8th Grade Life Science Final

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8th Grade Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce is called a(n)d. variation.

    • A.

      Mutation.

    • B.

      Selection

    • C.

      Adaptation.

    • D.

      Variation. d. variation. d. variation. d. variation. d. variation. variation

    Correct Answer
    C. Adaptation.
    Explanation
    Adaptation is the correct answer because it refers to a trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce. Adaptations can be physical, behavioral, or physiological characteristics that enhance an organism's chances of survival in its environment. These traits are advantageous and increase an organism's fitness, allowing it to better compete for resources, avoid predators, or attract mates. Variation, on the other hand, refers to the differences that exist among individuals within a population, which can provide the raw material for natural selection and adaptation to occur.

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  • 2. 

    The gradual change in a species over time is called

    • A.

      Mutation.

    • B.

      Evolution.

    • C.

      Migration

    • D.

      Variation.

    Correct Answer
    B. Evolution.
    Explanation
    Evolution refers to the gradual change in a species over time. It involves genetic variations that occur through mutations, which can lead to the development of new traits and characteristics in a population. Migration, on the other hand, refers to the movement of individuals from one location to another. Variation is the existence of differences within a population. Therefore, the correct answer is evolution as it specifically describes the process of species changing over time.

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  • 3. 

    An organism’s physical appearance is its

    • A.

      Genotype

    • B.

      Phenotype

    • C.

      Codominance

    • D.

      Bad luck...except for BSS students of course

    Correct Answer
    B. Phenotype
    Explanation
    An organism's physical appearance refers to its phenotype. Phenotype is the observable characteristics of an organism, which are determined by its genotype (the genetic makeup of an organism) as well as environmental factors. It includes traits such as eye color, height, and hair texture. The term "genotype" refers to the specific combination of genes an organism possesses, while "codominance" refers to a type of genetic inheritance where both alleles are expressed equally. The phrase "bad luck...except for BSS students of course" is unrelated and does not provide any relevant information.

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  • 4. 

    When sex cells combine to produce offspring, each sex cell will contribute

    • A.

      One fourth the number of chromosomes in body cells.

    • B.

      Half the number of chromosomes in body cells.

    • C.

      The normal number of chromosomes in body cells.

    • D.

      As many as they can...kind of like a kid stuffing marshmellows in their mouth

    Correct Answer
    B. Half the number of chromosomes in body cells.
    Explanation
    During sexual reproduction, two sex cells (sperm and egg) combine to form an offspring. Each sex cell contains half the number of chromosomes found in body cells. Therefore, when they combine, the resulting offspring will have the normal number of chromosomes in body cells, which is half of what each parent contributes. This is because the chromosomes from both parents pair up and combine to form a complete set of chromosomes in the offspring.

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  • 5. 

    A DNA molecule is shaped like a

    • A.

      Long, thin rod

    • B.

      Straight ladder

    • C.

      Spiral staircase

    • D.

      Birthday cake with 30 candles...I'LL NEVER BE THAT OLD!

    Correct Answer
    C. Spiral staircase
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "spiral staircase" because a DNA molecule is a double helix structure, which resembles a twisted ladder or a spiral staircase. The two strands of DNA are twisted around each other in a helical shape, forming a spiral staircase-like structure. This shape allows for the compact packaging of genetic information while maintaining stability and accessibility for replication and transcription processes.

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  • 6. 

    The stage of cellular respiration that releases most of the energy in glucose occurs in the

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      Chloroplast

    • C.

      Cytoplasm

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    D. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    The correct answer is mitochondria. Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell because they are responsible for the majority of energy production through cellular respiration. During this process, glucose is broken down in the mitochondria to produce ATP, the main energy currency of the cell. This process occurs in the inner membrane of the mitochondria, specifically in the matrix, where the citric acid cycle and electron transport chain take place. Therefore, the mitochondria are the site where most of the energy in glucose is released.

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  • 7. 

    If two organisms look very similar during their early stages of development, this is evidence that the organisms

    • A.

      Are related

    • B.

