American Red Cross CPR-infant Component

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| By Moxiemac23
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American Red Cross CPR-infant Component - Quiz

This test is for your certification in Infant CPR/RB/CC/UC.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1.  Some signals that indicate an infant is choking are---

    • A.

      Rapid breathing and crying.

    • B.

      Looking panicked and not able to cough, cry or breathe.

    • C.

      Breathing noisily and deeply.

    • D.

      Crying and spitting up food.

    Correct Answer
    B. Looking panicked and not able to cough, cry or breathe.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Looking panicked and not able to cough, cry or breathe." This is because when an infant is choking, they may exhibit signs of distress and panic. They may not be able to cough, cry, or breathe properly due to the obstruction in their airway. It is important to recognize these signs and take immediate action to help the infant.

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  • 2. 

    About how often should you stop and check for breathing and a pulse when performing rescue breathing on an infant?

    • A.

      About every 2 minutes (40 breaths).

    • B.

      After the first minute, then every 30 seconds thereafter.

    • C.

      After every minute.

    • D.

      After the first minute, then not again until EMS personnel arrive.

    Correct Answer
    A. About every 2 minutes (40 breaths).
    Explanation
    When performing rescue breathing on an infant, it is recommended to stop and check for breathing and a pulse about every 2 minutes or after 40 breaths. This is important to ensure that the infant's airway is clear and that they are receiving adequate oxygenation. Regularly monitoring the breathing and pulse allows for early detection of any changes or deterioration in the infant's condition, enabling timely intervention if necessary.

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  • 3. 

    When giving rescue breaths to an infant, you should give 1 breath about every---

    • A.

      5 seconds.

    • B.

      3 seconds.

    • C.

      9 seconds.

    • D.

      15 seconds.

    Correct Answer
    B. 3 seconds.
    Explanation
    When giving rescue breaths to an infant, it is recommended to give 1 breath about every 3 seconds. This is because infants have smaller lung capacity and require more frequent breaths to ensure adequate oxygenation. Giving breaths every 3 seconds allows for a consistent supply of oxygen to the infant's lungs, helping to maintain their vital functions during a rescue situation.

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  • 4. 

    The cycle of compressions and breaths in CPR for an infant is---

    • A.

      15 compressions for every 3 breaths.

    • B.

      30 compressions for every 2 breaths.

    • C.

      15 compressions for every 1 breath.

    • D.

      30 compressions for every 1 breath.

    Correct Answer
    B. 30 compressions for every 2 breaths.
    Explanation
    In CPR for an infant, the correct cycle of compressions and breaths is 30 compressions for every 2 breaths. This means that after performing 30 compressions on the infant's chest, the rescuer should give 2 breaths by covering the infant's nose and mouth with their own mouth and providing gentle breaths. This cycle is repeated until help arrives or the infant shows signs of recovery. This ratio of compressions to breaths ensures that the infant's blood circulation is maintained while also providing oxygen to the lungs.

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  • 5. 

    Where should you place your hands when compressing an infants chest during CPR?

    • A.

      One hand on the chin and one hand on the chest.

    • B.

      One hand on the forehead and one hand on the chest.

    • C.

      One hand on the chin and 2 or 3 fingers on the center of the chest.

    • D.

      One hand on the infant's forehead and 2 or 3 fingers on the center of the chest.

    Correct Answer
    D. One hand on the infant's forehead and 2 or 3 fingers on the center of the chest.
    Explanation
    Placing one hand on the infant's forehead and using 2 or 3 fingers on the center of the chest is the correct technique for compressing an infant's chest during CPR. This position ensures that the airway remains open and allows for effective chest compressions to be performed. Placing the hand on the forehead helps to stabilize the head and neck, while using 2 or 3 fingers on the chest allows for proper depth and pressure during compressions.

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  • 6. 

    What should you do for a conscious infant who is choking and cannot cough, cry or breathe?

    • A.

      Give abdominal thrusts.

    • B.

      Give back blows until the infant starts to cry.

    • C.

      Give back blows and chest thrusts to clear the airway.

    • D.

      Any of the above will probably clear the airway.

    Correct Answer
    C. Give back blows and chest thrusts to clear the airway.
    Explanation
    When a conscious infant is choking and unable to cough, cry, or breathe, the appropriate action is to give back blows and chest thrusts to clear the airway. Back blows are administered by supporting the infant's head and neck, placing them face down along your forearm, and delivering firm blows between the shoulder blades. If back blows do not work, chest thrusts are performed by turning the infant face up, using two fingers to locate the center of the chest, and delivering quick, downward thrusts. This combination of back blows and chest thrusts is effective in dislodging the obstruction and clearing the airway.

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  • 7. 

    One signal of a breathing emergency in an infant is---

    • A.

      Being awake and alert.

    • B.

      Breathing calmly and quietly.

    • C.

      Making a wheezing or high-pitched sound.

    • D.

      Sleeping with calm breathing.

    Correct Answer
    C. Making a wheezing or high-pitched sound.
    Explanation
    A wheezing or high-pitched sound is a sign of a breathing emergency in an infant. This sound indicates that there may be an obstruction in the airway, causing difficulty in breathing. It is important to recognize this sign and seek immediate medical attention to ensure the infant's airway is clear and they can breathe properly.

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  • 8. 

    An Infant in need of CPR will show---

    • A.

      Rapid and slow breathing.

    • B.

      No breathing and no pulse.

    • C.

      Signs of life and will be conscious.

    • D.

      Breathing and no other signs of life.

    Correct Answer
    B. No breathing and no pulse.
    Explanation
    An infant in need of CPR will show no breathing and no pulse. This indicates a life-threatening situation where the infant's heart has stopped beating and they are not able to breathe on their own. Immediate CPR is necessary to provide artificial circulation and oxygen to the infant's body until professional medical help arrives.

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  • 9. 

    When giving CPR to an infant---

    • A.

      Compress the chest straight down about 1/2 to 1 inch.

    • B.

      Give cycles of 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths.

    • C.

      Compress the chest at a 45-degree angle.

    • D.

      Both a and b.

    Correct Answer
    D. Both a and b.
    Explanation
    When giving CPR to an infant, it is recommended to compress the chest straight down about 1/2 to 1 inch. This helps to provide effective chest compressions and stimulate blood flow. Additionally, it is advised to give cycles of 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths. This combination of chest compressions and rescue breaths helps to maintain oxygenation and circulation in the infant's body, increasing the chances of survival. Therefore, both options a and b are correct and should be followed when giving CPR to an infant.

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  • 10. 

    Where should you position a conscious choking infant's head?

    • A.

      In the head-tilt/chin-lift position.

    • B.

      With the infant's head lower than his or her chest.

    • C.

      Flat and face-down on your leg or a table.

    • D.

      In a sitting position with the infant's head higher than his or her chest.

    Correct Answer
    B. With the infant's head lower than his or her chest.
    Explanation
    When a conscious choking infant is being assisted, it is important to position their head lower than their chest. This position helps to facilitate the removal of any obstructing object from the infant's airway. By positioning the head lower than the chest, gravity can assist in dislodging the object and allowing it to be expelled. This position also helps to prevent further blockage and allows for easier breathing.

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  • Current Version
  • Sep 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 06, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Moxiemac23
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