American History II Exam Review 1

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 493

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American History II Exam Review 1

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Few restrictions were placed on immigration to the United States in the late 19th century primarily because immigrants...Unit 6 & 7
    • A. 

      Would work for low wages

    • B. 

      Provided a rich source of investment capital

    • C. 

      Would add to the diversity of the population

    • D. 

      Faced little opposition from citizens

  • 2. 
    The “separate but equal” doctrine established by the Supreme Court in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) upheld the legality of...Unit 8
    • A. 

      Woman’s suffrage in state elections

    • B. 

      The activities of the Ku Klux Klan

    • C. 

      Racial segregation in public facilities

    • D. 

      restrictions on voting rights of African Americans

  • 3. 
    From 1870 to 1900, business leaders in the United States often attempted to increase productivity, maximize profits, and decrease costs by...Unit 6 & 7
    • A. 

      Reducing competition through the formation of trusts

    • B. 

      increasing benefits for industrial workers

    • C. 

      supporting the passage of strict antitrust laws

    • D. 

      Preventing foreign investment in the United States

  • 4. 
    Which proposal was most consistent with the goals of the American Federation of Labor under the leadership of Samuel Gompers?Unit 6
    • A. 

      Government ownership of the transportation and communication industries

    • B. 

      Collective bargaining to reach agreements on wages and hours

    • C. 

      formation of a third political party to promote union policies

    • D. 

      Organization of unskilled workers into one national union

  • 5. 
    The Great Migration of African Americans between 1915 and 1930 was mainly a movement from...Unit 8
    • A. 

      Cities to suburban developments

    • B. 

      Northern farms to northern cities

    • C. 

      Southern cities to free land in the West

    • D. 

      the rural South to northern cities

  • 6. 
    Which New Deal agency had the creation of new jobs as its primary goal?Unit 8
    • A. 

      Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)

    • B. 

      Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

    • C. 

      Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

    • D. 

      Works Progress Administration (WPA)

  • 7. 
     The Wagner Act (National Labor Relations Act) of 1935 helped organized labor by...Unit 8
    • A. 

      Mandating government control over industry

    • B. 

      Guaranteeing workers the right to collective bargaining

    • C. 

      Banning the closed shop in the workplace

    • D. 

      Requiring all workers to join unions

  • 8. 
    In the mid–1930s, which action did the federal government take in an attempt to avoid the situations that drew the United States into World War I?Unit 9
    • A. 

      Passing the Neutrality Acts

    • B. 

      Allowing only the United States Navy to deliver military goods overseas

    • C. 

      investing money in nations threatened by Germany

    • D. 

      Forming a military alliance with the Soviet Union

  • 9. 
    The Lend-Lease Act of 1941 significantly changed United States policy toward nations involved in World War II because it...Unit 9
    • A. 

      Supplied war materials to Allied nations without a declaration of war

    • B. 

      Imposed a trade boycott on Germany and Japan

    • C. 

      authorized the seizure of British assets in the United States

    • D. 

      Approved the appeasement policies of the French and British governments

  • 10. 
    The scientists working on the Manhattan Project during World War II were responsible for....Unit 9
    • A. 

      Designing weapons for the D-Day invasion

    • B. 

      Building satellites to spy on the Axis nations

    • C. 

      Creating materials for biological and chemical warfare

    • D. 

      Developing the atomic bomb

  • 11. 
    …It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion or national origin. This policy shall be put into effect as rapidly as possible, having due regard to the time required to effectuate [implement] any necessary changes without impairing efficiency or morale.… — Section 1, Executive Order 9981The purpose of Executive Order 9981, issued by President Harry Truman, was to...Unit 9 & 10
    • A. 

      encourage women to join the armed services

    • B. 

      End racial segregation in the military

    • C. 

      Ensure adequate manpower to fight the Korean War

    • D. 

      Establish war crimes tribunals in Western Europe

  • 12. 
    …The truth of the matter is that Europe’s requirements for the next three or four years of foreign food and other essential products— principally from America—are so much greater than her present ability to pay that she must have substantial additional help, or face economic, social, and political deterioration of a very grave character.… — Secretary of State George Marshall, Remarks at Harvard University Commencement, June 5, 1947 In this excerpt, Secretary of State George Marshall is identifying the need to...Unit 10
    • A. 

      Provide economic assistance to struggling European nations

    • B. 

      allow European workers to settle in the United States

    • C. 

      install democratic governments in the nations of Western Europe

    • D. 

      strengthen European military defenses

  • 13. 
    HARLEMWhat happens to a dream deferred?Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun?Or fester like a sore— And then run?Does it stink like rotten meat?Or crust and sugar over— like a syrupy sweet?Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode?— Langston Hughes, 1951 (adapted) The “dream deferred” in this poem refers to the hopes African Americans had for...Unit 8
    • A. 

      Social and political equality

    • B. 

      An independent African American nation

    • C. 

      Access to affordable medical treatment

    • D. 

      separate public accommodations

  • 14. 
     One of the main effects of the passage of the Interstate Highway Act of 1956 was the expansion of...Unit 10
    • A. 

      Ridership on long-distance passenger trains

    • B. 

      Immigrant populations

    • C. 

      Communities in the suburbs

    • D. 

      The airline industry

  • 15. 
    A major impact of the 24th amendment banning poll taxes and of the 1965 Voting Rights Act was the...Unit 10
    • A. 

      increase in the number of Jim Crow laws

    • B. 

      Movement to create a new political party for Hispanics

    • C. 

      Decrease in voting among African American women

    • D. 

      Elimination of discriminatory voting practices against African Americans

  • 16. 
    The Homestead Act and grants of land to railroads were used to...Unit 6
    • A. 

      Raise money to finance the federal government

    • B. 

      limit the influence of monopolies and trusts

    • C. 

      Support the development of state universities

    • D. 

      Encourage settlement of the West

  • 17. 
    What was one effect of the Industrial Revolution on United States agriculture in the late 1800s?Unit 6
    • A. 

      a decrease in the size of farms

    • B. 

      A decrease in tenant farming and sharecropping

    • C. 

      an increase in agricultural imports

    • D. 

      an increase in productivity

  • 18. 
    In the late 1800s, which concept was used to justify the accumulation of great wealth and economic power?Unit 6
    • A. 

      Manifest Destiny

    • B. 

      Self-determination

    • C. 

      Social Darwinism

    • D. 

      Conspicuous consumption

  • 19. 
    The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and the Gentlemen’s Agreement with Japan in 1907 both illustrate...Unit 6
    • A. 

      The role of nativism in the development of United States policies

    • B. 

      Imperialist attitudes in foreign affairs

    • C. 

      Restrictive trading policies toward Asian nations

    • D. 

      the influence of big business on foreign policy

  • 20. 
    President Theodore Roosevelt was called a trustbuster because he...Unit 7
    • A. 

      Supported the building of the Panama Canal

    • B. 

      Negotiated peace between Russia and Japan

    • C. 

      Supported legal action against business monopolies

    • D. 

      protected public lands from environmental damage

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