530 Quiz 2 (Weeks 5-10)

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 28
Questions: 75 | Attempts: 28

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530 Quiz 2 (Weeks 5-10) - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Loeser's ____________ model of pain includes __________ or the physical sensory sensation from nerves fibers; _______ which is the negative affective response that include anxiety, dependendece, insomnia and depression and lastly _____ ______ essentially describes occupations around manging and communicating pain. ________ pain is due to tissue damage or injury and is < 12 weeks; _______ pain serves no biological purpose and is often experienced in prescence of minimal or no pain.  

    Explanation
    Loeser's biopsychosocial model of pain includes nocioception, which refers to the physical sensory sensation from nerve fibers. Suffering is the negative affective response that includes anxiety, dependence, insomnia, and depression. Pain behavior essentially describes occupations around managing and communicating pain. Acute pain is due to tissue damage or injury and lasts less than 12 weeks. Chronic pain serves no biological purpose and is often experienced in the presence of minimal or no pain.

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  • 2. 

    _________ suppress the excessive rapid firing of neurons during seizures and can be prescribed for pain

    Explanation
    Anti-convulsants are medications that are used to suppress the excessive rapid firing of neurons during seizures. They work by stabilizing the electrical activity in the brain, preventing the spread of abnormal electrical signals that cause seizures. In addition to their anti-seizure effects, anti-convulsants can also be prescribed for pain management. They can help alleviate neuropathic pain, which is caused by damage or dysfunction of the nervous system. By modulating the activity of neurons, anti-convulsants can provide relief from pain associated with conditions such as neuropathy, fibromyalgia, and migraine headaches.

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  • 3. 

    OTs dont identify pain disorders but identify how it impacts their ability to perform __________

    Explanation
    OTs, or occupational therapists, do not specifically diagnose pain disorders. However, they do assess and evaluate how pain impacts an individual's ability to perform their daily activities, known as ADLs (Activities of Daily Living). By understanding the impact of pain on a person's functional abilities, OTs can develop appropriate interventions and strategies to help improve their overall quality of life and independence.

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  • 4. 

    ________ pain reduction - reducing transition of acute to persistent pain (eg. education, biofeedback, relaxation techniques, positive associations with pain, optimizing other factors that impact wellness) ________ pain reduction - reduce opportunity for injury (eg. ergonomics in the workplace) ________ treatments will likely focus on other factors around the pain    

    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because it accurately matches the concepts of pain reduction with their corresponding levels of prevention. Secondary pain reduction refers to reducing the transition from acute to persistent pain through various techniques such as education, biofeedback, relaxation techniques, and positive associations with pain. Primary pain reduction aims to reduce the opportunity for injury by focusing on factors like ergonomics in the workplace. Tertiary treatments, on the other hand, focus on addressing other factors surrounding the pain.

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  • 5. 

    Describing client as a person with schizophrenia vs a schizophrenic, or a crazy person or someone suffering from schizophrenia is an example of _______ _______ _______

    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "person-first language". This refers to the practice of using language that emphasizes the person rather than defining them by their condition or diagnosis. Describing someone as a "person with schizophrenia" instead of labeling them as "schizophrenic" or "crazy" acknowledges their individuality and humanity, promoting respect and reducing stigma associated with mental health conditions.

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  • 6. 

    §Motivation §Emotion §Communication and socialization §Pain regulation §Time use and habits §Cognition §Cognitive beliefs §Sensory processing §Coping and resilience are all __________ _______ that make ADLs possible

    Explanation
    Performance skills are all the abilities and capacities that enable individuals to engage in activities of daily living (ADLs). These skills include motivation, emotion, communication and socialization, pain regulation, time use and habits, cognition, cognitive beliefs, sensory processing, and coping and resilience. These skills are essential for individuals to successfully perform tasks and activities necessary for their daily lives.

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  • 7. 

    Pain sensitivity ____________ in individuals with Alzheimer’s disease and__________  in individuals with schizophrenia.

