# Assessment For 3rd Nine Weeks-7th Grade

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Questions: 81 | Attempts: 141

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• 1.

### Latitude : Equator Longitude:___________________

• A.

Time Zones

• B.

International Date Line

• C.

Longitude

• D.

Prime Meridan

D. Prime Meridan
Explanation
The given question is asking for the longitude that corresponds to the latitude of the Equator. The correct answer is "Prime Meridian." The Prime Meridian is the line of longitude that passes through Greenwich, London, and is considered the starting point for measuring longitude. It divides the Earth into the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere. Since the Equator is a line of latitude that runs horizontally around the middle of the Earth, it does not have a specific longitude associated with it.

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• 2.

### Which of the following reasons does not belong for Exploration towards the New World?(4 R's)

• A.

Routes

• B.

Riches

• C.

Religion

• D.

Explanation
The reasons for exploration towards the New World were Routes, Riches, and Religion. Roads, however, is not a valid reason for exploration as it does not fit within the context of exploring new territories.

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• 3.

### Why was the Columbian Exchange named after Christopher Columbus?

• A.

He invented the term

• B.

He was an expert on New World species

• C.

His ship was nicknamed the Columbian Exchange

• D.

His voyages marked the beginning of the exchange

D. His voyages marked the beginning of the exchange
Explanation
The Columbian Exchange was named after Christopher Columbus because his voyages marked the beginning of the exchange. Through his exploration, Columbus initiated the widespread transfer of plants, animals, diseases, and culture between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. This significant historical event led to a profound impact on the world, as it facilitated the exchange of goods, ideas, and people between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. Thus, naming it after Columbus acknowledges his role in initiating this transformative exchange.

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• 4.

### Which group introduced horses within the Columbian Exchange?

• A.

Spanish

• B.

English

• C.

Native Americans

• D.

Dutch

A. Spanish
Explanation
The Spanish introduced horses within the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange was a period of extensive cultural and biological exchange between the New and Old Worlds, following Christopher Columbus' voyages. Horses were not native to the Americas and were brought over by the Spanish during their colonization efforts. The introduction of horses had a profound impact on Native American cultures, transforming their way of life and revolutionizing transportation, hunting, and warfare.

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• 5.

### The Treaty of Tordesailles is important today because:

• A.

South American nations have a strong connection to Spain and Christian based religions due to the negotations that took place in 1494

• B.

North America became a colony of Portugal

• C.

This treaty had no impact on life today

• D.

The Spanish took over all the land in the New World and Old World

A. South American nations have a strong connection to Spain and Christian based religions due to the negotations that took place in 1494
Explanation
The Treaty of Tordesailles is important today because South American nations have a strong connection to Spain and Christian-based religions due to the negotiations that took place in 1494. This treaty divided the newly discovered lands between Spain and Portugal, giving Spain control over most of South America. As a result, Spanish culture, language, and religion heavily influenced the region, shaping its identity and heritage. The impact of these negotiations can still be seen today in the strong connection between South American nations and Spain, as well as their shared Christian-based religious traditions.

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• 6.

### African Americans were sold into slavery once that Native American population started to die out- for a needed labor force in the mines, etc.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true. During the colonization period in America, when the Native American population started to decline due to diseases and conflicts with European settlers, African Americans were brought in as slaves to fulfill the labor demands in various industries such as mining. This was done to compensate for the decreasing Native American labor force and ensure the continuation of economic activities.

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• 7.

### Columbus : Spain Vasco da Gama: _______________

• A.

Portugal

• B.

England

• C.

France

• D.

Russia

A. Portugal
Explanation
Vasco da Gama, like Columbus, was also an explorer. He is known for being the first European to reach India by sea, opening up a direct route for trade between Europe and Asia. He was a Portuguese explorer, so the correct answer is Portugal.

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• 8.

### Which European nation sent explorers towards Asia in search of better trade routes first?

• A.

