1st Sem Review Unit 9

68 Questions | Total Attempts: 92

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1st Grade Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is a correct statement about the Gilded Age?
    • A. 

      Politics were heavily dominated by one party

    • B. 

      Business activity expanded and contracted frequently

    • C. 

      The tariff issue was finally resolved

    • D. 

      The presidents were very effective and active leaders

    • E. 

      Labor unions gained new rights for skilled and unskilled workers

  • 2. 
    Although he invented dozens of products perhaps Thomas Edison’s major contribution was
    • A. 

      The phonograph

    • B. 

      The incandescent light bulb

    • C. 

      AC Current

    • D. 

      The telephone

    • E. 

      The typewiter

  • 3. 
    All of the following were important technological innovations that first appeared in urban America between 1865 and 1890 EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Electricity

    • B. 

      Public Water Systems

    • C. 

      Skyscrapers

    • D. 

      Telephones

    • E. 

      The Bessemer Process

  • 4. 
    The Bessemer process was an important technological innovation in
    • A. 

      Railroads

    • B. 

      The manufacture of steel

    • C. 

      Communication

    • D. 

      The production of electricity

    • E. 

      Purifying potable water

  • 5. 
    The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 is significant in history because
    • A. 

      It effectively regulated businesses of the time

    • B. 

      It created a model for future federal regulatory commissions.

    • C. 

      It hindered the success of labor unions

    • D. 

      It showed the government was not laissez-faire

    • E. 

      It finally showed a shift in the attitude of the government towards businesses

  • 6. 
    With the passage of the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 federal policy toward the railroads shifted from the
    • A. 

      Prohibition of rebates to favored customers to the granting of land subsidies

    • B. 

      Granting of land subsidies to the prohibition of rebates to favored customers

    • C. 

      Granting of land subsidies to the effective regulation of trusts

    • D. 

      The effective regulation of trusts to the prohibiton of rebates to favored customers

    • E. 

      Prohibition of rebates to favored customers to the effective regulation of trusts

  • 7. 
    During the late 19th century, vertical integration specifically allowed businesses to
    • A. 

      Expand their control over production and distribution as well as manufacturing

    • B. 

      Expand their control over competitors

    • C. 

      Dominate the market and eliminate all competition

    • D. 

      Refuse to hire union members

    • E. 

      Break strikes by hiring scabs

  • 8. 
    Horizontal integration i.e. (one firm acquiring control of other firms that produce the same product) at the end of the 19th century was a response to
    • A. 

      Rockefeller's domination of the market

    • B. 

      New government regulation

    • C. 

      Labor unions

    • D. 

      Vertical integration

    • E. 

      Economic competition

  • 9. 
     In the late 19th Century controversy over the social and religious implications of Darwinian theory, all of the following popular beliefs were felt to be threatened by Darwin EXCEPT the
    • A. 

      Theological doctrine of "design"

    • B. 

      Accuracy of the old testament

    • C. 

      Reality of change in the world

    • D. 

      Uniqueness of man in nature

    • E. 

      The concept of the deserving poor in the work force

  • 10. 
    Some historians have labeled John D. Rockefeller and other big businessmen of the Gilded Age as “Robber Barons” because they
    • A. 

      Created monopolies

    • B. 

      Used political machines to control the elections

    • C. 

      Drained the country of its natural resources

    • D. 

      Were ruthless competitors who cheated their investors and exploited their workers

    • E. 

      Paid their workers meager wages

  • 11. 
    "The Gospel of Wealth,” an idea proposed by Andrew Carnegie, was based on the assumption that
    • A. 

      The corrupt political system could still be reformed

    • B. 

      Anyone could rise from rags to riches with a little luck and hard work

    • C. 

      Society's wealth should be distributed more evenly

    • D. 

      The impoverished need help from the wealthy

    • E. 

      Successful industrialists were trustees for society’s wealth

  • 12. 
     “This, then, is held to be the duty of the men of wealth: To consider all surplus revenues which come to him simply as trust funds, which he is called upon to administer and strictly bound as a matter of duty to administer in the manner which in his judgment, is best calculated to produce the most beneficial results for the community- the man of wealth thus becoming the mere agent and trustee for his poorer brethren.” These sentiments are most characteristic of
    • A. 

      How the Other Half Lives

    • B. 

      The Gospel of Wealth

    • C. 

      Common Sense

    • D. 

      A Century of Dishonor

    • E. 

      Turner's Thesis

  • 13. 
    John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Trust was
    • A. 

