Lifespan - Nutrition And Wellness For The Life Span Midterm Exam

72 Questions | Total Attempts: 90

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Lifespan - Nutrition And Wellness For The Life Span Midterm Exam

FCS-FNL-1 Students will design and demonstrate a nutritious diet.   ; &nbs p; &nb sp; a) Define and demonstrate an understanding of the components of a nutritious diet by planning menus for different age groups using Dietary Guidelines for Americans, other consumer dietary recommendations including My Plate, and the Exchange Lists for Meal Planning and Food Labels to plan menus.   ; &nbs p; &


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The unit used to measure the energy value of food
    • A. 

      Kilocalorie

    • B. 

      BTU

    • C. 

      Enzyme

    • D. 

      Metabolism

  • 2. 
    A complex protein produced by cells to speed a specific chemical reaction in the body
    • A. 

      Enzyme

    • B. 

      Chyme

    • C. 

      Feces

    • D. 

      Peristalsis

  • 3. 
    Chewing
    • A. 

      Mastication

    • B. 

      Peristalsis

    • C. 

      Ulcer

    • D. 

      Absorption

  • 4. 
    A series of squeezing actions by the muscles in the gastrointestinal tract that helps move food through the tract
    • A. 

      Peristalsis

    • B. 

      Mastication

    • C. 

      Absorption

    • D. 

      Metabolism

  • 5. 
    A mixture of gastric juices and food formed in the stomach during digestion
    • A. 

      Chyme

    • B. 

      Feces

    • C. 

      Ulcer

    • D. 

      Enzyme

  • 6. 
    A digestive juice produced by the liver to aid fat digestion
    • A. 

      Bile

    • B. 

      Chyme

    • C. 

      Feces

    • D. 

      Enzyme

  • 7. 
    Solid wastes that result from digestion
    • A. 

      Feces

    • B. 

      Chyme

    • C. 

      Bile

    • D. 

      Diarrhea

  • 8. 
    The passage of nutrients from the digestive tract into the circulatory system
    • A. 

      Absorption

    • B. 

      Digestion

    • C. 

      Mastication

    • D. 

      Peristalsis

  • 9. 
    All the chemical changes that occur as cells produce energy and materials needed to sustain life
    • A. 

      Metabolism

    • B. 

      Mastication

    • C. 

      Heartburn

    • D. 

      Absorption

  • 10. 
    A reaction of the immune system to certain proteins found in food
    • A. 

      Food allergy

    • B. 

      Diarrhea

    • C. 

      Feces

    • D. 

      Ulcer

  • 11. 
    Frequent expulsion of watery feces
    • A. 

      Diarrhea

    • B. 

      Feces

    • C. 

      Food allergy

    • D. 

      Indigestion

  • 12. 
    A difficulty in digesting food
    • A. 

      Indigestion

    • B. 

      Diverticulosis

    • C. 

      Food allergy

    • D. 

      Gallstones

  • 13. 
    A burning pain in the middle of the chect caused by stomach acid flowing back into the esophogus
    • A. 

      Heartburn

    • B. 

      Diarrhea

    • C. 

      Indigestion

    • D. 

      Diverticulosis

  • 14. 
    Small crystals that form from bile in the gallbladder
    • A. 

      Gallstones

    • B. 

      Ulcer

    • C. 

      Chyme

    • D. 

      Indigestion

  • 15. 
    A disorder in which many abnormal pouches form in the intestinal wall
    • A. 

      Diverticulitis

    • B. 

      Ulcer

    • C. 

      Mastication

    • D. 

      Gallstones

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is one of the nutrient groups?
    • A. 

      Chemicals

    • B. 

      Compounds

    • C. 

      Enzymes

    • D. 

      Water

  • 17. 
    Which functions of nutrients is most related to midmorning slump?
    • A. 

      Building new tissue

    • B. 

      Providing energy

    • C. 

      Regulating body processes

    • D. 

      Repairing tissue

  • 18. 
    Which of the following nutrients provides the greatest amount of energy?
    • A. 

      250 mg of vitamin C

    • B. 

      22 g of carbohydrates

    • C. 

      20 g of protein

    • D. 

      13 g of fat

  • 19. 
    Which statement best describes the process of digestion?
    • A. 

      Breakdown of food into simpler substances for the body to use

    • B. 

      Collection of wast products that result from digestion

    • C. 

      Passage of food from the digestive tract into the circulatory or lymphatic system

    • D. 

      Transport of nutrients and oxygen into individual body cells

  • 20. 
    About how long is the digestive tract in an adult, from beginning to end?
    • A. 

      10 feet

    • B. 

      15 feet

    • C. 

      30 feet

    • D. 

      40 feet

  • 21. 
    In which part of the digestive tract does the least amount of digestion occur?
    • A. 

      Esophagus

    • B. 

      Mouth

    • C. 

      Small intestine

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 22. 
    A thick fluid that helps soften and lubricate food in the stomach is called ________________.
    • A. 

      Bile

    • B. 

      Mucus

    • C. 

      Pancreatic juice

    • D. 

      Pepsin

  • 23. 
    Which nutrients are acted upon by pepsin in the stomach?
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates only

    • B. 

      Lipids only

    • C. 

      Proteins only

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins

  • 24. 
    Which of the following best describes the pathway of food in the digestive process?
    • A. 

      Esophagus, stomach, small intestine

    • B. 

      Large intestine, stomach, esophagus

    • C. 

      Mouth, stomach, esophagus

    • D. 

      Stomach, small intestine, esophagus

  • 25. 
    What are the basic parts into which carbohydrates are broken down during digestion?
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Fatty acids

    • C. 

      Glycerol

    • D. 

      Monosaccharides

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