Zoology Final Exam 2

108 Questions

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Zoology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Flattened body with 1 pair of legs per segment

    • B. 

      Open circulatory system with elongated heart and arteries

    • C. 

      Carnivorous which kill prey with a pair of poison claws

    • D. 

      Herbivores which feed mainly on decomposing plant matter

    • E. 

      Separate sexes, females are egg layers

  • 2. 
    Millipedes belong to the subphylum ______ and the class _______.
    • A. 

      Arthropoda; uniramia

    • B. 

      Uniramia; chilopoda

    • C. 

      Uniramia; diplopoda

    • D. 

      Arthropoda; insecta

    • E. 

      Uniramia; insect

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      A diverse group with habitats mainly in tropical regions

    • B. 

      A group similar in abundance to the crustaceans

    • C. 

      A large group that inhabits all parts of the planet

    • D. 

      A diverse group with about 10 million different species

    • E. 

      Tropical creatures with unusual characteristics

  • 4. 
    Insects are considered highly adaptable to many different environments because
    • A. 

      They have numerous appendages

    • B. 

      Their mouthparts are designed for specific types of food

    • C. 

      They have an exoskeleton

    • D. 

      Only A and b are true

    • E. 

      A, B, and C are all true

  • 5. 
    An insect's body is composed of three segments. Each segment is covered by four plates called
    • A. 

      Tergum

    • B. 

      Pleura

    • C. 

      Sclerites

    • D. 

      Sternum

    • E. 

      Armor

  • 6. 
    The digestive system of insects is divided into 3 major sections. The foregut contains which of the following structures?
    • A. 

      Mouth, esophagus, intestine

    • B. 

      Mouth, crop, gizzard

    • C. 

      Crop, gizzard, intestine

    • D. 

      Crop, gizzard, stomach

    • E. 

      Stomach, gastric ceca, intestine

  • 7. 
    If an insect is said to be phytophagous it could also be called
    • A. 

      A carnivore

    • B. 

      A saprophyte

    • C. 

      A herbivore

    • D. 

      A decomposer

    • E. 

      A scavenger

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Prothorax, mesothorax, metathorax

    • B. 

      Prothorax, metathorax, mesothorax

    • C. 

      Prothorax, middlethorax, hind thorax

    • D. 

      Head, thorax, abdomen

    • E. 

      Prethorax, mesothorax, metathorax

  • 9. 
    A specific parasite that always kills its host is called a 
    • A. 

      Hyperparasite

    • B. 

      Hypoparasite

    • C. 

      Parasitoid

    • D. 

      Saprophyte

    • E. 

      A really good eater

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      An open system with numerous blood vessels

    • B. 

      An open system with a single ventral blood vessel

    • C. 

      An open system with a long tubular heart

    • D. 

      A closed system with an intricate system of blood vessels

    • E. 

      A closed system with an only tubular heart

  • 11. 
    The respiratory system of insects is best described by which of the following statements
    • A. 

      A tracheal system with an intricate system of branching tubes

    • B. 

      A tracheal system with one large trachea

    • C. 

      They have no respiratory system. they breathe through their exoskeleton

    • D. 

      Book lungs connected to the outside via spiracles

    • E. 

      Spiracle open to let air directly into the body

  • 12. 
    Gas exchange in most insects occurs within the 
    • A. 

      Tracheae

    • B. 

      Air sacs

    • C. 

      Tracheoles

    • D. 

      Tracheal gills

    • E. 

      Book lungs

  • 13. 
    The main excretory organ found in insects is the
    • A. 

      Nephridia

    • B. 

      Large ventral kidney

    • C. 

      Osmonephridia

    • D. 

      Malpighian tubules

    • E. 

      Gastric ceca

  • 14. 
    The tympanic membrane is
    • A. 

      An auditory structure

    • B. 

      An olfactory structure

    • C. 

      A visual structure

    • D. 

      A tactile structure

    • E. 

      A chemoreceptor

  • 15. 
    Ommatidia are structures found in an insects
    • A. 

      Abdomen

    • B. 

      Walking legs

    • C. 

      Simple eyes

    • D. 

      Compound eyes

    • E. 

      Mouth

  • 16. 
    A praying mantis is an example of an insect which undergoes
    • A. 

      Direct metamorphosis

    • B. 

