Connected Speech, Stress, And Rhythm

15 Questions
Connected Speech, Stress, And Rhythm

This is a quiz about what you learned in Chapter 5 of Teaching Pronunciation: A Course Book and Reference Guide

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Stress, rhythm, intonation, and sound changes in connected speech are examples of ______.
    • A. 

      Regressive assimilation

    • B. 

      Content and function words

    • C. 

      Suprasegmental features

    • D. 

      Stress-timed languages

  • 2. 
    When people talk, they often blend words together and make some changes in the sounds. This is ______.
    • A. 

      A sign of sloppy, lazy speech.

    • B. 

      A sign that the speaker is thinking carefully about these changes.

    • C. 

      A normal part of everyone’s speech.

    • D. 

      Mostly a characteristic of uneducated speakers.

  • 3. 
    When three or more consonant sounds come together, the consonant cluster is sometimes simplified by omitting ______.
    • A. 

      The first consonant.

    • B. 

      The middle consonant.

    • C. 

      The last consonant.

    • D. 

      Any consonant the speaker chooses.

  • 4. 
    How is a stressed syllable different from an unstressed syllable? (Choose four answers.)
    • A. 

      The stressed syllable is longer in duration.

    • B. 

      The stressed syllable is shorter in duration.

    • C. 

      The stressed syllable is louder.

    • D. 

      The stressed syllable is softer.

    • E. 

      The stressed syllable is higher in pitch.

    • F. 

      The stressed syllable is lower in pitch.

    • G. 

      The vowel sound of the stressed syllable is clearer.

    • H. 

      The vowel sound of the stressed syllable is less clear.

  • 5. 
    How many syllables do these words have? Choose the correct number from the drop-down menu.
    • A. little
    • A.
    • B. dictionary
    • B.
    • C. spring
    • C.
    • D. piano
    • D.
  • 6. 
    Which syllable has the greatest stress in these words? Choose the correct answer from the drop-down menu.
    • A. refrigerator
    • A.
    • B. recognition
    • B.
    • C. toothpaste
    • C.
    • D. uneconomical
    • D.
  • 7. 
    The types of words that receive the least stress in a sentence are usually _______.
    • A. 

      Content words like "table," "write," or "intelligent."

    • B. 

      Words containing consonant clusters, like "strong," "plants," or "against."

    • C. 

      Words with suffixes that come from Latin, like "nation," "capacity," or "rectify."

    • D. 

      Function words like "the," "at," "and," or "with."

  • 8. 
    The one word in a sentence that is most likely to receive sentence stress is _______.
    • A. 

      The subject of the sentence.

    • B. 

      The last content word in the sentence.

    • C. 

      The longest word in the sentence.

    • D. 

      The first word in the sentence.

  • 9. 
    In a stress-timed language, _______.
    • A. 

      All the syllables receive about the same amount of stress.

    • B. 

      There’s really no predictable rhythm pattern.

    • C. 

      The time between stressed syllables stays fairly constant.

    • D. 

      People feel stressed out all the time when they speak.

  • 10. 
    In a syllable-timed language, _______.
    • A. 

      All the syllables last for about the same amount of time.

    • B. 

      There’s really no predictable rhythm pattern.

    • C. 

      The time between stressed syllables stays fairly constant.

    • D. 

      People feel stressed out all the time when they speak.

  • 11. 
    How is the word "in" usually pronounced in connected speech in these phrases?
    • A. in Mexico
    • A.
    • B. in Asia
    • B.
    • C. in Korea
    • C.
  • 12. 
    What sound process is illustrated in Question 11?
    • A. 

      Deletion

    • B. 

      Epenthesis

    • C. 

      Dissimilation

    • D. 

      Assimilation

  • 13. 
    Linking: When the words “see it” are said at normal speed, what “extra” sound do we hear between them?
    • A. 

      /y/

    • B. 

      /l/

    • C. 

      /r/

    • D. 

      /w/

  • 14. 
    Linking: When the words “do it” are said at normal speed, what “extra” sound do we hear between them?
    • A. 

      /y/

    • B. 

      /l/

    • C. 

      /r/

    • D. 

      /w/

  • 15. 
    Linking: When one word ends in a stop and the next word begins in a stop (for example, “what time” or “black cat”) how do people normally pronounce the words?
    • A. 

      They change one of the stops to a different sound so it will be easier to pronounce.

    • B. 

      They pronounce both stops, with a little pause between them to separate them.

    • C. 

      They pronounce just one stop, making it last longer.

    • D. 

      They change the stops to fricatives.