Basic Nutrition Final

223 Questions

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Nutrition Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A double-blind study is a study in which:
    • A. 

      Neither the subjects nor the researchers know which group is receiving the experimental treatment.

    • B. 

      Preliminary data is gathered in order to determine the make-up of future experimental, or blind, groups.

    • C. 

      There are two experimental groups but no control group.

    • D. 

      The experimental group is not significantly different from the control group.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is not a societal cause of undernutrition?
    • A. 

      Anorexia

    • B. 

      Civil war

    • C. 

      Population

    • D. 

      Inadequate road development

  • 3. 
    Food preference or food choices is the same across all regions of the United States.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    An undernourished mother poses no risk for for the infant such as higher risk of disease and death during childhood.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    If you are looking for reliable nutrition information, which of the following is the best source?
    • A. 

      Popular fitness and health magazines

    • B. 

      Newspaper articles

    • C. 

      Scientific journals

    • D. 

      Dr Phil

  • 6. 
    Lipids or fats contain how many calories per gram?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      7

    • D. 

      9

  • 7. 
    Essential nutrients are defined as nutrients that:
    • A. 

      Are required for metabolism

    • B. 

      Are only needed in large quantities

    • C. 

      Must be obtained through the diet

    • D. 

      Are synthesized by the organism

  • 8. 
    Food preference is based solely on a person's genetic makeup.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Obesity is a form of malnutrition.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Phytochemicals are essential nutrients that protect body cells.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The two major categories of malnutrition in the world are ________ and ________.
    • A. 

      Covert, overt

    • B. 

      Anorexia nervosa, obesity

    • C. 

      Intentional, unintentional

    • D. 

      Undernutrition, overnutrition

  • 12. 
    Which government agency does not regulate the production of genetically modified foods?
    • A. 

      Food and Drug Administration

    • B. 

      United States Department of Agriculture

    • C. 

      Federal Trade Commission

    • D. 

      Environmental Protection Agency

  • 13. 
    Which type of food would likely contain the highest amount of calories per gram?
    • A. 

      Fat-free yogurt

    • B. 

      Sugar

    • C. 

      Whole wheat flour

    • D. 

      Butter

  • 14. 
    What is the name of the government program designed to help supplement the nutritional needs of women and children under the age of 5 years?
    • A. 

      School Lunch and Breakfast Programs

    • B. 

      USDA Dietary Guidelines

    • C. 

      Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP)

    • D. 

      Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

  • 15. 
    Valerie, who is fairly active, has a recommended total caloric intake for one day equal to 1600 calories.  Valerie consumed exactly 1600 calories.  If 60% of her calories for the day were carbohydrates, how many grams of carbohydrates did Valerie consume?
    • A. 

      106

    • B. 

      200

    • C. 

      300

    • D. 

      240

  • 16. 
    Which of the following foods is the most nutrient dense?
    • A. 

      Plain peanuts

    • B. 

      A chocolate bar

    • C. 

      Jelly beans

    • D. 

      Sugar free gum

  • 17. 
    All of the following are true of Healthy People 2020 except:
    • A. 

      It identifies the most significant preventable health threats

    • B. 

      It was created by a collaborative effort of scientists, federal and state agencies, and public feedback

    • C. 

      It is funded and managed through private organizations

    • D. 

      It sets guidelines for health promotion programs

  • 18. 
    What is the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range for fat?
    • A. 

      45%-65%

    • B. 

      30%-45%

    • C. 

      10%-35%

    • D. 

      20%-35%

  • 19. 
    All of the following are a required part of the food label except:
    • A. 

      The health benefits of the food

    • B. 

      The name of the food

    • C. 

      The manufacturer information

    • D. 

      The Nutrition Fact Panel

  • 20. 
    What is considered a 1-ounce equivalent of grain?
    • A. 

      Two slices of bread

    • B. 

      1 ½ cups of ready-to-eat breakfast cereal

    • C. 

      1 cup of cooked rice

    • D. 

      ½ cup of cooked pasta

  • 21. 
    To be considered for the nutrient claim, low, a product must be 5% or less of the daily value.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Which of the following foods is not a good source of protein for vegetarians?
    • A. 

      Soy products

    • B. 

      Nuts

    • C. 

      Beans

    • D. 

      Root vegetables

  • 23. 
    Soluble fiber found in whole-grain oats can help decrease the risk of heart disease.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    What is the acceptable macronutrient distribution range for carbohydrates?
    • A. 

      5-35 percent of total calories

    • B. 

      10-35 percent of total calories

    • C. 

      20-35 percent of total calories

    • D. 

      45-65 percent of total calories

  • 25. 
    The % Daily Value helps consumers:
    • A. 

      Understand how much food they need each day

    • B. 

      Determine if a food is a high or low source of a particular nutrient

    • C. 

      Understand that they need only 2000 calories a day

    • D. 

      Determine the amount of physical activity they need each day

  • 26. 
    The Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) includes all of the following except
    • A. 

      Estimated Average Requirement (EAR)

    • B. 

      Minimum Intake (MI)

    • C. 

      Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)

    • D. 

      Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)

  • 27. 
    The Daily Value, used on food labels, is based on a ________ calorie diet.
    • A. 

      1500

    • B. 

      1700

    • C. 

      2000

    • D. 

      2400

  • 28. 
    Which concept of a healthy diet focuses on portion control?
    • A. 

