Do You Know Airway Clearance Techniques?

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Do You Know Airway Clearance Techniques? - Quiz

The airway clearance techniques are procedures performed to ease the lung and eject mucus (usually thick) from it. This quiz will examine your understanding of this procedure.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The following are methods used in this procedure except 

    • A.

      Percussion

    • B.

      Chest Physiotherapy

    • C.

      Positive airway pressure

    • D.

      Tapping

    Correct Answer
    D. Tapping
    Explanation
    The question asks for a method that is not used in the procedure mentioned. Percussion, chest physiotherapy, and positive airway pressure are all methods that can be used in the procedure. However, tapping is not used in this procedure.

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  • 2. 

    This technique is usually used in 

    • A.

      Pneumonia

    • B.

      Asthma

    • C.

      Cystic Fibrosis

    • D.

      Cardiac Shock

    Correct Answer
    C. Cystic Fibrosis
    Explanation
    This technique is usually used in Cystic Fibrosis.

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  • 3. 

    The following are airway clearance techniques except 

    • A.

      Autogenic Drainage

    • B.

      Chest Physical Therapy

    • C.

      Coughing and Huffing

    • D.

      Deep Breathing

    Correct Answer
    D. Deep Breathing
    Explanation
    Deep breathing is not considered an airway clearance technique because it primarily focuses on expanding the lungs and increasing oxygen intake, rather than specifically targeting the clearance of mucus or secretions from the airways. Airway clearance techniques, on the other hand, are specifically designed to help mobilize and remove mucus from the lungs and airways, such as Autogenic Drainage, Chest Physical Therapy, and Coughing and Huffing.

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  • 4. 

    The following are medications that can be taken with the airway clearance techniques except 

    • A.

      Bronchodilators

    • B.

      Mucus Thinners

    • C.

      Inhaled Antibiotics 

    • D.

      Nasal Antibiotics

    Correct Answer
    D. Nasal Antibiotics
    Explanation
    Nasal antibiotics are not typically taken with airway clearance techniques because they are specifically designed to target infections in the nasal passages, not the lungs. Airway clearance techniques are used to help clear mucus and improve lung function, and are often used in conjunction with bronchodilators, mucus thinners, and inhaled antibiotics, which are all directly related to lung health and function. Therefore, nasal antibiotics are the only medication listed that does not directly relate to airway clearance techniques.

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  • 5. 

    The choice of which technique to use for airway clearance depends on the following except 

    • A.

      Stability of airways

    • B.

      Quantity of sputum

    • C.

      Location of affected bronchi

    • D.

      Irritability of the airway affected

    Correct Answer
    D. Irritability of the airway affected
    Explanation
    The choice of which technique to use for airway clearance depends on the stability of airways, quantity of sputum, and location of affected bronchi. However, the irritability of the airway affected is not a factor that influences the choice of technique.

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  • 6. 

    Good airway clearance technique should ensure except 

    • A.

      Increase quality of life

    • B.

      Reduce shortness of breath

    • C.

      Reduce the expenditure of energy

    • D.

      Reduce airway activities

    Correct Answer
    D. Reduce airway activities
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Reduce airway activities." This means that a good airway clearance technique should not reduce airway activities. Airway activities are necessary for proper breathing and lung function. The other options, such as increasing quality of life, reducing shortness of breath, and reducing energy expenditure, are all positive outcomes that a good airway clearance technique should aim to achieve.

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  • 7. 

    Airway clearance technique is associated with the following except 

    • A.

      Obstructive pulmonary disorder

    • B.

      Cystic fibrosis

    • C.

      Brochiectasis

    • D.

      Pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    D. Pneumonia
    Explanation
    Airway clearance techniques are used to help clear mucus and secretions from the airways, improving lung function and preventing respiratory complications. Obstructive pulmonary disorder, cystic fibrosis, and bronchiectasis are all conditions that can cause excessive mucus production and airway obstruction, making airway clearance techniques necessary. Pneumonia, on the other hand, is an infection of the lungs that typically does not cause excessive mucus production or airway obstruction, so airway clearance techniques are not typically used as a treatment for pneumonia.

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  • 8. 

    The airway clearance technique can be best performed by a 

    • A.

      Physiologist

    • B.

      Exercise Physiotherapist

    • C.

      Respiratory Physiotherapist

    • D.

      Nurse

    Correct Answer
    C. Respiratory Physiotherapist
    Explanation
    A respiratory physiotherapist is the best professional to perform airway clearance techniques. They have specialized knowledge and training in respiratory conditions and treatments. They understand the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system and can effectively assess and treat airway clearance issues. They are skilled in techniques such as chest physiotherapy, breathing exercises, and manual techniques to help clear mucus and improve lung function. Nurses, physiologists, and exercise physiotherapists may have some knowledge in this area, but a respiratory physiotherapist is specifically trained to provide the most effective care for airway clearance.

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  • 9. 

    The main airway clearance technique is 

    • A.

      Active Cycle of Breathing Technique

    • B.

      Autogenic Drainage

    • C.

      Coughing and Huffing

    • D.

      Chest Physical Therapy

    Correct Answer
    A. Active Cycle of Breathing Technique
    Explanation
    The main airway clearance technique is the Active Cycle of Breathing Technique. This technique involves a combination of breathing exercises, huffing, and coughing to help clear mucus and secretions from the airways. It is a structured approach that includes periods of breathing control, deep breathing, and forced expiratory techniques to promote effective clearance of the airways. Autogenic Drainage is another airway clearance technique that focuses on controlled breathing to mobilize and clear mucus. Coughing and Huffing are individual techniques that can be used to clear the airways, but they are not as comprehensive or structured as the Active Cycle of Breathing Technique. Chest Physical Therapy refers to a range of manual techniques and devices used to assist with airway clearance, but it is not specifically mentioned as the main technique in the given options.

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  • 10. 

    The form of therapy used to create a small opening for air passage by pressure is 

    • A.

      Positive Expiratory Pressure

    • B.

      Oscillating Positive Expiratory Pressure

    • C.

      Expulsion Pressure

    • D.

      Pressure Therapy

    Correct Answer
    A. Positive Expiratory Pressure
    Explanation
    Positive Expiratory Pressure (PEP) is a form of therapy that involves creating a small opening for air passage by applying pressure during expiration. This technique helps to open up the airways and improve lung function by preventing the collapse of small air sacs in the lungs. PEP therapy is commonly used in the treatment of respiratory conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cystic fibrosis. It is an effective method for clearing mucus from the airways and improving overall lung function.

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