      Evolved from different ancestors

    • C.

      Had no individuality and just went with whatever was popular

    • D.

      Evolved from a common ancestor

    Correct Answer
    D. Evolved from a common ancestor
    Explanation
    If two organisms look very similar during their early stages of development, it suggests that they evolved from a common ancestor. This similarity can be attributed to shared genetic information and developmental processes inherited from their common ancestor. As organisms evolve and diverge over time, they may acquire different traits and characteristics, but the resemblance in their early stages of development implies a shared evolutionary history.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following statements is part of the cell theory?

    • A.

      Only plants are composed of cells

    • B.

      All cells are produced from other cells

    • C.

      Cells can be produced from nonliving matter

    • D.

      Cells are one of several basic units of structure and function in living things

    Correct Answer
    B. All cells are produced from other cells
    Explanation
    The statement "All cells are produced from other cells" is part of the cell theory. This theory states that cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things, and that all cells arise from pre-existing cells. This concept was proposed by Rudolf Virchow in 1855 and is a fundamental principle in biology. It supports the idea that cells are the building blocks of life and that all living organisms are composed of cells.

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  • 9. 

    The role of the respiratory system is to bring what substance into the body?

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Carbon dioxide

    • D.

      Helium...the body secretly wants to sound like a chipmunk

    Correct Answer
    B. Oxygen
    Explanation
    The respiratory system's main function is to bring oxygen into the body. Oxygen is essential for cellular respiration, which is the process that produces energy for the body's cells. Without oxygen, the cells would not be able to function properly, leading to various health issues and potentially death.

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  • 10. 

    An organism’s particular role in its habitat, or how it makes its living, is called its

    • A.

      Carrying capacity

    • B.

      Ecosystem

    • C.

      Competition

    • D.

      Niche

    Correct Answer
    D. Niche
    Explanation
    An organism's particular role in its habitat, or how it makes its living, is called its "niche". This refers to the specific way in which an organism interacts with its environment, including its behavior, diet, and the resources it uses. Each organism occupies a unique niche within its ecosystem, allowing different species to coexist without directly competing for the same resources. The concept of a niche is important in understanding the dynamics and relationships within an ecosystem.

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  • 11. 

    A mutation is harmful to an organism if it

    • A.

      Changes the DNA of the organism

    • B.

      Changes the phenotype of the organism

    • C.

      Reduces the organism’s chances for survival and reproduction.

    • D.

      Makes the organism better able to avoid predators

    Correct Answer
    C. Reduces the organism’s chances for survival and reproduction.
    Explanation
    A mutation is harmful to an organism if it reduces the organism's chances for survival and reproduction. This is because the primary goal of any organism is to pass on its genes to the next generation. If a mutation decreases the organism's ability to survive and reproduce, it will be less likely to pass on its genes, ultimately leading to a decline in its population. Therefore, mutations that negatively impact an organism's chances for survival and reproduction are considered harmful.

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  • 12. 

    Mitosis is the stage of the cell cycle during which

    • A.

      The cell’s nucleus divides into two new nuclei

    • B.

      The cell’s DNA is replicated.

    • C.

      The cell divides into two new cells

    • D.

      The cell’s awkwardly smily cousin ted comes to visit

    Correct Answer
    A. The cell’s nucleus divides into two new nuclei
    Explanation
    During mitosis, the cell's nucleus divides into two new nuclei. This process ensures that each new cell formed receives a complete set of genetic material. The replicated DNA is evenly distributed between the two new nuclei, allowing for the formation of genetically identical daughter cells. This division is crucial for growth, repair, and maintenance of multicellular organisms.

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  • 13. 

    What is the function of a cell membrane?

    • A.

      To support the cell

    • B.

      To perform different functions in each cell

    • C.

      To control what enters and leaves the cell

    • D.

      To form a hard outer covering for the cell

    Correct Answer
    C. To control what enters and leaves the cell
    Explanation
    The function of a cell membrane is to control what enters and leaves the cell. It acts as a barrier, allowing certain molecules to pass through while excluding others. This selective permeability is essential for maintaining the internal environment of the cell and regulating the movement of nutrients, ions, and waste products. The cell membrane also plays a role in cell signaling and communication with other cells.

