Pediatric Respiratory Emergencies For EMT!

24 Questions

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Pediatric respiratory emergencies mean providing proper medication and treatment for chronic infections and allergic reactions to pediatric patients suffering from respiratory issues. EMT(Emergency Medical Technician) enhances and learn their skills in conducting medications, providing support to patients. Test your knowledge about respiratory issues, asthma exacerbation, epiglottitis, bronchiolitis. So, let's try out the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Respiratory Emergencies #1 cause of
    • A. 

      Pediatric hospital admissions

    • B. 

      Death during first year of life except for congenital abnormalities

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Most pediatric cardiac arrest begins as respiratory failure or respiratory arrest.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Pediatric Respiratory System is complicated by
    • A. 

      Large head, small mandible, small neck

    • B. 

      Large, posteriorly-placed tongue

    • C. 

      High glottic opening

    • D. 

      Small airways

    • E. 

      Presence of tonsils, adenoids

    • F. 

      None

  • 4. 
    Pediatric Respiratory System is complicated
    • A. 

      Poor accessory muscle development

    • B. 

      Less rigid thoracic cage

    • C. 

      Horizontal ribs, primarily diaphragm breathers

    • D. 

      Increased metabolic rate, increased O2 consumption

    • E. 

      None

  • 5. 
    Decrease respiratory reserve + Increased O2 demand = Increased respiratory failure risk
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Signs of Respiratory Distress are
    • A. 

      Grunting--creates CPAP

    • B. 

      All the above

    • C. 

      Tachycardia (May be bradycardia in neonate)

    • D. 

      Head bobbing, stridor, prolonged expiration

    • E. 

      Abdominal breathing

  • 7. 
    Laryngotracheobronchitis is __________.
  • 8. 
    Croup is caused by
    • A. 

       parainfluenza virus

    • B. 

      Influenza

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Jaudince

  • 9. 
    Croup occurs in children from 6 months to 4 years of age.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Croup occurs with Males more often than Females.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Croup occurs more often in the Summer, early spring.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Which are treatments for Severe Croup?
    • A. 

      Humidified high concentration oxygen

    • B. 

      Monitor EKG

    • C. 

      IV tko if tolerated

    • D. 

      Nebulized racemic epinephrine

    • E. 

      Anticipate need to intubate, assist ventilations

    • F. 

      None

  • 13. 
    Epiglottitis is caused by a Bacterial infection (Hemophilus influenza).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Epiglottitis causes Supraglottic edema.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Respiratory distress + Sore throat + Drooling =
  • 16. 
    Management of Epiglottitis consist of
    • A. 

      High concentration oxygen

    • B. 

      IV tko, if possible

    • C. 

      Rapid transport

    • D. 

      Do not attempt to visualize airway

    • E. 

      None

  • 17. 
    Epiglottitis is an Immediate Life Threat due to Possible Complete Airway Obstruction.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Asthma: Some Signs/Symptoms are
    • A. 

      Coughing

    • B. 

      Expiratory wheezing

    • C. 

      Tachypnea

    • D. 

      Cyanosis

    • E. 

      All the Above

  • 19. 
    Signs of respiratory distress
    • A. 

      Nasal flaring

    • B. 

      Tracheal tugging

    • C. 

      Accessory muscle use

    • D. 

      Suprasternal, intercostal, epigastric retractions

    • E. 

      All the above

  • 20. 
    In dealing with asthmatics silent chest equals danger.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Bronchiolitis is caused by a Viral infection (RSV).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Bronchiolitis is an inflammatory bronchiolar edema.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Bronchiolitis is not an issue of trapped air.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Greater than 90% of deaths in children less than 5 years old are caused by Foreign Body Airway Obstruction.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False