Eastside Prep - Ancient Civilizations And Their Wars

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Eastside Prep - Ancient Civilizations And Their Wars - Quiz


Test Your Knowledge On The Ancient Civilizations That Form the Foundations of Western Civilization.
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Assyria had to constantly defend itself because...

    • A.

      Other Nation-States thought they were punks

    • B.

      Their city was located in open land

    • C.

      They always started trouble with other Nation-States

    • D.

      Their city was filled with gold

    Correct Answer
    B. Their city was located in open land
    Explanation
    Assyria had to constantly defend itself because their city was located in open land. This made them vulnerable to attacks from neighboring Nation-States, as there were no natural barriers or geographical advantages to protect them. Being situated in open land made it easier for enemies to launch surprise attacks and invade their territory. Therefore, Assyria had to constantly be on guard and defend themselves to protect their city and maintain their sovereignty.

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  • 2. 

    What did the Assyrians use to batter down city walls?

    • A.

      Cannons

    • B.

      Bulls

    • C.

      Battering Ram

    • D.

      Fire

    Correct Answer
    C. Battering Ram
    Explanation
    The Assyrians used a battering ram to break down city walls. A battering ram is a large, heavy object typically made of wood or metal, with a ramming head on one end. It was used by ancient armies to repeatedly strike against walls or gates, eventually breaking through the defenses. This method was effective in breaching fortified structures and gaining access to enemy cities. Cannons were not used by the Assyrians, as they were developed much later in history. Bulls and fire were also not used as tools for breaking down city walls.

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  • 3. 

    What is an Archer?

    • A.

      One who makes Arches

    • B.

      One who builds castles

    • C.

      One who uses a bow and arrows

    • D.

      One who fights in the hillside

    Correct Answer
    C. One who uses a bow and arrows
    Explanation
    An archer is someone who uses a bow and arrows. This person is skilled in the art of shooting arrows accurately at a target. Archery has been practiced for centuries and has been used for hunting, warfare, and sport. The correct answer is "One who uses a bow and arrows."

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  • 4. 

    Area A on the map represents...

    • A.

      Mesopotamia

    • B.

      The Nile Delta

    • C.

      Canaan

    • D.

      Upper Egypt

    Correct Answer
    B. The Nile Delta
    Explanation
    Area A on the map represents the Nile Delta. The Nile Delta is the triangular-shaped region where the Nile River fans out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea. It is located in northern Egypt and is known for its fertile soil and agricultural productivity. The Nile Delta has been a significant region throughout history, with ancient civilizations such as the Egyptians relying on its rich resources for sustenance and trade.

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  • 5. 

    Select the correct answers for the blanks.As its name suggests, Mesopotamia was located between two __________, which were the ____________ and the ____________.

    • A.

      Streams, Jordan, Ratch

    • B.

      Rivers, Tigris, Euphrates

    • C.

      Mountains, Olympus, Alps

    • D.

      Rivers, Jordan, Thames

    Correct Answer
    B. Rivers, Tigris, Euphrates
    Explanation
    Mesopotamia was an ancient region located between two rivers, namely the Tigris and Euphrates. These rivers played a crucial role in the development of Mesopotamian civilization, as they provided a constant water supply for irrigation, transportation, and trade. The fertile land between these rivers allowed for the growth of agriculture, which in turn supported the growth of cities and the establishment of complex societies. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers were the lifelines of Mesopotamia, shaping its geography, economy, and culture.

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  • 6. 

    Which letter represents the Tigris River?

    • A.

      H

    • B.

      G

    • C.

      A

    • D.

      I

    • E.

      C

    Correct Answer
    D. I
    Explanation
    The letter "I" represents the Tigris River.

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  • 7. 

    Which letter represents Upper Egypt?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      G

    • C.

      F

    • D.

      H

    • E.

      C

    Correct Answer
    E. C
    Explanation
    The letter "C" represents Upper Egypt.

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  • 8. 

    The Mediterranean Sea is represented by which letter?

    • A.

      D

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      None of the Above

    • E.

      A

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B. The Mediterranean Sea is represented by the letter B.

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  • 9. 