    Explanation
    Individuals with Alzheimer's disease often experience an increase in pain sensitivity. This is because the disease affects the brain and nervous system, leading to changes in the perception and processing of pain signals. On the other hand, individuals with schizophrenia may experience a decrease in pain sensitivity. This could be due to the altered perception and interpretation of sensory stimuli that is commonly associated with this mental disorder. Overall, the answer suggests that pain sensitivity is heightened in Alzheimer's disease and reduced in schizophrenia.

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  • 8. 

    What are the evidence-based strategies to promote communication and engagement in the occupational therapy process?

    • A.

      Narrative

    • B.

      Wellness Recovery Action Plans (WRAP)

    • C.

      Schema-based Yard Sale

    • D.

      Primal Screaming

    • E.

      Action over Inertia

    • F.

      Building motivation (eg model of human occupation)

    • G.

      Emotion regulation

    • H.

      Building Cognition

    • I.

      Accommodating sensory processing deficits

    • J.

      Building coping skills and resilience

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Narrative
    B. Wellness Recovery Action Plans (WRAP)
    E. Action over Inertia
    F. Building motivation (eg model of human occupation)
    G. Emotion regulation
    H. Building Cognition
    I. Accommodating sensory processing deficits
    J. Building coping skills and resilience
    Explanation
    The evidence-based strategies to promote communication and engagement in the occupational therapy process include using narrative techniques, implementing Wellness Recovery Action Plans (WRAP), prioritizing action over inertia, building motivation using models of human occupation, practicing emotion regulation, enhancing cognition, accommodating sensory processing deficits, and developing coping skills and resilience. These strategies have been supported by research and have shown to be effective in facilitating communication and engagement in occupational therapy.

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  • 9. 

    Economic and social conditions that people are born into, live in, work in, and grow old in that can significantly influence individual and group differences in health status = _______ ________ of _______

    Correct Answer(s)
    social determinants of health
    Explanation
    The term "social determinants of health" refers to the economic and social conditions that individuals are born into, live in, work in, and grow old in. These conditions have a significant impact on the health status of both individuals and groups. By acknowledging the influence of social factors such as income, education, employment, and housing on health outcomes, the concept of social determinants of health highlights the importance of addressing these underlying social inequalities in order to improve overall health and well-being.

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  • 10. 

    Depression is _____ as prevalent among females. Bipolar disorder is ______ between males and females.

    Correct Answer(s)
    twice; equal
    Explanation
    Depression is twice as prevalent among females, indicating that the occurrence of depression is two times higher in females compared to males. On the other hand, bipolar disorder is equal between males and females, suggesting that the prevalence of bipolar disorder is the same in both genders.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following factors are purported to influence etiology of mood disorders

    • A.

      Trauma

    • B.

      Depressed mothers

    • C.

      Depressed fathers

    • D.

      Acquired cognitions

    • E.

      Circadian rhythm 

    • F.

      Stress

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Trauma
    B. Depressed mothers
    D. Acquired cognitions
    E. Circadian rhythm 
    F. Stress
    Explanation
    The etiology of mood disorders is believed to be influenced by various factors. Trauma can be a significant factor, as individuals who have experienced traumatic events may be more susceptible to developing mood disorders. Depressed mothers and fathers can also play a role, as there may be a genetic predisposition for mood disorders. Acquired cognitions, such as negative thought patterns and beliefs, can contribute to the development and maintenance of mood disorders. Circadian rhythm, which regulates sleep-wake cycles and other biological processes, can also impact mood. Lastly, stress is a common trigger for mood disorders and can exacerbate symptoms.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following May increase the risk of developing certain anxiety disorders

    • A.

      •Parental temperament and parenting style

    • B.

      •Smoking

    • C.

      Annoying people

    • D.

      •Perinatal complications

    • E.

      •Interpersonal stressors

    • F.

      •Exposure to infectious agents

    • G.

      Pizza

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. •Parental temperament and parenting style
    B. •Smoking
    D. •Perinatal complications
    E. •Interpersonal stressors
    F. •Exposure to infectious agents
  • 13. 

    Co-occurring _______ impairments frequently occur with anxiety disorders. Elevated anxiety levels may also result in_________ impairments. These result in disrupted engagement in meaningful occupations that occur in the community; relationships are also impacted.