      Hemimetabolous metamorphosis

    • C. 

      Holometabolous metamorphosis

    • D. 

      Hellametabolous metamorphosis

    • E. 

      No metamorphosis at all

  • 17. 
    Diapause is best described as
    • A. 

      Hibernation

    • B. 

      Estivation

    • C. 

      A genetically determined period of dormancy

    • D. 

      A period of dormancy determined by the weather

    • E. 

      A period of dormancy determined by the abundance of food

  • 18. 
    An instar is best described as
    • A. 

      The period of time during which an insect molts

    • B. 

      The length of time it takes an insect to molt

    • C. 

      The stage in an insects life cycle when it forms a pupa

    • D. 

      The navigation system used by insects to locate mates

    • E. 

      The period of time in an insect's life cycle between molts

  • 19. 
    A pheromone is
    • A. 

      A chemical secreted by an insect to attract a mate

    • B. 

      A chemical secreted by an insect to signal the beginning of hibernation

    • C. 

      A chemical secreted by an insect to claim its territory

    • D. 

      Only A is true

    • E. 

      A, B, and C are all true

  • 20. 
    Bioluminescence is a characteristic of
    • A. 

      All insects

    • B. 

      Only insects that fly

    • C. 

      Only insects that glow

    • D. 

      Only insects that exhibit warning coloration

    • E. 

      This isn't a characteristic of insects. It applies to fish.

  • 21. 
    The endoskeleton of echinoderms is composed of
    • A. 

      Keratin ossicles

    • B. 

      Keratin spicules

    • C. 

      Calcareous ossicles

    • D. 

      Calcareous spicules

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 22. 
    The ambulacral groove is found between the
    • A. 

      Rows of tube feet

    • B. 

      Layers of pedicellarie

    • C. 

      Radial nerves

    • D. 

      Row of dermal ossicles

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 23. 
    The structures that keep the body surface clean of debris and protect the skin gills are called
    • A. 

      Madreporites

    • B. 

      Lateral podia

    • C. 

      Dermal Brachiae

    • D. 

      Pedicellariae

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 24. 
    The sieve like opening into the water vascular system is called the 
    • A. 

      Madreporite

    • B. 

      Lateral podia

    • C. 

      Dermal Brachiae

    • D. 

      Pedicellariae

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    Many echinoderms have two parts to the stomach; these two parts are the ______ and the ______.
    • A. 

      Enzymatic, cacal

    • B. 

      Cardiac, pyloric

    • C. 

      Cecal, cardiac

    • D. 

      Pyloric enzymatic

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 26. 
    The echinoderms have the ability to regenerate lost parts; a sea star can regenerate almost an entirely new animal if it has one-fifth of the ______ and one ______.
    • A. 

      Arms, half of the disc

    • B. 

      Madreporite, side of an arm

    • C. 

      Mouth, end of an arm

    • D. 

      Central disc, arm

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 27. 
    The echinoderms have developed the ability to exploit many sources of food. The brittle stars and sea stars are ______, the sea urchins are ______, and the sea cucumbers eat ______.
    • A. 

      Planktivores, herbivores, worms

    • B. 

      Herbivores, browsers, algae

    • C. 

      Browsers, carnivores, plankton

    • D. 

      Carnivores, herbivores, organic debris

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 28. 
    • A. 

      Crinoidea

    • B. 

      Asteroidea

    • C. 

      Ophiuroidea

    • D. 

      Echiniodea

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      Crinoidea

    • B. 

      Asteroidea

    • C. 

      Ophiuroidea

    • D. 

      Echiniodea

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 30. 
    • A. 

      Crinoidea

    • B. 

      Asteroidea

    • C. 

      Ophiuroidea

    • D. 

      Echinodea

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      Crinoidea

    • B. 

      Asteroidea

    • C. 

      Ophiuroidea

    • D. 

      Echiniodea

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 32. 
    • A. 

      Crinoidea

    • B. 

      Asteroidea

    • C. 

      Ophiuroidea

    • D. 

      Echiniodea

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 33. 
    Aristotle's lantern is a complex set of ______ used in the process of ______.
    • A. 

      Neurons and ocelli, visual sensation

    • B. 

      Tentacles and cilia, reproduction

    • C. 

      Gland and muscles, digestion

    • D. 

