Classical Architecture Exam Trivia Quiz!

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Classical Architecture Exam Trivia Quiz! - Quiz

Do you appreciate classical architecture? This quiz will demonstrate the importance of classical architecture. It typically denotes architecture procured from Greek and Roman architecture principles of classical antiquity or Roman architect's works. Classical architecture is described as having perfect symmetry, practical order, and calm in much of the Western World. This quiz is a fine example of art appreciation.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Any of five styles of classical architecture - Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Tuscan, and Composite - characterized by the type and arrangement of columns and entablatures employed.

    Explanation
    The term "order" refers to any of the five styles of classical architecture, namely Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Tuscan, and Composite. These styles are distinguished by the specific type and arrangement of columns and entablatures used. Each order has its own unique characteristics and proportions, which contribute to the overall aesthetic and structural design of a building. The choice of order can greatly impact the visual appeal and symbolic meaning of a structure.

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  • 2. 

    The horizontal section of a classical order that rests on the columns, usually composed of a comice, frieze, and architrave.

    Explanation
    The entablature is the horizontal section of a classical order that rests on the columns. It is typically composed of three parts: the comice, frieze, and architrave. The comice is the decorative molding at the top, the frieze is the middle section usually adorned with sculptures or reliefs, and the architrave is the bottom part that directly rests on the columns. Together, these components make up the entablature, which is an important architectural element in classical design.

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  • 3. 

    The uppermost member of a classical entrablature, consisting typically of a cymatium, corona, and bed molding.

    Explanation
    A cornice is the uppermost member of a classical entablature, which is a horizontal structure above columns in classical architecture. It typically consists of a cymatium, which is a curved molding, a corona, which is a projecting molding, and a bed molding. The cornice serves as a decorative element and helps to transition between the vertical walls and the horizontal roof or ceiling.

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  • 4. 

    The horizontal part of a classical entablature between the cornice and architrave, often decorated with sculpture in low relief.

    Explanation
    A frieze is the horizontal part of a classical entablature that is located between the cornice and architrave. It is often adorned with sculpture in low relief. The frieze serves as a decorative element in classical architecture, adding visual interest and artistic detail to the structure.

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  • 5. 

    The lowermost division of a classical entablature, resting directly on the colum capitals and supporting the frieze.

    Explanation
    The architrave is the lowermost division of a classical entablature. It rests directly on the column capitals and supports the frieze. This architectural element is typically a horizontal beam or lintel that spans the tops of the columns. It serves as a structural support and also provides a decorative element to the overall design of the entablature.

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  • 6. 

    The distinctively treated upper end of a column, pillar, or pier, crowning the shaft and taking the weight of the entablature or architrave.

    Explanation
    A capital is the top part of a column, pillar, or pier that supports the entablature or architrave. It is distinctively treated and designed to bear the weight of the structure above it. The capital is usually decorated or adorned in a way that distinguishes it from the rest of the column. It is an important architectural element that adds aesthetic appeal and provides structural support to the overall design of the column or pier.

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  • 7. 

    The crowning member of a classical cornice, usually a cyma recta.

    Explanation
    A cymatium is the crowning member of a classical cornice, typically in the shape of a cyma recta. It is a decorative element that adds visual interest and elegance to the cornice. The cymatium is usually located at the topmost part of the cornice and serves as a transition between the cornice and the wall. It is often intricately carved or molded, featuring various decorative motifs. The cymatium plays a significant role in the overall architectural design, providing a finishing touch and enhancing the aesthetic appeal of the cornice.

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  • 8. 

    The projecting, slablike member of a classical cornice, supported by the bed molding and crowned by the cymatium.

    Explanation
    A corona is a projecting, slablike member of a classical cornice. It is supported by the bed molding and is crowned by the cymatium. In architecture, a cornice is a decorative molding that is usually found at the top of a building or wall. The corona is a specific part of the cornice that extends outwards and adds visual interest to the overall design. It is an important element in classical architecture and is often used to enhance the appearance of buildings.

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  • 9. 

    The molding or group of molding immediately beneath the corona of a cornice.

    Explanation
    Bed molding is the correct answer because it refers to the molding or group of moldings that is located just beneath the corona of a cornice. This type of molding is typically used to provide a decorative transition between the cornice and the wall or ceiling. It is called "bed molding" because it is often installed horizontally, resembling a bed frame. Bed molding is commonly found in architectural and interior design, adding a finishing touch to the cornice and enhancing the overall aesthetic appeal of the space.

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  • 10. 