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  • 14. 

    The gradual change in species over time is called

    • A.

      Evolution

    • B.

      Taxonomy

    • C.

      Homeostasis

    • D.

      Flibadeejibbet status

    Correct Answer
    A. Evolution
    Explanation
    Evolution is the correct answer because it refers to the gradual change in species over time. This process involves genetic variations and natural selection, leading to the development of new species and the extinction of others. Evolution is supported by extensive scientific evidence, including fossil records, comparative anatomy, and genetic studies. It is a fundamental concept in biology and explains the diversity of life on Earth.

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  • 15. 

    The order of the bases along a gene determines the order in which

    • A.

      Sugars are put together to form a carbohydrate

    • B.

      Phosphates are arranged in DNA

    • C.

      Amino acids are put together to form a protein

    • D.

      Chromosomes are arranged in the nucleus

    Correct Answer
    C. Amino acids are put together to form a protein
    Explanation
    The order of the bases along a gene determines the order in which amino acids are put together to form a protein. Genes are segments of DNA that contain instructions for building proteins. The sequence of bases in a gene is transcribed into a messenger RNA molecule, which then serves as a template for protein synthesis. Each set of three bases, called a codon, codes for a specific amino acid. Therefore, the order of the bases determines the order in which amino acids are assembled during protein synthesis.

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  • 16. 

    Specialized cells are found only in

    • A.

      Animals

    • B.

      Single-celled organisms

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Multicellular organisms

    Correct Answer
    D. Multicellular organisms
    Explanation
    Specialized cells are cells that have specific structures and functions to perform specific tasks within an organism. These cells are found only in multicellular organisms because multicellular organisms have complex body systems that require different types of cells to carry out specific functions. Single-celled organisms, bacteria, and animals do not have specialized cells as they have simpler structures and do not require different cell types for specific functions.

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  • 17. 

    How does a prokaryotic cell differ from a eukaryotic cell

    • A.

      It is larger

    • B.

      It does not have a nucleus

    • C.

      It has no cytoplasm

    • D.

      It has chloroplasts

    Correct Answer
    B. It does not have a nucleus
    Explanation
    A prokaryotic cell differs from a eukaryotic cell because it does not have a nucleus. Prokaryotic cells are simple and lack a membrane-bound nucleus, whereas eukaryotic cells have a distinct nucleus that houses their genetic material. This difference in cellular structure is one of the key distinguishing factors between prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms.

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  • 18. 

    How does natural selection lead to evolution?

    • A.

      Stronger offspring kill weaker members of the species

    • B.

      Helpful variations accumulate among surviving members of the species

    • C.

      Overproduction provides food for stronger members of the species

    • D.

      Environmental changes favor weaker members of the species

    Correct Answer
    B. Helpful variations accumulate among surviving members of the species
    Explanation
    Natural selection is a process in which individuals with advantageous variations are more likely to survive and reproduce, passing on their beneficial traits to the next generation. Over time, these helpful variations accumulate among the surviving members of the species, leading to evolutionary changes. This process does not involve stronger offspring killing weaker members or environmental changes favoring weaker members. Instead, it is the accumulation of beneficial variations that drives evolution through natural selection.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following best describes the function of mitochondria?

    • A.

      They convert energy from food molecules into energy the cell can use

    • B.

      They store energy from food molecules

    • C.

      They store energy from sunlight

    • D.

      They walk around the country handing candy to kids in green hats...NOT RED

    Correct Answer
    A. They convert energy from food molecules into energy the cell can use
    Explanation
    Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell because they are responsible for converting energy from food molecules into a form that the cell can use, called ATP (adenosine triphosphate). This process, known as cellular respiration, occurs in the mitochondria's inner membrane and produces ATP, which is the main source of energy for cellular activities. Therefore, the correct answer describes the essential function of mitochondria in energy conversion and utilization within the cell.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following is an advantage of solar energy?

