1w071n-02 CDC Volume 2

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CDC Quizzes & Trivia

Newest 1W071A Volume 2 (as of 13 FEB 13)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    One purpose of Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) doctrine is to

    • A.

      Ensure coordination exists among weather products created at each level.

    • B.

      Encourage each unit to create weather products independent of lateral commands.

    • C.

      Provide exclusive guidance for METOC personnel at the operational and tactical echelons.

    • D.

      Provide exclusive guidance for METOC personnel at the strategic and operational echelons.

    Correct Answer
    A. Ensure coordination exists among weather products created at each level.
    Explanation
    Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) doctrine serves the purpose of ensuring coordination among weather products created at each level. This means that the doctrine aims to establish a system where weather products generated by different units and echelons are synchronized and aligned, preventing any inconsistencies or conflicting information. By promoting coordination, METOC doctrine enhances the overall effectiveness and reliability of weather forecasting and analysis throughout the organization.

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  • 2. 

    The principles of Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) doctrine incorporate all facets of

    • A.

      Air Force and Navy METOC programs.

    • B.

      All service branches METOC programs.

    • C.

      Air Force and Navy METOC, and space environment programs.

    • D.

      All service branches METOC, and space environment programs.

    Correct Answer
    D. All service branches METOC, and space environment programs.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all service branches METOC, and space environment programs." This answer suggests that the principles of METOC doctrine encompass not only the Air Force and Navy programs but also the programs of all service branches and the space environment. This implies that the principles are comprehensive and cover a wide range of meteorological, oceanographic, and space-related aspects.

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  • 3. 

    All of the following are steps in the characterization process except

    • A.

      Predict.

    • B.

      Collect.

    • C.

      Analyze.

    • D.

      Integrate.

    Correct Answer
    D. Integrate.
    Explanation
    The given question asks for the step that is not part of the characterization process. The characterization process involves predicting, collecting, and analyzing data. The step of integrating is not mentioned as part of the process. Integration typically refers to combining or merging different elements or components, which is not explicitly mentioned as a step in the characterization process. Therefore, the correct answer is integrate.

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  • 4. 

    Who is responsible for making sure that the appropriate Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) support is provided to all subordinate joint forces and components for the entire range of military operations?

    • A.

      The Joint METOC Officer (JMO).

    • B.

      The Joint Task Force (JTF) commander.

    • C.

      METOC forecast center (MFC) through the JMO.

    • D.

      Joint METOC Coordination Organization (JMCO) through the JMO.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Joint METOC Officer (JMO).
    Explanation
    The Joint METOC Officer (JMO) is responsible for ensuring that the appropriate Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) support is provided to all subordinate joint forces and components for the entire range of military operations. They coordinate with the METOC forecast center (MFC) and the Joint METOC Coordination Organization (JMCO) to ensure that accurate and timely weather and oceanographic information is available to support military operations. The JMO acts as the central point of contact for METOC support and ensures that it is effectively integrated into the planning and execution of joint operations.

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  • 5. 

    Who or what is the cornerstone of Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) support?

    • A.

      The Joint METOC Officer (JMO).

    • B.

      The Joint Task Force (JTF) commander.

    • C.

      Joint METOC Coordination Cell (JMCC).

    • D.

      Joint METOC Coordination Organization (JMCO).

    Correct Answer
    C. Joint METOC Coordination Cell (JMCC).
    Explanation
    The cornerstone of Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) support is the Joint METOC Coordination Cell (JMCC). This organization plays a crucial role in coordinating and providing METOC support to military operations. They gather and analyze meteorological and oceanographic data, provide weather forecasts, and advise the Joint Task Force (JTF) commander on the impact of weather and ocean conditions on military operations. The JMCC ensures that accurate and timely METOC information is available to support decision-making and enhance the effectiveness of military missions.

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  • 6. 

    The composition of the Joint Meteorological Coordination Cell (JMCC) staff should be tailored to

    • A.

      Reflect all the operations involved in the joint mission.

    • B.

      Reflect the percentages of the different services involved in the joint operation.

    • C.

      Support the concept of operations of the joint mission and composition of assigned forces.

    • D.

      Mirror the staff of the major services involved and operated by service-unique organizations.

