Assessment For 1st Nine Weeks-7th Grade

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Assessment Quizzes & Trivia

Answer the following questions based on what you think you know and remember about this time period


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Latitude : Equator Longitude:___________________

    • A.

      Time Zones

    • B.

      International Date Line

    • C.

      Longitude

    • D.

      Prime Meridan

    Correct Answer
    D. Prime Meridan
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Prime Meridian," is correct because the Prime Meridian is the line of longitude that is designated as 0 degrees and serves as the reference point for measuring longitude. It runs through Greenwich, London, and divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. The Prime Meridian is used as a reference for determining time zones and is an important point of reference for navigation and cartography.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following reasons does not belong for Exploration towards the New World?(4 R's) 

    • A.

      Routes

    • B.

      Riches

    • C.

      Religion

    • D.

      Roads

    Correct Answer
    D. Roads
    Explanation
    The reason "Roads" does not belong in the exploration towards the New World is because roads do not directly relate to the motivation behind exploration. Routes, Riches, and Religion were the main driving factors for exploration towards the New World, as explorers sought new trade routes, wealth, and spread their religious beliefs. However, roads were already established in various parts of the world and did not serve as a primary reason for exploration.

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  • 3. 

    Why was the Columbian Exchange named after Christopher Columbus?

    • A.

      He invented the term

    • B.

      He was an expert on New World species

    • C.

      His ship was nicknamed the Columbian Exchange

    • D.

      His voyages marked the beginning of the exchange

    Correct Answer
    D. His voyages marked the beginning of the exchange
    Explanation
    The Columbian Exchange was named after Christopher Columbus because his voyages marked the beginning of this significant historical event. Through his explorations, Columbus initiated the exchange of goods, ideas, and diseases between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. This exchange had a profound impact on the world, leading to the transfer of plants, animals, and cultures between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. As a result, the term "Columbian Exchange" was coined to recognize Columbus's pivotal role in initiating this process.

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  • 4. 

    Which group introduced horses within the Columbian Exchange?

    • A.

      Spanish

    • B.

      English

    • C.

      Native Americans

    • D.

      Dutch

    Correct Answer
    A. Spanish
    Explanation
    The Spanish introduced horses within the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange refers to the widespread exchange of plants, animals, culture, ideas, and diseases between the Old World (Europe, Africa, and Asia) and the New World (the Americas) following Christopher Columbus' voyages in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. Horses were not native to the Americas and were brought over by the Spanish conquistadors during their colonization efforts. The introduction of horses had a significant impact on the Native American cultures and transformed their way of life, including their hunting, transportation, and warfare strategies.

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  • 5. 

    The Treaty of Tordesailles is important today because:

    • A.

      South American nations have a strong connection to Spain and Christian based religions due to the negotations that took place in 1494

    • B.

      North America became a colony of Portugal

    • C.

      This treaty had no impact on life today

    • D.

      The Spanish took over all the land in the New World and Old World

    Correct Answer
    A. South American nations have a strong connection to Spain and Christian based religions due to the negotations that took place in 1494
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Tordesillas, signed in 1494, divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe between Spain and Portugal. This division had a lasting impact on the colonization and cultural influence in the Americas. South American nations, in particular, were predominantly colonized by Spain, leading to a strong connection to Spanish language, culture, and Christian-based religions. This historical connection is still evident today in South American societies, making the statement that "South American nations have a strong connection to Spain and Christian based religions due to the negotiations that took place in 1494" a valid explanation.

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  • 6. 

    African Americans were sold into slavery once that Native American population started to die out- for a needed labor force in the mines, etc.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the time when Native American populations started declining, African Americans were indeed sold into slavery to fulfill the need for labor in various industries such as mining. This was a result of the demand for a workforce to replace the diminishing Native American population.

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  • 7. 

    Columbus : Spain Vasco da Gama: _______________

    • A.

      Portugal

    • B.

      England

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      Russia

    Correct Answer
    A. Portugal
    Explanation
    Vasco da Gama, like Columbus, was an explorer who embarked on significant voyages during the Age of Discovery. Columbus sailed under the patronage of Spain, while Vasco da Gama sailed under the patronage of Portugal. Therefore, the correct answer is Portugal.

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  • 8. 

    Which European nation sent explorers towards Asia in search of better trade routes first

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      England

    • D.