    • A.

      It will not run out for billions of years

    • B.

      It is not available at night

    • C.

      No backup energy sources are needed

    • D.

      It must be collected from a huge area

    Correct Answer
    A. It will not run out for billions of years
    Explanation
    Solar energy is a renewable source of energy that relies on the sun's radiation, which is expected to last for billions of years. Unlike fossil fuels, which are finite and depleting, solar energy offers the advantage of being virtually inexhaustible. This means that as long as the sun continues to shine, we will have access to solar energy, making it a sustainable and long-term solution for our energy needs.

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  • 21. 

    What does the notation Tt mean to geneticists?

    • A.

      Two dominant alleles

    • B.

      Two recessive alelles

    • C.

      Homozugous alleles

    • D.

      One dominant and one recessive alleles

    Correct Answer
    D. One dominant and one recessive alleles
    Explanation
    The notation Tt in genetics represents a heterozygous genotype, meaning that an individual carries one dominant allele (T) and one recessive allele (t) for a particular trait. This notation is commonly used to describe the inheritance of traits in genetic crosses and helps geneticists understand how traits are passed from one generation to the next.

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  • 22. 

    An organisms that has two identical alleles for a trait is

    • A.

      Codominant

    • B.

      Tall

    • C.

      Homozygous

    • D.

      Heterozygous

    Correct Answer
    C. Homozygous
    Explanation
    An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait is homozygous. This means that both alleles are the same, either dominant or recessive. In this case, since the question does not specify the type of allele, we can assume that the organism has two identical dominant alleles or two identical recessive alleles for the trait. This indicates that the organism is homozygous for that particular trait.

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  • 23. 

    What does the notation TT mean to geneticists?

    • A.

      Two dominant alleles

    • B.

      Heterozygous alleles

    • C.

      At least one dominant allele

    • D.

      One dominant and one recessive allele

    Correct Answer
    A. Two dominant alleles
    Explanation
    The notation TT in genetics represents two dominant alleles. In genetics, alleles are alternative forms of a gene that can occupy the same position on a chromosome. Dominant alleles are expressed even in the presence of a different allele. Therefore, when both alleles are dominant (TT), the trait associated with that gene will be expressed. This notation is commonly used in Punnett squares and genetic crosses to represent individuals with two copies of the dominant allele.

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  • 24. 

    Which component of blood carries oxygen to the body cells?

    • A.

      Plasma

    • B.

      Platelets

    • C.

      Red blood cells

    • D.

      Really small deliverymen that spilled cherry soda on themselves rock'n out to the element song

    Correct Answer
    C. Red blood cells
    Explanation
    Red blood cells, also known as erythrocytes, carry oxygen to the body cells. They contain a protein called hemoglobin, which binds to oxygen in the lungs and transports it to tissues throughout the body. This process is essential for delivering oxygen to cells, allowing them to produce energy and carry out their functions.

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  • 25. 

    What evidence suggests that the ancestors of whales once walked on land?

    • A.

      Fossils of whale-like creatures have been found with legs

    • B.

      Whales perform a walking motion as they swim

    • C.

      Whales have similar DNA to birds

    • D.

      Whales breath through lungs

    Correct Answer
    A. Fossils of whale-like creatures have been found with legs
    Explanation
    The presence of fossils of whale-like creatures with legs suggests that the ancestors of whales once walked on land. Fossils provide tangible evidence of past life forms and their characteristics. The discovery of these fossils indicates that whales evolved from land-dwelling ancestors and gradually adapted to an aquatic lifestyle. This supports the theory of evolution and the concept of common ancestry between different species.

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  • 26. 

    What happens during photosynthesis?

    • A.

      The cell uses oxygen to make food

    • B.

      The cell uses the energy from the sunlight to make food

    • C.

      The cell uses glucose to make oxygen

    • D.

