Anatomy And Physiology Questions - Metabolism And Nutrition

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 3726

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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - Metabolism And Nutrition - Quiz

Questions about metabolism and nutrition. Linked to the "Maturity 2" case unit.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Chemical reactions that combine simple molecules and monomers to form complex structures are known as
    • A. 

      Metabolism

    • B. 

      Anabolism

    • C. 

      Catabolism

    • D. 

      Metatheses

    • E. 

      Oxidation reactions

  • 2. 
    When the terminal phosphate is cut off ATP what is formed?
    • A. 

      Adenosine diphosphate

    • B. 

      GTP

    • C. 

      Adenosine monophosphate

    • D. 

      Metabolic water

    • E. 

      Glucose

  • 3. 
    Oxidation is
    • A. 

      The removal of protons

    • B. 

      The removal of electrons

    • C. 

      The removal of neutrons

    • D. 

      The addition of protons

    • E. 

      The addition of electrons

  • 4. 
    Reduction is the
    • A. 

      Removal of protons

    • B. 

      Removal of electrons

    • C. 

      Removal of neutrons

    • D. 

      Addition of protons

    • E. 

      Addition of electrions

  • 5. 
    This is a derivative of vitamin B.
    • A. 

      NAD

    • B. 

      FAD

    • C. 

      Lactic acid

    • D. 

      Pyruvic acid

    • E. 

      ADP

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is not a form of phosphorylation?
    • A. 

      Reduction phosphorylation

    • B. 

      Substrate level phosphorylation

    • C. 

      Oxidative phosphorylation

    • D. 

      Photophosphorylation

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    Glycogenesis is NOT
    • A. 

      Performed by the hepatocytes

    • B. 

      Performed by muscle fibres

    • C. 

      A way to make glycogen

    • D. 

      A way to make glucose

    • E. 

      Only seen in the liver

  • 8. 
    This process is the synthesis of triglycerides.
    • A. 

      Glucogenesis

    • B. 

      Lipogenesis

    • C. 

      Phosphorylation

    • D. 

      Glycolysis

    • E. 

      Lipolysis

  • 9. 
    This reaction oxidizes acetyl co-A to produce carbon dioxide, ATP, NADH=H and FADH2.
    • A. 

      Glycolysis

    • B. 

      Formation of acety co-A

    • C. 

      Krebs cycle

    • D. 

      Electron transport chain

    • E. 

      Phosphorylation

  • 10. 
    Glycolysis, formation of acety co-A, Krebs cycle and the electron transport chain are all involved in:
    • A. 

      Lipogenesis

    • B. 

      Gluconeogenesis

    • C. 

      Glucose catabolism

    • D. 

      Formation of glycogen

    • E. 

      Formation of vitamin C

  • 11. 
    This is the key regulator of the rate of glycolysis.
    • A. 

      ATP

    • B. 

      NADH

    • C. 

      Phosphofructokinase

    • D. 

      Glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate

    • E. 

      FAD

  • 12. 
    Where can pyruvate dehydrogenase be found?
    • A. 

      Cytosol of the cell

    • B. 

      Plasma membrane

    • C. 

      Lysozyme

    • D. 

      Mitochondria

    • E. 

      Interstitial fluid

  • 13. 
    The most abundant product of the reactions of the Krebs cycle is
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • B. 

      GTP

    • C. 

      Reduced co-enzymes

    • D. 

      Pyruvate

    • E. 

      Water

  • 14. 
    The net result of the complete oxidation of glucose does not include
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      ATP

    • D. 

      Oxygen

    • E. 

      Waste heat

  • 15. 
    How many reactions take place during the Krebs cycle?
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      6

    • C. 

      8

    • D. 

      10

    • E. 

      12

  • 16. 
    Large amount of H+ accumulation between the inner and outer mitochondria membranes induces
    • A. 

      Proton pump

    • B. 

      Chemiosmosis

    • C. 

      Krebs cycle

    • D. 

      ATP synthesis

    • E. 

      Glycolysis

  • 17. 
    What is the net production of ATP molecule that can come from substrate level phosphorylation during glycolysis?
    • A. 

      0

    • B. 

      1

    • C. 

      2

    • D. 

      3

    • E. 

      4

  • 18. 
    What hormone stimulates glycogenesis?
    • A. 

      Insulin

    • B. 

      Glucase

    • C. 

      Oestrogen

    • D. 

      Lactic acid

    • E. 

      Glucagon

  • 19. 
    Which hormone stimulates gluconeogenesis?
    • A. 

      Insulin

    • B. 

      Human growth hormone

    • C. 

      Adrenaline

    • D. 

      Thyroid

    • E. 

      Cortisol

  • 20. 
    Glycogenolysis is __________ and is stimulated by ______________.
    • A. 

      Anabolic, insulin

    • B. 

      Catabolic, adrenaline

    • C. 

      Catabolic, insulin

    • D. 

      Anabolic, adrenaline

    • E. 

      Metathesis, insulin

  • 21. 
    Thyroid hormones:
    • A. 

      Aid in glycogenesis

    • B. 

      Inhibit gluconeogenesis

    • C. 

      Inhibit lipogenesis

    • D. 

      Promote glycolysis

    • E. 

      Promote gluconeogenesis

  • 22. 
    These transport dietary lipids.
    • A. 

      Apoproteins

    • B. 

      Low density lipoproteins

    • C. 

      Chylomicrons

    • D. 

      Very low density lipoproteins

    • E. 

      High density lipoproteins

  • 23. 
    Most cholesterol medications are designed to
    • A. 

      Inhibit excretion of bile in the faeces

    • B. 

      Promote the absorption of cholesterol

    • C. 

      Decrease the filtration of cholesterol

    • D. 

      Inhibit glucose absorption

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 24. 
    Where does glycolysis take place?
    • A. 

      Cytosol

    • B. 

      Plasma membrane

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Mitochondria

    • E. 

      Golgi apparatus

  • 25. 
    Where does the Kreb's cycle take place?
    • A. 

      Cytosol

    • B. 

      Plasma membrane

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Mitochondria

    • E. 

      Golgi apparatus

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