    Correct Answer(s)
    physical; cognitive
    Explanation
    Elevated anxiety levels often lead to physical impairments, such as muscle tension, increased heart rate, and difficulty breathing. These physical impairments can interfere with a person's ability to engage in daily activities and occupations. Additionally, anxiety can also cause cognitive impairments, such as difficulty concentrating, memory problems, and racing thoughts. These cognitive impairments can further hinder a person's ability to participate in meaningful activities and maintain relationships.

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  • 14. 

    Most common mental health disorder impacting 30% of the population

    • A.

      Mood disorders

    • B.

      Anxiety disorders

    • C.

      Physical disabilities

    • D.

      Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders

    • E.

      Substance Abuse and Co-Occurring Disorders

    • F.

      Psychosocial Concerns With Physical Disabilities

    Correct Answer
    B. Anxiety disorders
    Explanation
    Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorder, affecting approximately 30% of the population. These disorders are characterized by excessive and persistent worry, fear, or anxiety that can significantly interfere with daily life. Symptoms may include restlessness, irritability, difficulty concentrating, muscle tension, and sleep disturbances. Anxiety disorders can range from generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) to panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. It is important to note that while anxiety disorders are common, they are also highly treatable with therapy, medication, or a combination of both.

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  • 15. 

    Goals and ambitions for the future are signs of _______

    Correct Answer
    recovery
    Explanation
    Goals and ambitions for the future are signs of recovery because they indicate a person's ability to plan and strive for something better. When someone is recovering from a setback or difficult period, they often regain their motivation and start setting goals again. Having goals and ambitions shows that they have overcome their challenges and are moving forward in a positive direction. It signifies their determination to improve their life and achieve success, which is a clear indication of recovery.

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  • 16. 

    •Associated with schizophrenia include

    • A.

      ‒Minority status

    • B.

      ‒Growing up in an urban environment

    • C.

      ‒Marijuana use

    • D.

      ‒Majority status

    • E.

      -doing acid 10 times in your life

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. ‒Minority status
    B. ‒Growing up in an urban environment
    C. ‒Marijuana use
    Explanation
    Certain factors have been found to be associated with an increased risk of developing schizophrenia. These include being a minority, growing up in an urban environment, and marijuana use. Research has shown that individuals from minority groups, such as ethnic minorities, may have a higher prevalence of schizophrenia. Growing up in an urban environment, with its associated stressors and social factors, has also been linked to an increased risk. Additionally, marijuana use, particularly during adolescence, has been found to be a potential risk factor for developing schizophrenia.

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  • 17. 

    Schizophrena is Slightly _______ incidence among males than females

    Correct Answer(s)
    higher
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "higher". Schizophrenia has a slightly higher incidence among males compared to females. This means that males are more likely to develop schizophrenia than females, although the difference in incidence rates is not significant.

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  • 18. 

    •cooccuring with schizophrenia include

    • A.

      •High rates of reflective listening

    • B.

      •Obesity

    • C.

      •High rates of smoking

    • D.

      •Severe oral diseases

    • E.

      Low levels of physical activity

    • F.

      -doing acid 10 times in your life

    • G.

      Poverty

    • H.

      Stigma

    • I.

      Homeless

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. •Obesity
    C. •High rates of smoking
    D. •Severe oral diseases
    E. Low levels of physical activity
    G. Poverty
    H. Stigma
    I. Homeless
    Explanation
    The given answer includes various factors that are known to co-occur with schizophrenia. These factors include obesity, high rates of smoking, severe oral diseases, low levels of physical activity, poverty, stigma, and homelessness. These factors have been observed to be more prevalent among individuals with schizophrenia compared to the general population. They can contribute to the overall health and well-being of individuals with schizophrenia and may impact their quality of life and treatment outcomes.

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  • 19. 

    _______ __________is the time between the emergence of early signs of the illness and the point at which the diagnostic criteria for the disorder are met. 

    Correct Answer(s)
    Prodromal Period
    Explanation
    The prodromal period refers to the time between the emergence of early signs of an illness and the point at which the diagnostic criteria for the disorder are met. This period is characterized by non-specific symptoms that may indicate the onset of a particular illness. During this phase, individuals may experience subtle changes in their behavior, mood, or physical health that can serve as warning signs for the development of a full-blown disorder. Identifying and recognizing the prodromal period is important for early intervention and prevention of more severe symptoms.

