# Architectural Graphics Ch 1&2

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When you talk about architectural graphics it includes the techniques, methodologies, and graphic tools used in conveying architectural ideas. The quiz below is designed to see how much of chapter one and two of our course you remember so far. Give it a try and keep an eye out for the quiz on the next chapters.

• 1.

### Straightedges that have a short crosspiece at one end.

• A.

T-Square

• B.

Digital Stylus

• C.

Technical Pen

• D.

Parallel Rules

A. T-Square
Explanation
A T-square is a straightedge that has a short crosspiece at one end. It is commonly used in technical drawing and drafting to create straight lines and right angles. The short crosspiece, called the blade, allows for accurate alignment and stability when drawing lines. It is an essential tool for architects, engineers, and artists who require precision and straightness in their drawings.

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• 2.

### Rules equipped with  system of cables and pulleys that allow their straightedges to move across the drawing board only in a parallel manner.

• A.

Digital Stylus

• B.

T-Squares

• C.

Parallel Rules

• D.

C. Parallel Rules
Explanation
Parallel rules are equipped with a system of cables and pulleys that allow their straightedges to move across the drawing board only in a parallel manner. This means that the straightedge can be adjusted to any desired angle while maintaining a parallel position, making it a versatile tool for drawing parallel lines or angles on a drawing board. This feature sets parallel rules apart from other tools like digital stylus, T-squares, and adjustable triangles, which do not have the same level of flexibility in maintaining a parallel position.

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• 3.

### What drafting aids are commonly used to guide the drawing of vertical lines and lines at specified angles?

• A.

T-Square

• B.

Technical pens

• C.

Triangles

• D.

C. Triangles
Explanation
Triangles are drafting aids that are used to guide the drawing of vertical lines and lines at specified angles. They have different angles and sides that allow for precise and accurate drawing. Triangles are commonly used in technical drawing and drafting to ensure straight and accurate lines. They are versatile tools that can be used for various purposes, such as creating parallel lines, measuring angles, and constructing geometric shapes. Overall, triangles are essential tools for any draftsman or artist who requires precision and accuracy in their drawings.

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• 4.

### This has a movable leg that is held in place with a thumbscrew and a scale for measuring angles.

• A.

• B.

Electronic Template

• C.

Erasing Shield

• D.

Digital Scale

Explanation
The correct answer is Adjustable Triangle. This tool is used for drawing and measuring angles. It has a movable leg that can be adjusted and secured in place using a thumbscrew. The scale on the triangle allows for precise angle measurements.

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• 5.

### This has cut-outs to guide the drawing of predetermined shapes.

• A.

Template

• B.

Electronic Template

• C.

Metric Scale

• D.

Film

A. Template
Explanation
The correct answer is "Template" because templates are tools that have cut-outs or outlines to guide the drawing of predetermined shapes. They are commonly used in various fields such as art, design, and engineering to ensure accuracy and consistency in creating repetitive shapes or patterns. Templates are often made of materials like plastic or metal and are available in different sizes and shapes to suit specific needs.

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• 6.

### Drawing and CAD programs have this for geometric shapes, furnishings, fixtures as well as user-determined elements.

• A.

Template

• B.

Board

• C.

• D.

Electronic Template

D. Electronic Template
Explanation
Drawing and CAD programs provide an "Electronic Template" feature that allows users to access a variety of pre-designed geometric shapes, furnishings, fixtures, and user-determined elements. This feature saves time and effort by providing ready-made templates that can be easily inserted into the drawing or CAD project. Users can then customize these templates according to their specific needs and requirements. The "Electronic Template" feature enhances the efficiency and accuracy of the design process in drawing and CAD programs.

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• 7.

### A tool essential for drawing large circles as well as circles of indeterminate radii.

• A.

Protractor

• B.

Compass

• C.

Template

• D.

French Curve

B. Compass
Explanation
A compass is a tool that is essential for drawing large circles as well as circles of indeterminate radii. It consists of two arms, one with a pointed end and the other with a pencil or pen attached. The pointed end is placed at the center of the circle, and the pencil or pen is used to draw the circle by rotating the compass around the center point. This tool allows for precise and accurate circle drawing, making it the correct answer for this question.

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• 8.

### What guides the drawing of irregular curves through a series of points.

• A.

Compass

• B.

Protractor

• C.

French Curve

• D.

Template

C. French Curve
Explanation
A French curve is a flexible drafting tool used in design and drawing to create smooth, irregular curves through a series of points. It is commonly used in fields such as architecture, fashion design, and engineering. The French curve allows for precise and accurate drawing of complex curves that cannot be easily achieved with other tools like a compass or protractor. It is designed with various curved edges of different sizes and shapes, allowing the user to select the appropriate curve for their specific drawing needs.

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• 9.

### Semicircular instrument for measuring and plotting angles.

• A.

Compass

• B.

Protractor

• C.

French Curve

• D.

Ruler

B. Protractor
Explanation
A protractor is a semicircular instrument that is used to measure and plot angles. It has a scale marked in degrees, allowing users to accurately determine the size of an angle. It is commonly used in geometry and trigonometry to solve problems involving angles and triangles. The other options, such as a compass, ruler, and French curve, are not specifically designed for measuring angles and would not be as accurate or suitable for this purpose.

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• 10.

### A tool with cutouts of various shapes and sizes to confine the area of a drawing to be erased.

• A.

Eraser

• B.

Erasing Shield

• C.

Compass

• D.

