Biology: Genetics And Punnett Squares Quiz!

Reviewed by Lindsey Block
Lindsey Block, BS, Cellular & Molecular Biology |
Biology Expert
Review Board Member
"Lindsey, Ph.D. in cellular and molecular biology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, specializes in Zika's impact on conception and preterm birth biomarkers. She completed courese on Advanced Cell Biology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Advanced Virology at University College Cork. Lindsey's accolades include three first-author papers, three fellowships, and active participation in five conference presentations. Currently associated with the University of Pennsylvania through a T32 NIH Postdoctoral Fellowship, she continues to contribute significantly to her field, combining academic rigor with practical research to advance understanding in reproductive health and prenatal care. Currently, she is a full time lecturer at Northwestern University - The Feinberg School of Medicine.
"
, BS, Cellular & Molecular Biology
Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Raleighegypt
R
Raleighegypt
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 11 | Total Attempts: 290,473
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 19,745

SettingsSettingsSettings
Biology: Genetics And Punnett Squares Quiz! - Quiz


Test your knowledge of Genetics and Punnett Squares with this engaging quiz! Explore the fascinating world of heredity as you answer multiple-choice questions. Discover the basic unit of heredity and learn about different versions of genes. Find out how Punnett squares are used to predict genetic outcomes and analyze inheritance patterns. Explore concepts like homozygosity, heterozygosity, and the Law of Segregation. Dive into genetic disorders caused by mutations in specific chromosomes and understand the genotypic ratios resulting from different crosses. Challenge yourself and see how well you grasp the fundamental principles of genetics. Get ready to unravel the secrets of Read moreinheritance and put your biology knowledge to the test!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A heterozygous tall (Tt) plant is crossed at with a short plant (tt). The probability that offspring plants will be tall is:

    • A.

      25%

    • B.

      50%

    • C.

      75%

    • D.

      100%

    Correct Answer
    B. 50%
    Explanation
    When a heterozygous tall plant (Tt) is crossed with a short plant (tt), the offspring plants will have a 50% probability of being tall. This is because the heterozygous tall plant has one dominant allele (T) for tallness and one recessive allele (t) for shortness. When crossed with a short plant that has two recessive alleles (tt), there is a 50% chance that the offspring will inherit the dominant allele from the heterozygous parent and be tall.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    What is the term used to describe different versions of the same gene?

    • A.

      Allele

    • B.

      Mutation

    • C.

      Locus

    • D.

      Genotype

    Correct Answer
    A. Allele
    Explanation
    Allele is the correct answer because it refers to the different versions or forms of a gene that exist within a population. Each allele can produce a different trait or characteristic, and individuals inherit two alleles for each gene, one from each parent. These alleles can be the same (homozygous) or different (heterozygous), and they contribute to the genetic diversity and variation observed in a population.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which of the following is the basic unit of heredity?

    • A.

      Nucleotide

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Chromosome

    • D.

      Gene

    Correct Answer
    A. Nucleotide
    Explanation
    A nucleotide is the basic unit of heredity. It is a building block of DNA and RNA, which carry genetic information. Nucleotides consist of a sugar molecule, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. They form the backbone of DNA and RNA strands and encode the genetic instructions necessary for the development and functioning of living organisms. Proteins, chromosomes, and genes are all important components of heredity, but the nucleotide is the fundamental unit that carries and transmits genetic information.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Organisms that have two different alleles for a particular trait are said to be:

    • A.

      Hybrid

    • B.

      Homozygous

    • C.

      Heterozygous

    • D.

      Dominant

    Correct Answer
    C. Heterozygous
    Explanation
    Organisms that have two different alleles for a particular trait are said to be heterozygous. Heterozygous individuals have two different versions of a gene, or alleles, for a specific trait. This means that they inherited one allele from each parent. In contrast, homozygous individuals have two identical alleles for a trait, while hybrids are the offspring of two different species or varieties. Dominant refers to an allele that is expressed over another allele in heterozygous individuals.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    According to the dihybrid cross below, what proportion of peas would be green and smooth?

    • A.

      9/16

    • B.

      1/4

    • C.

      3/8

    • D.

