Articulatory System, Consonants, And Phonology

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Articulatory System, Consonants, And Phonology - Quiz

This quiz is a review of Chapter 3 of Teaching Pronunciation: A Course Book and Reference Guide. It includes the articulatory system and the consonants of North American English. You'll need to look at the diagram on the right and the consonant chart lower down on the page to answer the questions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Look at the consonant chart below. Type the number that represents the first sound in this word:  book

    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 because the first sound in the word "book" is the voiced bilabial stop consonant /b/. The consonant chart shows that /b/ is represented by the number 2.

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  • 2. 

    Look at the consonant chart below. Type the number that represents the first sound in this word:    man

    Explanation
    The number 18 represents the sound /m/ in the word "man". This is because the consonant chart shows that the number 18 corresponds to the sound /m/. Therefore, the correct answer for the first sound in the word "man" is 18.

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  • 3. 

    Look at the consonant chart below. Type the number that represents the first sound in this word:   think

    Explanation
    The correct answer is 9 because the first sound in the word "think" is represented by the number 9 on the consonant chart.

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  • 4. 

    Look at the consonant chart below. Type the number that represents the first sound in this word:   yes

    Explanation
    The consonant chart represents the different sounds made by consonant letters. In the word "yes," the first sound is the "y" sound, which is a consonant sound. Looking at the chart, the number 24 represents the "y" sound, so that is the correct answer.

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  • 5. 

    Look at the consonant chart below. Type the number that represents the first sound in this word:   today

    Explanation
    The number 3 represents the first sound in the word "today" according to the consonant chart. However, since the consonant chart is not provided, it is not possible to determine the specific sound that is represented by the number 3.

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  • 6. 

    Look at the consonant chart below. Type the number that represents the first sound in this word:   church

    Explanation
    The number 16 represents the first sound in the word "church" according to the consonant chart.

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  • 7. 

    Look at the consonant chart below. Type the number that represents the first sound in this word:   little

    Explanation
    The number 21 represents the first sound in the word "little" according to the consonant chart.

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  • 8. 

    Look at the consonant chart below. Type the number that represents the first sound in this word:   help

    Explanation
    The consonant chart provides a list of different consonant sounds. The number 15 represents the sound /h/. In the word "help," the first sound is /h/, which is represented by the number 15 on the chart.

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  • 9. 

    Look at the consonant chart below. Type the number that represents the first sound in this word:   read

    Explanation
    The number 22 represents the first sound in the word "read" according to the consonant chart.

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  • 10. 

    Look at the consonant chart below. Type the number that represents the first sound in this word:     zoo

    Explanation
    The correct answer is 12 because the first sound in the word "zoo" is the voiced alveolar fricative sound represented by the number 12 on the consonant chart. This sound is made by placing the tip of the tongue against the ridge behind the upper front teeth and allowing air to pass through, creating a buzzing or hissing sound.

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  • 11. 

    What do we call the study of speech sounds in language?

    • A.

      Allophones

    • B.

      Phonology

    • C.

      Articulatory system

    • D.

      Phonemes

    Correct Answer
    B. Phonology
    Explanation
    Phonology is the study of speech sounds in language. It focuses on the patterns and rules of how sounds are used and organized in different languages. Phonology examines the phonemes, which are the smallest units of sound that can distinguish meaning in a language, and how they are combined to form words and sentences. It also investigates the variations in pronunciation, known as allophones, and the articulatory system involved in producing speech sounds. Therefore, phonology is the correct answer for the study of speech sounds in language.

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  • 12. 

    What word describes someone whose language skills progress to a certain level, and then they just stay there? The person has a very hard time changing or making further improvement.

    • A.

      Motivation

    • B.

      Language ego

    • C.

      Failure

    • D.

