Renal Pathophysiology Exam: Trivia Quiz!

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 1009

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Renal Pathophysiology Exam: Trivia Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The answer/s (is/are) correct regarding Polyuria:
    • A. 

      Polyuria mean = The urine output is more than the output in case of Oliguria But is less than the output in case of Anuria.

    • B. 

      Polyuria take place With diuretics Drugs but the antidiuretics does not lead to Polyuria

    • C. 

      Hypoglycinemia is cause of Polyuria

    • D. 

      Excess fluid intake is one of the sign of Polyuria

    • E. 

      All answers are correct

  • 2. 
    All of the above is NOT correct regarding Haematuria EXCEPT: 
    • A. 

      Haematuria = presence of blood in urine regardless of their quantity(Number of RBSs)

    • B. 

      Drugs such as Rifampicin lead to Haematuria

    • C. 

      During menstrual cycle mixing of RBCs with urine and lead to Haematuria this is abnormal

    • D. 

      The Bleeding is cause to it and Dipstick test can detect Frank Bleeding through strips

    • E. 

      UTI can lead to Haematuria

  • 3. 
    The answer/s (is/are) correct regarding NEPHROTIC SYNDROME:
    • A. 

      Nephrotic syndrome = Nonspecific disease of the glomerulus in which we have state of polyuria

    • B. 

      About Characteristics of it : Serum albumin is more than 3 grams/100 ml

    • C. 

      About Characteristics of it : Proteinuria more than 3.5 mg/24hours.

    • D. 

      About Causes of it : Edema One of cause leading to it.

    • E. 

      About Causes of it : GN One of cause leading to it.

    • F. 

      All answer is correct

  • 4. 
    All of the above is Signs and manifestations of  Glomerulonephritis (GN) , EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Proteinuria

    • B. 

      Hematuria

    • C. 

      Reduced renal volume

    • D. 

      Na+ retention

    • E. 

      Hypotension

  • 5. 
    ONE of it is not correct MATCHING : 
    • A. 

      Inflammation of glomeruli >>>>>>>>>>> Glomerulonephritis

    • B. 

      The antibody - Antigen complexes are deposited in the glomeruli >>>>>>>>>>> Glomerulonephritis

    • C. 

      It is the most common cause of acute renal failure >>>>>>>>>>> Acute tubular necrosis ATN

    • D. 

      It is irreversible >>>>>>>>>>> Acute tubular necrosis ATN

    • E. 

      No answer is correct

  • 6. 
    About Clinical features of established ARF:
    • A. 

      Electrolyte disturbances such as Hypokalemia

    • B. 

      Abnormalities of urine volume such as Hematuria

    • C. 

      Electrolyte disturbances such asHypocalcemia

    • D. 

      Blood chemistry abnormalities such as low plasma urea and creatinine concentrations.

    • E. 

      Electrolyte disturbances such as Hypophosphatemia

  • 7. 
    About Clinical Features of CRF:
    • A. 

      Early stage of CRF is often Appear without symptoms

    • B. 

      Nocturia may be an early symptom and it is due o loss of concentration ability of the kidneys

    • C. 

      Patient with CRF may present with complaints which are not renal in origin like breathlessness or tiredness

    • D. 

      In late stage of CRF, the patient looks ill and anemic

    • E. 

      All answer is correct

  • 8. 
    All of the above lead to Hypertension with patient of CRF, EXCEPT :
    • A. 

      Conditions like renal artery stenosis reduce renal blood flow

    • B. 

      Chronic glomerulonephritis causes thickening of glomerular capillary membrane

    • C. 

      Conditions that increase aldosterone secretion will lead to increased tubular Na+ absorption

    • D. 

      Conditions that increase renin secretion leads to formation of angiotensin II

    • E. 

      No answer is correct

  • 9. 
    If water and food are not restricted in complete CRF, One of the following occur:
    • A. 

      Low K+ and PO43- plasma concentration.

    • B. 

      Pulmonary edema

    • C. 

      Low HCO3 plasma concentration

    • D. 

      Metabolic alkalosis

    • E. 