      Portugal

    Correct Answer
    D. Portugal
    Explanation
    Portugal is the correct answer because they were the first European nation to send explorers towards Asia in search of better trade routes. In the 15th century, Portuguese explorers, such as Vasco da Gama, successfully sailed around the Cape of Good Hope and reached India, establishing direct trade routes with Asia. This exploration and trade with Asia played a significant role in Portugal's economic and political power during the Age of Discovery.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following best describes why the Age of Exploration occurred?

    • A.

      England and Spain wanted to expand their empire

    • B.

      Spain had claimed North and South America

    • C.

      European rulers wanted to find a cheaper way to obtain spices from Asia

    • D.

      English defeated the Spanish Armada

    Correct Answer
    C. European rulers wanted to find a cheaper way to obtain spices from Asia
    Explanation
    During the Age of Exploration, European rulers were motivated to find a cheaper way to obtain spices from Asia. This was because spices were highly valued and in high demand in Europe, but the existing trade routes were controlled by the Ottoman Empire, making the prices of spices exorbitant. European rulers saw an opportunity to bypass the Ottoman Empire and establish direct trade routes with Asia, which would allow them to obtain spices at a lower cost. This desire for economic gain and access to valuable resources drove the Age of Exploration.

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  • 10. 

    The Spanish conquistadors only wanted to bring religion to the New World.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the Spanish conquistadors had multiple motivations for their expeditions to the New World, and religion was just one of them. They were also driven by the desire for wealth, power, and glory. The conquistadors sought to conquer and colonize the lands they encountered, exploit their resources, and establish Spanish dominance. While spreading Christianity was indeed an important goal for some conquistadors, it was not the sole purpose of their expeditions.

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  • 11. 

    The Ottoman Empire had taken control of most of the overland trade routes, so Europe needed to search for a cheaper route to Asia.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the time of the Ottoman Empire, they had dominance over the overland trade routes, making it difficult and expensive for Europe to trade with Asia. As a result, Europe was motivated to find an alternative and cheaper route to Asia. This led to the exploration and discovery of new sea routes, such as the famous expeditions of Christopher Columbus and Vasco da Gama. Therefore, the statement that the Ottoman Empire's control of trade routes prompted Europe to search for a cheaper route to Asia is true.

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  • 12. 

    Arctic Ocean 

    Correct Answer
    C
  • 13. 

    Atlantic Ocean 

    Correct Answer
    B
    Explanation
    The given question is incomplete and lacks context. Without any additional information or options provided, it is not possible to determine the correct answer or provide an explanation.

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  • 14. 

    Indian Ocean 

    Correct Answer
    D
  • 15. 

    Pacific Ocean 

    Correct Answer
    A
  • 16. 

    Southern Ocean

    Correct Answer
    E
  • 17. 

    North America

    Correct Answer
    1
  • 18. 

    South America

    Correct Answer
    2
  • 19. 

    Europe 

    Correct Answer
    5
  • 20. 

    Asia

    Correct Answer
    6
  • 21. 

    Australia

    Correct Answer
    7
  • 22. 

    Africa

    Correct Answer
    4
  • 23. 

    Antarctica 

    Correct Answer
    3
  • 24. 

    Use the map provided in order to answer the latitude/longitude questions:Find the coordinates for the city of Miami, FL

    • A.

      25N latitude 80 W longitude

    • B.

      34 N latitude 118 W longitude

    • C.

      42 N latitude 83 W longitude

    • D.

      32 N latitude 96 W longitude

    Correct Answer
    A. 25N latitude 80 W longitude
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 25N latitude 80 W longitude. This is the correct coordinate for the city of Miami, FL according to the map provided.

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  • 25. 

    Use the map provided in order to answer the following latitude/longitude questions: Find the coordinates for the city of Boise, Idaho  

    • A.

      45 N latitude 115 W longitude

    • B.

      40 N latitude 111 W longitude

    • C.

      34 N latitude 118 W longitude

    • D.

      43N latitude 116 W longitude

    Correct Answer
    D. 43N latitude 116 W longitude
  • 26. 

    The Scientific Revolution can be best described as...? 

    • A.

      A new way of thinking about the natural world based upon careful observaion and being able to question accepted beliefs

    • B.