      Fossilization

    Correct Answer
    D. Fossilization
    Explanation
    Fossilization is the correct answer because it accurately describes the situation where someone's language skills reach a certain level and then they are unable to make further improvements. This term is often used in the field of second language acquisition to describe the phenomenon where language learners plateau and struggle to progress beyond a certain point. It implies a lack of flexibility or adaptability in language learning, as if the learner's skills have become "fossilized" or stuck at a particular stage.

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  • 13. 

    What are segmental features in pronunciation?

    • A.

      The pronunciation of the individual sounds.

    • B.

      The pronunciation of people from different countries or regions.

    • C.

      The goal of pronunciation teaching today.

    • D.

      Aspects of pronunciation that affect more than just one sound.

    Correct Answer
    A. The pronunciation of the individual sounds.
    Explanation
    Segmental features in pronunciation refer to the pronunciation of the individual sounds in a language. These features include the correct articulation, voicing, and duration of each sound in a word or sentence. By focusing on segmental features, speakers can improve their overall pronunciation and ensure that they are producing the correct sounds in a language.

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  • 14. 

    What do we call the sounds of a language that native speakers feel are separate sounds?

    • A.

      Consonants

    • B.

      Phonology

    • C.

      Phonemes

    • D.

      Vowels

    Correct Answer
    C. Phonemes
    Explanation
    Phonemes refer to the sounds of a language that native speakers perceive as distinct and separate. They are the smallest units of sound that can change the meaning of a word. Consonants and vowels are types of phonemes, but phonemes encompass all the sounds in a language, including both consonants and vowels. Phonology is the study of how these phonemes function and interact in a particular language. Therefore, phonemes is the correct answer as it specifically addresses the sounds that native speakers perceive as separate in a language.

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  • 15. 

    What do we call the aspects of pronunciation that affect more than just one sound, such as word stress and intonation?

    • A.

      Allophones

    • B.

      Suprasegmental features

    • C.

      Phonemes

    • D.

      Segmental features

    Correct Answer
    B. Suprasegmental features
    Explanation
    Suprasegmental features refer to aspects of pronunciation that affect more than just one sound, such as word stress and intonation. These features go beyond individual phonemes or sounds and have a broader impact on the overall rhythm, melody, and meaning of speech.

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  • 16. 

    What sounds are examples of consonants?

    • A.

      The first sounds in "pie," "tree," and "yes."

    • B.

      The first sounds in "elephant," "orange," and "about."

    Correct Answer
    A. The first sounds in "pie," "tree," and "yes."
    Explanation
    The first sounds in "pie," "tree," and "yes" are examples of consonants because they are all produced by obstructing or partially obstructing the airflow in some way. In the word "pie," the first sound /p/ is a consonant because it is produced by completely blocking the airflow with the lips. In "tree," the first sound /t/ is a consonant because it is produced by briefly stopping the airflow with the tongue against the alveolar ridge. In "yes," the first sound /j/ is a consonant because it is produced by narrowing the space in the vocal tract and creating friction.

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  • 17. 

    What sounds are examples of vowels?

    • A.

      The first sounds in "pie," "tree," and "yes."

    • B.

      The first sounds in "elephant," "orange," and "among."

    Correct Answer
    B. The first sounds in "elephant," "orange," and "among."
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The first sounds in "elephant," "orange," and "among." Vowels are sounds produced without any obstruction in the vocal tract, and they are typically represented by the letters a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y. In the given options, the first sounds in "elephant," "orange," and "among" are all examples of vowels.

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  • 18. 

    What do we call two words that are almost alike except for one sound, such as "map" and "cap" or "hat" and "had"?

    • A.

      Similar sounds

    • B.

      Pronunciation errors

    • C.

      Minimal pairs

    • D.

      Sound combinations

    Correct Answer
    C. Minimal pairs
    Explanation
    Minimal pairs are two words that are almost alike except for one sound. They are used in linguistics to demonstrate the contrast between two sounds in a language. In the given examples, "map" and "cap" as well as "hat" and "had" are minimal pairs because they differ by only one sound, which changes the meaning of the word. Therefore, the correct answer is "minimal pairs".