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  • 20. 

    Most commonly cooccuring with substance use disorders is ______ _______ ________ incidence of co-occurring use (39.5%). ________ use was significant as a co-occurring drug for all persons with any mental illness (23.2%).

    Correct Answer(s)
    serious mental illness; marijuana
    Explanation
    The given answer states that the most commonly cooccurring condition with substance use disorders is serious mental illness, specifically in the incidence of co-occurring use. Additionally, the answer mentions that marijuana use is significant as a co-occurring drug for all individuals with any mental illness.

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  • 21. 

    Men are_______ likely to have a substance use disorder than women.African Americans and Native Americans tend to have _______ rates of use than the general population while Asian Americans have ______ rates

    Correct Answer(s)
    more; higher; lower
    Explanation
    Men are more likely to have a substance use disorder than women. This is supported by research that consistently shows higher rates of substance abuse and addiction among men compared to women. African Americans and Native Americans tend to have higher rates of substance use than the general population. This can be attributed to various factors such as socio-economic disparities, historical trauma, and cultural influences. On the other hand, Asian Americans tend to have lower rates of substance use. This can be attributed to cultural values, family support systems, and strong community ties that discourage substance abuse.

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  • 22. 

    Regarding substance use; Spirituality or religion is a __________ factor. Unemployment is ____- factor. 

    Correct Answer(s)
    protective; risk
    Explanation
    Spirituality or religion can be considered a protective factor when it comes to substance use. This means that individuals who are more connected to their spirituality or involved in religious practices are less likely to engage in substance abuse. On the other hand, unemployment is considered a risk factor for substance use. This implies that individuals who are unemployed are more vulnerable to substance abuse due to factors such as stress, lack of structure, and financial difficulties.

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  • 23. 

    §Substance use or addiction can be classified as an ________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    occupation
    Explanation
    Substance use or addiction can be classified as an occupation because it involves a person engaging in a specific activity or behavior on a regular basis. In this case, the activity or behavior is the use of substances or the addiction to them. Like any other occupation, substance use or addiction can consume a significant amount of time, energy, and resources, and can have a profound impact on a person's daily life, relationships, and overall well-being.

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  • 24. 

    Type question here. Example: Practice makes you ________

    Correct Answer(s)
    N/A
  • 25. 

    __________ Principles for integrated treatment of bipolar disorder and alcohol use disorder  •Follow-up •Interrelationships of diagnoses •Relapse Prevention •Education •Stabilization of withdrawal and mood •Individuation of program •Diagnostic equivalence •Empowerment 

    Correct Answer(s)
    FIRESIDE
  • 26. 

    What are the four symptom areas of the D S M-5 that define substance use disorders?

    • A.

      •significant disruption to meaningful activities 

    • B.

      Impaired control

    • C.

      Social impairment

    • D.

      Risky use

    • E.

      Tolerance and withdrawal criteria/symptoms

    • F.

      Option 6

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Impaired control
    C. Social impairment
    D. Risky use
    E. Tolerance and withdrawal criteria/symptoms
    Explanation
    The four symptom areas of the DSM-5 that define substance use disorders are impaired control, social impairment, risky use, and tolerance and withdrawal criteria/symptoms. Impaired control refers to the inability to control or stop using the substance despite negative consequences. Social impairment involves the negative impact on social relationships and responsibilities due to substance use. Risky use refers to engaging in dangerous or harmful behaviors while under the influence of substances. Tolerance and withdrawal criteria/symptoms indicate the physical and psychological dependence on the substance, as evidenced by the need for increased amounts of the substance to achieve the desired effect and experiencing withdrawal symptoms when not using.

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  • 27. 

    What are the common barriers raised by individuals with substance use and co-occurring disorders with regard to receiving appropriate interventions?

    • A.

      ‒Being part of a culture or social environment that promotes substance use

    • B.

      Being a minority

    • C.

      Poverty

    • D.

      Cognitive mind-set that change is unlikely 

    • E.