Template

B. Erasing Shield
Explanation
An erasing shield is a tool with cutouts of various shapes and sizes that is used to confine the area of a drawing that needs to be erased. It is placed over the drawing, allowing the artist to erase specific areas without affecting the surrounding areas. This tool is especially useful when working on intricate or detailed drawings, as it helps to maintain precision and avoid accidental erasing of unintended areas.

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• 11.

### A tool with graduations along its edges so that scale drawings can be measured directly in feet and inches.

• A.

Ruler

• B.

Template

• C.

Architect's Scale

• D.

Digital Scale

C. Architect's Scale
Explanation
An architect's scale is a tool specifically designed for measuring scale drawings in feet and inches. It has graduations along its edges, allowing for direct measurement of scale drawings. This tool is commonly used by architects and designers to accurately measure and scale their drawings. A ruler, template, or digital scale may not have the necessary graduations or precision required for measuring scale drawings in this format.

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• 12.

### A tool with one or more sets of graduated and numbered spaces, each set eing divided into 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, or 60 parts to the inch.

• A.

Ruler

• B.

Architect's Scale

• C.

Metric Scale

• D.

Engineer's Scale

D. Engineer's Scale
Explanation
An engineer's scale is a tool that has one or more sets of graduated and numbered spaces, each set divided into 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, or 60 parts to the inch. This scale is specifically designed for engineers to accurately measure and draw scaled diagrams and blueprints. It allows engineers to easily convert measurements from a large scale to a smaller scale, making it a crucial tool for their work.

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• 13.

### A tool consisting of one or more sets of graduated and numbered spaces, each set establishing a proportion of one millimeter to a specified number of millimeters.

• A.

Ruler

• B.

Architect's Scale

• C.

Engineer's Scale

• D.

Metric Scale

D. Metric Scale
Explanation
A metric scale is a tool that consists of one or more sets of graduated and numbered spaces, with each set establishing a proportion of one millimeter to a specified number of millimeters. This means that the scale is designed to accurately measure and represent measurements in the metric system, which is based on units of ten. It is commonly used in scientific, engineering, and architectural fields where precise metric measurements are required.

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• 14.

### Paper characterized by transparency, whiteness, and tooth or surface grain.

• A.

Vellum

• B.

Bond

• C.

Tracing

• D.

Drafting

C. Tracing
Explanation
Tracing paper is characterized by its transparency, whiteness, and tooth or surface grain. It is a thin, translucent paper that allows light to pass through, making it ideal for tracing images or designs. Tracing paper also has a smooth surface texture, which helps to prevent smudging or smearing when using pencils or pens. Its white color ensures that the traced lines are visible and stand out against the background. Overall, tracing paper is commonly used in art, design, and drafting applications where precision and clarity are important.

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• 15.

### Inexpensive, lightweight tissue available in white, cream, and yellow or buff color. Lightweight, only for soft leads or markers.

• A.

Vellum

• B.

Tracing

• C.

• D.

Drafting

Explanation
Sketch-Grade Tracing is the correct answer because it is described as inexpensive and lightweight, suitable for soft leads or markers. The other options, Vellum, Tracing, and Drafting, are not specifically mentioned as being lightweight or suitable for soft leads or markers. Therefore, Sketch-Grade Tracing is the best choice based on the given description.

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• 16.

### This paper, with 100% rag content is stable, translucent and erasable; may be used for finished drawings.

• A.

Vellum

• B.

Bond

• C.

• D.

Tracing

A. Vellum
Explanation
Vellum is the correct answer because it is a type of paper that is made from 100% rag content. It is known for its stability, translucency, and erasability, making it suitable for finished drawings. Vellum is often used by artists and architects for its high-quality characteristics.

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• 17.

### A clear, polyester film that is durable, dimensionally stable, and translucent enough for clear reproductions and overlay work.

• A.

Vellum

• B.

Tracing

• C.

Drafting Film

• D.

C. Drafting Film
Explanation
Drafting film is a clear, polyester film that is known for its durability, dimensional stability, and translucency. It is commonly used in drafting and architectural work as it allows for clear reproductions and overlay work. This film is ideal for creating precise and accurate drawings, as it provides a smooth surface that is resistant to tearing or wrinkling. Its translucent nature allows for easy tracing and layering, making it a popular choice among professionals in the design and engineering fields.

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• 18.

### Paper facing laminated to a cardboard backing.

• A.

Vellum

• B.

Tracing Paper

• C.

Drafting Film

• D.

Illustration Board

D. Illustration Board
Explanation
Illustration board is a type of board that consists of a paper facing that is laminated to a cardboard backing. This combination of materials provides a sturdy and durable surface for creating illustrations. Vellum, tracing paper, and drafting film are all types of translucent papers that are commonly used for drawing and tracing, but they do not have a cardboard backing like illustration board. Therefore, illustration board is the correct answer in this case.

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• 19.

### The quintessential element of architectural drawing.

• A.

Technical Pencil

• B.

Tracing Paper

• C.

A Line

• D.

A Ruler

C. A Line
Explanation
A line is considered the quintessential element of architectural drawing because it is the basic building block of any design. It represents the connection between two points and can be used to create shapes, define edges, and convey depth and perspective. Architects use lines to communicate their ideas and intentions, as they can convey a sense of structure, proportion, and scale. Without lines, architectural drawings would lack clarity and precision, making them ineffective in conveying the desired design.

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• Current Version
• Sep 25, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Sep 16, 2010
Quiz Created by
Sogeil

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