Spain

• B.

France

• C.

England

• D.

Portugal

D. Portugal
Explanation
During the Age of Exploration, Portugal was the first European nation to send explorers towards Asia in search of better trade routes. Led by Prince Henry the Navigator, Portuguese explorers like Vasco da Gama and Ferdinand Magellan successfully navigated around Africa's Cape of Good Hope and reached India and other parts of Asia. This opened up lucrative trade routes and established Portugal as a major maritime power during that time.

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• 9.

### Which of the following best describes why the Age of Exploration occurred?

• A.

England and Spain wanted to expand their empire

• B.

Spain had claimed North and South America

• C.

European rulers wanted to find a cheaper way to obtain spices from Asia

• D.

C. European rulers wanted to find a cheaper way to obtain spices from Asia
Explanation
During the Age of Exploration, European rulers were motivated to find a cheaper way to obtain spices from Asia. This was due to the high demand for spices in Europe, which were used for various purposes such as preserving food and enhancing flavors. However, the existing trade routes were controlled by the Ottoman Empire, making the spices expensive and difficult to obtain. Therefore, European rulers sponsored explorations in search of alternative routes to Asia, leading to the discovery of new lands and the establishment of colonies.

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• 10.

### The Ottoman Empire had taken control of most of the overland trade routes, so Europe needed to search for a cheaper route to Asia.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
During the time period mentioned, the Ottoman Empire had indeed gained control over many of the major overland trade routes. This meant that European countries had limited access to these routes and faced higher costs for trading with Asia. As a result, they were motivated to find alternative routes that would be more cost-effective. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 11.

### Select the best definition of revolution.

• A.

Change

• B.

War

• C.

Conflict

• D.

Independence

A. Change
Explanation
Revolution refers to a significant and fundamental change in a system, structure, or way of thinking. It involves a complete transformation or a radical shift in the existing order of things. This change can occur in various domains such as politics, technology, society, or culture. It is not limited to war, conflict, or independence, as these terms represent specific events or situations that may or may not be associated with a revolution. Therefore, "change" is the best definition of revolution as it encompasses the broad and transformative nature of this concept.

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• 12.

### John Locke would have supported which of the following?

• A.

The separate branches of government

• B.

The desire to have a absolute monarch or king

• C.

Social Contracts between the people and the government

• D.

Life, Liberty, Property- Natural Rights

D. Life, Liberty, Property- Natural Rights
Explanation
John Locke, a prominent philosopher during the Enlightenment, argued for the concept of natural rights. He believed that all individuals have inherent rights to life, liberty, and property. These rights are not granted by the government but are fundamental to human nature. Locke also emphasized the importance of social contracts between the people and the government, where the government's role is to protect these natural rights. Therefore, it is evident that John Locke would have supported the idea of Life, Liberty, Property- Natural Rights.

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• 13.

### John Locke believed in the concept of natural rights of the indiividual. What US document did he later help influence in our national history?

• A.

• B.

US Constitution

• C.

Declaration of Independence

• D.

Emancipation Proclamation

C. Declaration of Independence
Explanation
John Locke's belief in the concept of natural rights of the individual influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence, written primarily by Thomas Jefferson, was heavily influenced by Locke's ideas on individual rights, including the belief that all individuals have the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Locke's philosophy heavily influenced the Founding Fathers and their ideas about government and individual rights, making the Declaration of Independence a reflection of his ideals.

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• 14.

### Complete the following analogyThomas Paine: __________Thomas Jefferson: _____________

• A.

Common Sense: Amenrican Crisis

• B.

Common Sense: Declaration of Independence

• C.

Common Sense: Constitution of 1776

• D.

Declaration of Independence: American Crisis

B. Common Sense: Declaration of Independence
Explanation
The analogy is based on the relationship between Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson and their respective works. Thomas Paine wrote "Common Sense," which was a pamphlet that advocated for American independence from Britain. Similarly, Thomas Jefferson wrote the "Declaration of Independence," which formally declared the American colonies' independence from Britain. Therefore, the analogy suggests that just as "Common Sense" was written by Thomas Paine, the "Declaration of Independence" was written by Thomas Jefferson.