      Having a job

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. ‒Being part of a culture or social environment that promotes substance use
    C. Poverty
    D. Cognitive mind-set that change is unlikely 
    Explanation
    Individuals with substance use and co-occurring disorders may face common barriers when it comes to receiving appropriate interventions. These barriers can include being part of a culture or social environment that promotes substance use, poverty, and having a cognitive mindset that change is unlikely. Additionally, factors such as having a job and being a minority can also contribute to these barriers. These various barriers can make it difficult for individuals to access the necessary support and interventions they need to address their substance use and co-occurring disorders.

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  • 28. 

    When managing Psychosocial Concerns With Physical Disabilities Task is

    • A.

      To achieve an acceptance of one’s ability and mourn the loss of one’s former body image and its effects into a new state of being

    • B.

      Persevere and deny anyone who tells you what you can and cannot do

    • C.

      Take appropriate medication

    • D.

      To achieve an acceptance of one’s disability and reintegrate the loss of one’s former body image and its effects into a new state of being

    • E.

      Give up

    Correct Answer
    D. To achieve an acceptance of one’s disability and reintegrate the loss of one’s former body image and its effects into a new state of being
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to achieve an acceptance of one's disability and reintegrate the loss of one's former body image and its effects into a new state of being. This explanation suggests that the task of managing psychosocial concerns with physical disabilities involves accepting one's disability and finding ways to cope with the changes in body image and its impact on one's life. It emphasizes the importance of integrating these changes into a new sense of self and identity.

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  • 29. 

    Assistance in regaining a sense of _______identity for a person who becomes disabled as an adult may be a critical component of rehabilitation. 

    Correct Answer
    sexual
    Explanation
    Assistance in regaining a sense of sexual identity for a person who becomes disabled as an adult may be a critical component of rehabilitation. This is because a disability can significantly impact a person's sexual functioning and self-perception. By addressing and supporting their sexual identity, individuals can regain confidence, explore their desires, and maintain fulfilling relationships. Rehabilitation programs that focus on sexual identity can provide education, counseling, and interventions to help individuals adjust to their new circumstances and enhance their overall well-being.

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  • 30. 

    Assessment of cognitive abilities is unnecessary to a comprehensive rehabilitation program after acquiring a physical disability to limbs. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Assessment of cognitive abilities is vital to a comprehensive rehabilitation program after acquiring a physical disability no matter the diagnosis.

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  • 31. 

    Psychiatric Conditions Associated With Physical Disability  include

    • A.

      •High rates of reflective listening

    • B.

      •Obesity

    • C.

      •High rates of smoking

    • D.

      Anxiety

    • E.

      Depression

    • F.

      Stages of grief

    • G.

      •Severe oral diseases

    • H.

      Low levels of physical activity

    • I.

      -doing acid 10 times in your life

    • J.

      Poverty

    • K.

      Stigma

    • L.

      Homeless

    • M.

      PTSD

    • N.

      Substance use

    • O.

      Suicidal ideation

    • P.

      Option 16

    Correct Answer(s)
    D. Anxiety
    E. Depression
    F. Stages of grief
    M. PTSD
    N. Substance use
    O. Suicidal ideation
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes psychiatric conditions that are commonly associated with physical disability. Depression, anxiety, stages of grief, PTSD, substance use, and suicidal ideation are all mental health issues that individuals with physical disabilities may experience. These conditions can be caused by factors such as the challenges of living with a disability, social stigma, and the impact of physical limitations on daily life. It is important to address both the physical and mental health needs of individuals with physical disabilities to provide comprehensive care.

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  • 32. 

    Coping ______ support–helps ease emotional burdens as well as gaining knowledge and communicating to build relationships to others.  ‒Becoming an______ in one’s own disability equips individual for knowledge and skills to solve problems and communicate information about condition to others Through ________, OT practitioners help the individual explore and develop opportunities to positively contribute to the lives of others. personal factors like self-_______ and humor are helpful for positive adaptation

    Correct Answer(s)
    social; expert; generativity; regulation
    Explanation
    Social support helps ease emotional burdens and build relationships with others. Becoming an expert in one's own disability equips individuals with knowledge and skills to solve problems and communicate information about their condition to others. Through generativity, OT practitioners help individuals explore and develop opportunities to positively contribute to the lives of others. Personal factors like self-regulation and humor are helpful for positive adaptation.

