are now fixing a national consolidation.
absurdity must continually stare us in the face of confiding to a government
the direction of the most essential national interests, without
daring to trust to it
the authorities which are indispensable to their proper and efficient
are the characteristics and the soul of a confederation. If the
states be not
the agents of this compact, it must be one great consolidated
National Government of the
people of all the States.
federal government …ought to be clothed with all the powers
execution of its trust.
am against inserting a declaration of rights in the Constitution …if
is not dangerous, it is at least unnecessary.
in the executive is a leading character in the definition of good
number of the representatives [called in for the Constitution of
to be too few, either to communicate the requisite information of the
and sentiments of so extensive an empire, or to prevent corruption
influence in the exigencies of such great powers.
country should never be split into a number of unsocial, jealous, and
vigor [strength] of government is essential to the security of
a majority be united by a common interest, the rights of the minority
insecure …in a society under the forms of which the stronger
faction can readily unite
oppress the weaker, anarchy may as truly be said to reign as in a
state of nature
the weaker individual is not secured against the violence of the
states should have laws, courts, force, and revenues of their own
for their own security; they ought to be fit to keep house alone if
be not the case, or so far as it ceases to be so it is a departure
from a federal to a
bill of rights …serves to secure the minority against the
of the majority.
our case, the concurrence of thirteen distinct sovereign wills is
the Confederation to the complete execution of every important
from the Union. It has happened as was to have been foreseen. The
of the Union have not been executed; and the delinquencies of the
by step matured themselves to an extreme, which has, at length,
arrested all the
of the national government and brought them to an awful stand.
…new form of government …declares a consolidation or union of all
thirteen parts, or states, into one great whole …it is an intuitive
truth that a
republican form of government [will lead] …into a monarchy, either
government …never can extend equal benefits to all parts of the
States. Different laws, customs, and opinions exist in the different
a uniform system of laws would be unreasonably invaded.