      The realization that the Earth was round instead of flat during the Age of Discovery

    • C.

      The discovery of nulclear energy as a main source of power

    • D.

      An acceptance that the Catholic Church was the only true source of knowledge

    Correct Answer
    A. A new way of thinking about the natural world based upon careful observaion and being able to question accepted beliefs
    Explanation
    The Scientific Revolution can be best described as a new way of thinking about the natural world based upon careful observation and being able to question accepted beliefs. This period in history marked a shift from relying on ancient authorities and traditional beliefs to a more empirical and evidence-based approach. Scientists began to conduct experiments, make observations, and develop theories based on evidence rather than relying solely on philosophical or religious teachings. This led to significant advancements in various fields of study, including physics, astronomy, biology, and chemistry.

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  • 27. 

    Montesquieu's philosophy can be found in which famous American document? 

    • A.

      Treaty of Paris

    • B.

      Declaration of Independence

    • C.

      US Constitution

    • D.

      Gettysburg Address

    Correct Answer
    C. US Constitution
    Explanation
    Montesquieu's philosophy can be found in the US Constitution. Montesquieu was a French philosopher who advocated for the separation of powers within a government. This principle is reflected in the US Constitution through its establishment of three branches of government - the executive, legislative, and judicial branches - with separate powers and responsibilities. The Constitution also includes checks and balances to ensure that no single branch becomes too powerful, which aligns with Montesquieu's ideas. Therefore, the US Constitution is the document that best embodies Montesquieu's philosophy.

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  • 28. 

    John Locke believed in the concept of natural rights of the indiividual. What US document did he later help influence in our national history? 

    • A.

      Gettysburg Address

    • B.

      US Constitution

    • C.

      Declaration of Independence

    • D.

      Emancipation Proclamation

    Correct Answer
    C. Declaration of Independence
    Explanation
    John Locke's belief in the concept of natural rights of the individual greatly influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence, which was adopted by the Continental Congress in 1776, asserted the belief in certain unalienable rights, including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. These ideas were heavily influenced by Locke's philosophy of natural rights, which emphasized the idea that individuals have inherent rights that cannot be taken away by any government or authority. Therefore, the correct answer is the Declaration of Independence.

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  • 29. 

    Select the best definition of revolution.

    • A.

      Change

    • B.

      War

    • C.

      Conflict

    • D.

      Independence

    Correct Answer
    A. Change
    Explanation
    The best definition of revolution is "change." Revolution refers to a significant and often rapid transformation or alteration in a particular system, society, or organization. It involves a fundamental shift or overturning of existing norms, structures, or beliefs. This term is not limited to political or social contexts but can also be applied to technological advancements or scientific breakthroughs that bring about substantial changes in various fields.

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  • 30. 

    Heliocentric theory greatly disturbed the most powerful influence in Europe. Identify who would not have been happy with this theory.

    • A.

      Church Leaders

    • B.

      Issac Newton

    • C.

      John Locke

    • D.

      Sir Francis Bacon

    Correct Answer
    A. Church Leaders
    Explanation
    Church leaders would not have been happy with the heliocentric theory because it challenged the geocentric view of the universe, which was widely accepted at the time and aligned with religious beliefs. The heliocentric theory proposed that the Earth revolved around the Sun, contradicting the notion that the Earth was the center of the universe. This challenged the authority and teachings of the Church, as it contradicted biblical interpretations and threatened their power and influence over society.

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  • 31. 

    The geocentric theory would be best described as...?

    • A.

      Earth is the center of the universe

    • B.

      Sun is the center of the universe

    • C.

      Moon is the center of the universe

    • D.

      Church is the center of the universe

    Correct Answer
    A. Earth is the center of the universe
    Explanation
    The geocentric theory is best described as the belief that the Earth is the center of the universe. This theory was widely accepted during ancient times and was supported by observations that suggested the Sun, Moon, and other celestial bodies revolved around the Earth. However, this theory was later disproven by the heliocentric theory proposed by Copernicus, which states that the Sun is the center of the solar system.

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  • 32. 

    John Locke would have supported which of the following?

    • A.

      The separate branches of government

    • B.

      The desire to have a absolute monarch or king

    • C.

      Social Contracts between the people and the government

    • D.