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• 15.

### Common Sense encouraged colonists to think about...

• A.

War

• B.

Making peace with the King George III

• C.

Independence

• D.

None of the above

C. Independence
Explanation
Common Sense, a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1776, encouraged colonists to think about independence. Paine argued that it was common sense for the American colonies to break away from British rule and establish their own independent nation. The pamphlet was widely read and helped to galvanize public support for the American Revolution. Paine's persuasive arguments and clear language resonated with many colonists, leading them to seriously consider the idea of seeking independence from King George III and the British Empire.

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• 16.

### What document is known as the "ultimate break up letter"?

• A.

Declaration of Rights

• B.

English Bill of Rights

• C.

Declaration of Independence

• D.

Magna Carta

C. Declaration of Independence
Explanation
The Declaration of Independence is known as the "ultimate break up letter" because it is a document that formally severed the ties between the American colonies and Great Britain. It was a letter written to King George III, declaring the colonies' intention to become independent states. The document outlined the grievances of the colonists and asserted their natural rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. It marked a significant turning point in American history and ultimately led to the formation of the United States of America.

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• 17.

### Who was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence?

• A.

• B.

Benjamin Franklin

• C.

Thomas Jefferson

• D.

C. Thomas Jefferson
Explanation
Thomas Jefferson was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence. He was chosen by the Continental Congress to draft the document, which outlined the reasons for the American colonies' separation from Great Britain. Jefferson's eloquent writing skills and his belief in individual rights and freedom made him the ideal candidate for this important task. His final draft of the Declaration of Independence was adopted on July 4, 1776, and continues to be a symbol of American ideals and values.

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• 18.

### The Declaration of Independence laid the foundation for democratic thinking.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The Declaration of Independence, signed on July 4, 1776, outlined the fundamental principles of democracy and established the belief that all individuals are entitled to certain rights. It declared that governments derive their power from the consent of the governed and that the people have the right to alter or abolish a government that fails to protect their rights. This document served as a catalyst for democratic thinking, inspiring future democratic movements and influencing the development of democratic systems around the world.

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• 19.

### "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness."This quote came from which document?

• A.

US Constitution

• B.

Declaration of Independence

• C.

Olive Branch Pettion

• D.

Mayflower Compact

B. Declaration of Independence
Explanation
The correct answer is Declaration of Independence. This quote is a famous passage from the Declaration of Independence, which was adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. The document was written primarily by Thomas Jefferson and it outlined the reasons why the American colonies were declaring their independence from British rule. It is considered a foundational document in American history, expressing the ideals of equality, natural rights, and the pursuit of happiness.

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• 20.

### Monarchy

• A.

People hold the political power to the nation

• B.

King or queen rules/leads the nation

• C.

Government is headed by a strong military leader who has total control over the nation

• D.

No one is in charge-mob rule

B. King or queen rules/leads the nation
Explanation
In a monarchy, the political power of the nation is held by the king or queen who rules and leads the nation. Unlike other forms of government, where power is distributed among various branches or leaders, a monarchy is characterized by the central authority of a single individual. This individual, usually born into the role, exercises control over the government and makes decisions on behalf of the nation. The monarchy is a form of government that is often hereditary, with the position being passed down through generations within a royal family.

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• 21.

### Democracy

• A.

Citizens hold the political power in government

• B.

King or queen rules in the nation

• C.

Mob rule- no one is in charge

• D.

God is the ultimate authority of the government

A. Citizens hold the political power in government
Explanation
The correct answer is citizens hold the political power in government. Democracy is a form of government where the power lies in the hands of the people. In a democratic system, citizens have the right to vote, participate in decision-making processes, and hold their elected representatives accountable. This ensures that the government is run by and for the people, allowing for the protection of individual rights and the promotion of the common good.

