World Scholar's Cup Science Quiz

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 774

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World Scholar

Every year there is a competition that is designed to showcase those students that have an exemplary understanding of science. Students study long and hard to get the first place cup. Take up the quiz below to get some practice on some of the questions to expect. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the phenomenon parallax?
    • A. 

      It refers to the idea that the Universe has expanded from a primordial hot and dense initial condition at some finite time in the past.

    • B. 

      It is a climate pattern that occurs across the tropical Pacific Ocean on average every five years

    • C. 

      It is the result of the emissions of photons in the Earth's upper atmosphere

    • D. 

      It is the study of the chemical elements that are necessary for plant growth.

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Order the following in order of operation: hypothesis, research and observation, design and conduct, new experiment or a new hypothesis, conclusion.
    • A. 

      Conclusion, hypothesis, research and observation, design and conduct, new experiment or a new hypothesis

    • B. 

      Hypothesis, research and observation, design and conduct, new experiment or a new hypothesis, conclusion

    • C. 

      Research and observation, hypothesis, design and conduct, conclusion, new experiment or a new hypothesis

    • D. 

      Research and observation, hypothesis, design and conduct, new experiment or a new hypothesis, conclusion

    • E. 

      New experiment or a new hypothesis, conclusion, hypothesis, research and observation, design and conduct

  • 3. 
    The scientific method depends on hypothesis being ________.
    • A. 

      Falsifiable

    • B. 

      True

    • C. 

      Real

    • D. 

      Evident

    • E. 

      Observed

  • 4. 
    Scientific findings are usually sent for peer review. What is peer review?
    • A. 

      People naturally thing of science as an incremental process.

    • B. 

      Science is basically linear, and moments of great progress are just extra long leaps in the steady march toward truth.

    • C. 

      An argument between the discoverer and the science community.

    • D. 

      The process by which work is judged by a community of experts for the soundness of its scientific method

    • E. 

      Both C and D

  • 5. 
    What is an example of a paradigm shift?
    • A. 

      A new fossil discovery supports the theory of evolution

    • B. 

      Einstein discovered that light bends in presence of gravity

    • C. 

      The geocentric model was replaced by the heliocentric model

    • D. 

      Both A and C

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    What throws a scientific community in conflict?
    • A. 

      Arguments

    • B. 

      Anomalies

    • C. 

      Discoveries

    • D. 

      Both A and B

    • E. 

      Both B and C

  • 7. 
    What is a theory?
    • A. 

      It is , in scientific sense, is an overall statement of how something in the world works.

    • B. 

      It is an overall statement of how something in the world works.

    • C. 

      It is a broad idea, supported by many facts and observations.

    • D. 

      It is all of the above.

    • E. 

      It is none of the above.

  • 8. 
    Copernicus published his first astronomical observations in _____, and is known to have argued in favor of a heliocentric universe as early as 1514
    • A. 

      1513

    • B. 

      1509

    • C. 

      1497

    • D. 

      1494

    • E. 

      1500

  • 9. 
    Which of the following below is Copernicus's book, which argued that the planets, including earth, circled the sun, and that the Earth itself turned on an axis?
    • A. 

      On the Origin of the Heavens

    • B. 

      Universe of Heavenly Spheres

    • C. 

      On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres

    • D. 

      Earth of the Heavenly Spheres

    • E. 

      Heliosphere the Center

  • 10. 
    Tycho brahe made the most accurate records yet of the motions of which planets?
    • A. 

      Earth

    • B. 

      Mars

    • C. 

      Venus

    • D. 

      Saturn

    • E. 

      Mercury

  • 11. 
    Tycho Brahe didn't agree with the Copernican system because he believed that...
    • A. 

      The sun orbits Earth, and the moon orbits the Earth.

    • B. 

      The planets orbit the sun, which orbits the Earth, which orbits the moon.

    • C. 

      The planets and the sun and the moon orbits the Earth.

    • D. 

      The planets orbit the sun, and that sun orbits the moon, which orbits the Earth.

    • E. 

      The planets orbit the sun, and that sun and moon orbit the Earth.

  • 12. 
    What is miasmas?
    • A. 

      Part of the body contains many natural orders of defense against some of the common pathogens

    • B. 

      The mists or clouds of poisonous air

    • C. 