      Life, Liberty, Property- Natural Rights

    Correct Answer
    D. Life, Liberty, Property- Natural Rights
    Explanation
    John Locke, a prominent Enlightenment philosopher, advocated for the idea of natural rights, which include life, liberty, and property. He believed that these rights were inherent to all individuals and should be protected by the government. Locke argued that the purpose of government was to secure these natural rights and that individuals have the right to rebel against a government that fails to do so. Therefore, it can be inferred that John Locke would have supported the idea of life, liberty, and property as natural rights.

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  • 33. 

    Physical Map 

    • A.

      Map that shows rivers, lakes, mountains

    • B.

      Map that shows cities, towns, capitals, boundaries

    • C.

      Map that shows lines of latitude and longitude

    • D.

      Map that shows the International Date Line

    Correct Answer
    A. Map that shows rivers, lakes, mountains
    Explanation
    A physical map is a type of map that displays the natural features of a region, such as rivers, lakes, and mountains. It provides a visual representation of the physical geography of an area, allowing viewers to understand the topography and landforms present. This map is different from other types of maps, such as political maps that focus on cities, towns, and boundaries, or thematic maps that highlight specific themes like climate or population density. A physical map is particularly useful for studying the physical characteristics and natural resources of a location.

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  • 34. 

    What is the best definition of Renaissance?

    • A.

      Beginnings of Kings and Queens on the European continent

    • B.

      Refreshment of European interests in New World exploration

    • C.

      Reogranization of governments of Europe

    • D.

      Rebirth of culture in Europe

    Correct Answer
    D. Rebirth of culture in Europe
    Explanation
    The best definition of Renaissance is the rebirth of culture in Europe. This period, which occurred from the 14th to the 17th century, was characterized by a renewed interest in the arts, literature, science, and philosophy. It marked a significant shift from the medieval period and saw the revival of classical Greek and Roman ideas and values. The Renaissance brought about a cultural transformation that greatly influenced European society and laid the groundwork for the modern world.

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  • 35. 

    Where did the Renaissance begin? 

    • A.

      England

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Italy

    • D.

      Portugal

    Correct Answer
    C. Italy
    Explanation
    The Renaissance began in Italy. Italy was the birthplace of this cultural and intellectual movement that spanned from the 14th to the 17th centuries. It was characterized by a revival of interest in ancient Greek and Roman art, literature, and learning. Italian cities such as Florence, Rome, and Venice became centers of artistic and intellectual activity during this period, attracting scholars, artists, and thinkers from all over Europe. The Renaissance in Italy had a profound impact on various aspects of society, including art, architecture, literature, science, and philosophy.

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  • 36. 

    What innovation helped to spread the influence of Renaissance?

    • A.

      Printing press

    • B.

      Compass

    • C.

      Telegraph

    • D.

      Internal combustion engine

    Correct Answer
    A. Printing press
    Explanation
    The printing press is the correct answer because it revolutionized the way information was disseminated during the Renaissance. Before its invention, books were painstakingly hand-copied, making them rare and expensive. The printing press, with movable type, allowed for the mass production of books, making them more affordable and accessible to a wider audience. This innovation played a crucial role in spreading the ideas and knowledge of the Renaissance, fueling intellectual and cultural advancements across Europe.

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  • 37. 

    Da Vinci was often called a "Renaissance Man". What does that mean?

    • A.

      He was born during the Renaissance

    • B.

      He lived and worked during the Renaissance

    • C.

      He was skilled in many areas- math, science, inventing, arts, etc

    • D.

      He was only a famous painter during the Renaissance

    Correct Answer
    C. He was skilled in many areas- math, science, inventing, arts, etc
    Explanation
    The term "Renaissance Man" refers to someone who possesses a wide range of knowledge and skills in various fields. Da Vinci was often referred to as a Renaissance Man because he excelled in multiple areas such as mathematics, science, inventing, and arts. This term emphasizes his versatility and expertise in different disciplines, highlighting his intellectual and creative abilities beyond being just a famous painter during the Renaissance.

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  • 38. 

    What powerful family helped to spread the influence of the Renaissance culture thorughout Italy? 

    • A.

      Tudor

    • B.

      Medici

    • C.

      Francis

    • D.

