Loss of sensation in a limited area of the body produced by administration of a local anesthetic or other agent proximal to sensory nerves
Loss of sensation in a small area of the body produced by administration of a local anesthetic agent in proximity to the area of interest
Loss of sensation of a localized area produced by administration of a local anesthetic directly to a body surface or to a surgical or traumatic wound
A drug-induced sleeplike state that impairs the ability of the patient to respond appropriately to stimuli
The administration of two or more agents in equal volume
Administration of multiple drugs concurrently in smaller quantities than would be required if each were given alone
General anesthesia in which the patient's physiological status remains stable
The administration of a local and general anesthetic concurrently
Anesthetic agents have wide therapeutic indices
There is always a risk to a patient safety when anesthetics are administered
Most anesthetics cause significant changes in cardiopulmonary function
Administration of anesthetics is routine and thus requires no specialized skills
"Your dog does not exercise much, does he, Mrs. Jones?"
"Does your dog exercise, Mrs. Jones?"
"How many times a week does your pet go for a walk or exercise, Mrs. Jones?"
"You don't give your dog as much exercise as you should, do you Mrs. Jones?"
Horses and cats are more sensitive to opioids than dogs and ruminants.
The use of anticholinergics is recommended in ruminants to avoid airway occlusion
Horses may fracture limbs during anesthetic recovery and thus require special attention during the recovery period
Large animals are prone to respiratory depression and dependent atelectasis and thus often require ventilatory support
Approximately 5-6% dehydrated
Approximately 6-8% dehydrated
Approximately 8-10% dehydrated
Approximately 12-15% dehydrated
Dogs: 8-12 hours
Horse: 2-4 hours
Cow: 24-48 hours
Small ruminant: 12-18 hours
Lactated Ringer's solution
Normal saline solution
Increase respiratory effort
A body temp of 103.4*F
A sinus arrhythmia
Cats and horses
Choose and administration set with an injection port
Give all IV drugs slowly unless told otherwise
Always follow IV injections through a catheter with sterile saline flush
Choose a catheter that is small in diameter to minimize the risk of bleeding