    Name the parts of an entablature. 1. ________ 2. ________ 3. ________

    Explanation
    The parts of an entablature are the cornice, frieze, and architrave. These elements are typically found in classical architecture and are arranged horizontally above the columns or pillars. The cornice is the uppermost part, often decorated with moldings or projections. The frieze is the middle section, which can be plain or adorned with sculptural reliefs. The architrave is the lowest part, serving as a horizontal beam or lintel that rests directly on top of the columns. The repeated mention of "cornice, frieze, architrave" in the answer is likely a mistake or duplication.

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  • 11. 

    Name the parts of a cornice. 1. ________ 2. ________ 3. ________

    Explanation
    The parts of a cornice are cymatium, corona, and bed molding. These three components make up the decorative and functional elements of a cornice. The cymatium is the topmost part of the cornice that curves outward, adding a decorative touch. The corona is the middle part that extends horizontally and provides a visual transition between the cymatium and the bed molding. The bed molding is the bottommost part that projects outward and helps to protect the wall and create a finished look.

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  • 12. 

    The use or arrangement of columns in a structure.

    Explanation
    Columniation refers to the use or arrangement of columns in a structure. This term specifically pertains to the design and positioning of columns within a building or architectural structure. It encompasses factors such as the spacing, size, and alignment of columns, which play a crucial role in providing structural support, aesthetics, and overall design integrity to the building. Therefore, columniation is an essential aspect of architectural planning and design, ensuring the stability and visual appeal of the structure.

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  • 13. 

    Having two columns on one or each front.

    Explanation
    Diastyle is an architectural term used to describe a structure that has two columns on one or each front. This means that the building or monument in question has a symmetrical design with two columns positioned either on one side or on both sides of the entrance. This architectural feature is commonly found in classical Greek and Roman temples, where the diastyle arrangement helps create a sense of balance and grandeur.

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  • 14. 

    Having three columns on one or each front.

    Explanation
    Tristyle refers to a structure or design that has three columns on one or each front. This term is often used in architecture to describe buildings or facades that have three distinct columns in their design. The word "tri" indicates three, while "style" refers to the architectural style or design. Therefore, tristyle can be understood as a building or structure that features three columns on one or each of its front sides.

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  • 15. 

    Having four columns on one or each front.

  • 16. 

    Having five columns on one or each front.

    Explanation
    Pentastyle refers to a structure or building that has five columns on its front. This term is derived from the Greek words "penta" meaning five and "style" meaning column. It is commonly used in architecture to describe a facade or portico with five columns arranged in a row. The prefix "penta-" is often used to indicate the number five, and "style" refers to the columnar elements of classical architecture. Therefore, pentastyle accurately describes a structure with five columns on its front.

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  • 17. 

    Having six columns on one or each front.

    Explanation
    Hexastyle refers to a structure or building that has six columns on its front or on each of its fronts. This architectural term is derived from the Greek words "hexa" meaning six and "style" meaning column. It is commonly used to describe classical Greek and Roman temples that have six columns in the front. This design element adds symmetry and balance to the structure while also providing support.

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  • 18. 

    Having seven columns on one or each front.

    Explanation
    "Heptastyle" refers to a structure or building that has seven columns either on one side or on each of its fronts. The term is derived from the Greek words "hepta" meaning seven and "style" meaning column. This architectural feature was commonly used in ancient Greek and Roman architecture to create a sense of grandeur and symmetry.

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  • 19. 

    Having eight columns on one or on each front.

    Explanation
    Octastyle refers to a structure or building that has eight columns on its front or on each front. This term is commonly used in architecture to describe the design and layout of a building with a specific number of columns. The prefix "octa-" means eight, and "style" refers to a column or pillar. Therefore, octastyle indicates the presence of eight columns, which can provide support and add aesthetic appeal to the structure.

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  • 20. 

    Having 12 columns on one or on each front.

    Explanation
    The given answer options, dodecastyle, dodecastylar, and duodecastyle, all refer to architectural styles that involve having 12 columns on either one or both sides of a structure's front. "Dodecastyle" specifically means having 12 columns on one side, while "dodecastylar" means having 12 columns on both sides. "Duodecastyle" also means having 12 columns on both sides, but it is a less commonly used term.

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  • 21. 

    Having nine columns on one or on each front.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "emneastyle, emneastylar". These words are likely related to architectural or design terms. "Emneastyle" refers to a structure or building with nine columns on one front, while "emneastylar" suggests a similar structure with nine columns on each front. These terms may be used to describe specific architectural styles or designs that incorporate this column arrangement.

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  • 22. 

    Having 10 columns on one or on each front.

  • 23. 

    A cylindrical support in classical architecture, consisting of a capital, shaft, and usually a base, either monolithic or built up of drums the full diameter of the shaft.

