Phonology And Phonetics Stkip Panca Sakti Bekasi

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| By Heriyusup
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Heriyusup
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Phonology And Phonetics Stkip Panca Sakti Bekasi - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The branch of linguistics that studies human speech and concerns with the physical properties of the sound is .......................

    • A.

      Phonetics

    • B.

      Acoustics

    • C.

      Articulation

    • D.

      Phonology

    • E.

      Morphology

    Correct Answer
    A. Phonetics
    Explanation
    Phonetics is the branch of linguistics that studies human speech and focuses on the physical properties of sounds. It analyzes the production, transmission, and perception of speech sounds, including their articulation, acoustic properties, and auditory perception. Phonetics helps in understanding how sounds are produced and perceived by humans, and it plays a crucial role in fields such as language teaching, speech therapy, and forensic linguistics. Acoustics, on the other hand, is a related field that deals with the physical properties of sound waves, but it is not specifically focused on human speech.

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  • 2. 

    The study of human speech sounds in a language that form systematized patterns is called ..................

    • A.

      Phonetics

    • B.

      Acoustics

    • C.

      Articulation

    • D.

      Phonology

    • E.

      Morphology

    Correct Answer
    D. Phonology
    Explanation
    Phonology is the study of human speech sounds in a language that form systematized patterns. It focuses on the organization and structure of sounds within a language, including how sounds interact with each other and how they are used to create meaning. Phonology examines phonemes, which are the smallest units of sound in a language, and studies how they are combined and arranged in different languages. It also explores the rules and patterns that govern the pronunciation of words and phrases. Phonology is an important field in linguistics and helps to understand the sounds and structure of languages.

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  • 3. 

    ...................... are the abstractions of speech unit which differ one meaning from another.

    • A.

      Segments

    • B.

      Morphemes

    • C.

      Phonemes

    • D.

      Orthography

    • E.

      Diphthongs

    Correct Answer
    C. Phonemes
    Explanation
    Phonemes are the smallest units of sound in a language that can differentiate one word from another. They are the abstract representations of speech sounds and are crucial in conveying meaning. By changing a phoneme in a word, we can completely alter its meaning. For example, in English, changing the initial phoneme in the words "cat" and "bat" from /k/ to /b/ changes the meaning from a feline animal to a flying mammal. Therefore, phonemes play a vital role in distinguishing words and conveying precise meaning in language.

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  • 4. 

    Which one of the following words that violates the phonological rules of English language?

    • A.

      Strock

    • B.

      Gnome

    • C.

      Scheel

    • D.

      Mblath

    • E.

      Brish

    Correct Answer
    D. Mblath
    Explanation
    The word "Mblath" violates the phonological rules of the English language because it contains a consonant cluster "mbl" at the beginning, which is not a permissible cluster in English. English phonological rules typically do not allow a consonant cluster to begin with "mb".

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  • 5. 

    Orthography is ...............................................

    • A.

      The pronunciation of a word that represents the alphabetic spelling

    • B.

      The articulation of the alphabetic spelling of a word which produces the pronunciation

    • C.

      The production of any speech sound via human speech organs

    • D.

      The study of the phonetic symbols that represent a word

    • E.

      The alphabetic spelling of words that represent the way they are pronounced

    Correct Answer
    E. The alphabetic spelling of words that represent the way they are pronounced
    Explanation
    Orthography refers to the alphabetic spelling of words that represent the way they are pronounced. It is the system of writing in a language that uses a set of symbols or letters to represent the sounds of that language. In other words, orthography is the way words are spelled in relation to their pronunciation. This includes the rules and conventions of spelling, such as silent letters or specific letter combinations that produce certain sounds.

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  • 6. 

    The speech sounds produced by pushing the air stream through the mouth are called ............

    • A.

      Labial sounds

    • B.

      Nasal sounds

    • C.

      Oral sounds

    • D.

      Dental sounds

    • E.

      Diaphragmatic sounds

    Correct Answer
    C. Oral sounds
    Explanation
    Oral sounds refer to the speech sounds that are produced by pushing the air stream through the mouth. This includes sounds produced by the movement of the lips, tongue, and other oral structures. Labial sounds specifically refer to sounds produced using the lips, while nasal sounds are produced by allowing air to pass through the nose. Dental sounds are produced by the tongue and teeth, and diaphragmatic sounds refer to sounds produced using the diaphragm. Therefore, the correct answer is "Oral sounds" as it encompasses all speech sounds produced through the mouth.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following pairs correctly complies with the order of Voiced and Voiceless sound

    • A.

      Push and Bush

    • B.

      Kill and Gill

    • C.

      Vile and Bile

    • D.

      Zest and Jest

    • E.

      Dime and time

    Correct Answer
    E. Dime and time
    Explanation
    The pair "Dime and time" correctly complies with the order of Voiced and Voiceless sound. In this pair, the initial sound in "Dime" is voiced (/d/), while the initial sound in "time" is voiceless (/t/). Voiced sounds are produced with the vocal cords vibrating, while voiceless sounds are produced without vocal cord vibration.

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  • 8. 

    The sound of the word ".........................." is interdental.

    • A.

      Chunk

    • B.

      Grudge

    • C.

      Dime

    • D.

      Thick

    • E.

      Shame

    Correct Answer
    D. Thick
    Explanation
    The word "thick" has an interdental sound, which means that the tip of the tongue is placed between the upper and lower front teeth to produce the sound. This is different from the other words listed, as they do not require the same tongue placement.

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  • 9. 

    The words below are all affricates, except ........................

    • A.

      Watch

    • B.

      Loch

    • C.

      Screech

    • D.

      Judge

    • E.

      Such

    Correct Answer
    B. Loch
    Explanation
    An affricate is a consonant sound that begins as a stop (complete closure of the vocal tract) and then is released as a fricative (partial closure of the vocal tract). In this list, all the words except "loch" have affricate sounds. "Watch" has the affricate sound /tʃ/, "screech" has the affricate sound /skriːtʃ/, "judge" has the affricate sound /dʒ/, and "such" has the affricate sound /sʌtʃ/. However, "loch" does not have an affricate sound. It is pronounced as /lɒx/ or /lɒk/ depending on the dialect, with a clear /x/ or /k/ sound at the end.

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  • 10. 

    The word "changeling" is an example of ......................sound.

    • A.

      Oral

    • B.

      Nasal

    • C.

      Labial

    • D.

      Palatal

    • E.

      Plosive

    Correct Answer
    B. Nasal
    Explanation
    The word "changeling" contains the sound /n/, which is a nasal sound. Nasal sounds are produced when air flows through the nose while the mouth is closed. In this word, the /n/ sound is produced by closing the mouth and allowing air to flow through the nose. Therefore, "changeling" is an example of a nasal sound.

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