    Correct Answer
    C. Support the concept of operations of the joint mission and composition of assigned forces.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to support the concept of operations of the joint mission and composition of assigned forces. This means that the composition of the JMCC staff should be designed in a way that aligns with the operational requirements and objectives of the joint mission. It should also take into account the composition of the forces that have been assigned to the mission. The staff should be structured and organized in a manner that facilitates effective coordination and execution of the joint mission.

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  • 7. 

    Weather personnel must coordinate significant forecast deviations from the official forecast with the

    • A.

      Joint Forces Commander (JFC).

    • B.

      METOC Forecast Center (MFC).

    • C.

      Joint Operations Area Forecast (JOAF).

    • D.

      Joint METOC Coordination Cell (JMCC).

    Correct Answer
    D. Joint METOC Coordination Cell (JMCC).
    Explanation
    Weather personnel must coordinate significant forecast deviations from the official forecast with the Joint METOC Coordination Cell (JMCC). The JMCC is responsible for coordinating and providing meteorological and oceanographic support to joint forces. They ensure that accurate and timely weather information is provided to the Joint Forces Commander (JFC) and other relevant personnel. Therefore, it is crucial for weather personnel to work closely with the JMCC when there are significant deviations from the official forecast to ensure effective decision-making and mission planning.

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  • 8. 

    Which level in the Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) support force structure takes observations uses centrally prepared products to provide tailored mission support?

    • A.

      Tactical operations.

    • B.

      Component command.

    • C.

      Intermediate command.

    • D.

      Joint METOC Coordination Cell (JMCC).

    Correct Answer
    A. Tactical operations.
    Explanation
    Tactical operations in the Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) support force structure involves taking observations and using centrally prepared products to provide tailored mission support. This level focuses on providing real-time weather and oceanographic information to support immediate operational needs. Component command, intermediate command, and the Joint METOC Coordination Cell (JMCC) may also play a role in METOC support, but they do not specifically involve the same level of observation and tailored mission support as tactical operations.

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  • 9. 

    All of the following are nontraditional sources of meteorological and oceanographic (METOC) data except

    • A.

      Submarine forces.

    • B.

      Space support teams.

    • C.

      Air traffic control (ATC).

    • D.

      Artillery meteorology (ARTYMET).

    Correct Answer
    A. Submarine forces.
    Explanation
    The question asks for a nontraditional source of meteorological and oceanographic data. Submarine forces are not typically considered a source of this type of data, as they primarily focus on underwater operations and do not have the same capabilities for collecting meteorological and oceanographic information as the other options listed. On the other hand, space support teams, air traffic control, and artillery meteorology are all examples of nontraditional sources that can provide valuable METOC data.

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  • 10. 

    What can Special Operations Weather Team (SOWT) personnel provide for an operation?

    • A.

      River assessments, avalanche assessments, and terrain reports only.

    • B.

      River information, avalanche information, and upper air observations only.

    • C.

      River assessments, avalanche information, terrain observations, and upper air reports.

    • D.

      River information, avalanche assessments, terrain reports, and upper air observations.

    Correct Answer
    D. River information, avalanche assessments, terrain reports, and upper air observations.
    Explanation
    Special Operations Weather Team (SOWT) personnel can provide river information, avalanche assessments, terrain reports, and upper air observations for an operation. This means they can gather and analyze data related to rivers, avalanches, terrain conditions, and atmospheric observations. This information is crucial for planning and executing operations, as it helps in understanding the environmental conditions and potential hazards that may affect the mission.

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  • 11. 

    A planning model that establishes procedures for analyzing and developing a mission describes

    • A.

      Joint Planning Process (JPP).

    • B.

      Joint Operational Mission Process (JOMP).

    • C.

      Joint Operational Planning Process (JOPP).

    • D.

      Joint Operational Planning and Execution System (JOPES).

    Correct Answer
    C. Joint Operational Planning Process (JOPP).
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Joint Operational Planning Process (JOPP). JOPP is a planning model that establishes procedures for analyzing and developing a mission. It is a systematic and iterative process that allows joint force commanders to develop and refine their plans and concepts of operations. JOPP provides a framework for conducting joint planning and ensures that all aspects of the mission are considered and coordinated.

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  • 12. 

    The challenges of multinational operations include

    • A.

      Tactics, techniques, and procedures.

    • B.

      Language, directives, and communications.

    • C.

      Language, equipment design, and communications.

    • D.

      Language, techniques, data formats, and communications.