    One way to identify the area in which the Nile empties into the Mediterranean is by the shape it takes, which is....

    • A.

      Circular

    • B.

      Triangular

    • C.

      Rectangular

    • D.

      Ovular

    • E.

      Square

    Correct Answer
    B. Triangular
    Explanation
    The correct answer is triangular. The Nile River empties into the Mediterranean Sea in a triangular shape. This can be observed on maps or satellite images where the river widens as it approaches the coast, forming a delta that resembles a triangle. The triangular shape is created by the sediment carried by the river and deposited at its mouth, creating a fan-like pattern. This delta is an important feature of the Nile and is known as the Nile Delta.

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  • 10. 

    What is the source of the Nile?

    • A.

      Lake Hudson

    • B.

      Lake Nile

    • C.

      The Blue Nile

    • D.

      Lake Simon

    • E.

      Lake Victoria

    Correct Answer
    E. Lake Victoria
    Explanation
    Lake Victoria is considered the source of the Nile because it is the largest lake in Africa and the second-largest freshwater lake in the world. The Nile River starts from Lake Victoria and flows northward through several countries before emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. The lake is located in Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya, and its waters contribute significantly to the flow of the Nile.

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  • 11. 

    Which part of Egypt is closer to the mountains of Africa?

    • A.

      Upper Egypt

    • B.

      Lower Egypt

    Correct Answer
    A. Upper Egypt
    Explanation
    Upper Egypt is closer to the mountains of Africa because it is located in the southern part of Egypt, while Lower Egypt is in the northern part. The mountains of Africa are primarily located in the eastern and southern regions of the continent, so being in the southern part of Egypt would make Upper Egypt closer to these mountain ranges.

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  • 12. 

    Which part of Egypt is closer to the Mediterranean?

    • A.

      Lower Egypt

    • B.

      Upper Egypt

    Correct Answer
    A. Lower Egypt
    Explanation
    Lower Egypt is closer to the Mediterranean because it is located in the northern region of Egypt, while Upper Egypt is in the southern region. The Mediterranean Sea borders the northern coast of Egypt, so Lower Egypt, being in closer proximity to the coast, is naturally closer to the Mediterranean.

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  • 13. 

    Which current Nation is located in the area of Mesopotamia?

    • A.

      Sudan

    • B.

      Afghanistan

    • C.

      Libya

    • D.

      Iraq

    • E.

      India

    Correct Answer
    D. Iraq
    Explanation
    Mesopotamia is an ancient region located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, which is now in present-day Iraq. The correct answer is Iraq because it is the only option that corresponds to the geographical area of Mesopotamia. Sudan, Afghanistan, Libya, and India are not located in this region.

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  • 14. 

    Mesopotamia was part of a larger region called the ____________________.  This area, that stretched from the eastern edge of the _____________________ down to the Persian Gulf, had ________________ soil and was where many civilizations started.  

    • A.

      Fertile Kingdom, Mediterranean Sea, rocky

    • B.

      Fertile Crescent, Mediterranean Sea, fertile

    • C.

      Crescent Moon, Nile River, fertile

    • D.

      Black Crescent, Mediterranean Sea, black

    Correct Answer
    B. Fertile Crescent, Mediterranean Sea, fertile
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Fertile Crescent, Mediterranean Sea, fertile. Mesopotamia was part of a larger region called the Fertile Crescent, which stretched from the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea down to the Persian Gulf. This region had fertile soil and was where many civilizations started.

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  • 15. 

    What first began in Sumerian cities?

    • A.

      Hunter gather culture

    • B.

      Sea travel

    • C.

      Writing

    • D.

      The first alphabet

    Correct Answer
    C. Writing
    Explanation
    Writing first began in Sumerian cities. The Sumerians, who lived in Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq) around 3000 BCE, developed a system of writing known as cuneiform. This system involved using wedge-shaped marks on clay tablets to represent different sounds and concepts. Writing was essential for record-keeping, administration, and communication in Sumerian society. The invention of writing in Sumerian cities marked a significant development in human history, as it allowed for the preservation and transmission of knowledge and ideas across generations.