      The coldest place on earth

    • D. 

      The time of the year that people get sick the most.

    • E. 

      None of the Above

  • 13. 
    Ptolemy came up with another Earth-centered model that accounted for the flaws in Aristotle's model. What was his explanation for the movements of the planets?
    • A. 

      He explained that the changing brightness and motion of the planets was to add "epicycles" -- smaller orbits within the larger spheres, which accounted the apparent dancing.

    • B. 

      He didn't have an explanation.

    • C. 

      God had built the entire universe with people at the center of it, a perfect illustration of his love for mankind

    • D. 

      Both A and C

    • E. 

      Both B and C

  • 14. 
    In Galileo's time, most scientific works were published in what language?
    • A. 

      Latin

    • B. 

      Greek

    • C. 

      Spanish

    • D. 

      French

    • E. 

      Chinese

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is not the "four humors?"
    • A. 

      Phlegm

    • B. 

      Acid

    • C. 

      Blood

    • D. 

      Black bile

    • E. 

      Yellow bile

  • 16. 
    Anton van Leeuwenhoek, who secretly developed an efficient way of creating massively powerful __________.
    • A. 

      Antibiotics

    • B. 

      Antiseptics

    • C. 

      Anti-pathogenic pills

    • D. 

      Magnification lenses

    • E. 

      Sedative

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is not one of Kock's Postulates for proving a microorganism causes a disease?
    • A. 

      Microorganism should be found in diseased animals and not healthy ones.

    • B. 

      Microorganism must grow on its own in pure culture

    • C. 

      Grown microorganism should cause disease when introduced into healthy animal.

    • D. 

      Microorganism must be found and re-isolated in newly infected animal, verified as identical to original suspect.

    • E. 

      None of the Above

  • 18. 
    What is the ablation technique?
    • A. 

      Ablation involves inserting a very fine probe into the brain of a lab animal and destroying just a few neurons.

    • B. 

      Ablation is a neurosurgical procedure, a form of psychosurgery, also known as a leukotomy or leucotomy

    • C. 

      Ablations are antimicrobial substances that are applied to living tissue/skin to reduce the possibility of infection, sepsis, or putrefaction.

    • D. 

      Ablation is infectious agent, or more commonly germ, is a biological agent that causes disease to its host.

    • E. 

      None of the Above.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is not a theory of the formation of the moon.
    • A. 

      The daughter theory

    • B. 

      The spouse theory

    • C. 

      Sister theory

    • D. 

      Father theory

    • E. 

      None of the Above

  • 20. 
    What does MRI, a scanner that scans an active brain, stand for?
    • A. 

      Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    • B. 

      Metrical Resonance Insertion

    • C. 

      Magnetic Rendition Imaging

    • D. 

      Metrical Render Imaging

    • E. 

      Medical Ram Imaging

  • 21. 
    German scientist named Alfred Wegener suggested there had once been a single continent. He called it ________.
    • A. 

      Fiji

    • B. 

      Pangeneum

    • C. 

      Pangaea

    • D. 

      Fuikin

    • E. 

      Pangenera

  • 22. 
    Which scientist showed this: light shone through a card with two extremely thin slits cut from it; the light emerging from the other side of slits produced a distinct interference pattern.
    • A. 

      Thomas Edison

    • B. 

      Thomas Young

    • C. 

      Thomas Matthews

    • D. 

      Thomas Dhobzany

    • E. 

      Thomas Plight

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is not in the ten leading causes of death in the US in 1997?
    • A. 

      Heart Disease

    • B. 

      Cancer

    • C. 

      Stroke

    • D. 

      Suicide

    • E. 

      Overdose

  • 24. 
    Einstein won a Nobel Prize for this:
    • A. 

      E=mc^2

    • B. 

      Photoelectric effect

    • C. 

      Theory of Relativity

    • D. 

      Theory of Special Relativity

    • E. 

      He never won a Nobel Prize.

  • 25. 
    What is Lobotomy?
    • A. 

      Lobotomy was one of a series of radical and invasive physical therapies developed in Europe in the first half of the twentieth century.

    • B. 

      Lobotomy is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system.

    • C. 

      Lobotomy is a study of robotics used in medicine.

    • D. 

      Lobotomy is a made up word by Hien Pham.

    • E. 

      Lobotomy definition is not listed here.

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