    Correct Answer
    D. Language, techniques, data formats, and communications.
    Explanation
    Multinational operations involve working with individuals from different countries and cultures, which can create language barriers and communication difficulties. Additionally, different countries may have varying techniques and data formats, making coordination and collaboration more challenging. Therefore, the challenges of multinational operations include language barriers, the need to adapt techniques and data formats, and effective communication.

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  • 13. 

    At the operational level, the Operational Weather Squadron (OWS) builds and maintains

    • A.

      Regional weather databases.

    • B.

      Analysis and forecast products.

    • C.

      Worldwide meteorological databases.

    • D.

      Worldwide meteorological and space environmental databases.

    Correct Answer
    A. Regional weather databases.
    Explanation
    At the operational level, the Operational Weather Squadron (OWS) is responsible for building and maintaining regional weather databases. This means that they collect and store weather data specific to a particular region. This information is crucial for generating accurate weather analysis and forecast products for that specific area. Therefore, the OWS focuses on regional weather databases rather than worldwide databases or space environmental databases.

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  • 14. 

    Weather supporting communications must be enacted as soon as possible to allow for

    • A.

      Quality weather databases.

    • B.

      Data collection and analysis.

    • C.

      Detailed information to the warfighters.

    • D.

      Quality tailored, battlespace weather information.

    Correct Answer
    B. Data collection and analysis.
    Explanation
    Weather supporting communications must be enacted as soon as possible to allow for data collection and analysis. This is because in order to have accurate and reliable weather databases, it is crucial to gather and analyze data from various sources. This data collection and analysis process helps in understanding weather patterns, forecasting future weather conditions, and providing valuable information to support military operations. By having access to quality weather data, decision-makers can make informed choices and warfighters can be better prepared for any weather-related challenges they may face in the battlespace.

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  • 15. 

    To be effective, Air Force Weather (AFW) personnel must

    • A.

      Tailor weather products, tactics, techniques, and procedures.

    • B.

      Train with all joint weather forces before a contingency.

    • C.

      Think and train with Air Force doctrine in mind.

    • D.

      Think and train from a joint perspective.

    Correct Answer
    D. Think and train from a joint perspective.
    Explanation
    To be effective, Air Force Weather personnel must think and train from a joint perspective. This means that they need to consider the needs and requirements of all branches of the military when it comes to weather forecasting and planning. By understanding and collaborating with other joint weather forces, AFW personnel can ensure that their weather products, tactics, techniques, and procedures are tailored to meet the needs of all military operations. This approach allows for better coordination and communication between different branches, ultimately leading to more effective and efficient weather support for joint operations.

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  • 16. 

    Which agency is the global weather center in the Air Force weather operations?

    • A.

      Naval Oceanographic Office (NOO).

    • B.

      Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA).

    • C.

      2nd Weather Group.

    • D.

      1st Weather Group.

    Correct Answer
    C. 2nd Weather Group.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 2nd Weather Group. This is the global weather center in the Air Force weather operations.

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  • 17. 

    What is the range in scale of the products that an Operational Weather Squadron (OWS) creates?

    • A.

      Global to strategic levels.

    • B.

      Strategic to tactical levels.

    • C.

      Global to operational levels.

    • D.

      Operational to tactical levels.

    Correct Answer
    D. Operational to tactical levels.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Operational to tactical levels." This means that an Operational Weather Squadron (OWS) creates products that are relevant and applicable at the operational and tactical levels. This suggests that the products created by the OWS are intended for use in specific operational and tactical situations, such as military operations or emergency response scenarios, rather than at a global or strategic level.

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  • 18. 

    Which agency is responsible for characterizing the environment for the total force?

    • A.

      Air Force Combat Weather Center (AFCWC).

    • B.

      Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA).

    • C.

      2nd Weather Group.

    • D.

      1st Weather Group.

    Correct Answer
    D. 1st Weather Group.
    Explanation
    The 1st Weather Group is responsible for characterizing the environment for the total force. This group is part of the Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA) and plays a crucial role in providing accurate and timely weather information to support military operations. They analyze and interpret weather data to provide forecasts and assessments that help the Air Force make informed decisions. The 1st Weather Group works closely with other agencies and units to ensure the safety and effectiveness of military personnel and equipment in various operational environments.

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  • 19. 

    Which agency is responsible for providing reliable and timely global environmental intelligence products and services to the Joint Chiefs of Staff?

    • A.

      2nd Weather Group.