      The cell uses the energy in sunlight to make soda for blue cans (the cells have chosen sides against the red cans)

    Correct Answer
    B. The cell uses the energy from the sunlight to make food
    Explanation
    During photosynthesis, the cell utilizes the energy from sunlight to produce food. This process occurs in the chloroplasts of plant cells, where chlorophyll captures sunlight and converts it into chemical energy. This energy is then used to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose, a form of stored energy that can be used by the cell for growth and other metabolic processes. Oxygen is also released as a byproduct of photosynthesis.

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  • 27. 

    What is the function of a cell wall?

    • A.

      To protect and support the cell

    • B.

      To perform different functions in every cell

    • C.

      To prevent water from passing through it

    • D.

      To prevent stampeding unicorns out...they're just mean, stuck-up horses anyways

    Correct Answer
    A. To protect and support the cell
    Explanation
    The cell wall serves as a protective barrier, shielding the cell from external threats and providing structural support. It helps maintain the shape of the cell and prevents it from bursting due to osmotic pressure. Additionally, the cell wall allows for the exchange of substances between cells and provides rigidity to plant cells, allowing them to stand upright.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following is not a function of the skeleton?

    • A.

      Providing shape and support for the body

    • B.

      Obtaining oxygen

    • C.

      Protecting internal organs

    • D.

      Producing blood cells

    Correct Answer
    B. Obtaining oxygen
    Explanation
    The skeleton is responsible for providing shape and support for the body, protecting internal organs, and producing blood cells. However, obtaining oxygen is not a function of the skeleton. Oxygen is obtained through the respiratory system, specifically the lungs, where oxygen is inhaled and transported to the bloodstream. The skeleton plays a role in supporting the respiratory system by providing a framework for the ribcage, but it is not directly involved in the process of obtaining oxygen.

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  • 29. 

    What is one way in which scientists get information about the evolutionary history of species?

    • A.

      By comparing organisms' body structures

    • B.

      By observing where organisms live

    • C.

      By observing what organisms eat

    • D.

      By studying how organisms react to the idea of magic...skeptical or open

    Correct Answer
    A. By comparing organisms' body structures
    Explanation
    Scientists can gather information about the evolutionary history of species by comparing their body structures. This is because the structures of organisms can provide insights into their common ancestry and evolutionary relationships. By examining similarities and differences in body structures, scientists can infer how species have evolved over time and how they are related to one another. This method is known as comparative anatomy and has been widely used in the field of evolutionary biology to understand the evolutionary history of different species.

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  • 30. 

    What does a punnett square show?

    • A.

      All the possible outcomes of a genetic cross

    • B.

      Only the dominant alleles in a genetic cross

    • C.

      Only the recessive alleles in a genetic cross

    • D.

      Mendel's ideas man purses, pro or con

    Correct Answer
    A. All the possible outcomes of a genetic cross
    Explanation
    A Punnett square is a diagram used in genetics to predict the possible outcomes of a genetic cross. It allows us to visually represent the different combinations of alleles that can be inherited from each parent, and therefore shows all the possible outcomes of the cross. By filling in the squares with the different allele combinations, we can determine the probability of certain traits or characteristics being expressed in the offspring.

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following characteristics do all plants share?

    • A.

      Preferring Wonka chocolate to cadbury

    • B.

      Producing flowers

    • C.

      Being prokaryotes

    • D.

      Being autotrophs

    Correct Answer
    D. Being autotrophs
    Explanation
    All plants share the characteristic of being autotrophs, which means they are capable of producing their own food through photosynthesis. This sets them apart from other organisms that rely on consuming other organisms for nutrition. Being autotrophs allows plants to convert sunlight into energy, which is essential for their growth and survival.

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  • 32. 

    The process in which your body breaks down food into smaller nutrient molecules is called

    • A.

      Enzyme

    • B.

      Peristalsis

    • C.

      Digestion

    • D.

      Absorption

    Correct Answer
    C. Digestion
    Explanation
    Digestion is the correct answer because it refers to the process by which the body breaks down food into smaller nutrient molecules. This process involves the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food in the digestive system, allowing the body to absorb and utilize the nutrients for energy and growth. Enzymes play a crucial role in digestion by facilitating the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler forms. Peristalsis, on the other hand, is the muscular contractions that propel food through the digestive tract. Absorption is the process by which nutrients are taken up by the bloodstream or cells.

