Pathophysiology Exam 2 Practice Quiz

70 Questions  I  By Day4517 on September 27, 2009
Pulmonaryobstructive and restrictive diseases

  

Question Excerpt

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1.  The steep portion of the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which involves the transfer of gases between air-filled spaces in the lungs and blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The conducting airways span from
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  PO2 refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  ___ refers to how stiff the lungs are.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  In a "normal" patient,the percentage of air left behind in dead spaces after expiration is __ %.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A low V/Q ratio could possibly indicate:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which means there is normal perfusion and little or no ventilation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  During a fever, more oxygen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The most carbon dioxide in the body is transported in the blood as
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which diseases would have normal FVC and FEV1?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  ___ provides the gas exchange function.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Normal pulmonary blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  ___ provides oxygenated blood from systemic curculation to meet the lung's metabolic needs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which is not a morphologic pulmonary assessment tool?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of these measures of ventilation involve breathing at rest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Which would decrease diffusion capacity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following are bronchospastic triggers of asthma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Normal SaO2 is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Pleural effusion refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which does not have a preexisting pulmonary disease?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  This may be hereditary or acquired and is caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, or loss of surfactant.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Bronchoconstriction
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following is not an obstructive pulmonary disease?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  According to the hygiene hypothesis, asthma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The late phase response of asthma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The typical patient is a male smoker.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  This disease can be caused by an alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  One of the effects of this disease is that hemoglobin is high, but reduced hemoglobin that comes into contact with oxygen is low, which results in cyanosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  A mutation in chromosome 7 is associated with:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Normal HCO3 is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Diffusion capacity testing is used to differentiate
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Interstitial lung diseases can also be called
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Pulmonary fibrosis can be caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Symptoms of interstitial lung diseases include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Sarcoidosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  In which of the following diseases would the V/Q ratio be higher than 0.8?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  This can present initially with no signs or symptoms and be fatal within minutes
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  In cor pulmonale
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Causes of pulmonary edema include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Symptoms in the early stages include dyspnea on exertion
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Centriacinar emphysema
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of the following is true of acute respiratory failure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The gas rule
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The A-s gradient is not corrected by O2 if
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  If alveolar ventilation is halved, PCO2
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Hemoglobin binds oxygen more strongly in
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The steep section of the OxyHb dissociation curve represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  What level of PCO2 could be hypothesized in a semicomatose patient with disorientation and lethargy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  What the heck is a nomogram, anyway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Respiratory alkalosis =
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The short-acting system to maitain acid base balance is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The Hallmark of this disease is hypoxemia refractory to conventional treatment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  This phase of ARDS involves hardening and obliteration of the alveoli, and it affects the interstitium also.
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  During the clinical course of ARDS, what follows metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  What is the 5 year survival rate of pulmonary malignancies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Which bronchogenic carcinoma is almost always found in smokers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Which bronchogenic carcinoma can cause tracheal deviation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Which bronchogenic carcinoma is not treatable by surgery?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Which bronchogenic carcinoma accounts for less than 30% of bronchogenic carcinomas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Which bronchogenic carcinoma originates in the bronchiolar or alveolar tissues of the lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  ThrOne of the more common manifestations of paraneoplastic syndrome is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  The most common metastases that arise from lung cancers are in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Lung "mets" often originate from
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  This is made up of the tubercle bacilli, the modified macrophages, and other immune cells involved in a TB infection
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  TB is not confined to the lungs and can present as
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  This manifests as fatigue, distention of the jugular vein, liver engorgement, acites and hepatomegaly
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  What is ascites anyway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  What is the best way to ascertain whether someone has a PE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  In a __, the intrapleural pressure is higher than atmospheric pressure; therefore there is compression of the lung, heart, and great vessels.
A.
B.
C.
D.
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