    • B.

      Air Force Directorate of Weather (AF/DOW).

    • C.

      Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA).

    • D.

      Air Force Combat Weather Center (AFCWC).

    Correct Answer
    A. 2nd Weather Group.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Air Force Directorate of Weather (AF/DOW). The AF/DOW is responsible for providing reliable and timely global environmental intelligence products and services to the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The 2nd Weather Group, Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA), and Air Force Combat Weather Center (AFCWC) are not specifically mentioned as being responsible for this task.

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  • 20. 

    Which Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA) unit develops and produces special weather impact information?

    • A.

      Air Force Weather Agency(AFWA)/operations directorate.

    • B.

      Air Force Weather Technical Library (AFWTL).

    • C.

      Air Force Combat Weather Center (AFCWC).

    • D.

      14th Weather Squadron.

    Correct Answer
    D. 14th Weather Squadron.
    Explanation
    The 14th Weather Squadron is responsible for developing and producing special weather impact information.

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  • 21. 

    What is a specific duty of the Air Force Combat Weather Center (AFCWC)?

    • A.

      Providing meteorological products to enhance the nation’s combat capability.

    • B.

      Developing field techniques to improve the effectiveness of Air Force Weather.

    • C.

      Deploying equipment and/or expertise to solve critical wartime shortfalls.

    • D.

      Providing space weather modeling and simulation data.

    Correct Answer
    C. Deploying equipment and/or expertise to solve critical wartime shortfalls.
    Explanation
    The specific duty of the Air Force Combat Weather Center (AFCWC) is to deploy equipment and/or expertise to solve critical wartime shortfalls. This means that the AFCWC is responsible for providing support in situations where there is a shortage or lack of necessary resources during times of war. They are deployed to address and resolve these critical gaps in order to ensure the effectiveness and success of military operations.

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  • 22. 

    Evaluating and exploiting new tactics and techniques to enhance the effectiveness of combat operations is a mission of the

    • A.

      Air Force Directorate of Weather (AF/DOW).

    • B.

      Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA).

    • C.

      Air Force Combat Weather Center (AFCWC).

    • D.

      14th Weather Squadron.

    Correct Answer
    C. Air Force Combat Weather Center (AFCWC).
    Explanation
    The Air Force Combat Weather Center (AFCWC) is responsible for evaluating and exploiting new tactics and techniques to enhance the effectiveness of combat operations. This means that they are constantly researching and developing new strategies and technologies to improve the accuracy and timeliness of weather information for military operations. The AFCWC plays a crucial role in providing weather support to the Air Force and ensuring that combat operations are conducted successfully.

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  • 23. 

    Which Total Force partner operates 33 weather flights?

    • A.

      Air Force Reserve Command.

    • B.

      Air National Guard.

    • C.

      Civil Air Patrol.

    • D.

      Coast Guard Reserve.

    Correct Answer
    B. Air National Guard.
    Explanation
    The Air National Guard is the correct answer because it is a Total Force partner that operates 33 weather flights. The Air Force Reserve Command, Civil Air Patrol, and Coast Guard Reserve are not mentioned as operating weather flights in the given information.

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  • 24. 

    Which Total Force partner performs weather reconnaissance for the National Hurricane Center?

    • A.

      Air Force Reserve Command.

    • B.

      Coast Guard Reserve.

    • C.

      Air National Guard.

    • D.

      Civil Air Patrol.

    Correct Answer
    A. Air Force Reserve Command.
    Explanation
    The Air Force Reserve Command performs weather reconnaissance for the National Hurricane Center. They use specialized aircraft and equipment to gather data on hurricanes and other severe weather systems, providing valuable information for forecasting and emergency response efforts. The Air Force Reserve Command plays a crucial role in supporting the National Hurricane Center's mission to protect lives and property during hurricane events.

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  • 25. 

    Which United States Navy meteorological unit collects, interprets and applies global data and information for safety at sea, strategic and tactical warfare, and weapons system design, development and deployment?

    • A.

      Naval Ice Center.

    • B.

      Naval Oceanographic Office (NOO).

    • C.

      Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command (NMOC).

    • D.

      Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (FNMOC).

    Correct Answer
    C. Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command (NMOC).
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command (NMOC). NMOC is responsible for collecting, interpreting, and applying global data and information for various purposes such as safety at sea, strategic and tactical warfare, and weapons system design, development, and deployment. This unit plays a crucial role in providing meteorological and oceanographic support to the United States Navy.