      1/16

    Correct Answer
    A. 9/16
    Explanation
    In a dihybrid cross, two different traits are considered simultaneously. In this case, the proportion of peas that are green and smooth can be determined by multiplying the individual probabilities of each trait. Since each trait is controlled by a separate gene, they segregate independently. The probability of a pea being green is 3/4, and the probability of it being smooth is also 3/4. Therefore, the proportion of peas that are green and smooth is (3/4) * (3/4) = 9/16.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

     What is the probability that a hamster will have black, fine hair?

    • A.

      2/16 (1/8)

    • B.

      4/16 (1/4)

    • C.

      1/16

    • D.

      8/16 (1/2)

    Correct Answer
    B. 4/16 (1/4)
    Explanation
    The probability of a hamster having black, fine hair is 4/16 or 1/4. This means that out of the total possible outcomes, 4 of them have black, fine hair.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    When a plant breeder crossed two red roses, 60% of the offspring had red flowers, 20% had white flowers, and 20% had both red and white petals. According to these results, the allele for red flowers is most likely:

    • A.

      Recessive

    • B.

      Sex-linked

    • C.

      Dominant

    • D.

      Codominant

    Correct Answer
    D. Codominant
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, when two red roses were crossed, 78% of the offspring had red flowers and 22% had white flowers. This suggests that both the alleles for red and white flowers are expressed in the offspring, indicating codominance. In codominance, both alleles are fully expressed, resulting in a phenotype that shows traits from both alleles. Therefore, the allele for red flowers is most likely codominant.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    In pepper plants, the allele for hot flavor (H) is dominant to the allele for mild flavor (h). A farmer crosses a homozygous dominant plant with a recessive (mild) plant. What percentage of the offspring from this cross will have hot flavor?

    • A.

      25%

    • B.

      50%

    • C.

      75%

    • D.

      100%

    Correct Answer
    D. 100%
    Explanation
    When the allele for hot flavor (H) is dominant over the allele for mild flavor (h), crossing a homozygous dominant plant (HH) with a recessive (mild) plant (hh) will result in all offspring having hot flavor. This is because the dominant allele (H) will always be expressed in the presence of the recessive allele (h). Therefore, the percentage of offspring with hot flavor is 100%.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    What are the four main bases of D.N.A.?

    • A.

      Alleles, bacteria, D.N.A., and sunlight.

    • B.

      Adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine.

    • C.

      Oil, chinchilla, albino, and cement.

    • D.

      Bristles, onions, grease, and tar.

    Correct Answer
    B. Adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine. These four bases are the building blocks of DNA. They are nitrogenous bases that pair up with each other to form the double helix structure of DNA. Adenine pairs with thymine, and guanine pairs with cytosine. These base pairs are essential for DNA replication and genetic information storage and transmission.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    White fur(b) in guinea pigs is dominated by black fur(B). What will be the probability of a hybrid offspring in the cross: BB x Bb?

    • A.

      0%

    • B.

      25%

    • C.

      50%

    • D.

      100%

    Correct Answer
    C. 50%
    Explanation
    In this question, the cross is between a guinea pig with two dominant black fur alleles (BB) and a guinea pig with one dominant black fur allele and one recessive white fur allele (Bb). The dominant black fur allele (B) will always be expressed over the recessive white fur allele (b). Therefore, all of the offspring will have black fur. Since half of the offspring will inherit the dominant black fur allele (B) from the BB parent and the other half will inherit the dominant black fur allele (B) from the Bb parent, the probability of a hybrid offspring in this cross is 50%.

    Rate this question:

Lindsey Block |BS, Cellular & Molecular Biology |
Biology Expert
"Lindsey, Ph.D. in cellular and molecular biology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, specializes in Zika's impact on conception and preterm birth biomarkers. She completed courese on Advanced Cell Biology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Advanced Virology at University College Cork. Lindsey's accolades include three first-author papers, three fellowships, and active participation in five conference presentations. Currently associated with the University of Pennsylvania through a T32 NIH Postdoctoral Fellowship, she continues to contribute significantly to her field, combining academic rigor with practical research to advance understanding in reproductive health and prenatal care. Currently, she is a full time lecturer at Northwestern University - The Feinberg School of Medicine.
"

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 08, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Lindsey Block
  • Apr 14, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Raleighegypt
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.