YMCA L2 Pofe - Healthy Eating

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Quizzes Created: 26 | Total Attempts: 12,272
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YMCA L2 Pofe - Healthy Eating - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following food groups should be consumed in the largest quantity according to the Eatwell Plate?

    • A.

      Bread, rice, potatoes, pasta and other starchy foods

    • B.

      Milk and dairy foods

    • C.

      Meat. fish, eggs and beans

    • D.

      Food and drinks high in fat and/or sugar

    Correct Answer
    A. Bread, rice, potatoes, pasta and other starchy foods
    Explanation
    According to the Eatwell Plate, the food group that should be consumed in the largest quantity is bread, rice, potatoes, pasta, and other starchy foods. These foods are rich in carbohydrates, which provide energy to the body. They also contain fiber, vitamins, and minerals that are essential for overall health. Including a variety of starchy foods in the diet helps to maintain a balanced and nutritious intake.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following foods should be consumed in equal quantities according to the Eatwell Plate?

    • A.

      Meat, fish, eggs and beans AND Food and drinks high in fat and/or sugar

    • B.

      Bread, rice, potatoes and pasta AND Fruit and vegetables

    • C.

      Milk and dairy foods AND Fruit and vegetables

    • D.

      Food and drinks high in fats and/or sugar AND Bread, rice, potatoes and pasta

    Correct Answer
    B. Bread, rice, potatoes and pasta AND Fruit and vegetables
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Bread, rice, potatoes and pasta AND Fruit and vegetables. According to the Eatwell Plate, these two food groups should be consumed in equal quantities. This is because bread, rice, potatoes, and pasta provide carbohydrates, which are a major source of energy, while fruits and vegetables provide essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Consuming equal quantities of these food groups ensures a balanced and nutritious diet.

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  • 3. 

    How many litres of water should be consumed daily?

    • A.

      At least 2

    • B.

      At least 1

    • C.

      At least 3

    • D.

      At least 4

    Correct Answer
    A. At least 2
    Explanation
    It is recommended to consume at least 2 liters of water daily to maintain proper hydration and support bodily functions. Water is essential for various processes in the body, including digestion, circulation, temperature regulation, and waste removal. Insufficient water intake can lead to dehydration, which can cause fatigue, headaches, and impaired cognitive function. Therefore, consuming at least 2 liters of water daily is important for overall health and well-being.

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  • 4. 

    A calorie deficit of ........ is required to lose 1lb of stored fat

    • A.

      3500 kcal

    • B.

      3000 kcal

    • C.

      4000 kcal

    • D.

      2500 kcal

    Correct Answer
    A. 3500 kcal
    Explanation
    To lose 1lb of stored fat, a calorie deficit of 3500 kcal is required. This means that in order to lose weight, you need to consume 3500 fewer calories than your body needs. This deficit can be achieved through a combination of reducing calorie intake and increasing physical activity. By creating a calorie deficit, your body will start to use stored fat as an energy source, leading to weight loss over time.

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  • 5. 

    According to the Eatwell Plate, how many portions of fruit or vegetables should be consumed per day?

    • A.

      5-7

    • B.

      3-4

    • C.

      8+

    • D.

      2-3

    Correct Answer
    A. 5-7
    Explanation
    According to the Eatwell Plate, it is recommended to consume 5-7 portions of fruit or vegetables per day. This is because fruits and vegetables are rich in essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that are beneficial for overall health. Consuming a variety of fruits and vegetables in adequate portions can help maintain a balanced diet and support a healthy lifestyle.

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  • 6. 

    Severe dehyrdration can be caused by the loss of .... of normal bodily requirements

    • A.

      10%

    • B.

      20%

    • C.

      30%

    • D.

      50%

    Correct Answer
    A. 10%
    Explanation
    Severe dehydration can be caused by the loss of only 10% of normal bodily requirements. This means that even a relatively small loss of fluid from the body can lead to severe dehydration, which can have serious health consequences. It is important to stay properly hydrated by drinking enough fluids to prevent dehydration.

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  • 7. 

    What can dehydration lead to?

    • A.

      Fatigue

    • B.

      DOMS

    • C.

      Diabetes

    • D.

      Osteoporosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Fatigue
    Explanation
    Dehydration can lead to fatigue because when the body lacks sufficient water, it affects the normal functioning of various bodily systems. One of the primary functions of water is to transport nutrients and oxygen to cells, as well as remove waste products. When dehydrated, the body's ability to carry out these processes is compromised, leading to a decrease in energy levels and feelings of tiredness.

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  • 8. 

    When offering nutritional advice to clients fitness instructors should

    • A.

      Only give advice in line with national healthy eating guidelines

    • B.

      Provide detailed dietary advice following analysis of food diaries

    • C.

      Provide advice in line with current fad diets

    • D.

      Only give detailed dietary advice related to physical activity participation

    Correct Answer
    A. Only give advice in line with national healthy eating guidelines
    Explanation
    Fitness instructors should only give advice in line with national healthy eating guidelines because these guidelines are based on scientific research and evidence. They provide a balanced and well-rounded approach to nutrition, taking into consideration the needs of individuals and promoting overall health and well-being. Following these guidelines ensures that clients receive accurate and reliable information that is beneficial for their long-term health goals. Providing advice based on fad diets or personal preferences may not be sustainable or appropriate for everyone, and it is important to prioritize evidence-based recommendations.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is an example of a carbohydrate?

    • A.

      Brown bread

    • B.

      Oily fish

    • C.

      Lentils

    • D.

      Red meat

    Correct Answer
    A. Brown bread
    Explanation
    Brown bread is an example of a carbohydrate because it is made from grains, which are a rich source of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients and are the body's primary source of energy. Brown bread contains complex carbohydrates, which are broken down into glucose to provide energy for the body.