      Variety

    • B. 

      Adequacy

    • C. 

      Balance

    • D. 

      Moderation

  • 29. 
    Putting together a healthy diet plan requires little planning.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    The Dietary Reference Intakes are designed to do all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Prevent the onset of chronic disease

    • B. 

      Treat chronic disease

    • C. 

      Set limits for over consumption of nutrients

    • D. 

      Prevent deficiency diseases

  • 31. 
    Carbohydrates are an inexpensive source of calories for people around the world.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    Cassava is a source of starchy carbohydrates often consumed by people living in Africa.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Sugar intake in the Western diet provides approximately 25% of total calories.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    Sugar alcohols contain 4 calories per gram and are digested in the same way as sugar.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    Consuming foods with a low glycemic index prevents weight gain and diabetes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    It is not necessary to eat carbohydrates daily because we store a large reserve in our liver and muscle.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    Dietary fiber is primarily found in meats and dairy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    Excess sugar consumption by children can lead to hyperactivity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    Someone who is lactose intolerant produces too much of the enzyme lactase.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    All of the following are involved in the process of photosynthesis except:
    • A. 

      Nitrogen

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Chlorophyll

    • D. 

      Carbon dioxide

  • 41. 
    The main product of photosynthesis is:
    • A. 

      Sucrose

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      ATP

  • 42. 
    All of the following are disaccharides except:
    • A. 

      Lactose

    • B. 

      Maltose

    • C. 

      Galactose

    • D. 

      Sucrose

  • 43. 
    All of the following are warning signs of diabetes except:
    • A. 

      Weight loss, irritability, and weakness

    • B. 

      Extreme hunger or cravings for sweets

    • C. 

      Increased energy or hyperactivity

    • D. 

      Excess urination and intense thirst

  • 44. 
    Carbohydrates are stored in the ________ and the ________.
    • A. 

      Blood, muscles

    • B. 

      Brain, blood

    • C. 

      Brain, liver

    • D. 

      Muscles, liver

  • 45. 
    All of the following foods contain an abundance of fructose except:
    • A. 

      Root vegetables

    • B. 

      Milk

    • C. 

      Fruit

    • D. 

      Honey

  • 46. 
    ________ is a protein that is important in maintaining fluid balance between the blood and the cells.
    • A. 

      Insulin

    • B. 

      Hemoglobin

    • C. 

      Albumin

    • D. 

      IgG

  • 47. 
    Which of the following statements about cholesterol is not true?
    • A. 

      Cholesterol is produced by the body in the liver.

    • B. 

      Saturated fat and trans fat in the diet raise blood cholesterol more than dietary cholesterol.

    • C. 

      Cholesterol helps produce important hormones in the body like testosterone.

    • D. 

      Cholesterol is an essential nutrient

  • 48. 
    Carlos wants to lower his blood cholesterol level. What type of food should he consume?
    • A. 

      Tropical oils, coconut oil and palm oil

    • B. 

      Fatty fish

    • C. 

      Butter

    • D. 

      Whole milk

  • 49. 
    Which of the following type of fatty acid is not normally found in the cell membrane?
    • A. 

      Monounsaturated fatty acids

    • B. 

      Trans fatty acids

    • C. 

      Saturated fatty acids

    • D. 

      Omega-3 and omega-6

  • 50. 
    People who consume a very low-fat diet may also  have a low intake of iron, zinc, vitamin A, and vitamin E.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 51. 
    Phospholipids must be obtained through the diet.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 52. 
    A monounsaturated fatty acid has
    • A. 

      One double bond between a hydrogen and an oxygen atom

    • B. 

      One double bond between a carbon and a hydrogen atom.

    • C. 

      One double bond between a carbon and an oxygen atom

    • D. 

      One double bond between two carbon atoms.

  • 53. 
    By combining appropriate incomplete proteins one can obtain all of the necessary amino acids. These appropriate combinations are referred to as ________ proteins.
    • A. 

      Mixed

    • B. 

      Added

    • C. 

      Complementary

    • D. 

      Coordinating

  • 54. 
    What type of fatty acids are most Americans lacking in their diets
    • A. 

      Omega-6 fatty acids

    • B. 

      Trans fat

    • C. 

      Saturated fatty acids

    • D. 

      Omega-3 fatty acids

  • 55. 
    In general, proteins can interact with fat and water.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 56. 
    The sickle cell gene persists in some populations because the sickle cell trait is protective against malaria.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 57. 
    The only type of fat substitute that has been produced is a carbohydrate-based substance.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 58. 
    For which group does the most care need to be taken to obtain complete proteins?
    • A. 

      Body builders consuming a normal diet

    • B. 

      Breastfeeding infants

    • C. 

      Vegetarians who consume dairy

    • D. 

      Vegans

  • 59. 
    All of the following are true of hormones except:
    • A. 

      Hormones act as messengers

    • B. 

      Hormones protect the body from invaders

    • C. 

      Hormones can be made from proteins.

    • D. 

      Hormones can be made from lipids

  • 60. 
    Intake of too much protein can increase the body's need for water.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 61. 
    Charlie wants to increase muscle mass, so he has started eating more calories and has increased his protein intake. What else should he do to increase muscle mass in a healthy way?
    • A. 

      Drink a protein shake before going to bed

    • B. 