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  • 26. 

    Which agency is responsible for printing nautical charts developed from the US Navy surveys?

    • A.

      National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA).

    • B.

      United States Geological Survey (USGS).

    • C.

      Soil Conservation Service (SCS).

    • D.

      Army Corps of Engineers.

    Correct Answer
    A. National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA).
    Explanation
    The National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) is responsible for printing nautical charts developed from the US Navy surveys.

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  • 27. 

    The Marine Corps ground control element (GCE) requires

    • A.

      Comprehensive meteorological and oceanographic support.

    • B.

      Weather and oceanographic support that can be used for briefings and decision aids.

    • C.

      Typical aviation weather support (such as takeoff weather, destination weather, etc.).

    • D.

      Forecasts of critical weather and oceanographic elements (such as surf, current, and tide conditions, etc.) at least 72–96 hours before an operation.

    Correct Answer
    B. Weather and oceanographic support that can be used for briefings and decision aids.
    Explanation
    The Marine Corps ground control element (GCE) requires weather and oceanographic support that can be used for briefings and decision aids. This means that they need information on weather conditions and oceanographic elements that can be used to inform their decision-making process and provide briefings to personnel. This support is crucial for ensuring the success and safety of operations.

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  • 28. 

    What organization provides weather, hydrologic, and climate forecasts and warnings for the United States?

    • A.

      Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Center (NMOC).

    • B.

      National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP).

    • C.

      Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA).

    • D.

      National Weather Service (NWS).

    Correct Answer
    D. National Weather Service (NWS).
    Explanation
    The National Weather Service (NWS) is the correct answer because it is the organization responsible for providing weather, hydrologic, and climate forecasts and warnings for the United States. The NWS is a part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and is responsible for issuing weather alerts, conducting research, and collecting weather data to support public safety and decision-making.

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  • 29. 

    What organization serves as the primary backup source of weather data if the Air Force Weather (AFW) data system is unavailable to supply weather information?

    • A.

      National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

    • B.

      Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Center (NMOC).

    • C.

      National Weather Service (NWS).

    • D.

      Office of Operational Systems.

    Correct Answer
    C. National Weather Service (NWS).
    Explanation
    The National Weather Service (NWS) serves as the primary backup source of weather data if the Air Force Weather (AFW) data system is unavailable. This means that if the AFW data system is not able to provide weather information, the NWS steps in to provide the necessary data.

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  • 30. 

    Which specialized National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) provides warnings of dangerous wind shear and thunderstorms above 24,000 feet?

    • A.

      Storm Prediction Center (SPC).

    • B.

      Aviation Weather Center (AWC).

    • C.

      Environmental Modeling Center (EMC).

    • D.

      Space Weather Operations Center (SWOC).

    Correct Answer
    B. Aviation Weather Center (AWC).
    Explanation
    The Aviation Weather Center (AWC) is the specialized National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) that provides warnings of dangerous wind shear and thunderstorms above 24,000 feet. The Storm Prediction Center (SPC) focuses on severe thunderstorm and tornado forecasting, while the Environmental Modeling Center (EMC) focuses on numerical weather prediction models. The Space Weather Operations Center (SWOC) monitors and predicts space weather events. Therefore, the AWC is the most appropriate center to provide warnings for wind shear and thunderstorms at high altitudes.

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  • 31. 

    Which specialized National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) produces forecasts for sea surface temperature and anomalies?

    • A.

      Marine Prediction Center (MPC).

    • B.

      Climate Prediction Center (CPC).

    • C.

      Tropical Prediction Center (TPC).

    • D.

      Hydrometeorological Prediction Center (HPC).

    Correct Answer
    B. Climate Prediction Center (CPC).
    Explanation
    The Climate Prediction Center (CPC) is the specialized National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) that produces forecasts for sea surface temperature and anomalies.

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  • 32. 

    Which specialized National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) prepares and issues forecasts of quantitative precipitation, heavy rain, or snow and identifies areas with potential flash flooding?

    • A.

      Marine Prediction Center (MPC).

    • B.

      Climate Prediction Center (CPC).

    • C.

      Tropical Prediction Center (TPC).

    • D.

      Hydrometeorological Prediction Center (HPC).

