The splitting of water yields molecular oxygen as a by-product.
The P680 chlorophyll donates a pair protons to NADPH, which is thus converted to NADP+
Light energy excites electrons in an antenna pigment in a photosynthetic unit.
The electron vacancies in P680 are filled by electrons derived from water.
The excitation is passed along to a molecule of P680 chlorophyll in the photsynthetic unit.
The final transfer of electrons to oxygen
Oxidation of glucose to CO2 and water
The thermodynamically favorable transfer to phosphate from glycolysis and the citric acid cycle intermediate molecules of ADP
The difference in H+ concentrations on opposite sides of the inner mitochondrial membrane.
The thermodynamically favorable flow of electrons from NADH to the mitochondrial electron transport carriers
A cell surface protein that requires transport from the ER
An mRNA produced by an egg cell that will be retained until after fertilization
An mRNA that is leaving the nucleus to be translated
A regulatory protein that requires sugar residues to be attached
A cyclin that usually acts in G1, now that the cell is in G2
They are easy to grow.
They have multiple restriction sites.
They have plasmids.
A and B are correct.
A and C are correct.
The absorption of light energy by chlorophyll
The synthesis of ATP
The flow of electrons from photosystem II to photosystem I
The reduction of NADP+
The splitting of water
Saturation of the enzyme activity
Denaturization of the enzyme
The activation energy of the reaction
The addition of hydrogen to NAD+
The force required to remove an electron from hydrogen
The transmembrane proton concentration gradient
Movement of hydrogen into the mitochondrion
Movement of hydrogen into the intermembrane space
Other transcription factors
Bacteria congregated in these areas due to an increase in the temperature of the red and blue light.
Bacteria released excess carbon dioxide in these areas.
Bacteria congregated in these areas due to an increase in the temperature caused by an increase in photosynthesis.
Bacteria are attracted to red and blue light and thus these wavelengths are more reactive than other wavelengths.
Bacteria congregated in these areas because these areas had the most oxygen being released.
RRNA and tRNA coding sequences
Non-protein coding DNA that is transcribed into several kinds of small RNAs without biological function
DNA that is translated directly without being transcribed
"junk" DNA that serves no possible purpose
Non-protein coding DNA that is transcribed into several kinds of small RNAs with biological function
The number of bacteria present would decrease due to an increase in the carbon dioxide concentration.
The number of bacteria present would increase due to an increase in the carbon dioxide concentration.
The number of bacteria would decrease due to a decrease in the temperature of the water.
The bacteria would be relatively evenly distributed along the algal filaments.
There would be no difference in results.
Some reactants will be converted to products.
The reaction proceeds with a net release of free energy.
The products have more total energy than the reactants.
A net input of energy from the surroundings is required for the reactions to proceed.
The reactions are nonspontaneous.
Has been oxidized as a result of a redox reaction involving the gain of an inorganic phosphate.
Has been reduced as a result of a redox reaction involving the loss of an inorganic phosphate.
How less energy than before its phosphorylation and therefore less energy for cellular work.
Has a decreased chemical reactivity; it is less likely to provide energy for cellular work.
Has an increased chemical reactivity; it is primed to do cellular work.
Exploring a way to turn on the expression of pseudogenes.
Targeting siRNAs to disable the expression of an allele associated with autosomal recessive disease
Looking for a way to prevent viral DNA from causing infection in humans
Creating knock-out organisms that can be useful for pharmaceutical drug design
Targeting siRNAS to disable the expression of an allele associated with autosomal dominant disease