8th Grade Geological Evolution Test

18 Questions | Total Attempts: 210

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8th Grade Geography Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What does a geologist study?
    • A. 

      Geology- rocks, and the shape of the earth

    • B. 

      Fossils, Ancient organisms

    • C. 

      Unconformities

    • D. 

      Continental Drift

  • 2. 
    What does a paleontologist study?
    • A. 

      Geology- rocks, and the shape of the earth

    • B. 

      Fossils, Ancient organisms

    • C. 

      Chemical Weathering

    • D. 

      Mechanical Weathering

  • 3. 
    What are the four types of mountains?
    • A. 

      Folded

    • B. 

      Upwarped

    • C. 

      Fault Block

    • D. 

      Volcanic

    • E. 

      Chemical

    • F. 

      Mechanical

  • 4. 
    What is Relative age?
    • A. 

      It is when the continents brok up, and moved.

    • B. 

      Comparing fossils or rocks to the layers around it.

    • C. 

      The forces that shaped the earth are still shaping it today.

    • D. 

      Breaking down rock through acid rain, and plants on the side of the rock.

  • 5. 
    What does the Law of Superposition have to do with relative age?
    • A. 

      The Same forces that shape the earth are still shaping it today.

    • B. 

      Rock layers are the oldest on the bottom, and youngest on the top.

    • C. 

      Faults slide together to cause earthquakes.

    • D. 

      Rockss break down through friction, wind,or water freezing and thawing.

  • 6. 
    Whatt is the difference in an nonconformity and a disconformity?
    • A. 

      Nothing they are the same.

    • B. 

      A nonconformity is an up lift, a disconformity is an intrusion.

    • C. 

      Radioactive Decay

    • D. 

      Continental Drift.

  • 7. 
    What is Mechanical Weathering?
    • A. 

      Rocks break down through friction from erosion, wind, or water freezing and thawing.

    • B. 

      Breaking down rock through acid rain and plants growing on rocks.

    • C. 

      Comparing fossils or rocks to layers around it.

    • D. 

      The mess up of the sequence of sedimentary layers.

  • 8. 
    What is Chemical Weathering?
    • A. 

      Rocks break down through friction, wind, or water freezing and thawing.

    • B. 

      Breaking down rocks through acid rain and plants growng on the rock.

    • C. 

      The forces that shape the earth are still shaping it today.

    • D. 

      Radioactive Decay

  • 9. 
    How are faults connected to earthquakes?
    • A. 

      Nothing they are the same.

    • B. 

      Faults slide together to cause earthquakes.

    • C. 

      It moves because of the lava under the techtonic plates.

    • D. 

      Fossils

  • 10. 
    What is the process in which an isotope breaks down into a normal atom of an element or another element?
    • A. 

      Geology

    • B. 

      Raioactive Decay

    • C. 

      Half-life

    • D. 

      Continental Drift

  • 11. 
    How can you use radioactive decay of an istope to date a fossil or a rock?
    • A. 

      There is not a long enough half-life.

    • B. 

      It can determin the Half-life.

    • C. 

      It is when continents broke up and moved.

    • D. 

      Continental Drift

  • 12. 
    What is uniformitarianism?
    • A. 

      The same forces that shaped the earth are still shaping it today.

    • B. 

      The mess up of the sequence of sedimentary layers.

    • C. 

      Rock layers are the oldest on the bottom, and youngest on top.

    • D. 

      Comparing fossils or rocks to layers around it.

  • 13. 
    Why can Carbon- 14 dating not be used for sedimentary rocks?
    • A. 

      It Can

    • B. 

      There is not a long enough half-life.

    • C. 

      Faults slide together

    • D. 

      Continental Drift

  • 14. 
    How did Pangaea break up- describe the process that drove the break up?
    • A. 

      Continental Drift

    • B. 

      It moved because of the lava under the techtonic plates.

    • C. 

      Geology

    • D. 

      Radioactive Decay

  • 15. 
    What is a Continental Drift?
    • A. 

      It is when the continents broke up and moved.

    • B. 

      It messes up the sequence of sedimentary layers.

    • C. 

      The lava under the techtonic plates.

    • D. 

      When faults slide together to cause earthquakes.

  • 16. 
    How do techtonic plates move?
    • A. 

      They don't

    • B. 

      The lava under the techtonic plates makes the techtonic plates move.

    • C. 

      Continental drift

    • D. 

      Isotope

  • 17. 
    What is the difference in absolute and radiometric dating?
    • A. 

      Nothing they are the same.

    • B. 

      Rocks break down through friction from erosion, wind, or water freezing and thawing.

    • C. 

      Absolute Dating can determine the half-life.

    • D. 

      Radiometric dating can mess up the sequence of sedimentary layers.

  • 18. 
    Why do unconformities cause geologist and paleontologist trouble?
    • A. 

      They Mess up the sequence of sedimentary rock layers.

    • B. 

      They don't

    • C. 

      It can determin the half-life.

    • D. 

      Faults slide toghether to cause earthquakes.

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