Anatomy II Quiz 1

75 Questions | Total Attempts: 138

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Anatomy II Quiz 1

We hope you’ve been studying up on what you’ve learned on Anatomy so far, because it’s time to see if you’ve been paying attention in class. What have you learned about elements like the nervous system and the different hormones? Find out in this Anatomy II Quiz 1!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    All of the follwing are true of the nervous system except that it does not
    • A. 

      Communicate by the release of neurotransmitters

    • B. 

      Function independently

    • C. 

      Respond with motor output

    • D. 

      Respond to rapidly to stimuli

    • E. 

      Responds specifically to stimuli

  • 2. 
    Endocrine cells
    • A. 

      Release their secretions directly into body fluids

    • B. 

      Are a type of nerve cells

    • C. 

      Are modified connective-tissue cells

    • D. 

      Release their secreations into epithelial surface

    • E. 

      Contains new vesicles

  • 3. 
    Peptide hormones are
    • A. 

      Composed of amino acids

    • B. 

      Chemically related to cholesterol

    • C. 

      Derived from the amino acid tyrpsine

    • D. 

      Prodices by the suprarenal glands

    • E. 

      Lipids

  • 4. 
    All of the following are true of steriod hormones except that they
    • A. 

      Are derived from cholesterol

    • B. 

      Are produced by reproductive glands

    • C. 

      Are produced by the suprarenal glands

    • D. 

      Are lipids

    • E. 

      Bind to receptors within the cell

  • 5. 
    Extracelluar membrane receptors are used by which of the following types of hormones?
    • A. 

      Catecholamines

    • B. 

      Peptide hormones

    • C. 

      Eicosanoids

    • D. 

      Thyroid

    • E. 

      A,b,and c

  • 6. 
    Steriod hormones
    • A. 

      Are transported in the blood dissolved in the plasma

    • B. 

      Cannot diffuse through the cell membranes

    • C. 

      Bind to receptors in the nucleus of their target cells

    • D. 

      Are proteins

    • E. 

      Remain in circulation for relatively short periods of time

  • 7. 
    Hormones can be divided into different groups based on their chemistry. these categories include
    • A. 

      Amino acid derivatives

    • B. 

      Peptides

    • C. 

      Eicosanoids

    • D. 

      Steriods

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    Hormonal actions on cells include those that affect
    • A. 

      Quantities of enzymes

    • B. 

      Synthesis of enzymes

    • C. 

      Activities of enyzmyes

    • D. 

      Gating ion channel

    • E. 

      Any of the above

  • 9. 
    The most complex endocrine responses involve the
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Suprerenal glands

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Thymus gland

    • E. 

      Thyroid gland

  • 10. 
    Hormone release may be controlled by which of the following factors?
    • A. 

      Blood level of an ion like potassim

    • B. 

      Blood level of glucose

    • C. 

      Nervous stimuli

    • D. 

      Blood level of hormone

    • E. 

      Any of the above

  • 11. 
    Changes in bloos osmotic pressure would most affect the secreation of
    • A. 

      Oxytocin

    • B. 

      TSH

    • C. 

      LH

    • D. 

      ADH

    • E. 

      ACTH

  • 12. 
    Regulatory factors that control secration of adenohpophyseal hormones are released by neurons at the _______ of the hypothalamus
    • A. 

      Supraoptic nuclei

    • B. 

      Geniculate bodies

    • C. 

      Infundibulum

    • D. 

      Paraventicular nuclei

    • E. 

      Median eminence

  • 13. 
    The hypothamlamus controls secretion by the adenohypophysis by
    • A. 

      Altering ion concentraions and pH in the anterior pituitary

    • B. 

      Secreating releasing and inhibiting factors into a tiny portal system

    • C. 

      Indirect osmotic control

    • D. 

      Direct neural stimulation

    • E. 

      Gap synaptic junctions

  • 14. 
    Neurons of the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei of the hypthalamus manufacture
    • A. 

      FSH and PRL

    • B. 

      CRP and GnRH

    • C. 

      TSH and FSH

    • D. 

      ADH and oxytocin

    • E. 

      GHIH and GHRH

  • 15. 
    The posterior pituitary gland secreates
    • A. 

      ACTH

    • B. 

      FSH

    • C. 

      TSH

    • D. 

      MSH

    • E. 

      ADH

  • 16. 
    Each of the following hormones is produced by the pars distalis of the adenohypophysis, except
    • A. 

      Oxytocin

    • B. 

      FSH

    • C. 

      Corticotropin

    • D. 

      TSH

    • E. 

      Somatotropin

  • 17. 
    Growth hormone does all of the following, except that it
    • A. 

      Promotes muscle growth

    • B. 

      Is gluclose sparing

    • C. 

      Promotes bone growth

    • D. 

      Promotes amino acid uptake by cells

    • E. 

      Causes fat accumulation with adipocytes

  • 18. 
    The pituitary hormone that triggers the release of thyroid horomine from the thyroid gland is
    • A. 

      FSH

    • B. 

      LH

    • C. 

      ACTH

    • D. 

      TSH

    • E. 

      GH

  • 19. 
    The pituitary hormone that promotes egg development in ovaries and sperm development in testes is
    • A. 

      LH

    • B. 

      TSH

    • C. 

      GH

    • D. 

      ACTH

    • E. 

      FSH

  • 20. 
    The pituitary hormone that stimulates milk production by the mammary glands is
    • A. 

      ACTH

    • B. 

      Prolactin

    • C. 

      FSH

    • D. 

      Growth hormone

    • E. 

      TSh

  • 21. 
    The pituitary hormone that causes the kidney to reduce water loss is
    • A. 

      FSH

    • B. 

      MSH

    • C. 

      TSH

    • D. 

      STH

    • E. 

      ADH

  • 22. 
    Mental and physical sluggishness and low body temperature may be signs of
    • A. 

      Hypoparathyroidism

    • B. 

      Hyperthyroidism

    • C. 

      Hypothyroidism

    • D. 

      Hyperparathyroidism

    • E. 

      Being a turtle on ice

  • 23. 
    A hormone that can lower blood levels of calcium ions is
    • A. 

      Oxytocin

    • B. 

      Thyroxine

    • C. 

      Calcitonin

    • D. 

      Glucagon

    • E. 

      Parathyroid hormone

  • 24. 
    The C cell of the thyroid gland procude
    • A. 

      Triiodthyronine

    • B. 

      Calcitonin

    • C. 

      PTH

    • D. 

      TSH

    • E. 

      Thyroxine

  • 25. 
    The hormone that does the opposite of calcionin is
    • A. 

      Growth hormone

    • B. 

      Thyroid hormone

    • C. 

      Glucagon

    • D. 

      Insulin

    • E. 

      Parathyroid hormone

Back to Top Back to top