    Correct Answer
    D. Hydrometeorological Prediction Center (HPC).
    Explanation
    The Hydrometeorological Prediction Center (HPC) is the specialized National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) that prepares and issues forecasts of quantitative precipitation, heavy rain, or snow and identifies areas with potential flash flooding.

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  • 33. 

    Which specialized National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) prepares and issues forecasts of solar and geophysical events?

    • A.

      Space Weather Operations Center (SWOC).

    • B.

      Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC).

    • C.

      Environmental Modeling Center (EMC).

    • D.

      Aviation Weather Center (AWC).

    Correct Answer
    B. Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC).
    Explanation
    The Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC) is the specialized National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) that prepares and issues forecasts of solar and geophysical events. This center is responsible for monitoring and predicting space weather phenomena such as solar flares, geomagnetic storms, and solar radiation storms. By providing accurate and timely forecasts, the SWPC helps to mitigate potential impacts on various technological systems on Earth, including satellites, power grids, and communication networks.

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  • 34. 

    Which specialized National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) prepares and issues convective outlooks?

    • A.

      Storm Prediction Center (SPC).

    • B.

      Aviation Weather Center (AWC).

    • C.

      Tropical Prediction Center (TPC).

    • D.

      National Severe Storms Center (NSSC).

    Correct Answer
    A. Storm Prediction Center (SPC).
    Explanation
    The Storm Prediction Center (SPC) is the specialized National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) that prepares and issues convective outlooks. These outlooks provide information about the potential for severe thunderstorms and tornadoes over the next few days. The SPC analyzes weather data and meteorological models to assess the risk of severe weather and communicate it to the public and emergency management agencies. Their expertise in convective weather forecasting makes them the appropriate center to handle convective outlooks.

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  • 35. 

    Which specialized National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) mission is to save lives and protect property by issuing watches, warnings, forecasts, and analyses of hazardous weather conditions in the tropics?

    • A.

      Storm Prediction Center (SPC).

    • B.

      Aviation Weather Center (AWC).

    • C.

      Tropical Prediction Center (TPC).

    • D.

      Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC).

    Correct Answer
    C. Tropical Prediction Center (TPC).
    Explanation
    The Tropical Prediction Center (TPC) is the specialized National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) that focuses on issuing watches, warnings, forecasts, and analyses of hazardous weather conditions specifically in the tropics. Its main mission is to save lives and protect property by providing accurate and timely information about tropical weather systems such as hurricanes, tropical storms, and other related hazards. This center plays a crucial role in helping communities and authorities prepare and respond to potential threats in tropical regions.

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  • 36. 

    What agency administers the operations of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) weather satellites?

    • A.

      National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) central operations.

    • B.

      National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS).

    • C.

      Space Weather Operations Center (SWOC).

    • D.

      Space Environment Center (SEC).

    Correct Answer
    B. National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS).
    Explanation
    The correct answer is National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS). This agency is responsible for administering the operations of GOES and NOAA weather satellites.

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  • 37. 

    Operating instructions (OI) differ from standard operating procedures (SOP) in that they

    • A.

      Do not have to be approved at wing level.

    • B.

      Provide guidance on specific topics that apply to a whole unit.

    • C.

      Are provided by the manufacturer of the appropriate piece of equipment.

    • D.

      Cover tasks or operations performed by a duty specific area within the unit.

    Correct Answer
    B. Provide guidance on specific topics that apply to a whole unit.
    Explanation
    Operating instructions (OI) differ from standard operating procedures (SOP) in that they provide guidance on specific topics that apply to a whole unit. Unlike SOPs, OIs do not have to be approved at wing level and they are not specific to a duty specific area within the unit. OIs are typically provided by the manufacturer of the equipment and they focus on providing detailed instructions on how to operate the equipment effectively and safely. They cover a wide range of topics that are applicable to the entire unit, ensuring consistency in operations and promoting efficiency.

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  • 38. 

    Standard operating procedures (SOP) make sure

    • A.

      Standardized procedures are used by the majority of the unit.

    • B.

      Procedures are in place for most personnel while performing tasks.

    • C.

      Procedures are used by personnel while performing combat operations.

    • D.

      Standardized procedures are used by all personnel while performing specific duties.

    Correct Answer
    D. Standardized procedures are used by all personnel while performing specific duties.
    Explanation
    Standard operating procedures (SOP) ensure that standardized procedures are used by all personnel while performing specific duties. This means that every individual within the unit follows the same set of procedures when carrying out their assigned tasks. By having standardized procedures in place, it promotes consistency, efficiency, and safety within the unit. It also allows for easier training and coordination among team members, as everyone is familiar with the same procedures.