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• 22.

### Enlightenment thinker Thomas Hobbes would have supported which type of government?

• A.

Monarchy

• B.

Anarchy

• C.

Democracy

• D.

Dictatorship

A. Monarchy
Explanation
Thomas Hobbes believed that human beings are inherently selfish and driven by self-interest. He argued that a strong central authority, such as a monarchy, is necessary to maintain order and prevent chaos. According to Hobbes, a monarchy provides stability and security by consolidating power in the hands of a single ruler who can enforce laws and protect the interests of the people. Therefore, he would have supported a monarchy as the most effective form of government.

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• 23.

### American Revolution: "No taxation without representation" French Revolution: ________________________________

• A.

Reign of Terror

• B.

Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood

• C.

Freedom is here!

• D.

Opporunity for all- no more taxes!

B. Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood
Explanation
The correct answer is "Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood." The French Revolution, like the American Revolution, was also driven by a desire for freedom and equality. The slogan "Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood" encapsulates the ideals of the French Revolution, emphasizing the importance of individual liberties, equal rights for all citizens, and the unity and solidarity of the people. This slogan reflected the revolutionary spirit and goals of the French Revolution, just as "No taxation without representation" represented the grievances and demands of the American Revolution.

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• 24.

### This group had the burden of paying all the taxes in the nation of France before the revolution?

• A.

First Estate

• B.

Second Estate

• C.

Third Estate

• D.

Fourth Estate

C. Third Estate
Explanation
Before the French Revolution, the Third Estate in France, which consisted of the common people, had the burden of paying all the taxes in the nation. The First Estate comprised of the clergy, the Second Estate consisted of the nobility, and the Fourth Estate referred to the press. However, it was the Third Estate that bore the brunt of the tax burden, leading to widespread discontent and eventually fueling the revolution.

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• 25.

### A food shortage of bread caused unstable times for the people of France during the French Revolution.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
During the French Revolution, there was indeed a food shortage of bread in France which led to unstable times for the people. The scarcity of bread, which was a staple food for the majority of the population, resulted in high prices, widespread hunger, and social unrest. This shortage played a significant role in fueling the anger and frustration of the French people, contributing to the revolutionary atmosphere of the time.

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• 26.

### Napoleon's rule ended the French Revolution.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Napoleon's rule did indeed bring an end to the French Revolution. After the revolution, France was in a state of political instability and chaos. Napoleon Bonaparte seized power and established a strong central government, effectively ending the revolutionary period. He implemented various reforms, such as the Napoleonic Code, which provided a legal framework for France and helped stabilize the country. Napoleon's rule also brought about social and economic stability, ending the radicalism and violence associated with the revolution. Therefore, it is true that Napoleon's rule marked the end of the French Revolution.

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• 27.

### The Declaration of the Rights of Man, a document written during the French Revolution, described the basic human rights that all should be given.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The Declaration of the Rights of Man was indeed a document written during the French Revolution. It aimed to establish the fundamental human rights that should be granted to all individuals. Therefore, the statement "True" accurately reflects this fact.

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• 28.

### The switch from handmade goods to machine made goods could be best described as...

• A.

Urbanization

• B.

Immigration

• C.

Industrial Revolution

• D.

Economic Revolution

C. Industrial Revolution
Explanation
The switch from handmade goods to machine-made goods refers to a significant period in history known as the Industrial Revolution. During this time, there was a shift from traditional methods of production to the use of machinery and factories. This revolution brought about major changes in industries, economies, and societies, leading to increased productivity, urbanization, and the growth of capitalism. Therefore, the answer "Industrial Revolution" best describes this transition from handmade to machine-made goods.

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• 29.

### Select the nation where the Industrial Revolution began.

• A.

USA

• B.

China

• C.

France

• D.

