4th Grade-earth And Beyond Unit

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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 585
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 85

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4th Grade-earth And Beyond Unit - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    ____________ is hardened tree sap.

    Correct Answer
    amber
    Explanation
    Amber is a hardened tree sap. It is formed when the sap from ancient trees hardens over millions of years. This process occurs when the sap is exposed to heat and pressure, causing it to solidify and become fossilized. Amber is known for its golden color and is often used in jewelry and decorative objects. It can also contain preserved insects and plant material, making it a valuable resource for scientists studying ancient ecosystems.

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  • 2. 

    Which statement about rocks is not true?

    • A.

      All rocks are made of minerals.

    • B.

      Rocks come in different shapes, colors, and sizes.

    • C.

      A rock is always made up of just one kind of mineral.

    Correct Answer
    C. A rock is always made up of just one kind of mineral.
    Explanation
    The given statement that "A rock is always made up of just one kind of mineral" is not true. Rocks are composed of different minerals and can have a combination of minerals within them. They can be made up of various minerals such as quartz, feldspar, mica, and many others. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that rocks are always made up of just one kind of mineral.

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  • 3. 

    Soil begins to form when _____________________ is broken apart into small rock pieces and minerals.

    Correct Answer
    bedrock
    Explanation
    Soil formation starts when bedrock, which is the solid rock layer beneath the soil, undergoes weathering and breaks down into smaller rock pieces and minerals. This process is facilitated by various factors such as physical weathering (e.g., freeze-thaw cycles), chemical weathering (e.g., acid rain), and biological activity (e.g., plant roots). As the bedrock continues to weather and decompose, it gradually forms the basis for soil development by providing the initial components necessary for soil formation.

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  • 4. 

    The size of pore spaces and how they are connected affect ____________________, or how easily water can pass through a porous material.

    • A.

      Soil profile

    • B.

      Permeability

    • C.

      Humus

    Correct Answer
    B. Permeability
    Explanation
    The size of pore spaces and how they are connected affect permeability, or how easily water can pass through a porous material. Permeability is a measure of the ability of a material to transmit fluids through its pore spaces. If the pore spaces are larger and well-connected, water can flow more easily through the material, resulting in higher permeability. On the other hand, if the pore spaces are smaller and not well-connected, water flow will be restricted, leading to lower permeability.

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  • 5. 

    The top layer of soil, or _______________, is rich in humus and minerals.

    • A.

      Topsoil

    • B.

      Subsoil

    • C.

      Bedrock

    Correct Answer
    A. Topsoil
    Explanation
    Topsoil is the correct answer because it is the uppermost layer of soil that is rich in humus and minerals. It is where most of the plant roots are located and where most of the soil's organic matter is found. Topsoil is crucial for plant growth and plays a vital role in supporting agriculture and ecosystems. Subsoil is the layer beneath topsoil and contains less organic matter, while bedrock is the solid rock layer beneath the soil.

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  • 6. 

    A layer of soil differing from the layers above and below it is called a _____________.

    • A.

      Pore spaces

    • B.

      Horizon

    • C.

      Soil profile

    Correct Answer
    B. Horizon
    Explanation
    A layer of soil differing from the layers above and below it is called a horizon. This term is used in soil science to describe the distinct layers or zones of soil that form over time due to various processes such as weathering, deposition, and biological activity. Each horizon has unique characteristics in terms of color, texture, structure, and composition, which are influenced by factors like climate, parent material, and organisms. Understanding the different horizons in a soil profile is important for studying soil formation, fertility, and land management.

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  • 7. 

    Soil contains leftover plant and animal matter called ____________.

    Correct Answer
    humus
    Explanation
    Soil contains leftover plant and animal matter called humus. Humus is the organic component of soil that is formed through the decomposition of dead plants and animals. It is rich in nutrients and helps to improve soil fertility and structure. Humus also aids in retaining moisture in the soil and enhancing its ability to hold nutrients.

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  • 8. 

    The release of stored energy in Earth's outer layer causes movements or vibrations  are called _______________.

    • A.

      Fault

    • B.

      Seismic waves

    • C.

      Earthquakes

    Correct Answer
    C. Earthquakes
    Explanation
    When stored energy in Earth's outer layer is released, it causes movements or vibrations known as earthquakes. These seismic waves can result in the shaking and displacement of the Earth's surface, leading to the occurrence of earthquakes. Faults, on the other hand, are the actual fractures or breaks in the Earth's crust where the release of energy occurs, causing earthquakes. Therefore, seismic waves are the result of the release of stored energy, while earthquakes are the overall phenomenon that encompasses the movements and vibrations caused by this release.

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  • 9. 

    The layer of rock lying below the crust is called _______________.

    • A.

      Outer layer

    • B.

      Mantle

    • C.