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  • 33. 

    Halley worked on a community-based mental health program called _____-_ designed to promote wellness. It specifically targeted _________ _____.

    Correct Answer(s)
    New-R; weight loss
    Explanation
    Halley worked on a community-based mental health program called New-R, which was designed to promote wellness. It specifically targeted weight loss.

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  • 34. 

    Eight dimensions of Wellness

    • A.

      Emotional

    • B.

      Environmental

    • C.

      Hope

    • D.

      Personal Responsibility

    • E.

      Financial

    • F.

      Education

    • G.

      Social

    • H.

      Spiritual

    • I.

      Intellectual

    • J.

      Self-Advocacy

    • K.

      Physical

    • L.

      Support

    • M.

      Occupational

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Emotional
    B. Environmental
    E. Financial
    G. Social
    H. Spiritual
    I. Intellectual
    K. Physical
    M. Occupational
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the eight dimensions of wellness: emotional, environmental, financial, social, spiritual, intellectual, physical, and occupational. These dimensions encompass various aspects of an individual's well-being, including their emotional state, the environment they live in, their financial stability, their social connections, their spiritual beliefs, their intellectual pursuits, their physical health, and their occupational satisfaction. By addressing and nurturing each of these dimensions, individuals can strive for a well-rounded and balanced approach to their overall wellness and quality of life.

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  • 35. 

    5 key concepts from WRAP

    • A.

      Emotional

    • B.

      Environmental

    • C.

      Hope

    • D.

      Personal Responsibility

    • E.

      Financial

    • F.

      Education

    • G.

      Social

    • H.

      Spiritual

    • I.

      Intellectual

    • J.

      Self-Advocacy

    • K.

      Physical

    • L.

      Support

    • M.

      Occupational

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Hope
    D. Personal Responsibility
    F. Education
    J. Self-Advocacy
    L. Support
    Explanation
    The given answer includes five key concepts from WRAP: Hope, Personal Responsibility, Education, Self-Advocacy, and Support. These concepts are important in the process of developing a Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP). Hope is essential for maintaining motivation and belief in the recovery process. Personal Responsibility emphasizes the individual's role in their own recovery. Education helps individuals gain knowledge and understanding about their condition and potential strategies for coping. Self-Advocacy empowers individuals to speak up for their needs and rights. Support from others, such as friends, family, or support groups, is crucial in providing encouragement and assistance throughout the recovery journey.

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  • 36. 

    Meyers bridged the connection between Mind and Body through ________ ________model which currently emphasizes an interface of genetic or biological, psychological, and situational factors that contribute to the development of an illness. Emotions resulting from events create changes in the _______system, which prepares the body to respond to ________. the _______ released in response to threats can be harmful and create circumstances that damage the body’s natural defensive systems.

    Correct Answer(s)
    diathesis stress; endocrine; threats; hormones
    Explanation
    Meyers bridged the connection between Mind and Body through the diathesis stress model which currently emphasizes an interface of genetic or biological, psychological, and situational factors that contribute to the development of an illness. Emotions resulting from events create changes in the endocrine system, which prepares the body to respond to threats. The hormones released in response to threats can be harmful and create circumstances that damage the body's natural defensive systems.

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  • 37. 

    __________ is a general term for human change based on challenges in the environment while  ________more specifically describes the explicit actions taken by individuals as they encounter difficult conditions in their daily lives.

    Correct Answer(s)
    adaptation; coping
    Explanation
    Adaptation is a general term for human change based on challenges in the environment, referring to the overall process of adjusting to new circumstances. Coping, on the other hand, specifically describes the explicit actions taken by individuals as they encounter difficult conditions in their daily lives. While adaptation encompasses a broader concept of change, coping focuses on the specific strategies and behaviors employed to deal with challenges.

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  • 38. 

    ________ type influences perception of stress

    Correct Answer(s)
    personality
    Explanation
    Type A personality and type B personality

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  • 39. 

