YMCA L3 Anatomy - Muscle Actions

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 77

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YMCA L3 Anatomy - Muscle Actions


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Describe the position of the internal obliques
    • A. 

      Posterior to the external obliques

    • B. 

      Anterior to the external obliques

    • C. 

      Inferior to the external obliques

    • D. 

      Superior to the external obliques

  • 2. 
    What are the four muscles of the rotator cuff?
    • A. 

      Teres minor, supraspinatus, subscapularis, infraspinatus

    • B. 

      Teres major, supraspinatus, subscapularis, infraspinatus

    • C. 

      Teres minor, supraspinatus, serratus anterior, infraspinatus

    • D. 

      Teres major, serratus anterior, levator scapulae, teres minor

  • 3. 
    What muscles attach onto the femur and calcaneus?
    • A. 

      Gastrocnemius/Soleus

    • B. 

      Tibialis anterior/Soleus

    • C. 

      Psoas major/Illiacus

    • D. 

      Biceps/brachialis

  • 4. 
    What muscle attaches to the scapula and radius?
    • A. 

      Biceps

    • B. 

      Triceps

    • C. 

      Deltoid

    • D. 

      Brachialis

  • 5. 
    What muscle attaches to the lumbar vertebrae and femur?
    • A. 

      Psoas major

    • B. 

      Iliacus

    • C. 

      Sartorius

    • D. 

      Gluteus maximus

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is not a hamstring muscle?
    • A. 

      Rectus femoris

    • B. 

      Biceps femoris

    • C. 

      Semimembranosus

    • D. 

      Semitendinosus

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is a role of the hamstring muscles?
    • A. 

      Knee flexion

    • B. 

      Ankle dorsiflexion

    • C. 

      Knee extension

    • D. 

      Hip flexion

  • 8. 
    Which of the following muscles helps to retract the scapula?
    • A. 

      Rhomboids

    • B. 

      Serratus anterior

    • C. 

      Trapezius

    • D. 

      Pectoralis minor

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is not a muscle of the shoulder joint?
    • A. 

      Triceps

    • B. 

      Pectoralis major

    • C. 

      Latissimus dorsi

    • D. 

      Deltoid

  • 10. 
    Which of the following muscles adducts and extends the arm?
    • A. 

      Latissimus dorsi

    • B. 

      Deltodi

    • C. 

      Pectoralis minor

    • D. 

      Rhomboids

  • 11. 
    What is one of the main roles of the rotator cuff muscles?
    • A. 

      Stabilising the joint

    • B. 

      Adduction of the arm

    • C. 

      Elevation of the shoulder

    • D. 

      Depression of the shoulder

  • 12. 
    What muscle attaches to the scapula and ulna?
    • A. 

      Triceps

    • B. 

      Biceps

    • C. 

      Deltoid

    • D. 

      Brachioradialis

  • 13. 
    Which of the following muscles assists in extension of the elbow?
    • A. 

      Triceps

    • B. 

      Biceps

    • C. 

      Brachioradialis

    • D. 

      Brachialis

  • 14. 
    Which of the following muscles assists in flexion of the elbow?
    • A. 

      Biceps

    • B. 

      Triceps

    • C. 

      Deltoid

    • D. 

      Brachialis

  • 15. 
    What is the main role of the erector spinae group of muscles?
    • A. 

      Extension of the spine

    • B. 

      Hyperextension of the spine

    • C. 

      Rotation of the spine

    • D. 

      Flexion of the spine

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is most superficial layer of the anterior abdominal wall?
    • A. 

      Rectus abdominis

    • B. 

      Transverse abdominis

    • C. 

      Erector spinae

    • D. 

      Internal obliques

  • 17. 
    The role of the anterior muscles of the pelvic girdle and hip joint is to….
    • A. 

      Flex the hip and extend the knee

    • B. 

      Extend the hip and flex the knee

    • C. 

      Adduct the thigh

    • D. 

      Abduct the thigh

  • 18. 
    The role of the posterior muscles of the pelvic girdle and hip joint is to….
    • A. 

      Extend the hip and flex the knee

    • B. 

      Adduct the thigh

    • C. 

      Abduct the thigh

    • D. 

      Flex the hip and extend the knee

  • 19. 
    What is the name of the sheath of connective tissue that encloses the muscles of the pelvic girdle?
    • A. 

      Fascia latae

    • B. 

      Multifidus

    • C. 

      Rectus femoris

    • D. 

      Gluteus medius

  • 20. 
    Which muscle is involved in ankle dorsi-flexion?
    • A. 

      Tibialis anterior

    • B. 

      Rectus femoris

    • C. 

      Gastrocnemius

    • D. 

      Soleus

  • 21. 
    Which of the following are the four quadriceps muscles?
    • A. 

      Rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, vastus lateralis

    • B. 

      Biceps femoris, semimembranosus, semitendinosus, tibialis anterior

    • C. 

      Biceps femoris, rectrus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius

    • D. 

      Vastus medialis, rectus femoris, biceps femoris, tibialis anterior

  • 22. 
    What is the main role of the quadriceps group?
    • A. 

      Stability of the knee joint

    • B. 

      Stability of the hip joint

    • C. 

      Avoiding hyperextension of the knee

    • D. 

      To assist in hip extension

  • 23. 
    What muscle adducts and flexes the hip?
    • A. 

      Pectineus

    • B. 

      Gracilis

    • C. 

      Piriformis

    • D. 

      Sartorius

  • 24. 
    What actions are performed by the Tensor fascia latae?
    • A. 

      Flexion and abduction of the hip

    • B. 

      Extension and abduction of the hip

    • C. 

      Flexion and adduction of the hip

    • D. 

      Extension and adduction of the hip

  • 25. 
    What actions are performed by the piriformis muscle?
    • A. 

      Hip abduction

    • B. 

      Hip adduction

    • C. 

      Hip flexion

    • D. 

      Hip extension

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