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  • 16. 

    What does the dash-outlined area on the this map represent?

    • A.

      The Egyptian Empire

    • B.

      The Canaanite Rivers

    • C.

      The Fertile Crescent

    • D.

      The Greek Empire

    Correct Answer
    C. The Fertile Crescent
    Explanation
    The dash-outlined area on the map represents the Fertile Crescent. This region is known for its fertile soil and favorable climate, which allowed for the development of early civilizations. It encompasses parts of modern-day Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, and Palestine. The Fertile Crescent is often referred to as the "Cradle of Civilization" as it is where some of the earliest human civilizations, such as the Sumerians and Babylonians, emerged.

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  • 17. 

    The Fertile Crescent derives its name from which facts?

    • A.

      It was a Crescent Moon shaped area with very rich soil

    • B.

      It was a Crescent Moon shaped area where women had many children

    • C.

      It was a Crescent Moon shaped area with very poor soil

    • D.

      It was an area with fertile soil where the Crescent River flowed

    Correct Answer
    A. It was a Crescent Moon shaped area with very rich soil
    Explanation
    The Fertile Crescent derives its name from the fact that it was a Crescent Moon shaped area with very rich soil. This area, located in the Middle East, was known for its fertile land which was ideal for agriculture. The shape of the area resembled that of a crescent moon, hence the name "Fertile Crescent". The rich soil supported the growth of various crops and allowed civilizations to thrive in this region.

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  • 18. 

    Which letter on this map represents the Euphrates River?

    • A.

      I

    • B.

      H

    • C.

      G

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. H
  • 19. 

    What does the word Mesopotamia mean?

    • A.

      Land of Potatoes

    • B.

      Land of Many Mountains

    • C.

      Land Between Two Rivers

    • D.

      Land of 10,000 Lakes

    Correct Answer
    C. Land Between Two Rivers
    Explanation
    Mesopotamia means "Land Between Two Rivers." This term refers to the region located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the Middle East, which is known as the cradle of civilization. The fertile land between these rivers allowed for the development of agriculture and the growth of ancient civilizations such as Sumer, Babylon, and Assyria. The term "Land Between Two Rivers" accurately describes the geographical location and significance of Mesopotamia in history.

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  • 20. 

    What description best fits Mesopotamia?

    • A.

      The Cradle of Civilization

    • B.

      The Mother of All Nations

    • C.

      The Land of the Rising Sun

    • D.

      The Leader of the Free World

    Correct Answer
    A. The Cradle of Civilization
    Explanation
    Mesopotamia is often referred to as the "Cradle of Civilization" because it is considered one of the earliest civilizations in human history. It was located in the region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, in what is now modern-day Iraq. Mesopotamia is known for its advancements in agriculture, writing, law, and architecture, which laid the foundation for many future civilizations. The term "Cradle of Civilization" highlights the significance and influence of Mesopotamia in the development of human civilization.

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  • 21. 

    The word "agrarian" is used to describe which of the following? 

    • A.

      War based cultures

    • B.

      Fishing based cultures

    • C.

      Hunter gatherer cultures

    • D.

      Migrant cultures

    • E.

      Farming based cultures

    Correct Answer
    E. Farming based cultures
    Explanation
    The word "agrarian" is used to describe farming based cultures. Agrarian societies are characterized by their reliance on agriculture as the primary means of sustenance and economic activity. These societies typically cultivate crops and raise livestock for food and other resources. The term "agrarian" is derived from the Latin word "ager," which means "field" or "land."

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  • 22. 

    Which was a major advantage of having a farm-based culture that yielded surplus food?

    • A.

      People could use farming instruments in warfare

    • B.

      People could build weapons from farming byproducts.

    • C.

      People could stop farming and begin doing other things, like building a city.

    • D.

      Crop fields made it difficult for invading armies to advance.

    Correct Answer
    C. People could stop farming and begin doing other things, like building a city.
    Explanation
    A major advantage of having a farm-based culture that yielded surplus food is that people could stop farming and begin doing other things, like building a city. When a society has enough food surplus, it allows individuals to specialize in other occupations and activities beyond agriculture. This specialization leads to the development of cities, where people can engage in trade, crafts, governance, and other non-agricultural pursuits. The surplus food provides the foundation for the growth and development of a more complex society.