    Factors associated with successful aging

    • A.

      Autonomy

    • B.

      •Obesity

    • C.

      •High rates of smoking

    • D.

      •Severe oral diseases

    • E.

      Positive relations with others

    • F.

      Low levels of physical activity

    • G.

      Environmental mastery

    • H.

      -doing acid 10 times in your life

    • I.

      Personal growth

    • J.

      Poverty

    • K.

      Stigma

    • L.

      Homeless

    • M.

      Purpose in life

    • N.

      Self-acceptance

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Autonomy
    E. Positive relations with others
    G. Environmental mastery
    I. Personal growth
    M. Purpose in life
    N. Self-acceptance
    Explanation
    The factors associated with successful aging include autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations with others, purpose in life, and self-acceptance. These factors contribute to a sense of fulfillment and well-being in older adults. Autonomy refers to the ability to make independent decisions and have control over one's life. Environmental mastery refers to the ability to adapt and cope with life's challenges. Personal growth involves continuous learning and development. Positive relations with others and purpose in life provide social support and a sense of meaning. Self-acceptance involves having a positive self-image and accepting oneself as they are. These factors collectively contribute to successful aging.

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  • 40. 

    Four-factor model of coping should be considered

    • A.

      Emotional

    • B.

      Environmental

    • C.

      Hope

    • D.

      Personal Responsibility

    • E.

      Support seeking

    • F.

      Financial

    • G.

      Education

    • H.

      Social

    • I.

      Spiritual

    • J.

      Distraction

    • K.

      Active

    • L.

      Intellectual

    • M.

      Self-Advocacy

    • N.

      Avoidant

    • O.

      Physical

    • P.

      Support

    • Q.

      Occupational

    Correct Answer(s)
    E. Support seeking
    J. Distraction
    K. Active
    N. Avoidant
    Explanation
    The given answer includes four coping strategies: Active coping, Distraction, Avoidant coping, and Support seeking. Active coping refers to taking direct action to solve the problem or manage the stressor. Distraction involves diverting attention away from the stressor to reduce its impact. Avoidant coping refers to avoiding or denying the stressor altogether. Support seeking involves seeking help or support from others to cope with the stressor. These four coping strategies cover a range of approaches that individuals may use to deal with stress or difficult situations.

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  • 41. 

    ________is an evidence-based outcome measure designed to capture a client’s self-perception of performance in everyday living, over time.

    Correct Answer(s)
    COPM
    Explanation
    Canadian Occupational Performance Measure

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  • 42. 

    _____________-object relations approaches •Writing—free writing and flow writing, stream of consciousness, journal writing, open dialog, and expressive creative writing •Creative expression—free-form art, sculpture, and improvisational drama or play

    Correct Answer(s)
    psychodynamic
    Explanation
    Freud, free association etc...

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  • 43. 

    __________ ____________ interventions •Stresses the role of one’s thought process in influencing emotions and behaviors •Identifies maladaptive behaviors and thinking patterns •Restructures these patterns with adaptive thoughts and actions

    Correct Answer(s)
    cognitive behavioral
    Explanation
    Cognitive behavioral interventions focus on the role of one's thought process in influencing emotions and behaviors. They aim to identify maladaptive behaviors and thinking patterns and then restructure these patterns with adaptive thoughts and actions. This approach emphasizes the connection between thoughts, emotions, and behaviors, and seeks to change negative or unhelpful thoughts and behaviors to improve overall well-being.

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  • 44. 

    ________ of ________ _________ is an occupation-based approaches to stress and coping that focuses on how an individual’s daily occupations support or hinder personal health

    Correct Answer(s)
    model of human occupation
    Explanation
    The model of human occupation is an occupation-based approach to stress and coping that examines how an individual's daily occupations, such as work, leisure activities, and self-care, can either support or hinder their personal health. This model emphasizes the importance of engaging in meaningful and purposeful activities to promote well-being and manage stress. It considers how factors such as environment, personal factors, and the individual's own values and beliefs influence their occupational choices and experiences.

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  • 45. 

    Cognition challenges common with 

    • A.

      Mood disorders

    • B.

      Anxiety disorders

    • C.