      Ossicles and muscles, chewing

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 34. 
    The nervous system of most echinoderms consists of three layers. The ______ system on the aboral surface, the ______ system on the oral surface and the ______ system in between. Each of the layers is connected by the ______.
    • A. 

      Hyponeural, ectoneural, aboral; nerve net

    • B. 

      Ectoneural, aboral, hyponeural; nerve ring

    • C. 

      Aboral, hyponeural, ectoneural; nerve net

    • D. 

      Aboral, ectoneural, hyponeural; nerve net

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 35. 
    ______ have a unique structure called a respiratory tree which functions as both a respiratory and excretory organ.
    • A. 

      Crinoideans

    • B. 

      Asteroideans

    • C. 

      Ophiuroideans

    • D. 

      Echiniodeans

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      A flexible notochord

    • B. 

      Pharyngeal gill pouches

    • C. 

      Dorsal tubular nerve cord

    • D. 

      Postanal tail

    • E. 

      All of these are correct

  • 37. 
    • A. 

      Complete digestive system, 2-4 chambered heart, and open circulatory system

    • B. 

      Complete digestive system, 3 chambered heart, and closed circulatory system

    • C. 

      Bilateral symmetry, paired kidneys, and open circulatory system

    • D. 

      Bilateral symmetry, single kidney, and closed circulatory system

    • E. 

      Complete digestive system, bilateral symmetry, and open circulatory system

  • 38. 
    Superclass Agnatha includes which of the following fishes?
    • A. 

      Bony fishes

    • B. 

      Cartilagenous fishes

    • C. 

      Jawless fishes

    • D. 

      Bioluminescent fishes

    • E. 

      All fishes; it's the largest group

  • 39. 
    • A. 

      Naked skinned scavengers

    • B. 

      Heighten sense of smell and touch but nearly blind

    • C. 

      Ties itself in knots to gain more leverage while feeding

    • D. 

      Spawns in freshwater streams

    • E. 

      Produces copious amounts of slime when threatened

  • 40. 
    The larvae of lamprey
    • A. 

      Hatch in the ocean in a nest made by the male

    • B. 

      Have a well-developed rasping tongue for feeding on fish

    • C. 

      Undergo little to no metamorphosis when developing into an adult

    • D. 

      Are suspension feeders who spend years buried in the sediment

    • E. 

      Stay close to their mamas because big fish will eat them

  • 41. 
    To control the population of sea lamprey in the great Lakes scientists have
    • A. 

      Released sterile males into the lakes

    • B. 

      Sprayed commercial larvacides into the streams where they spawn

    • C. 

      Put limitations on the number of fish harvested through the lakes

    • D. 

      Only A and B are true

    • E. 

      All of the above are true

  • 42. 
    Cartilaginous fishes do not include
    • A. 

      Skates

    • B. 

      Rays

    • C. 

      Sharks

    • D. 

      Eels

    • E. 

      All of the above are cartilaginous fish

  • 43. 
    The lateral line of a shark is used for
    • A. 

      Detecting and locating objects and moving animals in the water

    • B. 

      Excretion of urea and water

    • C. 

      Detecting odors such as blood

    • D. 

      Secreting mucus as a swimming lubricant

    • E. 

      Detecting the heat of prey animals

  • 44. 
    Shark reproduction and development involves
    • A. 

      Clearing a bottom area in order that the female can lay eggs and the male can deposit sperm over them

    • B. 

      No production of yolk at all but the first development of a primitive placenta in all sharks

    • C. 

      Substantial care of young after the eggs are laid or young are born

    • D. 

      Cases of oviparous, ovoviviparous, and viviparous strategies

    • E. 

      A larval stage quite different from the adult

  • 45. 
    The spiral valve in the intestine of a shark serves to
    • A. 

      Release strong acids to aid digestion

    • B. 

      Function as a liver in producing bile salts

    • C. 

      Entrap food molecules in a mucus strand

    • D. 

      Slow passage of food and increase absorption

    • E. 

      Propel food through the tract at a faster rate

  • 46. 
    • A. 

      Are located along the lateral line of a shark

    • B. 

      Help a shark see prey at night

    • C. 

      Help the shark detect bioelectric fields at a close range

    • D. 

      Detect orientation similar to our semicircular canals

    • E. 