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  • 39. 

    What subjects should be covered in operating instructions (OI) and standard operating procedures (SOP)?

    • A.

      Only topics required by Air Force instructions.

    • B.

      Only topics required by self inspection checklists

    • C.

      Topics based on the major command’s (MAJCOM) discretion.

    • D.

      Topics based on unit or work center discretion.

    Correct Answer
    D. Topics based on unit or work center discretion.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Topics based on unit or work center discretion." This means that the subjects to be covered in operating instructions (OI) and standard operating procedures (SOP) will depend on the specific unit or work center. Different units or work centers may have different procedures and requirements, so it is up to them to determine what topics should be included in their OIs and SOPs.

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  • 40. 

    How should tasks be grouped when writing operating instructions (OI) and standard operating procedures (SOP)?

    • A.

      Alphabetically, or in numerical order based upon Air Force instructions.

    • B.

      By duty section or chronologically based upon shift checklists.

    • C.

      Alphabetically or numerically, unless different Air Force specialty codes (AFSC) are involved.

    • D.

      By duty section or functional area, such as forecasting, observing, or radar operator.

    Correct Answer
    D. By duty section or functional area, such as forecasting, observing, or radar operator.
    Explanation
    Tasks should be grouped by duty section or functional area when writing operating instructions (OI) and standard operating procedures (SOP). This allows for clear organization and easy reference for individuals in specific roles or areas of responsibility. Grouping tasks by duty section or functional area, such as forecasting, observing, or radar operator, ensures that the instructions are tailored to the specific needs and requirements of each area, promoting efficiency and effectiveness in carrying out tasks.

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  • 41. 

    What is the first step when writing operating instructions (OI) or standard operating procedures (SOP)?

    • A.

      Review current publications and applicable guidance.

    • B.

      Consult the unit commander to determine what your suspense is.

    • C.

      Check the duty section for old OIs and SOPs covering other items.

    • D.

      Notify the Air Force technical library maintainer that you’re writing a publication.

    Correct Answer
    A. Review current publications and applicable guidance.
    Explanation
    The first step when writing operating instructions (OI) or standard operating procedures (SOP) is to review current publications and applicable guidance. This is important because it allows the writer to understand any existing instructions or procedures that may already be in place. By reviewing current publications and guidance, the writer can ensure that they are not duplicating efforts and can incorporate any relevant information into their own instructions or procedures. This step also helps to ensure that the writer is aware of any updates or changes that may have been made since the last publication.

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  • 42. 

    What determines the level of detail you include in your operating instruction (OI) or standard operating procedure (SOP)?

    • A.

      The level of difficulty and complexity of the task or duty.

    • B.

      The number of personnel who will be performing the task or duty.

    • C.

      The importance of the task or duty and how long it takes to accomplish.

    • D.

      The danger involved with the task and what type of safety gear is needed.

    Correct Answer
    A. The level of difficulty and complexity of the task or duty.
    Explanation
    The level of detail included in operating instructions or standard operating procedures is determined by the difficulty and complexity of the task or duty. This means that the more difficult and complex the task is, the more detailed the instructions need to be in order to ensure that it is carried out correctly. This also implies that simpler tasks may require less detailed instructions.

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  • 43. 

    How often must operating instructions (OI) and standard operating procedures (SOP) be reviewed for accuracy and currency?

    • A.

      Quarterly.

    • B.

      Annually.

    • C.

      Bi-monthly.

    • D.

      Semi-annually

    Correct Answer
    B. Annually.
    Explanation
    Operating instructions (OI) and standard operating procedures (SOP) must be reviewed annually to ensure accuracy and currency. This regular review allows organizations to make any necessary updates or revisions to the instructions and procedures, ensuring that they reflect the current best practices and comply with any regulatory changes. By conducting an annual review, organizations can maintain the effectiveness and relevance of their operating instructions and standard operating procedures.

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  • 44. 

    Why is the coordination of a weather support plan (WSP) easier than that of a weather support instruction (WSI)?

    • A.

      Administrative approval is less complex.

    • B.

      Civilian agency approval is less complex.

    • C.

      Operations level approval is less complex.

    • D.

      Administrative approval is more complex.

