AP Review Quiz Chapter 9

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 188

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AP Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A major cause in the decline of union membership in the U.S. was a(n)
    • A. 

      Shift in the nation's economic life toward industrial production.

    • B. 

      Decline in public support for unions.

    • C. 

      Shift in the nation's economic life away from service delivery.

    • D. 

      Increase in the number of unions members with purposive incentives.

    • E. 

      Increase in the number of unions members with concurrent incentives.

  • 2. 
    The National Organization for Women (NOW) is an example of a feminist organization whose membership incentives are primarily
    • A. 

      Material.

    • B. 

      Purposive.

    • C. 

      Solidary.

    • D. 

      Sociological.

    • E. 

      Concurrent.

  • 3. 
    The Americans who are most likely to join interest groups are
    • A. 

      Religious people.

    • B. 

      People in small communities.

    • C. 

      People from the lower socioeconomic classes and members of minority groups.

    • D. 

      People in economic distress.

    • E. 

      People with better-than-average incomes.

  • 4. 
    Of the nearly 8,000 groups represented in Washington, approximately what percentage are corporations.
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      50

    • D. 

      70

    • E. 

      98

  • 5. 
    One reason interest groups are so common in the U.S. is that
    • A. 

      Society is relatively homogeneous.

    • B. 

      Political parties are relatively strong.

    • C. 

      Political authority resides in a handful of officials.

    • D. 

      Interest groups can easily gain access to government.

    • E. 

      A & C

  • 6. 
    The emergence of large, mass-membership unions was an example of interest groups forming as a result of
    • A. 

      Government policy.

    • B. 

      The evolution of talented leadership.

    • C. 

      The enlargement of governmental responsibilities.

    • D. 

      Broad economic developments.

    • E. 

      Legislative capitulation.

  • 7. 
    One type of interest group whose representation in Washington has skyrocketed since 1970 is the
    • A. 

      Professional organization.

    • B. 

      Trade association.

    • C. 

      Corporate lobby.

    • D. 

      Union lobbies.

    • E. 

      Public-interest lobby.

  • 8. 
    Americans are more likely to join ________ than are other citizens of other countries.
    • A. 

      Labor unions.

    • B. 

      Business and trade associations.

    • C. 

      Professional and charitable organizations.

    • D. 

      Religious and political associations.

    • E. 

      A & B

  • 9. 
    At some time in your life, you have probably joined a group largely for companionship and pleasure. Such a group was satisfying your __________ needs.
    • A. 

      Material.

    • B. 

      Purposive.

    • C. 

      Party.

    • D. 

      Solidary.

    • E. 

      Concurrent.

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of a material incentive?
    • A. 

      The opportunity for members to market their products through cooperative.

    • B. 

      Low-cost life insurance.

    • C. 

      The appeal of the organization's stated goals.

    • D. 

      Free assistance in preparing tax returns.

    • E. 

      Free assistance in estate planning.

  • 11. 
    Members of Public Citizen are most likely to have joined as a result of ___________ incentives.
    • A. 

      Solidary.

    • B. 

      Material.

    • C. 

      Purposive.

    • D. 

      Party.

    • E. 

      Concurrent.

  • 12. 
    Which consumer activist has spawned more than a dozen interest groups since the mid-1960s?
    • A. 

      Michael Moore.

    • B. 

      Michael Jackson.

    • C. 

      Ralph Nader.

    • D. 

      Willie Robertson.

    • E. 

      Gloria Steinem.

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements about a social movement is true?
    • A. 

      It is a widely shared demand for change.

    • B. 

      It must have liberal goals.

    • C. 

      It refers specifically to the political order.

    • D. 

      It is a 20th Century phenomenon.

    • E. 

      It can only take place when courts are open to the prospect of radical change in the law.

  • 14. 
    Lobbyists are restrained from misrepresenting facts or misleading legislators by
    • A. 

      The 1984 Truth-in-Lobbying Act.

    • B. 

      The open nature of the lobbying process.

    • C. 

      Governmental regulatory agencies such as FTA.

    • D. 

      The fear of losing legislator's trust and confidence.

    • E. 

      The supervision of the federal courts.

  • 15. 
    The primary purpose of legislativ ratings used by various interest groups is to
    • A. 

      Inform the general electorate of major issues.

    • B. 

      Compare the performances of different legislators.

    • C. 

      Provide a cover for illegal influence peddling.

    • D. 

      Influence the behavior of legislators.

    • E. 

      Guide administrative officers in the interpretation of federal regulations & statutes.

  • 16. 
    The 1993 Brady Bill was opposed by which of the following interest groups?
    • A. 

      The National Organization for Women (NOW)

    • B. 

      The National Rifle Association (NRA)

    • C. 

      The Sierra Club

    • D. 

      The NAACP

    • E. 

      The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)

  • 17. 
    The type of interest group that increased its numbers most rapidly in the early 1980s was the
    • A. 

      Corporate political action committee (PAC)

    • B. 

      Labor PAC

    • C. 

      Professional PAC

    • D. 

      Ideological PAC

    • E. 

      Legislative PAC

  • 18. 
    Sometimes money affects legislative behavior not so much by buying votes as by ensuring
    • A. 

      Access.

    • B. 

      Veto power.

    • C. 

      Procedural fairness.

    • D. 

      Favorable implementation.

    • E. 

      Sympathy in administrative hearings.

  • 19. 
    The term revolving door is used in the text to mean
    • A. 

      Entry-level jobs requiring little experience.

    • B. 

      Agencies frequently reflect the view of interest groups which lobby them directly.

    • C. 

      Administrations in which senior cabinet members serve very short terms.

    • D. 

      Lobbyists waiting inside the door to speak to officials.

    • E. 

      A departing government official joining a firm with which he or she had been doing business.

  • 20. 
    Interest-group activity is protected under the U.S. Constitution by the
    • A. 

      1st Amendment

    • B. 

      4th Amendment

    • C. 

      14th Amendment

    • D. 

      22nd Amendment

    • E. 

      None of the above.

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