      Decrease carbohydrate intake to a minimum

    • C. 

      Cut out dietary fats

    • D. 

      Practice a well-designed exercise program

  • 62. 
    Which of the following statements about phenylketonuria or PKU is not true?
    • A. 

      People with PKU must follow a strict low-protein diet.

    • B. 

      People with PKU must avoid foods made with aspartame or NutraSweet

    • C. 

      People with PKU must follow a strict low-calorie, low-carbohydrate diet

    • D. 

      People with PKU require tyrosine as an essential amino acid

  • 63. 
    A food could contain 4 calories in fat and still be labeled fat-free.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    The American College of Sports Medicine and the American Dietetic Association recommend that athletes need no more protein than the average person.
    • A. 

      Trans fatty acids decrease LDL cholesterol.

    • B. 

      Trans fatty acids increase HDL cholesterol.

    • C. 

      Trans fatty acids have the same effect on blood cholesterol as do saturated fatty acids

    • D. 

      Trans fatty acids decrease HDL cholesterol

  • 65. 
    The American College of Sports Medicine and the American Dietetic Association recommend that athletes need no more protein than the average person.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 66. 
    Neutrally charged (non-polar) amino acids tend to be positioned toward the outside of a protein so it can interact with water.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 67. 
    Protein energy malnutrition does not exist in the United States.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 68. 
    A primary function of fats and lipids is to provide building blocks for DNA.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 69. 
    Phenylalanine, an essential amino acid, can be used to make the non-essential amino acid ________
    • A. 

      Isoleucine

    • B. 

      Proline

    • C. 

      Leucine

    • D. 

      Tyrosine

  • 70. 
    Which of the following would contain the least amount of saturated fat?
    • A. 

      Ripe olives

    • B. 

      Coconut oil

    • C. 

      Red meat

    • D. 

      Cheddar cheese

  • 71. 
    An inborn error of metabolism occurs when there is a genetic problem with
    • A. 

      The immune system

    • B. 

      An enzyme

    • C. 

      An antibody

    • D. 

      Maintaining normal pH

  • 72. 
    Which of the following snacks will likely make a person feel full for the longest period of time? (Think of the macronutrients present in the foods and how different macronutrients affect gastric emptying and satiety.)
    • A. 

      1/4 cup of cooked carrots

    • B. 

      1/2 cup of cooked white rice

    • C. 

      1 apple

    • D. 

      1/2 cup of almonds

  • 73. 
    Lecithin is a type of ________ used to combine water and oil.
    • A. 

      Trans fat

    • B. 

      Fatty acid

    • C. 

      Emulsifier

    • D. 

      Hydrogenation

  • 74. 
    An amino acid that is present in an insufficient amount is referred to as
    • A. 

      The limiting amino acid

    • B. 

      The rate-setting amino acid

    • C. 

      Non-essential

    • D. 

      The negative balance

  • 75. 
    Which of the following sequences is in the correct order for the digestive system?
    • A. 

      Esophagus, stomach, large intestine, small intestine

    • B. 

      Mouth, esophagus, small intestine, stomach

    • C. 

      Esophagus, small intestine, large intestine, rectum

    • D. 

      Stomach, large intestine, small intestine, rectum

  • 76. 
    Which of the following substances is absorbed in the stomach?
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Aspirin

    • C. 

      Fats

    • D. 

      Glucose

  • 77. 
    Fats are emulsified by bile that is released into the
    • A. 

      Small intestine

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Large intestine

    • D. 

      Mouth

  • 78. 
    Digestive enzymes are produced in all of the following locations except the
    • A. 

      Stomach

    • B. 

      Mouth

    • C. 

      Small intestine

    • D. 

      Esophagus

  • 79. 
    Probiotics may decrease symptoms of all of the following except
    • A. 

      Diverticulitis

    • B. 

      Inflammatory bowel disease

    • C. 

      Stomach ulcers

    • D. 

      Crohn's disease

  • 80. 
    Which of the following is an unhealthy way of managing constipation?
    • A. 

      Taking laxatives

    • B. 

      Participating in regular physical activity

    • C. 

      Drinking plenty of water

    • D. 

      Having a high-fiber diet

  • 81. 
    Bile is produced in the gallbladder.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 82. 
    Which of the following functions does not occur in the small intestine?
    • A. 

      Chemical digestion of proteins

    • B. 

      Preparation of indigestible wastes

    • C. 

      Primary site of absorption of nutrients

    • D. 

      Chemical digestion of carbohydrates

  • 83. 
    Which of the following is not typically a cause of heartburn?
    • A. 

      Overeating

    • B. 

      Being pregnant

    • C. 

      Eating small frequent meals

    • D. 

      Being overweight

  • 84. 
    Heartburn is caused by a decreased supply of oxygen to the heart.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 85. 
    Which of the following foods will likely have the shortest transit time through the body?
    • A. 

      Fish

    • B. 

      Steak

    • C. 

      Watermelon

    • D. 

      Cheese

  • 86. 
    Which of the following health problems is associated with lack of mucus secretion in the stomach?
    • A. 

      Heartburn

    • B. 

      Ulcers

    • C. 

      Constipation

    • D. 

      Lactose intolerance

  • 87. 
    What organ absorbs water and sodium and prepares waste for removal from the body?
    • A. 

      Small intestine

    • B. 