      Fault

    Correct Answer
    B. Mantle
    Explanation
    The layer of rock lying below the crust is called the mantle. The mantle is located between the crust and the core of the Earth. It is composed of solid rock and is the thickest layer of the Earth. The mantle plays a crucial role in the movement of tectonic plates and is responsible for generating the Earth's magnetic field.

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  • 10. 

    Something that is formed or shaped in a mold is called ___________.

    Correct Answer
    cast
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "cast" because when something is formed or shaped in a mold, it is referred to as a cast. A cast is typically made by pouring a liquid material, such as metal or plaster, into a mold and allowing it to harden. This process creates a solid object that is an exact replica of the mold. Casts are commonly used in various industries, such as manufacturing, art, and dentistry, to create precise and detailed objects.

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  • 11. 

     Letter C represents which layer of soil?

    • A.

      Subsoil

    • B.

      Broken-down bedrock

    • C.

      Bedrock

    Correct Answer
    C. Bedrock
    Explanation
    The correct answer is bedrock. Bedrock is the layer of solid rock that lies beneath the soil. It is the deepest layer and provides the foundation for the soil above it. Subsoil refers to the layer of soil beneath the topsoil, while broken-down bedrock refers to the process of weathering and erosion that breaks down the bedrock into smaller particles. Therefore, neither subsoil nor broken-down bedrock represents the layer of soil indicated by letter C.

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  • 12. 

     Letter A represents which layer of soil?

    • A.

      Subsoil

    • B.

      Topsoil

    • C.

      Bedrock

    Correct Answer
    A. Subsoil
    Explanation
    The correct answer is subsoil because subsoil is the layer of soil that is located beneath the topsoil. It is typically composed of a mixture of clay, silt, and sand, and it contains less organic matter than the topsoil. Subsoil plays an important role in the drainage and water-holding capacity of the soil, as well as in providing support for plant roots.

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  • 13. 

     Layer O represents which layer of soil?

    • A.

      Broken down bedrock

    • B.

      Subsoil

    • C.

      Topsoil

    Correct Answer
    C. Topsoil
    Explanation
    Layer O represents the topsoil. Topsoil is the uppermost layer of soil that contains organic matter, minerals, and nutrients. It is the most fertile layer and supports the growth of plants and organisms. The topsoil is formed by the decomposition of organic materials and weathering of rocks over time. It is crucial for agriculture and gardening as it provides nutrients and water retention for plants.

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  • 14. 

    Letter B represents which layer of soil?  

    • A.

      Broken down bedrock

    • B.

      Bedrock

    • C.

      Subsoil

    Correct Answer
    A. Broken down bedrock
    Explanation
    The correct answer is broken down bedrock. This layer of soil is formed when the bedrock, which is the solid rock beneath the soil, breaks down into smaller particles due to weathering and other natural processes. The broken down bedrock layer is located below the topsoil and plays a crucial role in providing nutrients and support for plant growth.

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  • 15. 

     Letter A represents which part of the earth's structure?

    • A.

      Outer core

    • B.

      Mantle

    • C.

      Crust

    Correct Answer
    C. Crust
    Explanation
    Letter A represents the crust of the earth's structure. The crust is the outermost layer of the earth, and it is the thinnest layer compared to the mantle and the core. It is composed of solid rocks and is divided into two types: continental crust, which forms the continents, and oceanic crust, which forms the ocean floors. The crust is where most geological activity occurs, such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

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  • 16. 

     Letter B represents which part of the earth's structure?

    • A.

      Inner core

    • B.

      Outer core

    • C.

      Mantle

    Correct Answer
    C. Mantle
    Explanation
    The correct answer is mantle. The mantle is the layer between the Earth's crust and the outer core. It is composed of hot, solid rock that is semi-fluid and capable of flowing very slowly over long periods of time. The mantle is the largest layer of the Earth's structure and plays a crucial role in the movement of tectonic plates and the convection currents that drive plate tectonics.

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  • 17. 

    Letter C represents the outer core of the earth's structure. True or False.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The correct answer is True. The outer core is a layer of the Earth's structure, located beneath the mantle and surrounding the inner core. It is composed mainly of liquid iron and nickel, and it plays a crucial role in generating the Earth's magnetic field.

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  • 18. 

    Letter D represents the mantle. True or False.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Letter D actually represents the inner core. It is the sphere of solid material at Earth's center.

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  • 19. 

    Which type of soil was not one that we used to experiment with?

    • A.

      Humus

    • B.

      Salt

    • C.

      Clay

    Correct Answer
    B. Salt
    Explanation
    The correct answer is salt because salt is not a type of soil. Soil is composed of minerals, organic matter, water, and air, whereas salt is a mineral compound. Therefore, salt cannot be used as a type of soil in experiments.

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  • 20. 

    What is the difference between rocks and minerals?  

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  • Current Version
  • Oct 26, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 17, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Kmielke
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