England

D. England
Explanation
The Industrial Revolution began in England. It was a period of major industrialization and technological advancements that started in the late 18th century. England had a combination of factors that contributed to the start of the Industrial Revolution, including a large labor force, abundant natural resources, a stable political system, and a culture of innovation. The invention of new machinery, such as the steam engine, and the establishment of factories transformed England into the world's leading industrial nation. This period of industrialization had a profound impact on society, economy, and the world at large.

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• 30.

### Physical Map : rivers, lakes, mountainsPolitical Map: _____________________

• A.

Map that shows the equator

• B.

Map that shows cities, towns, capitals, boundaries

• C.

Map that shows lines of latitude and longitude

• D.

Map that shows the International Date Line

B. Map that shows cities, towns, capitals, boundaries
Explanation
A political map is a type of map that displays cities, towns, capitals, and boundaries. It focuses on the human-made features of an area, such as political divisions and settlements. This map helps to understand the organization and distribution of political entities, such as countries, states, provinces, or regions. It provides information about the administrative divisions, major cities, and important landmarks within a specific region or country. By depicting boundaries, it helps in visualizing the extent and borders of different political entities.

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• 31.

### Which scientist does not belong with the Enlightenment/Scientific Revolution Era?

• A.

Issac Newton

• B.

Galileo Galilei

• C.

Francis Bacon

• D.

Albert Einstein

D. Albert Einstein
Explanation
Albert Einstein does not belong with the Enlightenment/Scientific Revolution Era because he lived in the 20th century, while the Enlightenment/Scientific Revolution Era occurred in the 17th and 18th centuries. Einstein's groundbreaking theories of relativity and his contributions to quantum mechanics came much later, making him a prominent figure in modern physics rather than in the era specified.

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• 32.

### Napoleon's aggression towards Spain caused the Latin American colonies to begin to think about independence.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Napoleon's aggression towards Spain disrupted the stability of the Spanish colonial rule in Latin America. This created an opportunity for the Latin American colonies to question their loyalty to Spain and consider the possibility of seeking independence. The turmoil caused by Napoleon's actions served as a catalyst for the independence movements that emerged in various Latin American countries during the early 19th century.

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• 33.

### "The sun never set on the British Empire".

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
During the height of the British Empire, it had colonies and territories all around the world. This phrase means that at any given time, there was always some part of the empire where the sun was shining. This was possible because of the vastness of the empire, with territories spread across different time zones. Therefore, the statement is true as it reflects the global reach and extent of the British Empire.

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• 34.

### A nation that has the ability to take over and maintain control of another nation in order to expand an empire is known as ________________________

• A.

Nationalism

• B.

Imperialism

• C.

Alliances

• D.

Patriotism

B. Imperialism
Explanation
Imperialism refers to the practice of a nation taking over and maintaining control of another nation with the aim of expanding its own empire. It involves exerting political, economic, and cultural dominance over the conquered nation. This can be achieved through colonization, military force, or economic influence. Imperialism often involves the exploitation of resources and labor from the conquered nation for the benefit of the imperial power. It is different from nationalism, which is a sense of pride and loyalty towards one's own nation, and alliances, which are agreements between nations for mutual support and cooperation. Patriotism, on the other hand, is a love and devotion towards one's own country.

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• 35.

### After Europe had industrialized, the search for "raw materials"/resources spanned across the world.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
After Europe had industrialized, there was a high demand for raw materials/resources to sustain and expand their industries. This led to a search for these resources across the world, as Europe looked to secure a steady supply of materials such as coal, iron, cotton, and rubber. This search for raw materials was driven by the need to support the industrialization process and maintain the economic growth that came with it.

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• 36.

### Select one of the main reasons why King Leopold II of Begium decided to colonize the African Congo.

• A.

For rubber

• B.

For gold

• C.

For diamonds

• D.