      Large intestine

    • C. 

      Bladder

    • D. 

      Gall bladder

  • 88. 
    Food is considered to be "inside" the body while in the gastrointestinal tract.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 89. 
    What nutrient is absorbed and transported in the lymphatic system?
    • A. 

      Monosaccharides

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Amino acids

    • D. 

      Trigylcerides

  • 90. 
    Sodium, potassium, and chloride are absorbed in greater amounts than other minerals.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 91. 
    Dehydration can be a problem, but overhydration does not occur because the body gets rid of excess fluid.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 92. 
    Which of the following types of bottled water contains the same amount of dissolved carbon dioxide as was present at the source it came from?
    • A. 

      Hard water

    • B. 

      Mineral water

    • C. 

      Soft drinks

    • D. 

      Sparkling water

  • 93. 
    Extracellular water includes all of the following fluids except
    • A. 

      Cerebral spinal fluid

    • B. 

      Fluid in the joints

    • C. 

      Fluid inside cell membranes

    • D. 

      Water in the lymph system

  • 94. 
    Mild sweating and water lost through breathing are called
    • A. 

      Sensitive water loss

    • B. 

      Mild dehydration

    • C. 

      Insensible water loss

    • D. 

      Evaporation

  • 95. 
    Processed foods are the primary source of chloride in the diet.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 96. 
    Which of the following nutrients has been shown to lower blood pressure in people with hypertension?
    • A. 

      Zinc

    • B. 

      Iron

    • C. 

      Water

    • D. 

      Calcium

  • 97. 
    Hyponatremia is a medical condition that can develop if blood levels of ________ are depleted.
    • A. 

      Potassium

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Iron

    • D. 

      Sodium

  • 98. 
    Mild dehydration can reduce a person's metabolism and can affect athletic performance.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 99. 
    Which of the following foods has the highest water content?
    • A. 

      Tomatoes

    • B. 

      Potatoes

    • C. 

      Rice

    • D. 

      Chicken

  • 100. 
    Approximately how much water do adults need each day?
    • A. 

      4-6 cups

    • B. 

      12-15 cups

    • C. 

      8-12 cups

    • D. 

      4-5 liters

  • 101. 
    People who lead active or athletic lifestyles generally require more water.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 102. 
    The DASH eating plan recommends eating foods that are high in which two nutrients?
    • A. 

      Water and potassium

    • B. 

      Calcium and potassium

    • C. 

      Iron and sodium

    • D. 

      Zinc and calcium

  • 103. 
    Processed foods are the primary source of chloride in the diet
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 104. 
    You eat a bag of salty chips without consuming any fluids. What will happen to the sodium you consume?
    • A. 

      Excess sodium in the interstitial fluid will draw water out of the cells.

    • B. 

      The excess sodium will not be absorbed from the GI tract.

    • C. 

      Excess sodium will move into the body's cells.

    • D. 

      The excess sodium will be stored in the liver for later use.

  • 105. 
    The DASH eating plan recommends eating foods that are high in which two nutrients?
    • A. 

      Water and potassium

    • B. 

      Calcium and potassium

    • C. 

      Iron and sodium

    • D. 

      Zinc and calcium

  • 106. 
    Which of the following statements about dehydration is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Mild dehydration can reduce metabolism as much as 3 percent.

    • B. 

      Dehydration can only occur from exercising in hot, humid conditions.

    • C. 

      Mental concentration is affected by mild dehydration.

    • D. 

      Heat exhaustion can result from dehydration of 5 percent body weight.

  • 107. 
    Why is it recommended that people on a high-protein, low-calorie diet increase their water intake?
    • A. 

      To help store excess protein in muscle tissue

    • B. 

      To help reduce the buildup of fat in the body

    • C. 

      To regulate high body temperature associated with protein metabolism

    • D. 

      To help eliminate excess nitrogen and ketone bodies from the kidneys

  • 108. 
    How much water should a person consume 2 to 3 hours before exercise?
    • A. 

      5 to 6 cups

    • B. 

      1 1/2 to 2 1/2 cups

    • C. 

      7 to 8 cups

    • D. 

      3 1/2 to 4 1/2 cups

  • 109. 
    What percentage of carbohydrate concentration is recommended in sports drinks?
    • A. 

      15%-20%

    • B. 

      10%-15%

    • C. 

      10%

    • D. 

      6% or less

  • 110. 
    All of the following are B vitamins except
    • A. 

      Cobalamine

    • B. 

      Niacin

    • C. 

      Ascorbic acid

    • D. 

      Biotin

  • 111. 
    Infants who are breastfed do not need a shot of vitamin K at birth because breast milk is a rich source of the vitamin.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 112. 
    Vitamin K is involved with the production of the protein ________, which is used to help form blood clots.
    • A. 

      Epithelial

    • B. 

      Lutein

    • C. 

      Hemoglobin

    • D. 

      Fibrin

  • 113. 
    Vitamins have been studied for many years and scientists still are discovering more about how they function in human nutrition.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 114. 
    The body is able to produce vitamin D from sunlight exposure through windows.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 115. 
    What color of fruits and vegetables contain the phytochemicals anthocyanins and phenolics?
    • A. 

      White

    • B. 

      Yellow

    • C. 

      Blue/purple

    • D. 

      Red

  • 116. 
    Which of the following individuals is most likely to be deficient in vitamin E?
    • A. 