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  • 23. 

    Sumerian city streets were so narrow that you could hardly get a cart through them.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because Sumerian city streets were indeed narrow, making it difficult for carts to pass through. This can be attributed to the fact that the city streets were designed for pedestrian traffic rather than for vehicles. The narrow streets were a common feature in ancient cities, including those in Sumer, due to various reasons such as limited space, security concerns, and the need for shade in the hot climate.

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  • 24. 

    Sumerian houses faced away from crowded streets. Instead, they faced onto courtyards where families ate and children played.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sumerian houses faced away from crowded streets and instead faced onto courtyards where families ate and children played. This suggests that the statement "Sumerian houses faced away from crowded streets" is true.

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  • 25. 

    Although the Sumerians were very wise, they never managed to develop indoor plumbing.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the Sumerians were not able to develop indoor plumbing, which is false. The Sumerians were actually one of the first civilizations to develop advanced plumbing systems. They built intricate networks of canals, drains, and sewers to manage water and waste. They also invented clay pipes and toilets with flushing mechanisms. Their expertise in engineering and hydraulics allowed them to create sophisticated plumbing systems that were far ahead of their time.

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  • 26. 

    What is Polytheism?

    • A.

      The belief in one god

    • B.

      The belief that god is not real

    • C.

      The belief that god is evil

    • D.

      The belief in a female god named Polly

    • E.

      The belief in many gods

    Correct Answer
    E. The belief in many gods
    Explanation
    Polytheism is the belief in many gods. This belief system acknowledges the existence of multiple deities, each with their own distinct powers and characteristics. Unlike monotheism, which believes in a single god, polytheism recognizes and worships multiple gods. This can be seen in various ancient mythologies and religions, such as Greek mythology, Hinduism, and ancient Egyptian religion.

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  • 27. 

    In Sumer, Gods were worshiped in temples called what?

    • A.

      Spinx

    • B.

      Ziggurats

    • C.

      Pyramids

    • D.

      Shrines

    • E.

      Olmecs

    Correct Answer
    B. Ziggurats
    Explanation
    In Sumer, the Gods were worshiped in temples called Ziggurats. Ziggurats were large, stepped structures that served as religious centers and were believed to be the dwelling places of the Gods. They were made of mud bricks and had multiple levels, with each level dedicated to a specific deity. The Ziggurats were considered sacred and were the focal point of religious rituals and ceremonies in ancient Sumer.

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  • 28. 

    It was believed that the Gods used Ziggurats as ladders to descend to earth.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ziggurats were ancient Mesopotamian temple towers that were believed to be the dwelling places of the gods. It was commonly believed that these structures served as a connection between heaven and earth, allowing the gods to descend to the mortal realm. The belief in gods using ziggurats as ladders to descend to earth was an integral part of ancient Mesopotamian religious beliefs and practices. Therefore, the statement that it was believed that the gods used ziggurats as ladders to descend to earth is true.

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  • 29. 

    What does B.C.E. mean?

    • A.

      Before Civilized Events

    • B.

      Before the Christian Era

    • C.

      Before Christmas Eve

    • D.

      Before Critical Evolution

    • E.

      Before Critical Events

    Correct Answer
    B. Before the Christian Era
    Explanation
    B.C.E. stands for Before the Christian Era, which refers to the time period before the birth of Jesus Christ. This term is used as an alternative to B.C. (Before Christ) to be more inclusive and neutral, as it does not assume a Christian perspective. It is commonly used in academic and historical contexts to denote dates and events that occurred prior to the Christian era.

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  • 30. 

    What does A.D. mean

    • A.

      After Death

    • B.

      In the Year of Our Lord

    • C.

      Altered Dates

    • D.

      After Destiny

    • E.

      After Destruction

    Correct Answer
    B. In the Year of Our Lord
    Explanation
    A.D. stands for "Anno Domini," which is Latin for "In the Year of Our Lord." It is used to denote years after the birth of Jesus Christ in the Gregorian calendar. This phrase is commonly used in historical and religious contexts to specify the time period.