      Florence

    Correct Answer
    B. Medici
    Explanation
    The Medici family played a significant role in spreading the influence of Renaissance culture throughout Italy. They were a powerful and wealthy family from Florence who were patrons of the arts and sciences. The Medici family supported and funded many artists, scholars, and architects, including Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Galileo Galilei. Their patronage and support helped to foster the growth of the Renaissance movement in Italy and played a crucial role in its spread and development.

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  • 39. 

    How did the printing press change lives of the people of Europe?

    • A.

      Books could be purchase by anyone, cheaper to buy them

    • B.

      Books were now available in many languages and more people could read them

    • C.

      The innovation made communication easier and faster for ideas to spread throughout Europe

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The printing press changed the lives of the people of Europe in multiple ways. Firstly, it made books more accessible to the general population as they could be purchased by anyone, and they became cheaper to buy. Secondly, the printing press enabled books to be printed in many languages, allowing more people to read them. Lastly, this innovation revolutionized communication by making it easier and faster for ideas to spread throughout Europe. Therefore, all of the above options accurately describe the impact of the printing press on the lives of the people of Europe.

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  • 40. 

    Middle Ages: Influence of ____________Renaissance: Influence of Greek and Roman culture

    • A.

      Trade

    • B.

      Banks

    • C.

      Religion

    • D.

      Government

    Correct Answer
    C. Religion
    Explanation
    During the Middle Ages, religion played a significant role in shaping society and culture. The Catholic Church held immense power and influence over people's lives, with religious institutions serving as the primary centers of education, healthcare, and social welfare. The Church's teachings and beliefs heavily influenced art, literature, and architecture during this period. In contrast, the Renaissance was characterized by a renewed interest in the classical civilizations of Greece and Rome. This cultural movement emphasized humanism, secularism, and a focus on individual achievements. While religion still played a role in Renaissance society, it was not as dominant as it was during the Middle Ages.

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  • 41. 

    Which of the following phrases does not belong with the Renaissance Era?

    • A.

      Emphasis of the classic cultures- Greek and Roman

    • B.

      Humanism, art, culture, realism

    • C.

      Spread of new ideas with the use of the printing press

    • D.

      Black Death reduced the European population by 1/2

    Correct Answer
    D. Black Death reduced the European population by 1/2
    Explanation
    The phrase "Black Death reduced the European population by 1/2" does not belong with the Renaissance Era because it is not directly related to the cultural, intellectual, and artistic developments that characterized the period. The Renaissance was a time of great humanistic and artistic flourishing, with a focus on the revival of classical cultures, the spread of new ideas through the printing press, and the celebration of human potential. The Black Death, on the other hand, was a devastating pandemic that occurred in the 14th century, before the Renaissance period began.

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  • 42. 

    Martin Luther helped to begin unknowingly what key event?

    • A.

      Renaissance

    • B.

      Protestant Reformation

    • C.

      Age of Discovery

    • D.

      Enlightenment

    Correct Answer
    B. Protestant Reformation
    Explanation
    Martin Luther played a significant role in initiating the Protestant Reformation. He unintentionally sparked this key event when he posted his famous "95 Theses" on the door of the All Saints' Church in Wittenberg, Germany, in 1517. Luther's theses criticized the corrupt practices of the Catholic Church, particularly the sale of indulgences. This act of defiance led to widespread debate and eventually resulted in the formation of Protestant denominations, challenging the authority and doctrines of the Catholic Church. Therefore, the correct answer is Protestant Reformation.

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  • 43. 

    What motivated Martin Luther to speak out against the Catholic Church?

    • A.

      The sell of indulgences were getting out of control and people were spending a large portion of salary on "buying" forgiveness

    • B.

      The printing press was out and he was angry that he was not promoted to become the Pope

    • C.

      The Catholic Church had moved him to be a priest in a smaller town, he was going to make less money

    • D.

      He wanted to create his own religion

    Correct Answer
    A. The sell of indulgences were getting out of control and people were spending a large portion of salary on "buying" forgiveness
    Explanation
    Martin Luther was motivated to speak out against the Catholic Church because he observed that the sale of indulgences had become excessive and people were spending a significant portion of their income on purchasing forgiveness. This practice troubled Luther, leading him to challenge the Church's teachings and promote reform within Christianity.

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  • 44. 

    The _____________ church was named after the followers of Martin Luther.

    • A.

      Catholic

    • B.

      Baptist

    • C.