      Amplify sounds of a struggling prey form great distances

  • 47. 
    The ovoviviparous sharks are those that
    • A. 

      Lay eggs after external fertilization

    • B. 

      Bear their young alive after retaining the eggs in the oviduct but with no further nourishment

    • C. 

      Lay eggs after internal fertilization

    • D. 

      Bear their young alive after external fertilization

    • E. 

      Feed developing young a nutritous "uterine milk"

  • 48. 
    • A. 

      Operculum versus gill slits

    • B. 

      Cartilage verses bones

    • C. 

      Internal verses external fertilization

    • D. 

      No swim bladder verses swim bladdder

    • E. 

      All of the above are correct distinctions

  • 49. 
    The group Osteichthyes refers to which types of fishes?
    • A. 

      Bony fishes

    • B. 

      Cartilagenous fishes

    • C. 

      Jawless fishes

    • D. 

      Bioluminescent fishes

    • E. 

      All fishes; it's the largest group

  • 50. 
    • A. 

      No scales, cycloid, or placoid

    • B. 

      No scales, cycloid, or ctenoid

    • C. 

      Cycloid, ctenoid or placoid

    • D. 

      Cycloid or placoid

    • E. 

      Cycloid only

  • 51. 
    • A. 

      Paired fins

    • B. 

      Light, thin flexible scales

    • C. 

      Swim bladder

    • D. 

      Pharyngeal jaws

    • E. 

      Internal fertilization

  • 52. 
    The function of the swim bladder is to
    • A. 

      Store and concentrate area until it is eliminated via the cloaca

    • B. 

      Regulate the salt ion within the blood thus aiding in osmoregulation

    • C. 

      Maintain buoyancy by holding volumes of air

    • D. 

      Filter the blood and produce urine

    • E. 

      Act as floaties on the fins of baby fish so they don't drown.

  • 53. 
    A Coelacanthh is 
    • A. 

      An ancient fish that became extinct millions of years ago

    • B. 

      One of seven species of lobe-finned fishes

    • C. 

      A lob-finned fish that lives in shallow coastal waters and is often fished for market

    • D. 

      An ancient fish which was discovered in the late 19902 off the coast of Indonesia

    • E. 

      Both B and C are true

  • 54. 
    The Lissamphiba includes all three modern groups of amphibians.  All three groups share a common characteristic reflected in their name.  "Liss" in Lissamphibia means
    • A. 

      Moist

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Scaly

    • D. 

      Bumpy

    • E. 

      Naked

  • 55. 
    The order Urodela includes
    • A. 

      Frogs and toads

    • B. 

      Salamanders

    • C. 

      Caecilians

    • D. 

      Frogs only

    • E. 

      Toads only

  • 56. 
    The order Gymnophiona was previously called Apoda and includes
    • A. 

      Frogs and toads

    • B. 

      Salamanders

    • C. 

      Caecilians

    • D. 

      Frogs only

    • E. 

      Toads only

  • 57. 
    The order Anura includes
    • A. 

      Frogs and toads

    • B. 

      Salamanders

    • C. 

      Caecilians

    • D. 

      Frogs only

    • E. 

      Toads only

  • 58. 
    The skin of amphibians is often described as
    • A. 

      Moist and permeable

    • B. 

      Lacking scales

    • C. 

      Sometimes containing a "seat patch" or "pelvic patch"

    • D. 

      A and B are true

    • E. 

      A, B, and C are true

  • 59. 
    1. The mucus secreted by the glands in an amphibians skins is necessary because
    • A. 

      It allows for gas exchange when away from the water

    • B. 

      It creates a surface suitable for reproduction

    • C. 

      It makes the animals slippery for predators to catch it

    • D. 

      A and B are true

    • E. 

      A and C are true

  • 60. 
    Many amphibians contain toxin secreting glands within their skin.  These secretions have been used for which of the following purposes
    • A. 

      Poisons to kill birds and small mammals

    • B. 

      Painkiller research

    • C. 

      Antibiotic research

    • D. 

      A and B are true

    • E. 

      A, B, and C are true

  • 61. 
    To facilitate cutaneous respiration, the skin of amphibians is
    • A. 

      Moist and covered with scales

    • B. 

      Moist and richly vascularized

    • C. 

      Dry and covered with scales

    • D. 

      Dry and richly vascularized

    • E. 