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  • 31. 

    Which is not true of City States?

    • A.

      They each had their own ruler

    • B.

      They operated much like nations

    • C.

      They never fought wars

    • D.

      They were usually located near rivers

    Correct Answer
    C. They never fought wars
    Explanation
    City States were independent political entities that operated much like nations, each having their own ruler. They were usually located near rivers, which provided them with access to water for agriculture and trade. However, it is not true that City States never fought wars. In fact, conflicts between City States were quite common, as they competed for resources, land, and power. These wars often involved alliances, military strategies, and territorial disputes, highlighting the complex and competitive nature of City State politics.

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  • 32. 

    How did Sumer begin to become weakened?

    • A.

      They were constantly at war with each other

    • B.

      They ran out of farm land

    • C.

      They ran out of water

    • D.

      Disease ravaged the population

    Correct Answer
    A. They were constantly at war with each other
    Explanation
    Sumer began to weaken because they were constantly at war with each other. This constant state of conflict and warfare would have drained their resources, depleted their population, and hindered their ability to govern effectively. The continuous fighting would have also disrupted trade and economic activities, further contributing to their decline.

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  • 33. 

    Which group of people conquered Sumer?

    • A.

      The Carthaginians

    • B.

      The Canaanites

    • C.

      The Medes

    • D.

      The Babylonians

    • E.

      The Egyptians

    Correct Answer
    D. The Babylonians
    Explanation
    The Babylonians conquered Sumer.

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  • 34. 

    Which best describes and empire?

    • A.

      An area of many territories and people that are controlled by one government.

    • B.

      An area with many large buildings

    • C.

      A nation where people own slaves

    • D.

      A city-state with many farms

    Correct Answer
    A. An area of many territories and people that are controlled by one government.
    Explanation
    The correct answer describes an empire as an area that encompasses multiple territories and people, all under the control of a single government. This definition captures the essence of an empire, which typically extends its influence and authority over a vast and diverse range of regions and populations. The other options, such as an area with large buildings or a nation where people own slaves, do not adequately capture the comprehensive nature of an empire.

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  • 35. 

    Which king of Babylon united the conquered cities of Sumer?

    • A.

      Maat

    • B.

      Seth

    • C.

      Hammurabi

    • D.

      Sargon

    Correct Answer
    C. Hammurabi
    Explanation
    Hammurabi is the correct answer because he was the king of Babylon who united the conquered cities of Sumer. He is famous for creating one of the earliest known legal codes, the Code of Hammurabi, which unified the laws and regulations of the various city-states under his rule. This code played a significant role in creating a sense of unity and stability within the region.

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  • 36. 

    What is a caravan?

    • A.

      A group of travelers

    • B.

      A breed of camel

    • C.

      A breed of horse

    • D.

      A desert bandit

    Correct Answer
    A. A group of travelers
    Explanation
    A caravan refers to a group of travelers who journey together, typically for safety, convenience, or trade purposes. It can consist of individuals on foot, riding animals, or traveling in vehicles. This term is commonly used to describe groups traveling through deserts or remote areas where support and resources are limited. The answer "A group of travelers" accurately describes the meaning of a caravan.

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  • 37. 

    What were special Babylonian markets, where people could shop for Indian cotton cloth and Egyptian spices, called?

    • A.

      Dirges

    • B.

      Walmeres

    • C.

      City-States

    • D.

      Bazaars

    Correct Answer
    D. Bazaars
    Explanation
    Bazaars were special Babylonian markets where people could shop for Indian cotton cloth and Egyptian spices. Bazaars were known for their diverse range of goods and were popular trading hubs in ancient Babylon. They provided a platform for the exchange of various commodities, including textiles and spices, from different regions, making them unique and significant in facilitating trade and commerce.

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  • 38. 

    The 282 Babylonian laws, developed by their king, were called...

    • A.

      The code of Hammurabi

    • B.

      The Torah

    • C.

      The Ancient Code

    • D.