      An organization of businesses expand their control over production and distribution as well as manufacturing

    • B. 

      A legal device to circumvent state laws against interstate corporations

    • C. 

      A collection of businesses used to eliminate economic competition

    • D. 

      A monopoly used to circumvent the law

    • E. 

      A combination of companies that did not officially merge

  • 14. 
    What did the states try to pass anti-combination laws in the late 1880’s as a response to?
    • A. 

      The idea of Social Darwinism

    • B. 

      Claims that the government was too laissez-faire

    • C. 

      The business monopolies of Rockefeller and other business men

    • D. 

      The use of stockholding trusts to creating business oligopolies

    • E. 

      The increasing power of labor unions

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is true about the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890
    • A. 

      Was used to regulate labor unions more than trusts

    • B. 

      Had little immediate impact on the regulation of large corporations

    • C. 

      It was a response to the use of stockholding trusts to create business oligopolies

    • D. 

      This will prove very effective under Roosevelt's administration

    • E. 

      Showed the shift in attitude of the government towards businesses

  • 16. 
    In the last decade of the 19th Century, the primary use of the Sherman Antitrust Act was
    • A. 

      To actively end a longheld laissez-faire attitude of America

    • B. 

      To restrain interstate trade or commerce

    • C. 

      Non-existent because it was so innefective

    • D. 

      To regulate business trusts

    • E. 

      To curb labor unions

  • 17. 
    Although Children worked in a variety of settings between 1870 and 1900, most working children toiled
    • A. 

      In "Lowell" system mills

    • B. 

      In mines

    • C. 

      In the factories

    • D. 

      On their parents’ farms

    • E. 

      In hazardous conditions

  • 18. 
    The Knights of Labor failed to achieve their goals for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Their attack on traditional republicanism

    • B. 

      Force was used by business leaders making strikes a failure

    • C. 

      Ethnic divisions within the labor force

    • D. 

      Percieved anarchist element in the Haymarket affair

    • E. 

      They had no real political agenda

  • 19. 
    American Federation of Labor, under the leadership of Samuel Gompers, organized
    • A. 

      Western and southern farmers in order to create a political voice.

    • B. 

      Skilled and unskilled workers in craft unions in order to achieve economic gains.

    • C. 

      Skilled workers in craft unions in order to achieve economic gains.

    • D. 

      Silverites in order to create inflation.

    • E. 

      Unskilled workers in craft unions in order to achieve economic gains.

  • 20. 
    The fundamental difference between the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor was that the Knights
    • A. 

      Led more violent stikes

    • B. 

      Had a political agenda

    • C. 

      Had greater success in their attempts for reform

    • D. 

      Endorsed a policy of seeking more realistic economic gains

    • E. 

      Welcomed all skilled and unskilled workers, blacks and women

  • 21. 
    Which of the following labor organizations endorsed the philosophy of “bread and butter” unionism by concentrating on demands for higher wages, shorter hours, and improved working conditions?
    • A. 

      The Wobblies

    • B. 

      The Knights of Labor

    • C. 

      The American Federation of Labor

    • D. 

      The Sons of Liberty

    • E. 

      The National Labor Union

  • 22. 
     American labor movement of the late 19th Century
    • A. 

      Was involved in a number of nonviolent strikes

    • B. 

      Was involved in a number of violent strikes

    • C. 

      Helped women gain new rights

    • D. 

      Worked hard to empower immigrants

    • E. 

      Won improved conditions for skilled und unskilled workers

  • 23. 
    An important consequence of the Haymarket Square Bombing of 1886 was that
    • A. 

      Owners appealed to courts for court orders against unions

    • B. 

      Union gains were limited for 30 years

    • C. 

      The public associated this act with labor violence

    • D. 

      The government began preventing labor unrest with military intervention

    • E. 

      Skilled workers abandoned the Knights of Labor for the American Federation of Labor

  • 24. 
    The precipitating factor in the 1894 Pullman Strike was
    • A. 

      A rally for safer working conditions

    • B. 

      Wages being slashed with railroad workers

    • C. 

      Frick's cutting of wages while the owner was in Europe

    • D. 

      Pullman’s cutting of wages without proportionate cuts in company housing rents

    • E. 

      The rally for an eight hour workday by many workers

  • 25. 
    Who were the strongest supporters of Populism during 1890’s?
    • A. 

      Western and Southern Farmers

    • B. 

      Silverites

    • C. 

      Democrats

    • D. 

      Northern and Eastern Merchants

    • E. 

      Union Members