      Protestant

    • D.

      Lutheran

    Correct Answer
    D. Lutheran
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Lutheran because the question states that the church was named after the followers of Martin Luther. Martin Luther was a German theologian and key figure in the Protestant Reformation, which led to the establishment of the Lutheran Church. Therefore, it can be inferred that the church named after his followers would be the Lutheran Church.

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  • 45. 

    Reformation: ____________ revolutionRenaissance: cultural revolution

    • A.

      Political

    • B.

      Religious

    • C.

      Economic

    • D.

      Social

    Correct Answer
    B. Religious
    Explanation
    The answer "religious" is correct because the Reformation was a religious revolution that took place in the 16th century, led by Martin Luther and other reformers who challenged the authority and practices of the Catholic Church. It resulted in the establishment of Protestantism as a separate branch of Christianity. Similarly, the Renaissance was a cultural revolution that occurred in Europe during the 14th to 17th centuries, characterized by a renewed interest in art, literature, and learning. While the Renaissance had political, economic, and social aspects, its primary focus was on cultural and intellectual advancements.

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  • 46. 

    Machaivellli, a Renaissance political thinker, would be best remember by which of the following statements? 

    • A.

      Be Bold, Do whatever it takes to stay in power, Be strong

    • B.

      The weak will never survive in the end

    • C.

      Be curious and love art

    • D.

      Kings and Queens will rule the world

    Correct Answer
    A. Be Bold, Do whatever it takes to stay in power, Be strong
    Explanation
    Machiavelli, a Renaissance political thinker, is best remembered for his statement "Be Bold, Do whatever it takes to stay in power, Be strong." This statement reflects Machiavelli's belief that leaders should prioritize maintaining their power and be willing to take bold and decisive actions to achieve their goals. Machiavelli's famous work, "The Prince," emphasizes the importance of political cunning, manipulation, and even ruthlessness in order to succeed in the political arena. This statement encapsulates Machiavelli's pragmatic approach to politics and his belief in the necessity of strength and assertiveness for effective leadership.

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  • 47. 

    Who created the Church of England- Anglican Church? 

    • A.

      Machaivelli

    • B.

      Da Vinci

    • C.

      King Henry VIII

    • D.

      Charles V

    Correct Answer
    C. King Henry VIII
    Explanation
    King Henry VIII is the correct answer because he was responsible for the creation of the Church of England, also known as the Anglican Church. In the 16th century, Henry VIII broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and established the Church of England as the official state church in England. This was mainly due to his desire to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, which the Pope refused to grant. As a result, Henry VIII separated from Rome and declared himself the supreme head of the Church of England, thus creating a new religious institution.

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  • 48. 

    The Roman Catholic Church dominated life in Europe before the Protestant Reformation

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Before the Protestant Reformation, the Roman Catholic Church held significant power and influence over Europe. It was the dominant religious institution and played a central role in people's lives. The Church controlled various aspects of society, including education, politics, and even the economy. It had vast wealth and owned extensive land holdings. The Pope, as the head of the Church, held immense authority and could exert significant control over both religious and secular matters. The Protestant Reformation, led by figures such as Martin Luther, challenged the authority of the Catholic Church and resulted in the establishment of Protestant denominations.

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  • 49. 

    Indulgences were a source of money/income for the Roman Catholic Church.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the medieval period, indulgences were indeed a significant source of income for the Roman Catholic Church. Indulgences were certificates sold by the Church that granted individuals forgiveness for their sins or reduced their time in purgatory. This practice was heavily criticized by Martin Luther and other reformers during the Protestant Reformation, as they believed it exploited people's faith for financial gain. The sale of indulgences helped fund the construction of grand cathedrals and other church projects, making it an important revenue stream for the Church.

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  • 50. 

    Luther nailed the 95 Theses up to the door of the Catholic Church, this began the Reformation in 1517. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Luther's act of nailing the 95 Theses to the door of the Catholic Church is widely recognized as the event that sparked the Reformation in 1517. This action was a public display of Luther's criticisms of the Catholic Church and its practices, particularly the sale of indulgences. It ignited a wave of religious and social upheaval, leading to the formation of Protestant denominations and challenging the authority and teachings of the Catholic Church. Therefore, the statement "True" accurately reflects the historical significance of Luther's action in initiating the Reformation.

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