      The Epic of Gilgamesh

    Correct Answer
    A. The code of Hammurabi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The code of Hammurabi. The 282 Babylonian laws were developed by their king, Hammurabi, and were known as the code of Hammurabi. This code was one of the earliest known legal systems and was inscribed on a stone monument for all to see. It covered a wide range of topics, including crime, property, and family law, and was intended to bring justice and order to the Babylonian society. The code of Hammurabi is an important historical document that provides insights into the legal and social practices of ancient Mesopotamia.

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  • 39. 

    Fill in the blank for Law number 196.If a man put out the ______ of another man, his ______ shall be put out.

    Correct Answer
    eye
    Eye
    Explanation
    If a man intentionally causes harm to the eye of another person, then his own eye will be intentionally harmed as a form of punishment. This law implies that the punishment should be equal to the harm caused, in this case, eye for an eye. The use of capital "E" in the second blank emphasizes the importance of the eye and the severity of the punishment.

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  • 40. 

    The object in the picture has the code of Hammurabi written on it. What is this object called?

    • A.

      A Tel

    • B.

      A Stela

    • C.

      A Pictograph

    • D.

      A Spinx

    Correct Answer
    B. A Stela
    Explanation
    The object in the picture is called a Stela. A Stela is a stone or wooden slab, typically decorated with inscriptions or carvings, that serves as a monument or marker. In this case, the code of Hammurabi is written on the Stela, indicating its historical significance.

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  • 41. 

    Which is not true of Hammurabi?

    • A.

      Hammurabi conquered many of the neighboring cities, and he kept expanding his empire.

    • B.

      Hammurabi would often go to war against his allies as well.

    • C.

      Each time that Babylon would conquer another city, Hammurabi would take the city’s chariots, weapons, tools, and all their riches.

    • D.

      Though Hammurabi formed a large and rich empire, the people that ruled after him could not keep it together.

    • E.

      Hammurabi was a poor military strategist and lost too many troops during war.

    Correct Answer
    E. Hammurabi was a poor military strategist and lost too many troops during war.
    Explanation
    Hammurabi was not a poor military strategist and did not lose too many troops during war. This is evident from the statement that he conquered many neighboring cities and kept expanding his empire. Additionally, it is mentioned that each time Babylon conquered another city, Hammurabi would take their chariots, weapons, tools, and riches, indicating successful military campaigns. Therefore, the statement that Hammurabi was a poor military strategist and lost too many troops during war is not true.

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  • 42. 

    What does the word Babylon mean?

    • A.

      Gate of Heaven

    • B.

      Gate of God

    • C.

      Gate of The Rivers

    • D.

      Door of Heaven

    • E.

      Door of the Gods

    Correct Answer
    B. Gate of God
    Explanation
    The word "Babylon" is derived from the Akkadian word "Babilu," which means "Gate of God." This name refers to the ancient city of Babylon, which was considered a religious and cultural center in Mesopotamia. The city was believed to be the gateway between the earthly world and the divine realm, hence the name "Gate of God."

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  • 43. 

    What is true of the Assyrians?

    • A.

      They lived in cities that had no walls

    • B.

      They lacked the skills to defend themselves

    • C.

      They managed to conquer Egypt

    • D.

      The were skilled warriors

    Correct Answer
    D. The were skilled warriors
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Assyrians were skilled warriors. This can be inferred from the other options provided. The fact that they managed to conquer Egypt suggests that they were formidable in battle and had military prowess. The options stating that they lived in cities with no walls and lacked the skills to defend themselves contradict the idea that they were skilled warriors. Therefore, the most logical conclusion is that the Assyrians were indeed skilled warriors.

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  • 44. 

    What is the name of the successful and ruthless Assyrian king shown in this picture?

    • A.

      Nebuchadnezzar

    • B.

      Sargon II

    • C.

      Horus

    • D.

      Seth

    Correct Answer
    B. Sargon II
    Explanation
    Sargon II is the correct answer because he was a successful and ruthless Assyrian king. The picture likely shows an image of Sargon II, which is why he is the correct choice. Nebuchadnezzar, Horus, and Seth are not relevant to the Assyrian kingdom and do not fit the description of being successful and ruthless.