      An overweight adult

    • B. 

      An endurance athlete

    • C. 

      A premature infant

    • D. 

      A vegan

  • 117. 
    Which of the following foods is not a good source of vitamin K?
    • A. 

      Brussel sprouts

    • B. 

      Soybeans

    • C. 

      Beef

    • D. 

      Spinach

  • 118. 
    The adult DRI for vitamin D increases with increasing age.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 119. 
    Which of the following statements is true regarding osteomalacia?
    • A. 

      It results from toxic levels of vitamin A in adults.

    • B. 

      It results from a vitamin D deficiency in adults.

    • C. 

      It results from toxic levels of vitamin A in children.

    • D. 

      It results from a vitamin D deficiency in children.

  • 120. 
    People who smoke have a lower DRI for vitamin C.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 121. 
    Orange pigment in plant foods is converted into which of the following vitamins?
    • A. 

      Vitamin c

    • B. 

      Vitamin d

    • C. 

      Beta carptene

    • D. 

      Vitamin a

  • 122. 
    A single injection of vitamin A can correct vitamin A deficiency night blindness within minutes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 123. 
    Symptoms of riboflavin deficiency include cracks at the corners of the mouth and inflammation of the tongue.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 124. 
    Which of the following statements about vitamin B6 is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Vitamin B6 helps convert tryptophan to the neurotransmitter serotonin

    • B. 

      Vitamin B6 has been proven to prevent the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

    • C. 

      The most active form of vitamin B6 is called pyrodoxine

    • D. 

      Vitamin B6 helps with the conversion of tryptophan to niacin.

  • 125. 
    Colustrum coats the baby's stomach and help protect the baby from pathogens and infections
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 126. 
    Food cravings during pregnancy are associated with the body's needs for specific nutrients
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 127. 
    Babies should be given a bottle of milk or juice to take to bed with them
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 128. 
    A woman who exercised before pregnancy can continue to exercise while still pregnant as long as the pregnancy is not high risk
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 129. 
    Factors that enter the mother's blood do not enter the fetus because they are filtered by the placenta
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 130. 
    All of the weight gained during pregnancy can be accounted for by the fetus and placenta
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 131. 
    In introducing infants to solid foods it is recommended that one food be introduced at a time, then waiting to introduce another
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 132. 
    Pregnancy is divided into 2 trimesters
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 133. 
    What is the average weight gain during pregnancy for a normal weight woman?50 - 6- lbs
    • A. 

      10 - 15 lbs

    • B. 

      25 - 35 lbs

    • C. 

      35 - 45 lbs

    • D. 

      50 - 60 lbs

  • 134. 
    Which of the following is not a complication with babies born with a low birth weight?
    • A. 

      Increased risk for infections

    • B. 

      Lung problems

    • C. 

      Imparied learning

    • D. 

      Rapid growth

  • 135. 
    Low-birth-weight babies weigh less than ___________ at birth
    • A. 

      5.5 lbs

    • B. 

      7.5 lbs

    • C. 

      9.2 lbs

    • D. 

      10 lbs

  • 136. 
    A woman of child bearing age should consume at least __________ of folate per day
    • A. 

      100 mcg

    • B. 

      200 mcg

    • C. 

      300 mcg

    • D. 

      400 mcg

  • 137. 
    Pregnant women tend to crave for non-food substances such as clay. This behavior is called _________
    • A. 

      Binge eating disorder

    • B. 

      Pica

    • C. 

      Rock soil syndrome

    • D. 

      Environmental poisoning

  • 138. 
    A good dietary strategy for a pregnant woman experiencing morning sickness would be to ___________
    • A. 

      Eat only when she is hungry

    • B. 

      Nibble on hard candy to keep her calorie count up

    • C. 

      Eat a small amount of food several times per day

    • D. 

      Reduce her water and fluid intake which may trigger vomiting

  • 139. 
    Which of the following areas does not contribute to increased weight gain during pregnancy?
    • A. 

      Breast

    • B. 

      Blood

    • C. 

      Fat stores

    • D. 

      Bones

  • 140. 
    Bones are constantly breaking down and rebuilding.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 141. 
    Copper deficiency can cause a person to become anemic.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 142. 
    Magnesium is the second most abundant mineral in the body
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 143. 
    Because iron is so poorly absorbed, iron toxicity is not a problem.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 144. 
    What substance in whole grains and cereals can bind with minerals and render them unusable by the body's cells?
    • A. 

      Starch

    • B. 

      Bran

    • C. 

      Phytate

    • D. 

      Protein

  • 145. 
    Which of the following hormones helps to balance calcium levels in the blood?
    • A. 

      Parathyroid hormone

    • B. 

      Insulin

    • C. 

      Estrogen

    • D. 

      Testosterone

  • 146. 
    Phosphorus plays a major role in all of the following bodily functions except
    • A. 

      The structure of bones and teeth

    • B. 

      As part of usuable energy, ATP

    • C. 

      Transportation of lipids

    • D. 

      The sleep cycle

  • 147. 
    All of the following are macrominerals except
    • A. 

      Iron

    • B. 

      Calcium

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Magnesium

  • 148. 
    Of the following calcium supplements, which has the highest percent absorption?
    • A. 

      Calcium carbonate

    • B. 

      Calcium lactate

    • C. 

