloging

    • C. 

      Cognitive adage

    • D. 

      Euphemistic labeling

  • 14. 
    Which of the following statements about social learning theory is true
    • A. 

      Social learning theory was developed by Lawrence Kohlberg

    • B. 

      Social learning theory reflects the idea of modeling as the mechanism of development

    • C. 

      Social learning theorists believe moral behavior is hierarchical

    • D. 

      Social learning theorists believe that as we develop, we move from pure egoism toward altruism

  • 15. 
    According to Bandura, self-regulation can be "turned off", leadning to inhumane acts, through cognitive restructuring via several different mechanisms. Which of the following is not one of these mechanisms
    • A. 

      Diffusion through responsibility

    • B. 

      Displacement of responsibility

    • C. 

      Advantageous labeling

    • D. 

      Disregard of the consequences

  • 16. 
    Who of the following is not assciated with developmental theories
    • A. 

      Kohlberg

    • B. 

      Bentham

    • C. 

      Gillian

    • D. 

      Piaget

  • 17. 
    Which of the following statements about developmental theories is false
    • A. 

      Developmental theories propose that individuals mature physically, cognitively, and emotionally

    • B. 

      Developmental theories argue that individuals have normal growth phases is areas such as morality and emotional maturity

    • C. 

      Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg are well-known developmental theorists

    • D. 

      Kohlbergs moral stages of development consists of two stages of moral reasoning, with three stages in each level

  • 18. 
    According to Kohlberg there are (blank) stages of moral development
    • A. 

      Six

    • B. 

      Seven

    • C. 

      Five

    • D. 

      Three

  • 19. 
    Whiaccording to Kohlberg, which is the first stage of moral development
    • A. 

      Punishment and obedience orientation

    • B. 

      Instrument and relativity orientation

    • C. 

      Social contract orientation

    • D. 

      Law and order orientation

  • 20. 
    Which of Kohlberg's moral stages has an interpersonal concordance orientation
    • A. 

      Stage 1

    • B. 

      Stage 2

    • C. 

      Stage 3

    • D. 

      Stage 4

  • 21. 
    During Kohlberg's (blank) level, the person approaches a moral issue motivated purely by personal interests
    • A. 

      Pre-conventional

    • B. 

      Post-conventional

    • C. 

      Un-conventional

    • D. 

      Conventional

  • 22. 
    During Kohlberg's (blank) level, a person moves beyond the norms and laws of society to determine universal good, that is, what is good for all societies
    • A. 

      Pre-conventional

    • B. 

      Post-conventional

    • C. 

      Un-convetional

    • D. 

      Conventional

  • 23. 
    During Kohlberg's (blank) level, people perceive themsevles as member of society, and living up to role responsibilities is paramount in believe oneself to be good
    • A. 

      Pre-conventional

    • B. 

      Post-conventional

    • C. 

      Un-conventional

    • D. 

      Conventional

  • 24. 
    Which of Kohlberg's moral stages centers on universal ethical principles
    • A. 

      Stage 3

    • B. 

      Stage 4

    • C. 

      Stage 5

    • D. 

      Stage 6

  • 25. 
    Kohlberg advanced the possibility of a seventh stage described as a
    • A. 

      "enlightened" stage involving law-and-order orientation

    • B. 

      "soft" stage of ethical awareness with an orientation of cosmic or religious thinking

    • C. 

      "universal" stage where the child becomes aware of and is concerned with others needs

    • D. 

      "final" stage where the individual performs conventionally determined good behavior to be considered a good person

  • 26. 
    Which of the following individuals added a "care perspective" to Kohlberg's theory
    • A. 

      Jean Piaget

    • B. 

      Albert Bandura

    • C. 

      Carol Gilligan

    • D. 

      Jackson Flanagan

  • 27. 
    • A. 

      Developmental theories propose that individuals mature physically, cognitively, and emotionally

    • B. 

      Developmental theorists believe that exceptionally bright individuals can skip stages

    • C. 

      Bentham is a well-known developmental theorists

    • D. 

      Developmental theories argue that individual have normal "moral imaginations"

  • 28. 
    According to the "corruption continuum" organizations can become corrupt through all the following except
    • A. 

      Administrative indifference toward integrity

    • B. 

      Ignoring obvious ethical problem

    • C. 

      Hypocrisy and fear dominated culture

    • D. 

      Charismatic leadership

  • 29. 
    The My Lai incident took place in
    • A. 

      Iraq

    • B. 

      Korea

    • C. 

      Japan

    • D. 

      Vietnam

  • 30. 
    According to the text, the condition in which a worker has abandoned the mission of the organization and it just "going through the motions" is called
    • A. 

      Burnout

    • B. 

      Anomie

    • C. 

      Catatonia

    • D. 

      Alienation