      Moist with many folds

  • 62. 
    • A. 

      Anura

    • B. 

      Uradela

    • C. 

      Gymnophiona

    • D. 

      A and B are true

    • E. 

      B and C are true

  • 63. 
    • A. 

      Simply open its mouth

    • B. 

      Use muscles within its chest cavity to force air in and out of the lungs

    • C. 

      Shut its mouth and breath through its nostrils

    • D. 

      Swallow air by closing its nostrils and pushing its lower mouth cavity up

    • E. 

      Pant like a dog

  • 64. 
    During the larval stage the gills are external and project from the sides of the head in which order of amphibians?
    • A. 

      Anura

    • B. 

      Urodela

    • C. 

      Gymnophiona

    • D. 

      A and B are true

    • E. 

      B and C are true

  • 65. 
    • A. 

      Frogs and toads have very sticky protusible tongues

    • B. 

      Caecilians can't invert their tongues

    • C. 

      The tongues are attached to the front of the mouth

    • D. 

      A and B are true

    • E. 

      A, B, and C are true

  • 66. 
    The word amphibian means
    • A. 

      Two worlds

    • B. 

      Two lives

    • C. 

      Smooth skin

    • D. 

      Water loving

    • E. 

      None of the above are true

  • 67. 
    Frogs often broad their young in
    • A. 

      Their mouths

    • B. 

      Pouches on their backs

    • C. 

      The webbing of their back feet

    • D. 

      A and B are true

    • E. 

      None of these are true; frogs do not show parental care to their young

  • 68. 
    • A. 

      They have internal fertilization which requires an intromittent organ

    • B. 

      They have internal fertilzation but without an intromittent organ

    • C. 

      They have external fertilization and males produce spermatophores

    • D. 

      They have external fertilization and females lay eggs in nests

    • E. 

      None of these correctly describe salamander lovin'

  • 69. 
    A juvenile called an eft is found in the life cycle of
    • A. 

      Frogs

    • B. 

      Toads

    • C. 

      Salamanders

    • D. 

      Caecilians

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 70. 
    • A. 

      They have internal fertilization which requires an intromittent organ

    • B. 

      They have internal fertilization but without an intromittent organ

    • C. 

      Most caecilians are oviparous

    • D. 

      A and B are true

    • E. 

      A and C are true

  • 71. 
    • A. 

      Large males with deep voices

    • B. 

      Large males who can "sing" for long periods of time

    • C. 

      Small males with strong griping pads who can really hug them tight

    • D. 

      A and B are true

    • E. 

      None of these are true; frogs aren't picky

  • 72. 
    Paedomorphosis means
    • A. 

      The larval stage is absent in the life cycle

    • B. 

      The larval stage is the final stage in the life cycle

    • C. 

      The juvenile is a sexually immature adult

    • D. 

      The adult retains characteristics of the lave stage

    • E. 

      None of these are true

  • 73. 
    • A. 

      Toads have short stubby legs and like to wait for their food to come to them

    • B. 

      Frogs with their long legs like to jump and swim around looking for prey

    • C. 

      Salamanders are herbivores

    • D. 

      Toads are often out and about looking for food and protect themselves by secreting chemicals from their skin

    • E. 

      A and B are true

  • 74. 
    Reptile skin consists of all of the following except
    • A. 

      Dermis

    • B. 

      Epidermis

    • C. 

      Keratinized hair

    • D. 

      Osteoderms

    • E. 

      Scales

  • 75. 
    • A. 

      Reptiles use their diaphragm to pull air into their lungs

    • B. 

      Some reptiles can breathe through their skin

    • C. 

      Reptiles suck air into their lungs by expanding their thoracic cavity

    • D. 

      A and B are true

    • E. 

      B and C are true

  • 76. 
    • A. 

      All reptiles have a three chamber heart.

    • B. 

      Oxgenated blood and unoxgenated blood are always kept in separate circuits

    • C. 

      The left and right atria in the heart pump blood to the body and lungs

    • D. 

      A and B are true

    • E. 

      A and C are true

  • 77. 
    The name of the bottom plate on a turtle that is continuous with the breastbone (sternum) is the
    • A. 

      Costal

    • B. 

      Plastron

    • C. 

      Dorsum

    • D. 

      Carapace

    • E. 