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  • 45. 

    What was the capitol city of the Assyrians?

    • A.

      Nineveh

    • B.

      Athens

    • C.

      Memphis

    • D.

      Ur

    Correct Answer
    A. Nineveh
    Explanation
    Nineveh was the capital city of the Assyrians. The Assyrians were an ancient Mesopotamian civilization that flourished from the 25th century BC until its fall in 612 BC. Nineveh was located on the eastern bank of the Tigris River in present-day Iraq. It was a major political, cultural, and military center of the Assyrian Empire. The city was known for its impressive architecture, including the famous palace of King Sennacherib. Nineveh's strategic location and its role as the capital made it a significant city in the ancient world.

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  • 46. 

    What was Nineveh famous for?

    • A.

      Its Hanging Gardens

    • B.

      Its Pyramids

    • C.

      Its Library

    • D.

      Its Steam Baths

    Correct Answer
    C. Its Library
    Explanation
    Nineveh was famous for its library. The Library of Nineveh was one of the largest and most important libraries in the ancient world. It housed a vast collection of clay tablets containing various texts, including historical records, religious texts, and literature. The library was a symbol of knowledge and learning in Nineveh, and it attracted scholars and intellectuals from different parts of the world. Its destruction by fire in 612 BC was a great loss to the ancient world's intellectual heritage.

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  • 47. 

    Although the Assyrians were skilled at putting down rebellions two groups joined together to smash them. Who were these groups?

    • A.

      The Medes and Chaldeans

    • B.

      The Egyptians and Babylonians

    • C.

      The Romans and Athenians

    • D.

      The Egyptians and Canaanites

    Correct Answer
    A. The Medes and Chaldeans
    Explanation
    The Medes and Chaldeans joined together to smash the Assyrians because despite the Assyrians' skill at putting down rebellions, these two groups were able to overpower them.

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  • 48. 

    Who was the greatest king of the new Babylon?

    • A.

      Seth

    • B.

      Sargon II

    • C.

      Nebuchadnezzar II

    • D.

      Sargon I

    Correct Answer
    C. Nebuchadnezzar II
    Explanation
    Nebuchadnezzar II is considered the greatest king of the new Babylon because of his significant accomplishments and contributions to the empire. He ruled for 43 years and is known for his military campaigns, including the conquest of Jerusalem and the destruction of the First Temple. Nebuchadnezzar II also played a crucial role in the expansion and beautification of Babylon, constructing magnificent structures such as the Hanging Gardens, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. His reign marked a period of prosperity and power for the Babylonian Empire, solidifying his status as the greatest king.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following was one of the 7 ancient wonders of the world found in Babylon?

    • A.

      The Taj Mahal

    • B.

      The Spinx

    • C.

      The Hanging Gardens

    • D.

      The Pyramids

    Correct Answer
    C. The Hanging Gardens
    Explanation
    The Hanging Gardens were one of the 7 ancient wonders of the world found in Babylon. They were known for their lush greenery and intricate irrigation system, which allowed plants to grow on elevated terraces. The gardens were considered a marvel of engineering and were built by King Nebuchadnezzar II to please his wife. Despite their beauty, the exact location and existence of the Hanging Gardens remain debated among historians and archaeologists.

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  • 50. 

    Which is not true of the New Babylon under the Chaldeans?

    • A.

      New Babylonian empire became a center of learning and science.

    • B.

      Chaldean astronomers charted stars and measured the correct length of the year.

    • C.

      The Chaldeans included human sacrifice as part of their worship system.

    • D.

      Chaldean farmers raised bees for their honey.

    • E.

      Many people came to Babylon to share ideas and discoveries.

    Correct Answer
    C. The Chaldeans included human sacrifice as part of their worship system.
    Explanation
    During the time of the Chaldeans, the New Babylonian empire indeed became a center of learning and science. Chaldean astronomers made significant contributions by charting stars and accurately measuring the length of the year. Chaldean farmers were known for raising bees to produce honey. Additionally, Babylon attracted many individuals who came to share ideas and discoveries. However, it is not true that the Chaldeans included human sacrifice as part of their worship system.

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