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  • 10. 

    What are carbohydrates used for in the body?

    • A.

      Energy production

    • B.

      Growth of body tissue

    • C.

      Production of haemoglobin

    • D.

      Insulation

    Correct Answer
    A. Energy production
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates are used for energy production in the body. When consumed, carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, which is then used as a primary source of fuel for the body's cells. Glucose is converted into ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which is the energy currency of the body. This energy is required for various bodily functions, including muscle contraction, organ function, and maintaining body temperature. Carbohydrates are also important for brain function, as the brain relies heavily on glucose for energy.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following is an example of an unsaturated fat?

    • A.

      Cashew nuts

    • B.

      Butter

    • C.

      Salami

    • D.

      Cheese

    Correct Answer
    A. Cashew nuts
    Explanation
    Cashew nuts are an example of an unsaturated fat because they contain primarily monounsaturated fats. Unsaturated fats are considered healthier than saturated fats because they can help lower bad cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. Cashew nuts are also a good source of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, making them a nutritious choice for a snack.

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  • 12. 

    What role does fat play in the body?

    • A.

      Insulation

    • B.

      Repair and growth

    • C.

      Muscle contraction

    • D.

      Regulate body's water content

    Correct Answer
    A. Insulation
    Explanation
    Fat plays a role in insulation in the body. It acts as a layer of protection and helps to regulate body temperature by providing insulation against heat loss. This is important for maintaining internal body temperature and ensuring that the body functions optimally. Fat also serves as a source of energy and helps to cushion and protect vital organs in the body.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is an example of a protein food source?

    • A.

      Steak

    • B.

      Curly kale

    • C.

      Broccoli

    • D.

      Sweet potato

    Correct Answer
    A. Steak
    Explanation
    Steak is an example of a protein food source because it is derived from animal meat, which is known to be high in protein. Protein is an essential nutrient that plays a crucial role in the growth, repair, and maintenance of body tissues. Steak, particularly red meat, is known for its high protein content, making it a popular choice for individuals looking to meet their protein needs. Additionally, steak is also a good source of other important nutrients such as iron, zinc, and vitamin B12.

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  • 14. 

    What is the role of protein in the body?

    • A.

      Growth and repair

    • B.

      Hardening of teeth

    • C.

      Insulation

    • D.

      Energy production

    Correct Answer
    A. Growth and repair
    Explanation
    Proteins play a crucial role in the growth and repair of tissues in the body. They are responsible for building and repairing muscles, organs, and other body structures. Proteins are made up of amino acids, which are the building blocks of life. When we consume protein-rich foods, our body breaks them down into these amino acids, which are then used to rebuild and repair damaged tissues. Additionally, proteins are involved in various other important functions in the body, such as enzyme production, hormone regulation, and transportation of molecules.

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  • 15. 

    Which food source can calcium be found in?

    • A.

      Spinach

    • B.

      Eggs

    • C.

      Kidney

    • D.

      Liver

    Correct Answer
    A. Spinach
    Explanation
    Spinach is a food source that contains calcium. It is a leafy green vegetable that is known for its high calcium content. Calcium is an essential mineral that is important for the development and maintenance of strong bones and teeth. Spinach is a great option for individuals who are looking to increase their calcium intake, especially for those who do not consume dairy products.

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  • 16. 

    Which food can iron be found in?

    • A.

      Oatmeal

    • B.

      Pasta

    • C.

      Soya

    • D.

      White rice

    Correct Answer
    A. Oatmeal
    Explanation
    Oatmeal is a correct answer because it is a good source of iron. Iron is an essential mineral that helps transport oxygen throughout the body and is important for the production of red blood cells. Oatmeal contains a decent amount of iron, making it a nutritious option for individuals looking to increase their iron intake.

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  • 17. 

    What is the role of fibre in the diet?

    • A.

      Digestive system function

    • B.

      Regulate body water content

    • C.

      Production of haemoglobin

    • D.

      Bone formation

    Correct Answer
    A. Digestive system function
    Explanation
    Fibre plays a crucial role in the digestive system function. It aids in the smooth movement of food through the digestive tract, preventing constipation and promoting regular bowel movements. Fibre also adds bulk to the diet, making us feel full and satisfied, which can help with weight management. Additionally, it helps to regulate blood sugar levels and lower cholesterol levels. Overall, including enough fibre in the diet is essential for maintaining a healthy digestive system.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following statements about the energy equation is true?

    • A.

      If the total energy consumed is more than the total energy expended this will result in weight gain

    • B.

      If the total energy consumed is less than the total energy expended this will result in no change in weight

    • C.

      If the total energy consumed is equal to the total energy expended this will result in weight loss

    • D.

      If the total energy consumed is equal to the total energy expended this will result in weight gain

    Correct Answer
    A. If the total energy consumed is more than the total energy expended this will result in weight gain
    Explanation
    If the total energy consumed is more than the total energy expended, this will result in weight gain. This is because when the body consumes more energy (calories) than it needs for its daily activities and functions, the excess energy is stored as fat, leading to weight gain.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following can be closely linked to poor nutrition?

    • A.

      Obesity

    • B.

      Type I diabetes

    • C.

      Clinical depression

    • D.

      Osteoarthritis

    Correct Answer
    A. Obesity
    Explanation
    Obesity can be closely linked to poor nutrition because it often results from consuming an excessive amount of unhealthy, high-calorie foods that lack essential nutrients. Poor nutrition, characterized by a diet high in processed foods, sugars, and fats, can lead to weight gain and ultimately obesity. Additionally, poor nutrition can contribute to a sedentary lifestyle and lack of physical activity, further exacerbating the risk of obesity.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 20, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Hodgesd
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