Can You Pass This Quiz on Test Cross (Genetics)?

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Can You Pass This Quiz On Test Cross (Genetics)? - Quiz

A test cross is a genetic technique performed to determine the genotype of a dominant parent if it is heterozygous or homozygous dominant. Take the quiz below and check your knowledge of the same. You must have read about test crosses in your biology textbooks. Do you know test crosses can determine the genotype of the original person? What are the disadvantages of it? Who discovered the test cross? Proceed with the quiz below if you have all these answers.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who discovered test cross in genetics?

    • A.

      Gregor Mendel

    • B.

      Charles Darwin

    • C.

      William Harvey

    • D.

      It's not clear.

    Correct Answer
    A. Gregor Mendel
    Explanation
    Gregor Mendel is credited with discovering the test cross in genetics. Mendel, an Austrian monk, conducted extensive experiments with pea plants in the mid-19th century. Through his experiments, he discovered the principles of inheritance and laid the foundation for modern genetics. The test cross is a technique used to determine whether an individual displaying a dominant trait is homozygous or heterozygous for that trait. By crossing the individual with a homozygous recessive individual, Mendel was able to determine the genotype of the dominant individual.

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  • 2. 

    What is an allele?

    • A.

      A pair of the chromosome.

    • B.

      An allele is a variant of the gene.

    • C.

      It is a genetics term used to denote the opposite sexes.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. An allele is a variant of the gene.
    Explanation
    An allele is a variant of the gene. This means that it is a different form or version of a specific gene. Genes are made up of DNA, and they contain the instructions for making proteins, which are important for the structure and function of our bodies. Alleles can differ in their DNA sequence, which can result in different traits or characteristics. For example, there may be different alleles for eye color or blood type. Therefore, the correct answer is that an allele is a variant of the gene.

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  • 3. 

    What do heterozygous individuals have?

    • A.

      One dominant allele

    • B.

      One recessive allele

    • C.

      It's not mentioned anywhere.

    • D.

      Both A and B

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Heterozygous individuals have both a dominant allele and a recessive allele. This means that they have two different alleles for a particular gene, with one allele being dominant and the other being recessive. The presence of both alleles allows for the expression of the dominant trait while also carrying the potential to pass on the recessive trait to offspring.

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  • 4. 

    Individuals with homozygous dominant alleles have

    • A.

      One dominant allele

    • B.

      Two dominant alleles

    • C.

      Three dominant alleles

    • D.

      Four dominant alleles

    Correct Answer
    B. Two dominant alleles
    Explanation
    Individuals with homozygous dominant alleles have two dominant alleles. Homozygous means having two identical alleles for a particular gene, and dominant alleles are the ones that are expressed over recessive alleles. Therefore, individuals with homozygous dominant alleles will have two copies of the dominant allele.

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  • 5. 

    What are the disadvantages of a test cross?

    • A.

      It is limited to recessive traits.

    • B.

      It is ineffective for quantitative traits.

    • C.

      It is useful only if dominance is complete.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." This means that all of the statements mentioned in the options are disadvantages of a test cross. A test cross is limited to recessive traits, meaning it can only determine the genotype of an individual for a single recessive trait. It is ineffective for quantitative traits, which are traits that vary in degree rather than being present or absent. Additionally, a test cross is useful only if dominance is complete, meaning that one allele completely masks the expression of another allele.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is an example of a homozygous parent?

    • A.

      TT

    • B.

      Tt

    • C.

      Dd

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. TT
    Explanation
    In genetics, homozygous refers to an organism that has two identical alleles for a particular trait. In this case, the homozygous parent would have two identical alleles, both being T. The genotype TT indicates that both alleles are dominant, resulting in the expression of the dominant trait. Therefore, TT is an example of a homozygous parent.

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  • 7. 

    What is a monohybrid cross?

    • A.

      A cross between two individuals with homozygous genotypes for the opposing phenotype.

    • B.

      A cross between two individuals with heterozygous genotypes for the opposing phenotype.

    • C.

      It results from a cross between two heterozygous parents for two different features.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. A cross between two individuals with homozygous genotypes for the opposing phenotype.
    Explanation
    A monohybrid cross refers to a cross between two individuals with homozygous genotypes for the opposing phenotype. This means that both individuals have the same genotype for a specific trait, but exhibit different physical characteristics. In this type of cross, the offspring will all be heterozygous for the trait in question, meaning they will carry one dominant and one recessive allele.

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  • 8. 

    What is Mendel's third law?

    • A.

      The law of segregation

    • B.

      The law of independent assortment

    • C.

      The Law of Dominance and Uniformity

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. The law of independent assortment
    Explanation
    Mendel's third law, the law of independent assortment, states that during the formation of gametes, the segregation of alleles for one trait is independent of the segregation of alleles for another trait. This means that the inheritance of one trait does not influence the inheritance of another trait. Therefore, the correct answer is the law of independent assortment.

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  • 9. 

    Genotypes can be divided into how many types?

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three

    • D.

      Four

    Correct Answer
    B. Two
    Explanation
    Genotypes can be divided into two types. This suggests that there are two distinct categories or classifications for genotypes. Without further context, it is difficult to determine the specific criteria for this division. However, based on the given options, the correct answer is "Two."

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  • 10. 

    What does the term 'phenotype' refer to?

    • A.

      Observable traits of an individual.

    • B.

      The unique sequence of DNA.

    • C.

      A pair of chromosomes set located in a particular location.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Observable traits of an individual.
    Explanation
    The term 'phenotype' refers to the observable traits of an individual. This includes physical characteristics such as hair color, eye color, and height, as well as behavioral traits. The phenotype is the result of the interaction between an individual's genetic makeup (genotype) and environmental factors. It is what can be seen and measured, making it an important aspect of studying genetics and understanding how traits are inherited.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 24, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 21, 2023
    Quiz Created by
    Nia Nicholson

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