    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "column". In classical architecture, a column is a cylindrical support structure that typically includes a capital (top), shaft, and base. It can be either monolithic (made from a single piece of material) or built up of drums (stacked sections) that have the same diameter as the shaft. Columns are an essential element in classical architecture, providing structural support and aesthetic appeal to buildings.

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  • 24. 

    The central part of a column or pier between the capital and the base.

    Explanation
    The central part of a column or pier between the capital and the base is referred to as the shaft. The shaft is typically a long, vertical section that connects the decorative upper portion of the column (capital) with the supporting lower portion (base). It is an important structural element that provides stability and bears the weight of the entablature or architrave above. The shaft can vary in design and may be smooth or adorned with decorative elements such as fluting or carvings, depending on the architectural style.

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  • 25. 

    The lowermost portion of a wall, column, pier, or other structure, usually distinctively treated and considered as an architectural unit.

    Explanation
    The term "base" refers to the lowermost portion of a wall, column, pier, or any other structure. It is typically given distinct treatment and is considered as an architectural unit. The base provides stability and support to the structure above it. It is an essential element in architectural design, both aesthetically and structurally.

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  • 26. 

    Name the parts of a column. 1. ________ 2. ________ 3. ________

    Explanation
    The parts of a column are the capital, shaft, and base. In this case, the correct answer is given three times, indicating that there are three parts to a column and they are all the same: capital, shaft, and base.

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  • 27. 

    A construction upon which a column, statue, memorial shaft, or the like, is elevated, usually consisting of a base, a dado, and a cornice or cap.

    Explanation
    A pedestal is a structure that is used to elevate and support columns, statues, memorial shafts, or similar objects. It typically consists of a base, a dado (a decorative panel), and a cornice or cap. The purpose of a pedestal is to provide a stable and visually appealing platform for the object it supports.

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  • 28. 

    Identify.

  • 29. 

    The part of a pedestal between the base and the cornice or cap.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "dado". In architecture, the dado refers to the part of a pedestal that is located between the base and the cornice or cap. It is a horizontal section that adds visual interest and can be decorated or adorned with various designs. The term "die" is not applicable in this context and does not relate to the given description.

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  • 30. 

    Identify.

  • 31. 

    The usually square slab beneath the base of a column, pier, or pedestal.

    Explanation
    A plinth is a typically square slab that is located beneath the base of a column, pier, or pedestal. It serves as a foundation or support for these structures. The plinth helps to distribute the weight of the column or pedestal evenly and provides stability. It is an essential component in architectural design, ensuring that the structure remains sturdy and secure.

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  • 32. 

    Name the parts of a pedstal. 1. ________ 2. ________ 3. ________ 4. ________

  • 33. 

    The space between two adjacent columns, usually the clear space between the lower parts of the shafts, measured in column diameters. Also a system for spacing columns in a colonnade based on this measurement.

    Explanation
    Intercolumnation refers to the space between two adjacent columns in a colonnade. It is typically measured as the clear space between the lower parts of the shafts and is often expressed in terms of column diameters. This term also encompasses a system for spacing columns in a colonnade, which is based on this measurement.

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  • 34. 

    Having an intercolumnation of one and a half diameters.

  • 35. 

    Having an intercolumnation of two diameters.

  • 36. 

    Having an intercolumnation of two and one fourth diameters.

  • 37. 

    Having an intercolumnation of three diameters.

    Explanation
    Diastyle refers to a type of architectural arrangement in which the intercolumnation (spacing between columns) is equal to three times the diameter of the columns. This term is commonly used in classical architecture to describe a specific column arrangement in a building or structure.

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  • 38. 

    Having an intercolumnation of four diameters.

    Explanation
    Araeostyle and areostyle are architectural terms used to describe the spacing between columns in a structure. Having an intercolumnation of four diameters means that the distance between each column is equal to four times the diameter of the column. This spacing arrangement can be seen in buildings or structures that have a symmetrical and evenly spaced column layout.

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  • 39. 

    The placement of two columns or plasters very close together.

    Explanation
    Accouplement refers to the placement of two columns or plasters very close together. This term is commonly used in architecture and construction to describe the arrangement of structural elements. When columns or plasters are positioned in close proximity, they can provide additional support and stability to the structure. This technique is often employed in buildings with heavy loads or in areas prone to seismic activity, ensuring the overall strength and integrity of the construction.

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  • 40. 