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  • 33. 

    What is the main function of the excretory system?

    • A.

      To protect the nervous system (it is mentally and emotionally unstable)

    • B.

      To strengthen skeletal muscles

    • C.

      To bring oxygen to body cells

    • D.

      To collect and remove wastes from the body

    Correct Answer
    D. To collect and remove wastes from the body
    Explanation
    The main function of the excretory system is to collect and remove wastes from the body. This system is responsible for filtering and eliminating metabolic waste products, such as urea and excess salts, from the bloodstream. It helps maintain the body's internal balance by regulating the levels of water, electrolytes, and pH. The excretory system consists of organs such as the kidneys, bladder, and urethra, which work together to remove waste materials through urine production and excretion.

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  • 34. 

    What contrubutions did Darwin give the world of Biology?

    • A.

      Binomial nomenclature

    • B.

      His theory of evolution by natural selection

    • C.

      Taxonomy

    • D.

      A healthy appreciation for epic beards

    Correct Answer
    B. His theory of evolution by natural selection
    Explanation
    Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection is considered one of the most significant contributions to the field of biology. This theory revolutionized our understanding of how species evolve and adapt over time. It provided a scientific explanation for the diversity of life on Earth, challenging previous beliefs about the origin and development of species. Darwin's theory laid the foundation for modern evolutionary biology and has had a profound impact on various scientific disciplines, including genetics, ecology, and paleontology. It continues to be a fundamental concept in the study of life and has shaped our understanding of the natural world.

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  • 35. 

    The different forms of a gene are called

    • A.

      Alleles

    • B.

      Factors

    • C.

      Masks...possessed by ancient norse gods

    • D.

      Traits

    Correct Answer
    A. Alleles
    Explanation
    Alleles are the different forms of a gene. They are responsible for the variations in traits that individuals possess. Each individual inherits two alleles for each gene, one from each parent. These alleles can be dominant or recessive, and they determine the expression of specific traits in an organism. The concept of alleles is fundamental in understanding genetics and inheritance patterns.

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  • 36. 

    Which of the following is an example of energy conservation?

    • A.

      Driving a Hummer alone into the city during rush hour just to intimidate the Yaris in the next lane

    • B.

      Leaving lights on whenever you leave a room

    • C.

      Recycling aluminum cans or walking to school

    • D.

      Leaving your home uninsulated

    Correct Answer
    C. Recycling aluminum cans or walking to school
    Explanation
    Recycling aluminum cans or walking to school are examples of energy conservation because both actions help reduce energy consumption. Recycling aluminum cans reduces the need for extracting and processing raw materials, which requires a significant amount of energy. Walking to school instead of using a vehicle reduces the use of fossil fuels, which helps conserve energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Both actions promote sustainability and contribute to the conservation of natural resources.

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  • 37. 

    How are photosynthesis and cellular respiration related?

    • A.

      The reactants of one are the products of the other

    • B.

      They are actually the exact same thing...I've just been trying to confuse you

    • C.

      They both produce oxygen

    • D.

      They both produce carbon dioxide

    Correct Answer
    A. The reactants of one are the products of the other
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are related because the reactants of one process are the products of the other process. In photosynthesis, carbon dioxide and water are converted into glucose and oxygen. In cellular respiration, glucose and oxygen are converted into carbon dioxide, water, and energy. This creates a cycle where the products of one process become the reactants of the other, allowing for the continuous exchange of gases and energy between plants and animals.

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  • 38. 

    If a homozygous black guinea pig (BB) is crossed with a homozygous white guinea pig (bb), what is the probability that an offspring will have black fur?

    • A.

      0%, they'll all be lime green with pink dots, if anyone tells you different tell'm to get their eyes checked and to watch more cartoons

    • B.

      50%

    • C.

      75%

    • D.

