AP World History Basic MCQ!

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AP World History Quizzes & Trivia

When you look at all the countries in the world, they each have an even that they look back to and explain why the people are the way they are or something so dark that the memory is passed from generation to generation. If you have taken AP World history and re-looking for a quiz for period 4, then this quiz is for you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following provides the most accurate description of the Columbian Exchange?

    • A.

      Eropean food to the Western Hemisphere; Western Hemisphere diseases to Europe; African population to Europe

    • B.

      African livestock to the Western Hemisphere; European technology to Africa; Western Hemisphere food to Europe.

    • C.

      Western Hemisphere technology to Africa; African food to Europ; European population to the New World

    • D.

      European technology to Africa; Western Hemisphere population to Africa; African food to the Western Hemisphere

    • E.

      African population to the Western Hemisphere; Western Hemisphere food to Europe and Africa; African and European diseases to the Western Hemisphere

    Correct Answer
    E. African population to the Western Hemisphere; Western Hemisphere food to Europe and Africa; African and European diseases to the Western Hemisphere
    Explanation
    The Columbian Exchange refers to the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and diseases between the Western Hemisphere (mainly the Americas) and the Eastern Hemisphere (mainly Europe, Africa, and Asia) following Christopher Columbus' voyage in 1492. The correct answer accurately describes this exchange by mentioning the transfer of African populations to the Western Hemisphere, the transfer of Western Hemisphere food to Europe and Africa, and the transfer of African and European diseases to the Western Hemisphere.

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  • 2. 

    Most agricultural laborers in the Ottoman Empire were

    • A.

      Slaves

    • B.

      Free peasants

    • C.

      Serfs

    • D.

      Sharecroppers

    • E.

      Indentured servants

    Correct Answer
    B. Free peasants
    Explanation
    In the Ottoman Empire, the majority of agricultural laborers were free peasants. This means that they were not enslaved or bound by serfdom. Free peasants had the freedom to own their own land and make their own decisions regarding their agricultural activities. They were not obligated to work for a lord or landowner, unlike serfs or indentured servants. Sharecroppers, on the other hand, typically did not own their own land but worked on someone else's land in exchange for a share of the crops. However, in the Ottoman Empire, it was more common for agricultural laborers to be free peasants rather than sharecroppers.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following countries or regions led the world in the production of cotton cloth in 1700?

    • A.

      China

    • B.

      Egypt

    • C.

      West Africa

    • D.

      England

    • E.

      India

    Correct Answer
    E. India
    Explanation
    In 1700, India led the world in the production of cotton cloth. This can be attributed to India's long history of cotton cultivation and textile production, which dates back to ancient times. Indian cotton textiles were highly sought after for their quality and craftsmanship, and they were exported to various parts of the world. India's dominance in cotton cloth production during this period can be attributed to its skilled workforce, abundant availability of raw materials, and established textile industry.

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  • 4. 

    Which of hte following societies successfully resisted foreign penetration and domination from 1650 to 1850?

    • A.

      The Japanese

    • B.

      The Indians

    • C.

      The South Africans

    • D.

      The Latin Americans

    • E.

      The Chinese

    Correct Answer
    A. The Japanese
    Explanation
    The Japanese society successfully resisted foreign penetration and domination from 1650 to 1850. During this period, Japan implemented a policy of isolationism known as Sakoku, which restricted foreign influences and trade. The Tokugawa shogunate, the ruling government at the time, implemented strict regulations to control foreign contact and maintain internal stability. This allowed Japan to preserve its cultural identity and resist foreign domination during a time when many other societies were being colonized or influenced by European powers.

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  • 5. 

    In the three centuries after Columbus' voyages, most o fthe people who came to the Western Hemisphere originated in which of the following regions?

    • A.

      Southern Europe

    • B.

      Northern Europe

    • C.

      Western Africa

    • D.

      Eastern Africa

    • E.