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  • 19. 

    What do we call all the parts of the body that we use to produce speech sounds?

    • A.

      The articulatory system

    • B.

      Language Acquisition Device

    • C.

      The head, neck, and mouth

    • D.

      Intelligible pronunciation

    Correct Answer
    A. The articulatory system
    Explanation
    The articulatory system refers to all the parts of the body that are involved in producing speech sounds. This includes the head, neck, and mouth, as well as the vocal cords, tongue, lips, and other structures. The articulatory system plays a crucial role in shaping the airflow and manipulating the vocal tract to produce different speech sounds. It is responsible for the physical movements and coordination required for speech production.

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  • 20. 

    What does the abbreviation "NAE" stand for?

    • A.

      Non-Ambiguous Education

    • B.

      Normal Articulatory Excellence

    • C.

      Never Any Easier

    • D.

      North American English

    Correct Answer
    D. North American English
    Explanation
    The abbreviation "NAE" stands for North American English. This refers to the variant of the English language spoken in North America, including the United States and Canada.

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  • 21. 

    Look at the diagram of the articulatory system. Type the number of each of these parts:         alveolar ridge

    Correct Answer
    3
    C
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3, C. The diagram of the articulatory system shows various parts of the mouth involved in speech production. The alveolar ridge is a specific part of the mouth that plays a role in producing certain sounds. In this diagram, it is labeled as 3 and identified by the letter C.

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  • 22. 

    Look at the diagram of the articulatory system. Type the number of each of these parts:         lips

    Correct Answer
    1
    A
    Explanation
    The diagram of the articulatory system shows various parts involved in speech production. The number 1 refers to the lips, which play a crucial role in shaping sounds and articulating different speech sounds. The letter A is not mentioned in the given information and may be unrelated to the diagram or the question.

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  • 23. 

    Look at the diagram of the articulatory system. Type the number of each of these parts:        nasal passage

    Correct Answer
    6
    F
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 6, F. In the diagram of the articulatory system, the number 6 represents the nasal passage, while the letter F is not shown or mentioned in the given information.

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  • 24. 

    Look at the diagram of the articulatory system. Type the number of each of these parts:         soft palate

    Correct Answer
    5
    E
    Explanation
    The diagram of the articulatory system shows the different parts involved in speech production. The soft palate is one of these parts, and it is represented by the number 5 and the letter E in the diagram.

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  • 25. 

    Look at the diagram of the articulatory system. Type the number of each of these parts:         vocal cords

    Correct Answer
    9
    I
    Explanation
    The number 9 in the diagram corresponds to the vocal cords. The letter I is not visible in the given diagram, so it cannot be identified or associated with any specific part of the articulatory system.

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  • 26. 

    Look at the diagram of the articulatory system. Type the number of each of these parts:         jaw

    Correct Answer
    8
    H
    Explanation
    The diagram of the articulatory system shows the number 8, which corresponds to the jaw. Additionally, the letter H is also mentioned as a part of the diagram.

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  • 27. 

    Look at the diagram of the articulatory system. Type the number of each of these parts:         teeth

    Correct Answer
    2
    B
  • 28. 

    Look at the diagram of the articulatory system. Type the number of each of these parts:         hard palate

    Correct Answer
    4
    D
  • 29. 

    Look at the diagram of the articulatory system. Type the number of each of these parts:         tongue

    Correct Answer
    7
    G
    Explanation
    The diagram of the articulatory system identifies the tongue as part number 7 and the letter G.

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  • 30. 

    Review: Which of these is NOT a real word?

    • A.

      Pronounce

    • B.

      Pronunciate

    • C.

      Pronounced

    • D.

      Pronunciation

    Correct Answer
    B. Pronunciate
    Explanation
    The word "pronunciate" is not a real word. The correct word is "pronounce."

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