Phonology Quiz Questions And Answers

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Phonology Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Do you want to increase your knowledge about Phonology? Here are some interesting Phonology quiz questions and answers for you. Check them out! Phonology is the study of various patterns of sounds in a particular language and across languages, put more formally. Phonology can be called the study of the categorical organization of speech sounds in a language or languages; how speech sounds are organized in the mind and used to convey meaning. Best of luck with this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which word has two voiced consonants?

    • A.

      Watch

    • B.

      Teeth

    • C.

      Big

    • D.

      Fork

    Correct Answer
    C. Big
    Explanation
    The word "Big" has two voiced consonants. The "b" and "g" sounds in "Big" are voiced consonants because they involve the vocal cords vibrating.

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  • 2. 

    Which of these words contains the stress on the first syllable?

    • A.

      Parent

    • B.

      Introduce

    • C.

      Understand

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Parent
    Explanation
    The word "Parent" contains the stress on the first syllable. In this word, the emphasis is placed on the first syllable "par" while the second syllable "ent" is pronounced with less emphasis.

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  • 3. 

    Which of these words contains the stress on the first syllable?

    • A.

      Elephant

    • B.

      Bracket

    • C.

      Student

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Student
    Explanation
    The word "Student" contains the stress on the first syllable. The first syllable "stu" is pronounced with more emphasis and is longer in duration compared to the second syllable "dent". This is evident when pronouncing the word and can be confirmed by consulting a dictionary or phonetic transcription.

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  • 4. 

    Which word contains a diphthong?

    • A.

      Read

    • B.

      Eat

    • C.

      Flee

    • D.

      Fine

    Correct Answer
    D. Fine
    Explanation
    The word "Fine" contains a diphthong. A diphthong is a combination of two vowel sounds within the same syllable. In the word "Fine," the "i" and "e" create a diphthong sound, where the two vowel sounds blend together smoothly.

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  • 5. 

    Which word contains a diphthong?

    • A.

      Male

    • B.

      Meat

    • C.

      Coin

    • D.

      Go

    Correct Answer
    C. Coin
    Explanation
    The word "Coin" contains a diphthong. A diphthong is a combination of two vowels sounds pronounced in one syllable, where the sound starts at one vowel and glides into another. In the word "Coin," the "oi" combination represents a diphthong, as it combines the sounds of "o" and "i" in a single syllable.

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  • 6. 

    Which set of words is a minimal pair?

    • A.

      Sink - single

    • B.

      These - those

    • C.

      Their - there

    • D.

      Thy - Cry

    Correct Answer
    B. These - those
    Explanation
    A minimal pair is a pair of words that differ by only one phoneme (sound) and have different meanings. In this case, "These" and "those" are a minimal pair because they differ by only one sound (/θ/ in "these" and /ð/ in "those") and have different meanings. The other word sets do not meet the criteria of a minimal pair as they either have more than one sound difference or have the same meaning.

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  • 7. 

    Which set of words has linking in connected speech?

    • A.

      Final trip

    • B.

      Baby boy

    • C.

      Nice food

    • D.

      Drink it

    Correct Answer
    D. Drink it
    Explanation
    In connected speech, linking occurs when the final consonant sound in one word is connected to the beginning vowel sound in the next word. In the set of words "Drink it," the final consonant sound of "drink" (/k/) links with the beginning vowel sound of "it" (/ɪ/), creating a smooth and connected pronunciation. This linking is not present in the other sets of words.

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  • 8. 

    How many phonemes are there in the word 'dangerous'?

    • A.

      Five

    • B.

      Six

    • C.

      Eight

    • D.

      Seven

    Correct Answer
    C. Eight
    Explanation
    There are eight phonemes in the word 'dangerous'. Phonemes are the individual sounds that make up words, and in 'dangerous', we have eight distinct sounds: /d/, /eɪ/, /ŋ/, /dʒ/, /ə/, /r/, /ə/, /s/.

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  • 9. 

    Which word is stressed on the third syllable?

    • A.

      Alphabet

    • B.

      Interrupt

    • C.

      Decision

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Interrupt
    Explanation
    The word "Interrupt" is stressed on the third syllable. The stress falls on the "rup" syllable, making it the third syllable.

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  • 10. 

    Which word is stressed on the third syllable?

    • A.

      Latter

    • B.

      Go

    • C.

      Understand

    • D.

      Speed

    Correct Answer
    C. Understand
    Explanation
    The word "Understand" is stressed on the third syllable. The stress falls on the "der" syllable, making it pronounced as "un-der-STAND". This can be determined by breaking down the word into its syllables and identifying where the stress or emphasis is placed when pronouncing it.

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