      East Asia

    Correct Answer
    C. Western Africa
    Explanation
    During the three centuries after Columbus' voyages, most of the people who came to the Western Hemisphere originated in Western Africa. This can be explained by the transatlantic slave trade, which involved the forced migration of millions of Africans to the Americas as slaves. The demand for labor in the European colonies led to the capture and transportation of Africans from various regions in Western Africa, particularly from areas such as Senegal, Guinea, and Angola. These individuals were forcibly brought to the Americas to work on plantations and in other industries, resulting in a significant population of African descent in the Western Hemisphere.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following most clearly differentiates the sixteenth century from the previous period in world history?

    • A.

      Establishment of nation-states in the Americas

    • B.

      Extension of sugar production in the Americas

    • C.

      Use of steamships

    • D.

      Interest in the Asian spice trade

    • E.

      Existence of slave trade

    Correct Answer
    B. Extension of sugar production in the Americas
    Explanation
    In the sixteenth century, there was a significant increase in sugar production in the Americas. This marked a clear difference from the previous period in world history as it led to the establishment of large-scale plantation economies and the mass exploitation of African slaves. The expansion of sugar production played a crucial role in shaping the social, economic, and political dynamics of the time, particularly in the Americas. The establishment of nation-states in the Americas, the use of steamships, interest in the Asian spice trade, and the existence of the slave trade were all important factors, but the extension of sugar production had the most significant impact in differentiating the sixteenth century from the previous period.

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  • 7. 

    All of the following factors contributed to significant growht in worldwide population between 1700 and 1800 EXCEPT

    • A.

      Decline of epidemic disease

    • B.

      Introduction of American food crops

    • C.

      Expansion of land under cultivation

    • D.

      Decline in infant mortality rates

    • E.

      Improvement in medical care

    Correct Answer
    E. Improvement in medical care
    Explanation
    The significant growth in worldwide population between 1700 and 1800 can be attributed to various factors such as the decline of epidemic diseases, the introduction of American food crops, the expansion of land under cultivation, and the decline in infant mortality rates. However, the one factor that did not contribute to this growth was the improvement in medical care. While medical care might have improved during this period, it did not have a significant impact on population growth compared to the other factors mentioned.

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  • 8. 

    Which of hte following was the most important factor in enabling the Spanish to defeat the Aztec Empire?

    • A.

      The Spanish were able to field larger amies than the Aztecs were.

    • B.

      Spanish tolerance of Aztec religion and culture weakened Aztec resistance.

    • C.

      The Spanish were able to exploit the poverty int eh Aztec Empire which caused revolt of Aztec farmers against the Aztec ruling class.

    • D.

      The Spanish were able to form military alliances with other indigenous peoples who were enemies of the Aztecs.

    • E.

      The Spanish were able to devise effective countermeasures to the horse cavalry that formed the bulk of the Aztec army.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Spanish were able to form military alliances with other indigenous peoples who were enemies of the Aztecs.
    Explanation
    The Spanish were able to form military alliances with other indigenous peoples who were enemies of the Aztecs. This allowed the Spanish to gain additional military support and resources, which played a crucial role in their victory over the Aztec Empire. By forming alliances with other indigenous groups who had grievances against the Aztecs, the Spanish were able to weaken the Aztec forces and divide their resistance. This strategic move gave the Spanish a significant advantage and contributed greatly to their success in defeating the Aztec Empire.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following statements is true about both the Mughal and Ottoman empires in the sixteenth century?

    • A.

      In each, the majority of hte people were Muslims.

    • B.

      Each had a powerful navy that engaged European navies.

    • C.

      Each had developed an efficient administrative structure.

    • D.

      Each enjoyed peaceful relations with its neighboring states.

    • E.

      Each gave little monetary support to artistic and cultural endeavors.

    Correct Answer
    C. Each had developed an efficient administrative structure.
    Explanation
    Both the Mughal and Ottoman empires in the sixteenth century had developed an efficient administrative structure. This means that both empires had established a system of governance that allowed them to effectively manage their territories and maintain control over their subjects. This efficient administrative structure would have included various institutions and officials responsible for tasks such as taxation, justice, and maintaining order. This similarity in administrative structure suggests that both empires recognized the importance of having a well-organized and functioning government to maintain their power and stability.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 17, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Msmslord
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