      Physical disabilities

    • D.

      Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders

    • E.

      Substance Abuse and Co-Occurring Disorders

    • F.

      Psychosocial Concerns With Physical Disabilities

    • G.

      Schizophrenia

    • H.

      ADHD

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Mood disorders
    B. Anxiety disorders
    D. Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders
    G. Schizophrenia
    H. ADHD
    Explanation
    The given correct answer includes mood disorders, anxiety disorders, Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders, schizophrenia, and ADHD. These conditions are all associated with cognitive challenges. Mood disorders and anxiety disorders can affect cognitive function, leading to difficulties with concentration, memory, and decision-making. Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders can also impact cognition, particularly in terms of attention and memory. Schizophrenia is characterized by cognitive deficits, including problems with attention, memory, and executive functioning. ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that often involves difficulties with attention, impulsivity, and executive functioning, which can impact cognitive abilities.

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  • 46. 

    Successful OT Interventions are comprised of

    • A.

      •Remediation

    • B.

      •Listening

    • C.

      •Compensation

    • D.

      •Cognitive Beliefs

    • E.

      •Transtheoretical Model of Change

    • F.

      •Behavior Change

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. •Remediation
    C. •Compensation
    D. •Cognitive Beliefs
    Explanation
    Remediation: improving or restoring
    Compensation: adapt the environment, task or teaching method to compensate for the deficit.
    Cognitive beliefs: cognitive behavioral therapy

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  • 47. 

    Transtheoretical model was developed in the late 1970’s to explain _____ _________

    Correct Answer(s)
    smoking cessation
    Explanation
    The Transtheoretical model, developed in the late 1970s, aims to explain the process of behavior change, specifically in the context of smoking cessation. This model suggests that individuals go through different stages of change, including precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance, when attempting to quit smoking. It emphasizes the importance of understanding an individual's readiness to change and tailoring interventions accordingly. By considering the stages of change, this model provides insights into the factors that influence smoking cessation and helps guide effective interventions.

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  • 48. 

    TTM stages include

    Correct Answer(s)
    precontemplation; contemplation, preparation; action; maintenance
    Explanation
    The TTM (Transtheoretical Model) stages are a framework for understanding behavior change. The stages include precontemplation, where individuals are not yet considering change; contemplation, where individuals are thinking about making a change; preparation, where individuals are getting ready to take action; action, where individuals are actively making changes; and maintenance, where individuals are working to sustain their changes. These stages represent a progression from not considering change to actively maintaining new behaviors.

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  • 49. 

    Example of Motivational interviewing? The clinician voices understanding of the client’s point of view, whether or not the client is planning to change. The clinician encourages the client to discuss his/her thoughts, doubts, and goals. The client essentially talks him/herself into change.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Motivational interviewing is a counseling approach that aims to help individuals explore and resolve their ambivalence about behavior change. In this approach, the clinician acknowledges and validates the client's perspective, even if they are not yet ready to make a change. By encouraging the client to express their thoughts, doubts, and goals, the clinician creates a safe space for the client to reflect on their behavior and potentially talk themselves into change. Therefore, the statement that the client essentially talks themselves into change is true in the context of motivational interviewing.

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  • 50. 

    Core interviewing skills include

    • A.

      Open-ended questions

    • B.

      Partnership

    • C.

      Affirmations

    • D.

      Acceptance

    • E.

      Evocation

    • F.

      Reflections

    • G.

      Compassion

    • H.

      Summaries

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Open-ended questions
    C. Affirmations
    F. Reflections
    H. Summaries
    Explanation
    The core interviewing skills mentioned in the given options include open-ended questions, affirmations, reflections, and summaries. Open-ended questions encourage the interviewee to provide detailed and thoughtful responses, allowing for a deeper understanding of their thoughts and experiences. Affirmations involve acknowledging and validating the interviewee's perspectives and feelings, creating a positive and supportive environment. Reflections involve paraphrasing and summarizing the interviewee's statements, demonstrating active listening and understanding. Summaries help to recap and consolidate the main points discussed during the interview. These skills are essential for effective communication and building a strong rapport with the interviewee.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 14, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 26, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Sam
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