    The oldest and simplest of the five classical orders, developed in Greece in the 7th century BC and later imitated by the Romans, characterized by a fluted column having no base, a plain cushion shaped capital supporting a square abacus, and an entablature consisting of a plain architrave, a frieze of triglyphs and metopes, and a cornice, the corona of which has mutules on its soffit. The columns are more slender and usually have bases, the channeling is sometimes altered or omitted, and the capital consists of a bandlike necking, an echinus, and a molded abacus.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Doric order. This is the oldest and simplest of the five classical orders of architecture. It originated in Greece in the 7th century BC and was later adopted by the Romans. The Doric order is characterized by a fluted column with no base, a plain cushion-shaped capital supporting a square abacus, and an entablature consisting of a plain architrave, a frieze of triglyphs and metopes, and a cornice with mutules on its soffit. In later adaptations, the columns may have bases, the channeling may be altered or omitted, and the capital may consist of a bandlike necking, an echinus, and a molded abacus.

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  • 41. 

    The underside of an architectural element, as that of an arch, beam, cornice, or staircase.

    Explanation
    A soffit refers to the underside of an architectural element such as an arch, beam, cornice, or staircase. It is the area that is usually hidden from view and is located underneath these structures. The soffit plays a functional and aesthetic role by providing a finished and polished look to the underside of these elements. It can be seen in various architectural designs and is an essential component in creating a cohesive and visually appealing structure.

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  • 42. 

    One of a series of small, droplike ornaments, attached to the undersides of the mutules and regulae of a Doric entablature.

    Explanation
    A gutta is a small, droplike ornament that is commonly found in the Doric entablature. It is attached to the undersides of the mutules and regulae, which are architectural elements of the entablature. The gutta is often described as a drop because of its shape and placement.

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  • 43. 

    A projecting flat block under the corona of a Doric cornice, corresponding to the modillion of other orders.

    Explanation
    A mutule is a projecting flat block that is found under the corona of a Doric cornice. It is similar to a modillion, which is a similar architectural element found in other orders. The mutule serves as a decorative and structural element, adding visual interest to the cornice while also providing support. It is a characteristic feature of the Doric order and helps to differentiate it from other architectural styles.

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  • 44. 

    A frieze bearing carved figures of people or animals.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "zophorus, zoophorus." These terms refer to a frieze that is adorned with carved figures of people or animals. The use of both "zophorus" and "zoophorus" suggests that either term can be used to describe this type of frieze.

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  • 45. 

    One of the vertical blocks separating the metopes in a Doric frieze, typically having two vertical grooves or glyphs on its face, and two chamfers or hemiglyphs at the sides.

    Explanation
    A triglyph is a vertical block that is commonly found in a Doric frieze. It serves as a separator between the metopes and has two vertical grooves or glyphs on its face. Additionally, it has two chamfers or hemiglyphs on its sides.

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  • 46. 

    Any of the panels, either plain or decorated, between the triglyphs in the Doric frieze.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is metope, intertriglyph. In the Doric frieze, there are panels called metopes that are located between the triglyphs. These metopes can be either plain or decorated. The intertriglyph, on the other hand, refers to the space between two triglyphs. So, the correct answer includes both the metope and the intertriglyph as elements of the Doric frieze.

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  • 47. 

    A raised band or fillet separating the frieze from the architrave on a Doric entablature.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "taenia, tenia". In architecture, a taenia or tenia is a raised band or fillet that separates the frieze from the architrave on a Doric entablature. It serves as a decorative element and adds visual distinction between the different sections of the entablature.

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  • 48. 

    A fillet beneath the taenia in a Doric entrablature, corresponding to a triglyph above and from which guttae are suspended.

    Explanation
    The given answer is referring to the architectural elements of a Doric entablature. In this context, a regula is a fillet located beneath the taenia, which is a horizontal band. The regula corresponds to a triglyph, which is a decorative element, located above it. The guttae band is a row of small, decorative droplets that are suspended from the regula. Together, these elements create a visually pleasing and intricate design in the entablature.

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  • 49. 

    The flat slap forming the top of a column capital, plain in the Doric style, but molded or otherwise enriched in other styles.

    Explanation
    An abacus is a flat slab that forms the top of a column capital. In the Doric style, it is plain, but in other styles, it can be molded or enriched. The abacus serves as a transition between the column and the entablature, providing support and adding decorative elements to the capital. It is an important architectural feature found in various styles of columns and is used to distribute the weight of the entablature evenly.

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  • 50. 

    The prominent circular molding supporting the abacus of a Doric or Tuscan capital.

    Explanation
    The echinus refers to the prominent circular molding that supports the abacus of a Doric or Tuscan capital. This architectural element can be found in classical Greek and Roman architecture. It adds visual interest and provides structural support to the capital, which is the top part of a column. The echinus is typically decorated with intricate patterns or motifs, further enhancing the aesthetic appeal of the capital.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

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  • Sep 05, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Nov 26, 2016
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    Alyssapalacios16
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