      100%

    Correct Answer
    D. 100%
    Explanation
    When a homozygous black guinea pig (BB) is crossed with a homozygous white guinea pig (bb), all the offspring will have a genotype of Bb, meaning they will have one black fur allele and one white fur allele. Since the black fur allele is dominant over the white fur allele, all the offspring will express black fur. Therefore, the probability that an offspring will have black fur is 100%.

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  • 39. 

    Which term refers to similar structures that related species have inherited from a common ancestor?

    • A.

      Homologous structures

    • B.

      Developmental organisms

    • C.

      Punctuated equilibria

    • D.

      DNA,RNA, NFL, NBC, BSS...ummm ABCDEFG?

    Correct Answer
    A. Homologous structures
    Explanation
    Homologous structures are similar structures found in different species that share a common ancestor. These structures may have different functions in each species, but they have a similar underlying anatomy. This similarity suggests that these structures were inherited from a common ancestor and have been modified over time to suit the specific needs of each species. Therefore, homologous structures provide evidence for evolution and common ancestry among different species.

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  • 40. 

    Fossil fuels are considered nonrenewable resources because they

    • A.

      Burn so quickly

    • B.

      Are in such high demand

    • C.

      Take hundreds of millions of years to form

    • D.

      Pollute the air

    Correct Answer
    C. Take hundreds of millions of years to form
    Explanation
    Fossil fuels are considered nonrenewable resources because they take hundreds of millions of years to form. This means that the rate at which they are being consumed is much faster than the rate at which they are being replenished. Once these fossil fuels are depleted, they cannot be easily replaced within a human lifetime. Therefore, it is crucial to find alternative and sustainable sources of energy to reduce our dependence on these nonrenewable resources.

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  • 41. 

    Unlike the cell wall, the cell membrane

    • A.

      Is found in all cells

    • B.

      Is made of chromatin

    • C.

      Protects the nucleus with a rigid outerlayer of cellulose

    • D.

      Produces energy for the cell

    Correct Answer
    A. Is found in all cells
    Explanation
    The cell membrane is found in all cells. This is because the cell membrane is a universal feature of all living cells. It is a thin, flexible barrier that surrounds the cell and separates its internal environment from the external environment. The cell membrane is essential for maintaining the integrity of the cell and regulating the movement of substances in and out of the cell. It is composed of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins, and its structure and function are conserved across all types of cells.

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  • 42. 

    If a kestrel eats a mouse that eats grass, the kestrel is a

    • A.

      Producer

    • B.

      Secondary consumer

    • C.

      Primary consumer

    • D.

      Decomposer

    Correct Answer
    B. Secondary consumer
    Explanation
    The kestrel is classified as a secondary consumer because it consumes the mouse, which is a primary consumer that feeds on grass. Secondary consumers are organisms that obtain their energy by consuming other consumers. In this food chain, the grass is the producer, the mouse is the primary consumer, and the kestrel is the secondary consumer.

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  • 43. 

    The endocrine system acts on the body through chemical products called

    • A.

      Hormones

    • B.

      Blood and saliva...ick...cherry syrup and corn syrup....better

    • C.

      Sugars

    • D.

      Target cells

    Correct Answer
    A. Hormones
    Explanation
    The correct answer is hormones. The endocrine system uses hormones to communicate and regulate various processes in the body. Hormones are chemical messengers that are released into the bloodstream and travel to target cells or organs, where they exert their effects. Unlike blood and saliva, which are bodily fluids, hormones are specific chemical products produced by endocrine glands and play a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis and coordinating various bodily functions.

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  • 44. 

    Needed substances are carred to the body cells by

    • A.

      Enzymes

    • B.

      Blood

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Food...that's why new dip chips are shaped like scoops

    Correct Answer
    B. Blood
    Explanation
    Blood is the correct answer because it carries needed substances to the body cells. Blood is responsible for transporting oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and other essential substances to various parts of the body. It also helps in removing waste products and carbon dioxide from the cells. Therefore, blood plays a crucial role in maintaining the overall functioning and well-being of the body.