      Ventrum

  • 78. 
    • A. 

      Heat sensitive pits

    • B. 

      Kinetic skull

    • C. 

      Parietal eye

    • D. 

      Fangs

    • E. 

      Jacobson's organ

  • 79. 
    • A. 

      Rectilinear movement

    • B. 

      Sidewinding

    • C. 

      Lateral undulation

    • D. 

      Concertina movement

    • E. 

      The breast stroke

  • 80. 
    Snake venoms are generally of two types of a mixture of two types that include
    • A. 

      Kidney toxins and neurotoxins

    • B. 

      Hemorrhagins and paralytic toxins

    • C. 

      Kidney toxins and paralytic toxins

    • D. 

      Hemorrhagins and neurotoxins

    • E. 

      Venoms and antivenoms

  • 81. 
    The ______ is a small, agile, mostly nocturnal lizard that has adhesive toe pads that enable them to walk upside down on a ceiling.
    • A. 

      Iguana

    • B. 

      Skink

    • C. 

      Chameleon

    • D. 

      Gecko

    • E. 

      Gila monster

  • 82. 
    Tuataras are the only known reptile which has
    • A. 

      Heat sensitive pits

    • B. 

      Parietal eye

    • C. 

      Kinetic skull

    • D. 

      Jacobson's organ

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 83. 
    The term "thecodont" describe the crocodile's
    • A. 

      Skull bones

    • B. 

      Tail bones

    • C. 

      Vertebrae

    • D. 

      Teeth

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 84. 
    • A. 

      Teeth

    • B. 

      Snout

    • C. 

      Tail

    • D. 

      A and B are true

    • E. 

      A, B and C are true

  • 85. 
    Turtles have both vertebra and ____ fused to their upper shell.
    • A. 

      Ribs

    • B. 

      Tail

    • C. 

      Neck

    • D. 

      Humerus

    • E. 

      Sternum

  • 86. 
    The sex of turtles, as wells as some other reptiles, is based on
    • A. 

      The position of the mating turtles

    • B. 

      Whether it is parthenogenetic

    • C. 

      Temperature of the incubation

    • D. 

      Whether it is marine or freshwater

    • E. 

      Which sperm fertilize the egg

  • 87. 
    • A. 

      Oil from skin glands sticks the vanes together

    • B. 

      Bird saliva acting as a temporary glue

    • C. 

      The cohesive force of water molecules

    • D. 

      Magnetic attraction due to charges built from the feathers rubbing against each other

    • E. 

      Interlocking barbules held together by tiny hooks

  • 88. 
    If you were going to use a feather for a pen, what part would you dip in the ink before you begin to write?
    • A. 

      The rachis

    • B. 

      The calaumus

    • C. 

      The vane

    • D. 

      The shaft

    • E. 

      The barb

  • 89. 
    • A. 

      Altrical feathers

    • B. 

      Filoplume feathers

    • C. 

      Flight feathers

    • D. 

      Powder-down feathers

    • E. 

      Down feathers

  • 90. 
    • A. 

      Contour feathers

    • B. 

      Powder-down feathers

    • C. 

      Filoplume feathers

    • D. 

      Down feathers

    • E. 

      Flight feathers

  • 91. 
    The color of feathers is due to what two features?
    • A. 

      Surface and underlying colors

    • B. 

      Absorptive and reflective colors

    • C. 

      Melanin and chromatin

    • D. 

      Pigments and structural colors

    • E. 

      Iridescent and structural colors

  • 92. 
    • A. 

      It is a gradual process os not to create bald spots

    • B. 

      Usually occurs once a year after the nesting season

    • C. 

      Causes flight feathers to be lost in pairs to help maintain balance

    • D. 

      Ducks and other water fowl lose all of their feathers at once when they molt

    • E. 

      All of the above are ture

  • 93. 
    The vertebral column of a bird has been modified so it is
    • A. 

      No longer connected to the ribs

    • B. 

      Much longer and more flexible

    • C. 

      Rigid with many vertebrae fused together

    • D. 

      Broad to assist in aerodynamic lift

    • E. 

      Springy and elastic to store energy for flight

  • 94. 
    A bird's skeleton contains all but one of the following structures
    • A. 

      A lightweight skull fused mostly into one piece

    • B. 

      Heavy leg bones

    • C. 