For coal mining

A. For rubber
Explanation
King Leopold II of Belgium decided to colonize the African Congo primarily for the purpose of exploiting its vast rubber resources. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, rubber was in high demand globally, and Leopold saw an opportunity to amass wealth and power by gaining control over the Congo's rubber production. The extraction of rubber from the region led to widespread exploitation, forced labor, and human rights abuses, making it a dark chapter in the history of colonization.

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• 37.

### Colonial boundaries cut across ethnic groups and remained after African countries received independence.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Colonial boundaries refer to the borders that were established by European colonial powers during the colonization of Africa. These boundaries often disregarded the existing ethnic groups and instead were drawn based on the interests and agreements of the colonial powers. After African countries gained independence, these colonial boundaries remained in place, resulting in diverse ethnic groups being divided by national borders. Therefore, the statement that colonial boundaries cut across ethnic groups and remained after African countries received independence is true.

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• 38.

### Which of the following statements would not be true about the impact of imperialism?

• A.

European nations improved transportation systems

• B.

Africans became less concerned with farming for themselves and concentrated more on cash crop production

• C.

Europeans built schools, brought religion

• D.

Europeans viewed African peoples as equals

D. Europeans viewed African peoples as equals
Explanation
During the period of imperialism, European nations aimed to exploit and dominate African countries. This involved establishing control over their resources, expanding trade networks, and imposing their cultural and religious beliefs. As a result, Europeans did not view African peoples as equals, but rather as inferior and in need of their guidance and civilization. This perception of superiority was deeply ingrained in the imperialist mindset, leading to discriminatory policies and practices that reinforced the power imbalance between Europeans and Africans.

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• 39.

### What colony did Queen Victoria consider her "Jewel in the Crown"?

• A.

South Africa

• B.

India

• C.

Burma

• D.

New England

B. India
Explanation
During Queen Victoria's reign, India was considered the "Jewel in the Crown" of the British Empire. This is because India was the most valuable and important colony for the British Empire. It was a major source of wealth, providing valuable resources such as cotton, tea, and spices. India also had a large population, which provided a significant labor force for British industries. Additionally, India's strategic location made it an important base for British trade and military operations in Asia. Queen Victoria's personal interest and fascination with India further reinforced its status as the "Jewel in the Crown."

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• 40.

### What 2 European nations colonized most of the African continent?

• A.

Belgium and France

• B.

France and England

• C.

Belgium and England

• D.

Germany and England

B. France and England
Explanation
France and England colonized most of the African continent. During the period of European imperialism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, these two nations had the largest colonial empires in Africa. France established colonies in West Africa, North Africa, and parts of Central Africa, while England colonized large parts of East and Southern Africa. Both countries exploited Africa's resources and established control over the local populations, leaving a lasting impact on the continent's history and development.

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• 41.

### Which famous leader used nonviolent resistance to help win independence for India?

• A.

Rabindranath Tagore

• B.

Nelson Mandela

• C.

Mohandas Gandhi

• D.

Martin Luther King Jr.

C. Mohandas Gandhi
Explanation
Mohandas Gandhi is the correct answer because he was a famous leader who played a crucial role in India's independence movement. He advocated for nonviolent resistance, also known as satyagraha, which involved peaceful protests, civil disobedience, and boycotts. Gandhi's philosophy and leadership inspired millions of Indians to join the freedom struggle, ultimately leading to India's independence from British rule in 1947. His methods and principles continue to be influential in various civil rights and social justice movements worldwide.

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• 42.

### Which of the following was not a result of the Opium Wars.

• A.

China's emperor won the conflict

• B.

China lost control of Hong Kong

• C.

China had to pay over 2 billion pounds for war cost, lost trade

• D.

China was forced to trade with the outside world

A. China's emperor won the conflict
• 43.

### The switch from handmade goods to machine made goods could be best described as...

• A.

Urbanization

• B.

Immigration

• C.

Industrial Revolution

• D.