    Correct Answer
    A. Administrative approval is less complex.
    Explanation
    The coordination of a Weather Support Plan (WSP) is easier than that of a Weather Support Instruction (WSI) because administrative approval is less complex. This suggests that the process of obtaining approval for a WSP is simpler and requires fewer administrative steps compared to a WSI.

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  • 45. 

    A weather support instruction (WSI) is generally easier to write than a weather support plan (WSP) because it

    • A.

      Is a much shorter document.

    • B.

      Is in bullet format and requires no narration.

    • C.

      Uses plain language with very little complex terminology.

    • D.

      Is created from a single, major command (MAJCOM) derived template.

    Correct Answer
    A. Is a much shorter document.
    Explanation
    A weather support instruction (WSI) is generally easier to write than a weather support plan (WSP) because it is a much shorter document. This means that there is less content to include and fewer details to consider when writing the instruction. Writing a shorter document can be less time-consuming and require less effort compared to writing a longer and more detailed plan.

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  • 46. 

    What must be accomplished during the weather support plan (WSP) development opening phase?

    • A.

      Your customers must be identified.

    • B.

      A WSP chief must be appointed.

    • C.

      The operations group commander must approve the process.

    • D.

      The senior observer or administrative personnel must approve the process.

    Correct Answer
    A. Your customers must be identified.
    Explanation
    During the weather support plan (WSP) development opening phase, it is essential to identify the customers. This means determining who will be the recipients of the weather support and services provided by the plan. Identifying the customers helps in understanding their specific needs and requirements, enabling the development of a tailored and effective plan. It ensures that the weather support is targeted towards the right audience and helps in delivering accurate and relevant information to them.

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  • 47. 

    Who must provide and arrange weather support, to include weather support instructions (WSI) and weather support plans (WSP)?

    • A.

      Civilian forecaster.

    • B.

      Flight commander or chief and unit leadership.

    • C.

      Senior observer or administrative personnel if available.

    • D.

      Operations group commander, if at an operational installation.

    Correct Answer
    B. Flight commander or chief and unit leadership.
    Explanation
    The flight commander or chief and unit leadership must provide and arrange weather support, including weather support instructions (WSI) and weather support plans (WSP). This is because they are responsible for the overall operations and management of the unit, including ensuring that all necessary support is in place, such as weather support, to ensure the safety and success of their operations.

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  • 48. 

    Civil engineering units are examples of what types of customers?

    • A.

      Civilian.

    • B.

      Internal.

    • C.

      External.

    • D.

      Wing level.

    Correct Answer
    C. External.
    Explanation
    Civil engineering units are examples of external customers because they are separate entities outside of the organization that provide services or products to the organization. In this case, civil engineering units are external customers because they are outside organizations that provide engineering services to other organizations or individuals.

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  • 49. 

    What must be accomplished during the determination of the scope of services?

    • A.

      Identify the weather support chief in each supported unit.

    • B.

      Refer any questions to the responsible weather squadron.

    • C.

      Coordinate contracted weather support for any secondary customers.

    • D.

      Coordinate procedures with customers and identify facility and equipment needs.

    Correct Answer
    D. Coordinate procedures with customers and identify facility and equipment needs.
    Explanation
    During the determination of the scope of services, it is essential to coordinate procedures with customers and identify facility and equipment needs. This ensures that the services provided align with the specific requirements and expectations of the customers. By coordinating procedures, the service provider can establish clear guidelines and protocols for delivering the services effectively. Identifying facility and equipment needs helps in ensuring that the necessary resources are available to provide the services efficiently. Overall, this step is crucial for defining the scope of services and ensuring that all necessary aspects are considered and addressed.

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  • 50. 

    Which agency analyzes the technical performance of the weather support force?

    • A.

      Air Force Global Weather Central (AFGWC).

    • B.

      Headquarters Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA).

    • C.

      Headquarters Air Force Combat Climatology Center (AFCCC).

    • D.

      Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (FNMOC) and Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA).

    Correct Answer
    B. Headquarters Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA).
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Headquarters Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA). This agency is responsible for analyzing the technical performance of the weather support force. It is specifically mentioned in the options provided. The other agencies mentioned, such as AFGWC, AFCCC, and FNMOC, may have their own roles and responsibilities, but they are not specifically mentioned in relation to analyzing the technical performance of the weather support force. Therefore, the correct answer is AFWA.

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