      Pneumatized bones

    • D. 

      A sternum bearing a large keel

    • E. 

      All of these apply to a bird's skeletong

  • 95. 
    • A. 

      In the wing itself, running along the wing bones

    • B. 

      Under the tail feathers

    • C. 

      As "breast meat" powering flight

    • D. 

      Anchoring a perching bird's feet

    • E. 

      In the neck controlling the voice box

  • 96. 
    The most complex and delicate muscles in a bird are located in the
    • A. 

      Wings

    • B. 

      Legs

    • C. 

      Reproductive area

    • D. 

      Beak

    • E. 

      Neck

  • 97. 
    • A. 

      Birds don't eat much to help maintain a low body weight

    • B. 

      "Euryphagous" birds eat a very specific diet

    • C. 

      "Stenophagous" birds eat anything in sight

    • D. 

      Large appetites are necessary to maintain high metabolic rates

    • E. 

      B and C are true

  • 98. 
    • A. 

      Crop, gizzard, intestine, cloaca

    • B. 

      Gizzard, crop, intesting, cloaca

    • C. 

      Esophagus, gizzard, crop, intestine

    • D. 

      Esophagus, pharynx, crop, intestine

    • E. 

      Esophagus, gizzard, crop, cloaca

  • 99. 
    Birds have what type of blood cells?
    • A. 

      Nucleated red blood cells and phagocytes

    • B. 

      Enucleated red blood cells and phagocytes

    • C. 

      Nucleated red blood cells and Lymphocytes

    • D. 

      Enucleated red blood cells and lymphocytes

    • E. 

      None of the above are correct

  • 100. 
    Birds wastes are different from mammal feces and urine because
    • A. 

      Birds produce urine with urea just as in mammals but they don't drink much water so it is more concentrated

    • B. 

      Birds mainly eat berries and insects

    • C. 

      Birds lack kidneys

    • D. 

      A bird's waste is uric acid with most of the water removed

    • E. 

      Birds excrete ammonia

  • 101. 
    An advantage to a bird's respiratory system is that 
    • A. 

      The lungs receive fresh air while both inhaling and exhaling

    • B. 

      The lungs can double in size when taking deep breaths at high altitudes

    • C. 

      The air held within the air sacs also helps to cool the body during flight

    • D. 

      Only A and B are correct

    • E. 

      Only A and C are correct

  • 102. 
    Bird kidneys are not efficient in removing excess ions.  In order to remove excess salt, marine birds
    • A. 

      Sweat high concentrations of salt from glands near the base of the feathers

    • B. 

      Secrete salt from glands above their eyes

    • C. 

      Excrete high concentration of salt in their feces

    • D. 

      Secrete salt from salt glands near the cloaca

    • E. 

      Both B and d are correct

  • 103. 
    Bird's eyes are
    • A. 

      Large in relation to their head

    • B. 

      Less spherical and immobile compared to mammals

    • C. 

      Contain light sensitive rods and cones

    • D. 

      House a special structure called a pectin

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 104. 
    The movement of air over the upper curve surface of the wing causes
    • A. 

      Drag

    • B. 

      Stalling

    • C. 

      Lift

    • D. 

      Drift

    • E. 

      Positive pressure

  • 105. 
    An example of a bird with high-lift wings is
    • A. 

      An albatross

    • B. 

      A hawk

    • C. 

      A woodpecker

    • D. 

      A hummingbird

    • E. 

      A sea gull

  • 106. 
    • A. 

      Mutual protection

    • B. 

      Ease in finding a mate

    • C. 

      Keeping warm on cold winter nights

    • D. 

      Flock members share duties of watching over chicks

    • E. 

      Group migration help everyone find their destinations without getting lost

  • 107. 
    Migrating birds navigate using various methods.  Which include
    • A. 

      Using landmarks like rivers, coastlines, and mountains

    • B. 

      Using the sun or stars as a compass

    • C. 

      Sensing the earth's magnetic field

    • D. 

      A and B are true

    • E. 

      A,B, and C are true

  • 108. 
    Newly hatched birds that lack down and are nested-bound, unable to feed on their own, as with baby wrens or robins, are
    • A. 

      Derived

    • B. 

      Precocial

    • C. 

      Ratites

    • D. 

      Altricial

    • E. 

      Carinate