      Calcium acetate

    • D. 

      Calcium citrate malate

  • 149. 
    Which of the following individuals has the highest iron requirement?
    • A. 

      Heather, a 24-year-old pregnant woman

    • B. 

      Ana, a 7-year-old girl

    • C. 

      Raymond, a 22-year-old college student

    • D. 

      Suzi, a 67-year-old woman

  • 150. 
    All of the following are complications associated with zinc deficiency except
    • A. 

      Hemochromatosis

    • B. 

      Dwarfism in young males

    • C. 

      Deformed bones

    • D. 

      Poor sexual development

  • 151. 
    Which of the following statements about copper is false?
    • A. 

      It helps to store iron

    • B. 

      It acts as an antioxidant

    • C. 

      It helps maintian fluid balance

    • D. 

      It helps with energy production

  • 152. 
    What is the primary role of selenium in the diet?
    • A. 

      Involvement in antioxidant function

    • B. 

      To aid in ATP production

    • C. 

      Oxygen transport

    • D. 

      Fluid balance

  • 153. 
    Iodine deficiency primarily affects which part of the body?
    • A. 

      Sweat glands

    • B. 

      Lymph nodes

    • C. 

      Thyroid

    • D. 

      Pancreas

  • 154. 
    Based on location, which of the following people is most likely to suffer from iodine deficiency?
    • A. 

      A person living in coastal Florida

    • B. 

      A person living in San Francisco

    • C. 

      A person living in the mountains of Colorado

    • D. 

      A person living in Boston

  • 155. 
    Which type of athlete is most likely to suffer from an eating disorder?
    • A. 

      A dancer

    • B. 

      A lacrosse player

    • C. 

      A soccer player

    • D. 

      A basketball player

  • 156. 
    The part of the brain first affected by alcohol is the frontal lobe, which involves reasoning and judgment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 157. 
    What is the condition called in which a person becomes preoccupied with the appearance of an aspect of their body?
    • A. 

      EDNOS

    • B. 

      Ugly duckling disorder

    • C. 

      Plastic surgery disorder

    • D. 

      Body dysmorphic disorder

  • 158. 
    What should you do if a child expressed the desire to diet for weight loss?
    • A. 

      Using government guides, redirect them by giving helpful tips for healthy eating and exercise, not dieting.

    • B. 

      Ignore their comments or behavior. These feelings and concerns will pass in time.

    • C. 

      Talk negatively about your own body to help them feel better about theirs.

    • D. 

      Encourage them by giving them advice on the best practices for weight loss.

  • 159. 
    Alcohol content of a beverage is not influenced by it's production method.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 160. 
    The continuum that extends from frequent dieting to the clinical diagnosis of an eating disorder is referred to as ________?
    • A. 

      Anorexia nervosa

    • B. 

      Disordered eating

    • C. 

      Bulimia nervosa

    • D. 

      Pica

  • 161. 
    Behaviors of dieting and negative body image are evident in elementary-aged children.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 162. 
    There is little concern for how alcohol and depression/anxiety medications may interact.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 163. 
    Eating a meal before drinking will slow down the absorption of alcohol into the body.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 164. 
    Which of the following types of alcohol has the highest proof?
    • A. 

      A light liquor that contains 45 percent alcohol

    • B. 

      A wine that contains 20 percent alcohol

    • C. 

      A dark liquor that contains 50 percent alcohol

    • D. 

      A beer that contains 6 percent alcohol

  • 165. 
    Alcohol dependency is easily overcome.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 166. 
    Males with eating disorders suffer from greater ________ than do females.
    • A. 

      Drop in blood pressure

    • B. 

      Hair loss

    • C. 

      Loss of bone density

    • D. 

      Incidence of liver disease

  • 167. 
    Teasing a person about body weight and size puts them at risk for an eating disorder.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 168. 
    Eating disorders that do not fit the the strict criteria for anorexia or bulimia are diagnosed as eating disorders not otherwise specified (EDNOS).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 169. 
    Moderate drinking as defined by the USDA Dietary Guidelines is considered:
    • A. 

      One drink for women and two drinks for men per day

    • B. 

      Two drinks for women and three drinks for men per day

    • C. 

      Three drinks for women and four drinks for men per day

    • D. 

      The USDA does not have guidelines for alcohol consumption

  • 170. 
    There are two-major subtypes of bulimia are purging-type and nonpurging bulimia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 171. 
    Padma experiences recurrent episodes of binge eating without any purging behaviors. Which of the following disorders does she most likely have?
    • A. 

      Anorexia nervosa

    • B. 

      Bulimia nervosa

    • C. 

      Pica

    • D. 

      Binge-eating disorder

  • 172. 
    Which of the following statements about eating disorders is true?
    • A. 

      Feelings associated with eating disorders can begin in early childhood

    • B. 

      People with eating disorders always obsessively monitor food intake and restrict calories.

    • C. 

      It is easy to determine if a person has an eating disorder by looking at them.

    • D. 

      Eating disorders that do not meet clear criteria do not need to be treated.

  • 173. 
    Which of the following statements about acetaldehyde is not true?
    • A. 

      Acetaldehyde is a toxic compound.

    • B. 

      Alcohol is converted into acetaldehyde by the liver.

    • C. 

      Acetaldehyde is converted into fat or used as energy.

    • D. 