Economic Revolution

C. Industrial Revolution
Explanation
The switch from handmade goods to machine-made goods refers to a significant period in history known as the Industrial Revolution. During this time, there was a shift from traditional methods of production to the use of machinery and factories. This revolution brought about major changes in various sectors, including manufacturing, transportation, and agriculture. It marked a transition from an agrarian and handicraft-based economy to one that was driven by industrialization and mass production.

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• 44.

### Urbanization: _____________Immigration: movement to new country

• A.

Movement to cities

• B.

Movement to farms

• C.

Movement of peoples across Europe

• D.

Movement to USA

A. Movement to cities
Explanation
The correct answer is "movement to cities." Urbanization refers to the process of people moving from rural areas to cities, resulting in the growth and development of urban areas. Immigration, on the other hand, refers to the movement of people from one country to another. Therefore, the relationship between urbanization and immigration is that urbanization involves the movement of people to cities, while immigration involves the movement of people to a new country.

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• 45.

### Select the nation where the Industrial Revolution began.

• A.

USA

• B.

China

• C.

France

• D.

England

D. England
Explanation
The Industrial Revolution began in England. This period of rapid industrialization and technological advancements started in the late 18th century and continued into the 19th century. England had several key factors that contributed to the start of the Industrial Revolution, including its rich deposits of coal and iron ore, a stable political and economic system, a large labor force, and a strong network of canals and roads for transportation. These factors allowed England to lead the way in mechanized production, leading to significant social and economic changes.

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• 46.

### Select the invention that does not belong with the First Industrial Revolution of England.

• A.

Steam engine

• B.

Spinning jenny

• C.

Cotton gin

• D.

Elevator

D. Elevator
Explanation
The elevator does not belong with the First Industrial Revolution of England because it was not invented during that time period. The First Industrial Revolution, which occurred in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, was characterized by the development of new manufacturing processes and the mechanization of industries. The steam engine, spinning jenny, and cotton gin were all inventions that played significant roles in this revolution. However, elevators were not invented until the mid-19th century, during the Second Industrial Revolution.

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• 47.

### Adam Smith: The Wealth of NationsKarl Marx: _____________________

• A.

Magna Carta

• B.

Communist Manifesto

• C.

Declaration of Rights of Man

• D.

Common Sense

B. Communist Manifesto
Explanation
The correct answer is "Communist Manifesto" because just like Adam Smith's "The Wealth of Nations," Karl Marx's "Communist Manifesto" is a significant and influential work in the field of economics and political philosophy. While Smith's book focuses on capitalism and the free market, Marx's manifesto presents the principles of communism and critiques the capitalist system. Both works have had a profound impact on shaping economic and political ideologies and have been widely studied and debated.

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• 48.

### Communism is ___________?

• A.

A theory

• B.

Economic system

• C.

Type of government system

• D.

All of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
The correct answer is "All of the above" because communism is not only a theory, but also an economic system and a type of government system. As a theory, communism is a set of principles advocating for the abolition of private property and the establishment of a classless society. As an economic system, communism advocates for the collective ownership and control of the means of production. And as a type of government system, communism refers to a one-party state where the government has control over all aspects of society and the economy. Therefore, all three options accurately describe different aspects of communism.

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• 49.

### Under the communist economic system, people are ____________?

• A.

Able to start a business they wish

• B.

Unable to own a business if they wish

• C.

Do not have to work

• D.

Can own a farm but no other types of business

B. Unable to own a business if they wish
Explanation
Under the communist economic system, people are unable to own a business if they wish. In a communist system, the means of production are owned and controlled by the state, rather than by individuals or private entities. This means that individuals do not have the freedom to start and own their own businesses as they wish. Instead, the state controls and manages all economic activities, including the ownership and operation of businesses. This is done in order to promote equality and prevent the concentration of wealth and power in the hands of a few individuals.

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• 50.

### Which nation would be an example of socialist type of nation?

• A.

USA

• B.

North Korea

• C.

• D.

Russia