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  • 45. 

    How does photosynthesis benefit heterotrophs?

    • A.

      It adds carbon dioxide to the air

    • B.

      It creates food they can eat

    • C.

      It eliminates harmful sugars

    • D.

      It creates clean water

    Correct Answer
    B. It creates food they can eat
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into glucose (food) and oxygen. Heterotrophs, such as animals and humans, cannot produce their own food and depend on consuming other organisms for energy. Therefore, photosynthesis benefits heterotrophs by creating food that they can eat, providing them with a source of energy to survive and carry out their biological processes.

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  • 46. 

    What are fossils?

    • A.

      Molds and casts of organisms that live today

    • B.

      Drawings of ancient organisms on kindergarden classroom walls

    • C.

      Footprints or burrows of animals alive today

    • D.

      The preserved remains or traces of organisms that lived in the past

    Correct Answer
    D. The preserved remains or traces of organisms that lived in the past
    Explanation
    Fossils are the preserved remains or traces of organisms that lived in the past. This can include actual physical remains such as bones, teeth, shells, or plant matter, as well as traces like footprints, burrows, or imprints left behind. Fossils provide valuable evidence of past life forms and can help scientists understand the history of life on Earth.

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  • 47. 

    The source of energy for most autotrophs is

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      The sun

    • C.

      Heterotrophs

    • D.

      Caffeine...you know your rose bush is an energy shot junky

    Correct Answer
    B. The sun
    Explanation
    Autotrophs are organisms that can produce their own food through photosynthesis. The sun is the ultimate source of energy for autotrophs as it provides the light energy needed for photosynthesis. Water is also essential for photosynthesis, but it is not the primary source of energy. Heterotrophs, on the other hand, obtain their energy by consuming other organisms. Caffeine, although it may stimulate certain processes in plants, is not a source of energy for autotrophs. Therefore, the sun is the correct answer as it directly provides the energy needed for autotrophs to carry out photosynthesis.

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  • 48. 

    During DNA replication, adenine (A) always pairs with

    • A.

      Guanine (G)

    • B.

      Cytosine (C)

    • C.

      Thymine (T)

    • D.

      Larry, Moe, or Curly...its a sucker for a stooge

    Correct Answer
    C. Thymine (T)
    Explanation
    During DNA replication, adenine (A) always pairs with thymine (T). This is because of the complementary base pairing rule in DNA, where A and T form a hydrogen bond with each other. This pairing is essential for the accurate replication of DNA strands, as it ensures that the genetic information is faithfully copied. The other options, guanine (G) and cytosine (C), do pair with each other, but not with adenine. The last option, Larry, Moe, or Curly, is a humorous addition and not related to DNA replication.

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  • 49. 

    The joining of sperm and egg is called

    • A.

      Implantation

    • B.

      Fertilization

    • C.

      Ovulation

    • D.

      Menstruation

    Correct Answer
    B. Fertilization
    Explanation
    Fertilization is the correct answer because it refers to the process in which the sperm and egg combine to form a zygote. This is the initial step in sexual reproduction, where the genetic material from both parents is combined to create a new individual. Implantation refers to the attachment of the embryo to the uterine wall, ovulation is the release of an egg from the ovary, and menstruation is the shedding of the uterine lining if fertilization does not occur.

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  • 50. 

    Cancer is a disease in which cells

    • A.

      Grow and divide uncontrollably

    • B.

      Die before they can mature

    • C.

      Stop producing DNA

    • D.

      Sing "I know a song that gets on everybody's nerves" until surrounding cells burst

    Correct Answer
    A. Grow and divide uncontrollably
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "grow and divide uncontrollably." This statement accurately describes one of the key characteristics of cancer. In cancer, the cells in the body start to divide and multiply at an abnormal rate, forming a mass of cells called a tumor. These cells continue to grow and divide uncontrollably, leading to the spread of cancer throughout the body if not treated. This uncontrolled growth and division is a hallmark feature of cancer and distinguishes it from normal cell growth and division.

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