      Acetaldehyde may lead to hepatitis.

  • 174. 
    The collection of birth abnormalities associated with alcohol consumption during pregnancy, is called:
    • A. 

      Alcohol retardation.

    • B. 

      Fetal alcohol syndrome.

    • C. 

      Fetal diabetes

    • D. 

      Gestational alcoholism.

  • 175. 
    An eating disorder that does not fall into the diagnosis of anorexia or bulimia is called:
    • A. 

      Binge-purging syndrome

    • B. 

      Borderline anorexia

    • C. 

      Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS)

    • D. 

      Non-A Non-B type anorexia (NANBA)

  • 176. 
    Mandi has experienced overeating and a lack of control over eating, followed by restrictive eating and intense exercise. What type of eating disorder does she most likely have?
    • A. 

      Night-eating syndrome

    • B. 

      Restricting anorexia nervosa

    • C. 

      Nonpurging bulimia nervosa

    • D. 

      Purging bulimia nervosa

  • 177. 
    Damage to liver tissue that is caused by excess alcohol consumption, is called:
    • A. 

      Jaundice

    • B. 

      Syndrome X

    • C. 

      Cirrhosis

    • D. 

      Sclerosis

  • 178. 
    How much alcohol is safe to consume during pregnancy?
    • A. 

      Ten alcoholic beverages consumed throughout the duration of pregnancy is safe.

    • B. 

      Alcohol can only be consumed during the first trimester.

    • C. 

      One alcoholic beverage a day is safe.

    • D. 

      Alcohol consumption is never considered safe during pregnancy

  • 179. 
    Which of the following people will most likely see the lowest blood alcohol level increase after consuming two alcoholic drinks?
    • A. 

      Renee, a 165 lb. basketball player who had a small salad for dinner.

    • B. 

      Alaina, a 110 lb. competitive gymnast who has not eaten all day.

    • C. 

      Matt, a 220 lb. football player who has just consumed a fast-food meal

    • D. 

      Calum, a 145 lb. soccer player who had a two-hour practice and a pasta dinner.

  • 180. 
    A health condition in older adults that may be linked to an inadequate intake of carotenoids from plants is:
    • A. 

      Cataracts

    • B. 

      Rheumatoid arthritis

    • C. 

      Age-related macular degeneration

    • D. 

      Sarcopenia

  • 181. 
    • A. 

      Look at the "sell-by" date

    • B. 

      Determine how long it has been in there and go by the cold storage times.

    • C. 

      Smell the food

    • D. 

      Look to see if the container or package is open

  • 182. 
    Drug interactions and nutrients are only a concern in older individuals.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 183. 
    Less energy (lower caloric requirements) means you need less nutrients and do not need to be concenred about the balance of those nutrients.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 184. 
    As the duration of exercise increases, you rely more on what fuel?
    • A. 

      Carbs

    • B. 

      Fats

    • C. 

      Protein

    • D. 

      All fuels are relied on equally

  • 185. 
    What is the best way to determine if a dietary supplement is safe?
    • A. 

      Try it and see what happens to your body.

    • B. 

      Talk to the sales clerk to see if they recommend it.

    • C. 

      Ask a friend who has taken the supplement whether they would recommend it.

    • D. 

      Research the supplement through government agency websites or peer-reviewed scientific journals.

  • 186. 
    Food safety is a concern that is the responsibility of everyone in the entire food system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 187. 
    What is HACCP?
    • A. 

      A group of government agencies established to ensure food safety.

    • B. 

      A set of guidelines to ensure food safety for everyone from farmers to consumers.

    • C. 

      A set of regulations the food industry must follow to ensure food safety.

    • D. 

      A set of strict regulations for farmers.

  • 188. 
    How does exercise help prevent heart disease?
    • A. 

      It increases LDL cholesterol

    • B. 

      It increases HDL cholesterol

    • C. 

      It increases triglycerides

    • D. 

      It increases total cholesterol

  • 189. 
    In older adults, which of the following facts is least likely to affect food selection?
    • A. 

      Loss of neuromuscular coordination

    • B. 

      Difficulty reading food labels

    • C. 

      Type of cooking and food storage facilities

    • D. 

      Osteoporosis

  • 190. 
    What causes food-borne illnes?
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Viruses

    • C. 

      Parasites

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 191. 
    What is the ideal temperature for your referigerator?
    • A. 

      32 F

    • B. 

      45 F

    • C. 

      40 F

    • D. 

      0 f

  • 192. 
    Which of the following statements about herbs and botanicals is false?
    • A. 

      Herbs and botanical supplements are primarily made from plants.

    • B. 

      Herbs and botanical supplements are safe to use because they are natural

    • C. 

      Herbs and botanicals can provide benefits to health and well-being.

    • D. 

      Herbs and botanicals contain powerful compounds that can affect body functions.

  • 193. 
    Pscyhological factors play an important role in individuals as they age and may impact their nutritional decisisons.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 194. 
    Which of the following activities uses the ATP-PC energy system?
    • A. 

      Running a 5K (3.2 mile) race

    • B. 

      Hitting a baseball

    • C. 

      Cross-country skiing

    • D. 

      Playing a game of tennis

  • 195. 
    Chewing food is sometimes difficult for older adults and can result in less nutritious choices.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 196. 
    According to the LECTURE NOTES (and the CDC, http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/basics.html), overweight for children is classified by:
    • A. 

