Medical Surgical Nursing Quiz Questions And Answers

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 26278

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Medical Surgical Nursing Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Medical-surgical nursing is known as the foundation of nursing practice. Think you can pass a quiz on this topic? Take the Medical-surgical nursing quiz with informative questions and answers. Nurses practicing under this title are concerned with the care of adult patients who are in a broad range of medical conditions. And as for the USA, it is the single largest nursing specialty practicing in the country. This is a brief practice test on the same with twenty-five basic questions. You'll enjoy the Q&As.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A colostomy is a surgical procedure that brings the end of the large intestine through the abdominal wall. A nurse is demonstrating colostomy care to a client with a newly-created colostomy. The nurse demonstrates correct cutting of the appliance by making the opening how much larger than that of the client’s stoma?
    • A. 

      ½ inch

    • B. 

      ¼ inch

    • C. 

      1/8 inch

    • D. 

      1/16 inch

  • 2. 
    Hiatal hernia is a condition in which the upper portion of the stomach protrudes into the chest cavity through the opening of the diaphragm called the esophageal hiatus. A nurse is instructing a patient with a hiatal hernia about the fluids that the client can drink that will less likely produce irritation to the gastric mucosa. Which of the following is the correct response of the nurse?
    • A. 

      Tomato juice

    • B. 

      Pineapple juice

    • C. 

      Apple juice

    • D. 

      Grapefruit juice

  • 3. 
    Dietary planning for a client with an ileostomy would include telling the client to:
    • A. 

      Avoid high-fiber foods

    • B. 

      Restrict the amount of fluid intake

    • C. 

      Limit the calorie intake

    • D. 

      Encourage the patient to increase fluid intake

  • 4. 
    Personal protective equipment is used to reduce exposure to hazards.  A nurse is preparing to change linens and clean a client who was incontinent of urine. The nurse wears which of the following protective items?
    • A. 

      Gowns, shoe cover, gloves, and eyewear

    • B. 

      Mask and gloves

    • C. 

      Gowns and gloves

    • D. 

      Mask, gown, and gloves

  • 5. 
    Sepsis is a severe illness caused by an overwhelming infection of the bloodstream by toxin-producing bacteria. What is the most common portal of entry for microorganisms associated with sepsis?
    • A. 

      Respiratory tract

    • B. 

      GI tract skin

    • C. 

      Skin

    • D. 

      Urinary tract

  • 6. 
    Addison’s disease is an endocrine disorder that develops when the adrenal glands are not able to produce enough cortisol. A client with Addison’s disease is receiving fludrocortisone acetate. The nurse knows that the therapeutic effect of this is to:
    • A. 

      Stimulate thyroid gland production

    • B. 

      Activate parathyroid production

    • C. 

      Maintain electrolyte balance

    • D. 

      Activate the immune response

  • 7. 
    A nurse is caring for a client with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Because the client is at risk for hypoglycemia, the nurse teaches the client which of the following?
    • A. 

      Glucose tablets and subcutaneous glucagon should be made available.

    • B. 

      If the client is exercising, the evening dose of NPH insulin can be discontinued.

    • C. 

      Urine should be monitored for the presence of acetone.

    • D. 

      Assess for signs of coma and drowsiness.

  • 8. 
    The primary use of the nasogastric tube is for feeding and for administering oral medications. A nurse teaches a postoperative client about the nasogastric tube that will be inserted in preparation for surgery. The nurse determines that the client understands when the tube will be removed in the postoperative period when the client states:
    • A. 

      When I can swallow food without vomiting.

    • B. 

      When I’m comfortable eating solid food.

    • C. 

      When my GI system is completely healed.

    • D. 

      When my bowels begin to function again, and I begin to pass gas.

  • 9. 
    Poisoning results from the ingestion, inhalation, or absorption of agents that cause chemical actions that injure the body. Your neighbor called asking what she should do after her 4-year old daughter swallowed some meiotic acid. What advice should you give her?
    • A. 

      Give her some Ipecac.

    • B. 

      Feed her some burnt bread.

    • C. 

      Give her some aspirin.

    • D. 

      Make her drink lots of water.

  • 10. 
    In an emergency situation like the occurrence of fire, which of the following should be done first by the nurse?
    • A. 

      Extinguish the fire.

    • B. 

      Call the fire department and report the situation.

    • C. 

      Rescue the client and transfer to a safe place.

    • D. 

      Contain the fire.

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