Year 9 Infectious Diseases

16 Questions
Year 9 Infectious Diseases

Australian Curriculum - Infectious Diseases

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which microbe is the smallest?
    • A. 

      Virus

    • B. 

      Bacterium

    • C. 

      Fungus

    • D. 

      Parasite

  • 2. 
    The followings are the First Line of Defence in the body EXCEPT
    • A. 

      The production of antibodies by white blood cells

    • B. 

      Acid produced in the stomach

    • C. 

      The skin epidermis acts as a protective barrier

    • D. 

      Tears produced by the tear glands to kill germs

  • 3. 
    What is a pathogen?
    • A. 

      An antibiotic

    • B. 

      A disease-causing microbe

    • C. 

      A type of disease

    • D. 

      A parasite

  • 4. 
    Which type of microorganisms are most pathogens?
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Viruses

    • D. 

      Algae

  • 5. 
    Food poisoning may be resulted even the food is well cooked because
    • A. 

      Bacteria can't be all killed in cooking

    • B. 

      The food ingredients produced new chemicals during cooking

    • C. 

      Bacteria multiplied at high temperature during cooking

    • D. 

      Bacteria can produced toxins that can't be destroyed during cooking

  • 6. 
    Which type of cells is responsible for body defence against infection?
    • A. 

      Cheek cells

    • B. 

      Red blood cells

    • C. 

      White blood cells

    • D. 

      Blood platelets

  • 7. 
    Which of the following caused by a virus?
    • A. 

      Malaria

    • B. 

      Pneumonia

    • C. 

      AIDS

    • D. 

      Chloera

  • 8. 
    One of the main problems with viruses is that they:
    • A. 

      Are too small to be seen

    • B. 

      Can multiply very rapidly in blood

    • C. 

      Can't be killed by antibiotics

    • D. 

      Produce toxins

  • 9. 
    What is one way that antibiotics work?
    • A. 

      They can stop bacteria from reproducing

    • B. 

      They can stop viruses from reproducing

    • C. 

      They can neutralise toxins from poisoning the tissues of the host

    • D. 

      They can stimulate white blood cells to produce antibodies

  • 10. 
    The Eloba outbreak in 2014 has killed over 1000 people in Africa. What type of pathogen is Eloba?
    • A. 

      Bacterium

    • B. 

      Fungus

    • C. 

      Parasite

    • D. 

      Virus

  • 11. 
    What are "Superbugs"?
    • A. 

      Bacteria that are very large in size

    • B. 

      Bacteria that can reproduce at a very rapid rate

    • C. 

      Bacteria that are resistant to most antibiotics

    • D. 

      A mixtures of different pathogens or microbes

  • 12. 
    The following are Agents for Infectious Diseases EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Viruses

    • B. 

      Algae

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Fungi

  • 13. 
    What is the definition of vector?
    • A. 

      A vaccine that can use to prevent infections

    • B. 

      A drug that can cure infectious diseases

    • C. 

      A chemical that can cause a disease

    • D. 

      An organism that transfers a disease from one organism to another organism

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      The rapid spread of a disease through a community.

    • B. 

      The rapid spread of a disease across the world

    • C. 

      The rapid spread of a disease in a country

    • D. 

      The rapid spread of a disease in a particular racial group

  • 15. 
    The second line of body defence is
    • A. 

      Inflammation response

    • B. 

      Production of stomach acid

    • C. 

      Production of antibodies by white blood cells

    • D. 

      The intake of antibiotics

  • 16. 
    Which is not a way to prevent infectious disease?
    • A. 

      Vaccination

    • B. 

      Low fat diet

    • C. 

      Personal hygiene

    • D. 

      Using disinfectants