      25 lbs. or more overweight for one's age

    • B. 

      A BMI greater than 25

    • C. 

      Having a BMI-for-age at or above the 95th percentile

    • D. 

      Having a BMI-for-age and sex at or above the 85th percentile and lower than the 95th percentile

  • 197. 
    Foodborne illness can be an infenction or an intoxication.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 198. 
    The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 changed the dietary supplement industry in all but which of the following ways?
    • A. 

      It increased the availability of dietary supplements.

    • B. 

      It decreased the sales of dietary supplements.

    • C. 

      It decreased the need for consumer responsibility in using dietary supplements.

    • D. 

      It decreased the FDA's oversight of the supplement industry

  • 199. 
    During exercise periods that last longer than one hour all of the following will be depleted except
    • A. 

      Electrolytes

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Fats

  • 200. 
    During low-intensity exercise, you are most likely to rely on which energy system?
    • A. 

      ATP-PC

    • B. 

      Anaerobic

    • C. 

      Aerobic

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates

  • 201. 
    On a per-weight basis, the amount of protein needed daily as age progresses from infancy to adulthood:
    • A. 

      Stays the same

    • B. 

      Decreases

    • C. 

      Increases

    • D. 

      Is based on iron requirements

  • 202. 
    Bacteria, viruses, mold, and parasites are examples of pathogens.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 203. 
    It is not necessary to worry about drug interactions and herbal supplements and perscription medications.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 204. 
    Fight BAC has four basic premises: cook, separate, chill, and clean.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 205. 
    A food allergy differs from a food intolerance in that a food allergy:
    • A. 

      An occur only in young children

    • B. 

      Always results in difficulty breathing

    • C. 

      Can be medically treated

    • D. 

      Involves the production of antibodies

  • 206. 
    What percentage is closest to the proportion of adolescents in the United States who are overweight and/or obese today?
    • A. 

      4-5%

    • B. 

      10%

    • C. 

      15-18%

    • D. 

      30%

  • 207. 
    For optimal exercise performance, when is it most important to consume carbohydrates?
    • A. 

      Before exercise

    • B. 

      During exercise

    • C. 

      After exercise

    • D. 

      Before, during, and after exercise

  • 208. 
    The use of dietary supplements is likely the highest among which of the following populations?
    • A. 

      Teenage athletes

    • B. 

      Overweight males

    • C. 

      Children

    • D. 

      Educated white women over the age of 60

  • 209. 
    What fuel do you use the most during anaerobic exercise?
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Fat

    • C. 

      Protein

    • D. 

      Vitamins and minerals

  • 210. 
    What role does the FDA play in overseeing the supplement industry?
    • A. 

      It investigates supplement claims once consumers complain about a product

    • B. 

      It tests the quality of name brand dietary supplements.

    • C. 

      It monitors the manufacturing techniques of all supplement companies.

    • D. 

      It sets priorities for supplements that have been proven to be safe and effective.

  • 211. 
    How many hours can cooked food be left out before it must be refrigerated or frozen?
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      2

    • D. 

      1

  • 212. 
    Teens who have high blood pressure are more likely to develop hypertension as adults.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 213. 
    What is the danger zone or the temperatures at which bacteria are most likely to grow?
    • A. 

      Between 60 degrees F and 90 degrees F

    • B. 

      Below 0 degrees F and above 40 degrees F

    • C. 

      Below 40 degrees F and above 140 degrees F

    • D. 

      Between 40 degrees F and 140 degrees F

  • 214. 
    Among the following factors that may influence what a child may eat, what is the most signifcant?
    • A. 

      The serving size

    • B. 

      The foods' appearance

    • C. 

      The food's temperature

    • D. 

      Seeing a parent or family member eat the food item

  • 215. 
    What is the ideal temperature for your freezer?
    • A. 

      32 F

    • B. 

      45 F

    • C. 

      40 F

    • D. 

      0 F

  • 216. 
    Athletes who test positive for banned supplements can lose priviliges to complete and titles that they have won.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 217. 
    Strength and endurance athletes may need as much as 1.2 - 1.7 grams of protein per kilograms of body weight (vs. the RDA of 0.8 g/kg per day)
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 218. 
    What is recommended for cleaning raw prodcue before eating it?
    • A. 

      Wash in soap and water

    • B. 

      Rinse well with water

    • C. 

      Wash with a commercial produce cleaner

    • D. 

      Soak it in water

  • 219. 
    Type 2 diabetes is decreasing rapidly in the adolescent population.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 220. 
    The only way to contract a foodborne illness is from person-to-person contact
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 221. 
    What is cross-contamination?
    • A. 

      When contaminated foods come in contact with each other

    • B. 

      When you use a cutting board to cut raw meat and then to cut cut fruits or vegetables

    • C. 

      When you use the same fork in cooked chicken as you did in the same chicken when it was raw

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 222. 
    In terms of food safety, what is the best way to determine whether you have properly cooked a hamberger patty?
    • A. 

      Check to see if it has reached an internal temperature of 150 degrees F

    • B. 

      Check to see if it has reached an internal temperature of 160 degrees F

    • C. 

      Make certain that it is not juicy inside.

    • D. 

      Cook it just until the inside is pink.

  • 223. 
    Energy requirements do not change throughout the lifespan.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False