Abdomen A- The Aorta And Its Branches

41 Questions

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Abdomen Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The ___________ is the main artery of the chest and abdomen where all other branch vessels derive.
  • 2. 
    The aorta originates from the ___________ _____________, courses ________________(right or left), and _________________(superior or inferior) to form the ascending aorta.
  • 3. 
    After the ascending aorta, it curves toward the __________(right or left) and ______________(anterior or posterior) to form the aortic arch.
  • 4. 
    After the aortic arch, the aorta descends inferiorly and is known as the _____________ aorta. It then gives rise to the _____________ aorta.
  • 5. 
    Once the aorta penetrates the diaphragm, it is termed the ________________ aorta.
  • 6. 
    In the abdomen, the aorta runs _______________ (anterior or posterior) to the spine and slightly to the ____________ (right or left) of midline.
  • 7. 
    The aorta begins _______________ (anterior or posterior) and becomes more _____________ (anterior or posterior) as it travels.
  • 8. 
    The first major branch off of the abdominal aorta is the _____________ axis.
  • 9. 
    The celiac axis arises at a _____________ angle from the _______________(anterior or posterior) aspect of the aorta.
  • 10. 
    The celiac axis is located _______________ to the pancreas.
  • 11. 
    The celiac axis is approximately ____(#) - ____(#) cm long.
  • 12. 
    There are three branches of the celiac axis; the _______________ ______________ artery, the ____________ ______________ artery, and the ______________ artery.
  • 13. 
    The _____________ _____________ artery courses rightward from the celiac artery.
  • 14. 
    One branch of the common hepatic artery is the __________________ artery, which serves as a landmark for the anterolateral aspect of the head of the pancreas.
  • 15. 
    After the GDA, the common hepatic artery becomes the _____________ ______________ artery.
  • 16. 
    The proper hepatic artery enters the liver at the level of the ___________ ____________ with the portal vein.
  • 17. 
    Once intrahepatic, the hepatic artery branches into the _____________, _______________, and ______________ hepatic arteries to supply the liver with blood.
  • 18. 
    The right hepatic artery gives rise to the ___________ artery that supplies the gallbladder.
  • 19. 
    "Replaced right hepatic artery" occurs in 9-15% of the population, where the right hepatic artery arises from the ____________
  • 20. 
    The left gastric artery has a/an ______________ and _______________ course to the celiac axis.(directional)
  • 21. 
    The ______________ ________________ artery supplies the stomach and esophagus with blood.
  • 22. 
    True or false- the left gastric artery is easily visualized on sono.
  • 23. 
    The ________________ artery courses leftward and follows a tortuous course along the anterior superior border of the pancreas to enter the spleen at the splenic hilum.
  • 24. 
    Along the path of the splenic artery, branches to the ____________ and ____________ are generated.
  • 25. 
    The ________________ _________________ artery is the second major branch off of the aorta.
  • 26. 
    The SMA originates approximately ___(#) cm. inferiorly to the celiac artery
  • 27. 
    The SMA branches from the ______________ border of the ao and travels ______________ and _________________ to the ao.(directional)
  • 28. 
    The SMA is posterior to the ____________ and anterior to the _______________ ______________ of the pancreas.
  • 29. 
    The SMA supplies the _____________ with blood.
  • 30. 
    The renal arteries are ____________ to the SMA.(directional)
  • 31. 
    The right renal artery tends to arise from the ____________ aspect of the ao and runs _____________ to the IVC.(think ice cream sundaes!)
  • 32. 
    The left renal artery tends to arise from the _____________________ aspect of the ao.
  • 33. 
    Which is shorter- the LRA or the RRA?
  • 34. 
    Do renal arteries run anterior or posterior to the renal veins?
  • 35. 
    Duplicated arteries are found in ____(#) - ____(#) % of the population.
  • 36. 
    The _____________ ______________ artery is the last major branch of the ao before the bifurcation.
  • 37. 
    The inferior mesenteric artery originates from the _____________ aspect of the aorta and runs slightly ____________ and ______________ to the abdomen.
  • 38. 
    The inferior mesenteric artery supplies the distal ____________.
  • 39. 
    At the level of the _______________, the aorta bifurcates into the right and left common _____________ arteries.
  • 40. 
    The iliac arteries run _______________ and ______________, holding a fairly deep position in the pelvis.
  • 41. 
    The _____________ iliac artery also runs anterior to the iliac veins.