      No answer is correct

  • 10. 
    One Of this definition is true:
    • A. 

      Neuropathy of CRF :Is due to a combination of poor nutrition, hyperthyroidism, vitamin D deficiency and electrolytes disturbances

    • B. 

      Myopathy of CRF : Is due to demyelination of nerve fibers (the longer fibers being involved at earlier stage)

    • C. 

      Acute tubular necrosis ATN : It is irreversible; partial necrosis of the cells, shedding of the cells and reconstruction of other cells.

    • D. 

      Haematuria : The presence more than 1-3 WBSc in the urine

    • E. 

      NO answer is correct

  • 11. 
    Neuropathy of CRF lead to:
    • A. 

      Parasthesia

    • B. 

      Foot drop

    • C. 

      Delayed gastric emptying

    • D. 

      Diarrhea

    • E. 

      Postural hypotension

    • F. 

      All answer is correct

  • 12. 
    About the Bone abnormalities of CRF:
    • A. 

      Osteomalacia==reduction in bone mass

    • B. 

      Osteoporosis==failure of bone mineralization

    • C. 

      Osteosclerosis==failure of bone mineralization

    • D. 

      Osteomalacia==increased bone density

    • E. 

      Osteoporosis==reduction in bone mass

  • 13. 
    Anemia of CRF may be caused by:
    • A. 

      Increase in erythropoietin production

    • B. 

      Inhibition in erythropoiesis by erythropoietin on bone marrow

    • C. 

      Decrease in blood loss due to increased capillary fragility and poor platelets function

    • D. 

      Reduction in dietary intake and absorption of iron and other substances needed for erythropoiesis

    • E. 

      All answer is correct

  • 14. 
    About Chronic Renal failure (CRF):
    • A. 

      An irreversible deterioration in renal function resulted from irreversible loss of small number of functioning nephrons

    • B. 

      In most cases, serious symptoms do not occur until the no. of functioning nephrons decreased below 60% - 40 % of normal.

    • C. 

      When functioning nephron decrease with age to 20-30% of normal it is not indicates to CRF

    • D. 

      Azotemia take place in the body

    • E. 

      No answer is correct

  • 15. 
    The most common cause of ARF is:
    • A. 

      ATN

    • B. 

      GN

    • C. 

      Heart failure

    • D. 

      Hypotension

    • E. 

      Hypertension

  • 16. 
    One of this is most indication of ARF:
    • A. 

      Plasma creatinine more than 200 µmole/liter

    • B. 

      Urea More than mmol/L 6.5-2.5

    • C. 

      K+ More than 3.5-5 mmol/L

    • D. 

      Heart failure

    • E. 

      All answer Except ** Heart failure **

  • 17. 
     One of this IS NOT  indicate of ARF:
    • A. 

      Creatininuria

    • B. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • C. 

      Uremia

    • D. 

      Azotemia

    • E. 

      No answer is correct

  • 18. 
    All of the above is Clinical features of nephrotic syndrome , EXCEPT: 
    • A. 

      Hypercoagulability

    • B. 

      Hypergammaglobulinemia

    • C. 

      Hypercholesterolemia

    • D. 

      Hyperlipidemia

    • E. 

      Hyperproteinuria

  • 19. 
    About The causes of nephrotic syndrome , ONE of this is correct:
    • A. 

      Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis == bad prognosis, ending with end-stage renal failure

    • B. 

      Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis == Usually affecting children

    • C. 

      Minimal change disease===Usually affecting old aged people

    • D. 

      Minimal change disease=== excellent prognosis , patients of this disease they are not respond to corticosteroids

    • E. 

      2 answer is correct

  • 20. 
    Choice correct Matching: 
    • A. 

      Drugs such as Senna === make red urine

    • B. 

      Proteinuria of low MW proteins=== more than 2mg/day indicates significant glomerular disease

    • C. 

      Orthostatic proteinuria===proteinuria occurs only during the night

    • D. 

      Frank Bleeding === when you see blood in urine through the microscope

    • E. 

      Dropsy=== accumulation of fluid all over the body

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